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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Importance Of Immutability In Employment Discrimination Law, Sharona Hoffman Apr 2011

The Importance Of Immutability In Employment Discrimination Law, Sharona Hoffman

William & Mary Law Review

This Article argues that recent developments in employment discrimination law require a renewed focus on the concept of immutable characteristics. In 2009, two new laws took effect: the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) and the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA). This Article’s original contribution is an evaluation of the employment discrimination statutes as a corpus of law in light of these two additions.

The Article thoroughly explores the meaning of the term “immutable characteristic” in constitutional and employment discrimination jurisprudence. It postulates that immutability constitutes a unifying principle for all of the traits now covered by the ...


Shortcuts In Employment Discrimination Law, Kerri Lynn Stone Jan 2011

Shortcuts In Employment Discrimination Law, Kerri Lynn Stone

Saint Louis University Law Journal

Are employment discrimination plaintiffs viewed by society and by judges with an increased skepticism? This Article urges that the same actor inference, the stray comment doctrine, and strict temporal nexus requirements, as courts have applied them, make up a larger and dangerous trend in the area of employment discrimination jurisprudence—that of courts reverting to special, judge-made “shortcuts” to curtail or even bypass analysis necessary to justify the disposal or proper adjudication of a case. This shorthand across different doctrines reveals a willingness of the judiciary to proxy monolithic assumptions for the individualized reasoned analyses mandated by the relevant antidiscrimination ...


Race, Sex, And Rulemaking: Administrative Constitutionalism And The Workplace, 1960 To The Present, Sophia Z. Lee Jan 2010

Race, Sex, And Rulemaking: Administrative Constitutionalism And The Workplace, 1960 To The Present, Sophia Z. Lee

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Passive Discrimination: When Does It Make Sense To Pay Too Little?, Jonah B. Gelbach, Jonathan Klick, Lesley Wexler Jan 2009

Passive Discrimination: When Does It Make Sense To Pay Too Little?, Jonah B. Gelbach, Jonathan Klick, Lesley Wexler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Economists have long recognized employers’ ability to construct benefits packages to induce workers to sort themselves into and out of jobs. For instance, to encourage applications from individuals with a highly valued but largely unobservable characteristic, such as patience, employers might offer benefits that patient individuals are likely to value more than other individuals. By offering a compensation package with highly valued benefits but a relatively low wage, employers will attract workers with the favored characteristic and discourage other individuals from applying for or accepting the job. While economic theory generally views this kind of self-selection in value neutral terms ...


Bias In The Workplace: Consistent Evidence Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, M.V. Lee Badgett, Brad Sears, Holning S. Lau, Deborah Ho Jan 2009

Bias In The Workplace: Consistent Evidence Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, M.V. Lee Badgett, Brad Sears, Holning S. Lau, Deborah Ho

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Guest Workers And Justice In A Second-Best World, Howard F. Chang Jan 2008

Guest Workers And Justice In A Second-Best World, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This essay offers a defense of guest-worker programs and a critique of the objections raised by Michael Walzer and by other critics of such programs. Although critics commonly complain that guest workers are vulnerable to exploitation by employers, we can design guest-worker programs that minimize the risk of such exploitation. Ready access for relatively unskilled guest workers to citizenship and to public benefits, however, generates a fiscal burden for the public treasury. A right to equal treatment for aliens yields perverse results unless aliens are also entitled to equal concern when the host country decides whether to admit the alien ...


Assessing The Harms Of Noncompliance With The International Covenant On Civil And Political Right's Protections Of Sexual Minorities, Holning S. Lau, The Williams Institute Jan 2006

Assessing The Harms Of Noncompliance With The International Covenant On Civil And Political Right's Protections Of Sexual Minorities, Holning S. Lau, The Williams Institute

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Immigration And The Workplace: Immigration Restrictions As Employment Discrimination, Howard F. Chang Jan 2003

Immigration And The Workplace: Immigration Restrictions As Employment Discrimination, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Judicial Disabling Of The Employment Discrimination Provisions Of The Americans With Disabilities Act, Charles B. Craver Jan 2003

The Judicial Disabling Of The Employment Discrimination Provisions Of The Americans With Disabilities Act, Charles B. Craver

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This article explores a series of Supreme Court decisions making it more difficult for disabled individuals to assert rights under the employment discrimination provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act. The Court first held that ADA claimants must have their disabilities considered in their corrected or medicated condition. So long as they are able to use prostheses, hearing aids, medication, or other means to control their conditions, they are not to be considered disabled. The Court further held that persons will only be considered disabled if they have conditions that severely limit them with respect to a major life activity ...


The Title Vii Pretext Question: Resolved In Light Of St. Mary's Honor Center V. Hicks, Robert J. Smith Jan 1994

The Title Vii Pretext Question: Resolved In Light Of St. Mary's Honor Center V. Hicks, Robert J. Smith

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.