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Full-Text Articles in Law

Duties Regarding Duties, Ronald J. Colombo Mar 2024

Duties Regarding Duties, Ronald J. Colombo

Marquette Law Review

Corporate directors are subject to the fiduciary duties of care and loyalty

in the discharge of their responsibilities. The demands of these duties, from

their precise contours to their application under a particular set of

circumstances, is oftentimes far from obvious.

In order to properly fulfill their duties of care and loyalty, corporate

directors necessarily depend upon corporate counsel: specialized attorneys,

whether in-house or external to the corporation, retained to advise and

represent the corporation. As attorneys, corporate counsel are themselves

subject to a wide array of professional responsibilities, ranging from the

exhortations of codes of ethics to duties the …


Legal Ethics, Code Of Conduct For Barristers And The Overriding Objective In Criminal Trials, Zia Akhtar Nov 2023

Legal Ethics, Code Of Conduct For Barristers And The Overriding Objective In Criminal Trials, Zia Akhtar

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

The criminal lawyer has a duty to his client, to the court, and to the administration of justice. This must be accomplished within a framework of ethics comprised from codes of conduct regulating the legal profession. There are difficult ethical problems arising from conflicts between a lawyers responsibilities to clients, the legal system, and the disciplinary codes of the profession. In England, the barristers conduct is governed by the Bar Standard Board, and legal professionals must abide by the regulations that are imposed upon them when acting for their clients. The new Criminal Procedure Rules and …


Presuit Lawyer Information Duties Relevant To Civil Litigation, Jeffrey A. Parness Jul 2022

Presuit Lawyer Information Duties Relevant To Civil Litigation, Jeffrey A. Parness

Marquette Law Review

In both federal and state courts in the United States, there are significant civil procedure, professional responsibility, and substantive laws addressing presuit lawyer duties on creating, preserving, producing, and protecting information relevant to later civil litigation. These laws speak to lawyer conduct both in personally handling information and in overseeing the information acts of others. To date, the challenges these laws pose to lawyers have not been well examined, or even largely perceived. And, to date, lawyers have been left unaccountable for their personal violations of these duties.


The Future Of Insolvency Law In A Post-Pandemic World, Aurelio Gurrea-Martinez Sep 2021

The Future Of Insolvency Law In A Post-Pandemic World, Aurelio Gurrea-Martinez

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

The COVID-19 crisis has encouraged many countries to amend their insolvency laws. In most cases, these amendments took place temporarily – especially during the hibernation phase of the pandemic. In other countries, however, the pandemic has led to permanent changes in the insolvency legislation. More importantly, the COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the insolvency reforms already existing in the political agenda of many countries, and it has encouraged other jurisdictions to reassess the desirability of their insolvency and restructuring frameworks. This article analyzes the current trends, reforms and policy discussions that are expected to reshape the future of insolvency law in …


Rights And Duties Of Old People In Islam An Illustration Of The Security/ Insurance Systems In Saudi Arabia Mar 2021

Rights And Duties Of Old People In Islam An Illustration Of The Security/ Insurance Systems In Saudi Arabia

UAEU Law Journal

Islam has forereached the west in establishing the rights and duties of old people. This principle is considered, from an Islamic point of view, a means of devotion and worship to God that would achieve security of Muslims in their life and help them acquire god's contentment in the afterlife. Islam jurisprudence is based on bringing about utility and forcing out tribulations. The present study deals with the rights and duties of old people in Islam as stipulated in the Holy Quran and Sunnah. According to these two sources, old people are allowed to get involved in the retirement, social …


Constitutional Law—The Powers Of State Attorneys General To Determine Public Interest, J. Dillon Pitts Mar 2021

Constitutional Law—The Powers Of State Attorneys General To Determine Public Interest, J. Dillon Pitts

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lifting Labor’S Voice: A Principled Path Toward Greater Worker Voice And Power Within American Corporate Governance, Leo E. Strine Jr., Aneil Kovvali, Oluwatomi O. Williams Feb 2021

Lifting Labor’S Voice: A Principled Path Toward Greater Worker Voice And Power Within American Corporate Governance, Leo E. Strine Jr., Aneil Kovvali, Oluwatomi O. Williams

All Faculty Scholarship

In view of the decline in gain sharing by corporations with American workers over the last forty years, advocates for American workers have expressed growing interest in allowing workers to elect representatives to corporate boards. Board level representation rights have gained appeal because they are a highly visible part of codetermination regimes that operate in several successful European economies, including Germany’s, in which workers have fared better.

But board-level representation is just one part of the comprehensive codetermination regulatory strategy as it is practiced abroad. Without a coherent supporting framework that includes representation from the ground up, as is provided …


The Olives Of Others: The United States Anti-Dumping And Countervailing Duties On Ripe Olives From Spain, Gregory Frering Jan 2021

The Olives Of Others: The United States Anti-Dumping And Countervailing Duties On Ripe Olives From Spain, Gregory Frering

American University International Law Review

No abstract provided.


Given Today's New Wave Of Protectionsim, Is Antitrust Law The Last Hope For Preserving A Free Global Economy Or Another Nail In Free Trade's Coffin?, Allison Murray Feb 2019

Given Today's New Wave Of Protectionsim, Is Antitrust Law The Last Hope For Preserving A Free Global Economy Or Another Nail In Free Trade's Coffin?, Allison Murray

Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Energy-Water Nexus, The Clean Power Plan, And Integration Of Water Resource Concerns Into Energy Decision-Making, Sarah Ladin Nov 2017

Energy-Water Nexus, The Clean Power Plan, And Integration Of Water Resource Concerns Into Energy Decision-Making, Sarah Ladin

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

Energy regulation in the United States is now at a crossroads. The EPA has begun the process to officially repeal the Clean Power Plan and currently has no plan to replace it with new rulemaking to regulate carbon emissions from the U.S. energy sector. Even though the Clean Power Plan is more or less at its end, its regulatory structure stands as a model of the way decision-makers in the United States regulate the energy sector and the environment. Since the beginning of the modern environmental legal system, decision-makers have chosen to silo the system. Statutes and agencies focus on …


In Defense Of The Restatement Of Liability Insurance Law, Tom Baker, Kyle D. Logue Apr 2017

In Defense Of The Restatement Of Liability Insurance Law, Tom Baker, Kyle D. Logue

Articles

The importance of liability law to the American system of justice, and to the US economy in general, are well known. Somewhat less well known, at least among non-lawyers, is the corresponding centrality of liability insurance. For most non-contractual legal claims for damages that are brought against individuals or firms, there is some form of liability insurance coverage. Such coverage, provided by state-regulated insurance companies, ranges from auto and homeowners’ policies (sold to consumers throughout the country) to commercial general liability policies (sold to businesses of all sizes) to professional liability policies of various sorts (including Directors and Officers coverage …


The Search For A Grand Unified Theory Of Tort Law., Scott Hershovitz Jan 2017

The Search For A Grand Unified Theory Of Tort Law., Scott Hershovitz

Reviews

Theorists like to do a lot with a little. And not just because simple theories seem more elegant: we deepen our understanding when we learn that disparate phenomena are linked together. In physics, for example, the theory of thermodynamics showed us the relationship between mechanics and heat. In economics, the theory of the firm showed us that, across industries that look nothing alike, a simple principle helps explain the organization of economic activity. Of course, there is no guarantee that the disparate phenomena we suspect are linked actually are. Particle physicists continue to search for a Grand Unified Theory, which …


Correlative Obligation In Patent Law: The Role Of Public Good In Defining The Limits Of Patent Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan Dec 2016

Correlative Obligation In Patent Law: The Role Of Public Good In Defining The Limits Of Patent Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan

Srividhya Ragavan

In light of the recent outrageous price-spiking of pharmaceuticals, this Article questions the underlying justifications for exclusive rights conferred by the grant of a patent. Traditionally, patents are defined as property rights granted to encourage desirable innovation. This definition is a misfit as treating patents as property rights does a poor job of defining the limits of the patent rights as well as the public benefit goals of the system. This misfit gradually caused an imbalance in the rights versus duties construct within patent law. After a thorough analysis of the historical and philosophical perspectives of patent exclusivity, this Article …


Correlative Obligation In Patent Law: The Role Of Public Good In Defining The Limits Of Patent Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan Oct 2016

Correlative Obligation In Patent Law: The Role Of Public Good In Defining The Limits Of Patent Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan

Faculty Scholarship

In light of the recent outrageous price-spiking of pharmaceuticals, this Article questions the underlying justifications for exclusive rights conferred by the grant of a patent. Traditionally, patents are defined as property rights granted to encourage desirable innovation. This definition is a misfit as treating patents as property rights does a poor job of defining the limits of the patent rights as well as the public benefit goals of the system. This misfit gradually caused an imbalance in the rights versus duties construct within patent law. After a thorough analysis of the historical and philosophical perspectives of patent exclusivity, this Article …


Special Economic Zones In The United States: From Colonial Charters, To Foreign-Trade Zones, Toward Ussezs, Tom W. Bell Mar 2016

Special Economic Zones In The United States: From Colonial Charters, To Foreign-Trade Zones, Toward Ussezs, Tom W. Bell

Tom W. Bell

Special economic zones (SEZs) and the United States have a long and complicated relationship. The lineage of the United States runs back to proto-SEZs, created when Old World governments sold entrepreneurs charters to build for-profit colonies in the New World, such as Jamestown and New Amsterdam. In more recent times, though, the United States has lagged behind the rest of the world in tapping the potential of SEZs, which have exploded in number, types, territory, and population. True, the US hosts a large and growing number of Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZs), but these do little more than exempt select companies from …


A Critical Assessment Of The Model Standards Of Conduct For Mediators (2005): Call For Reform, Omer Shapira Jan 2016

A Critical Assessment Of The Model Standards Of Conduct For Mediators (2005): Call For Reform, Omer Shapira

Marquette Law Review

Over the years, commentators have raised concerns about some aspects of the Model Standards, for example, their failure to adequately guide mediators in situations of competing values, and the vagueness of their substantive provisions. No work to date has exposed the Model Standards to a systematic and comprehensive assessment, which is necessary for an evaluation of their adequacy as a coherent statement of the fundamental ethical guidelines for mediators, and for the development of a viable alternative to them. Ten years after the adoption of the revised Model Standards in 2005, this Article comes to fill the gap in the …


Encouraging Insurers To Regulate: The Role (If Any) For Tort Law, Kyle D. Logue Dec 2015

Encouraging Insurers To Regulate: The Role (If Any) For Tort Law, Kyle D. Logue

Articles

Insurance companies are financially responsible for a substantial portion of the losses associated with risky activities in the economy. The more insurers can lower the risks posed by their insureds, the more competitively they can price their policies, and the more customers they can attract. Thus, competition forces insurers to be private regulators of risk. To that end, insurers deploy a range of techniques to encourage their insureds to reduce the risks of their insured activities, from charging experience-rated premiums to discounting premium rates for insureds who make specific behavioral changes designed to reduce risk. Somewhat paradoxically, however, tort law …


The Development Of Foreign Investment Law In Egypt And Its Effect On Private Foreign Investment, George E. Bushnell Iii May 2015

The Development Of Foreign Investment Law In Egypt And Its Effect On Private Foreign Investment, George E. Bushnell Iii

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Administration Of Import Trade Statutes: Possibilities For Harmonizing The Investigative Techniques And Standards Of The International Trade Commission, Edward R. Easton May 2015

Administration Of Import Trade Statutes: Possibilities For Harmonizing The Investigative Techniques And Standards Of The International Trade Commission, Edward R. Easton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Legal Duties As Part Of The Governance Framework For Incorporated Associations: A Comparative Analysis, Kim Weinert Mar 2015

Legal Duties As Part Of The Governance Framework For Incorporated Associations: A Comparative Analysis, Kim Weinert

Kim Weinert

Incorporated associations are founded by, and subsequently operate exclusively on, the collective action of individuals, which is largely voluntary and motivated by altruistic goals. This article will examine through doctrinal analysis the statutory duties and common law obligations of an incorporated association. In examining these specific legal duties, this article will reveal the lack of consistency across Australian jurisdictions, and gaps in how the law regulates the conduct of committee members within an incorporated association. Furthermore, this article will consider whether an officer of an incorporated and unincorporated association is a fiduciary — and, if this is so, whether this …


United States - European Economic Community Antidumping Laws: The Need For A Comprehensive Approach, Larry B. Loftis Mar 2015

United States - European Economic Community Antidumping Laws: The Need For A Comprehensive Approach, Larry B. Loftis

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Antidumping - Redefinition Of Confidentiality And Right Of Judicial Review - Institution Of A New Form Of Relief: Timex Corporation V. Council And Commission Of The European Communities, Carlton L. Kell Jan 2015

Antidumping - Redefinition Of Confidentiality And Right Of Judicial Review - Institution Of A New Form Of Relief: Timex Corporation V. Council And Commission Of The European Communities, Carlton L. Kell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Counting Once, Counting Twice: The Precarious State Of Subsidy Regulation, Wentong Zheng Nov 2014

Counting Once, Counting Twice: The Precarious State Of Subsidy Regulation, Wentong Zheng

Wentong Zheng

Subsidy regulation is in a precarious state. While it has been so ever since the conception of the current subsidy regulation regime, the recent disputes between the United States and China over the “double counting” or “double remedies” of subsidies have threatened the mere functionality of the current regime. This Article argues that the double counting controversy reveals the self-contradictions of the current subsidy regulation regime as to the fundamental question of why subsidies need to be regulated. These self-contradictions make it impossible to devise a coherent solution to the double counting problem within the framework of the current subsidy …


Counting Once, Counting Twice: The Precarious State Of Subsidy Regulation, Wentong Zheng Jul 2013

Counting Once, Counting Twice: The Precarious State Of Subsidy Regulation, Wentong Zheng

UF Law Faculty Publications

Subsidy regulation is in a precarious state. While it has been so ever since the conception of the current subsidy regulation regime, the recent disputes between the United States and China over the “double counting” or “double remedies” of subsidies have threatened the mere functionality of the current regime. This Article argues that the double counting controversy reveals the self-contradictions of the current subsidy regulation regime as to the fundamental question of why subsidies need to be regulated. These self-contradictions make it impossible to devise a coherent solution to the double counting problem within the framework of the current subsidy …


Understanding Duties And Conflicts Of Interest--A Guide For The Honorable Agent, Linda S. Whitton Jan 2013

Understanding Duties And Conflicts Of Interest--A Guide For The Honorable Agent, Linda S. Whitton

Law Faculty Publications

This article examines the importance of understanding agent duties and conflicts of interest, both for drafting a power of attorney that meets a principal’s objectives and for providing guidance to the agent who will act under its authority. Professor Whitton suggests that current custom and practice with respect to powers of attorney often overlooks the need to adjust agent duties to accommodate the principal’s expectations, thus resulting in inadvertent conflicts between the duty to do what the principal expects and default duties of loyalty. The article offers practical guidelines for identifying and reconciling these conflicts, as well as best practices …


The Litigation Privilege In Texas., Sam Johnson Jan 2013

The Litigation Privilege In Texas., Sam Johnson

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

Certain Texas cases have arisen where one party in litigation sues the attorney representing an opposing party. In response to such cases, Texas courts promulgated a judicial doctrine generally referred to as the litigation privilege or qualified immunity in order to protect litigants’ right to zealous representation from their attorney. The general rule is that one party to a lawsuit cannot sue the other party’s attorney. However, exceptions to this doctrine exist. This article explores the contours of the litigation privilege in Texas by analyzing the primary Texas cases where one party’s claim against the opposing party’s attorney was dismissed …


Guilt By Association: How “Standby Co-Counsel” Exposes Attorneys To Malicious Prosecution Liability., Colleen V. Lisowski Jan 2013

Guilt By Association: How “Standby Co-Counsel” Exposes Attorneys To Malicious Prosecution Liability., Colleen V. Lisowski

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

Attorneys should not assume that lending their name to a case is a risk-free practice. The California appellate decision, Cole v. Patricia A. Meyer & Associates, answered the question of whether non-participating, standby co-counsel could be held liable for malicious prosecution by merely being listed as counsel of record. Cole established the clear message behind being aware of “co-counsel” risks. According to the court, co-counsel cannot escape liability if they failed to know enough about the case. By rejecting the “passive counsel” defense, Cole held that associated attorneys still have a duty to research the validity of a case even …


Human Rights Obligations To The Poor, Monica Hakimi Jan 2013

Human Rights Obligations To The Poor, Monica Hakimi

Book Chapters

Poverty unquestionably detracts from the human rights mission. Modern human rights law recognizes a broad range of rights - for example, "to life, liberty, and security of person" and to adequate "food, clothing, and medical care."1 Any number of those rights might go unrealized in conditions of extreme poverty. However, human rights law has always been partly aspirational. For those seeking to improve the lives of the poor, the key question is not what rights exist but how to make those rights operational. What does human rights law actually require of states? And how might its obligations benefit the poor?


The President's Enforcement Power, Kate Andrias Jan 2013

The President's Enforcement Power, Kate Andrias

Articles

Enforcement of law is at the core of the President’s constitutional duty to “take Care” that the laws are faithfully executed, and it is a primary mechanism for effecting national regulatory policy. Yet questions about how presidents oversee agency enforcement activity have received surprisingly little scholarly attention. This Article provides a positive account of the President’s role in administrative enforcement, explores why presidential enforcement has taken the shape it has, and examines the bounds of the President’s enforcement power. It demonstrates that presidential involvement in agency enforcement, though extensive, has been ad hoc, crisis-driven, and frequently opaque. The Article thus …


An Ethics Problem Involving Financial Abuse, Michael K. Mcchrystal Aug 2012

An Ethics Problem Involving Financial Abuse, Michael K. Mcchrystal

Marquette Elder's Advisor

This column, which analyzes a particular guardianship situation, illustrates the legal pitfalls created when an attorney, at the outset of establishing a guardianship, does not identify who is the client. When an adult child consults an attorney to establish a guardianship for an elderly parent, what obligations, both positive and negative, are imposed on the attorney to prevent harm to a former client.