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Full-Text Articles in Law

Outsourcing Discrimination, Llezlie Green Jan 2020

Outsourcing Discrimination, Llezlie Green

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The significant growth in employers’ use of labor intermediaries—that is, third parties that stand between the workers and the organizations for whom they complete work— has fundamentally changed how many low-wage workers enter and function in the workplace. Temporary staffing agencies that hire and place workers with companies and organizations have taken on a gatekeeper role to low-wage jobs in many industries. Recent litigation and various reports allege flagrant hiring discrimination by temporary staffing agencies whose clients encourage them not to hire African American workers and hire and send Latinx immigrants instead. This Article explores the discriminatory treatment of ...


Erasing Race, Llezlie Green Jan 2020

Erasing Race, Llezlie Green

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Low-wage workers frequently experience exploitation, including wage theft, at the intersection of their racial identities and their economic vulnerabilities. Scholars, however, rarely consider the role of wage and hwur exploitation in broader racial subordination frameworks. This Essay considers the narratives that have informed the detachment of racial justice from the worker exploitation narrative and the distancing of economic justice from the civil rights narrative. It then contends that social movements, like the Fight for $15, can disrupt narrow understandings of low-wage worker exploitation and proffer more nuanced narratives that connect race, economic justice, and civil rights to a broader antisubordination ...


Disrupting The Discrimination Narrative: An Argument For Wage And Hour Laws' Inclusion In Antisubordination Advocacy, Llezlie Green Jan 2019

Disrupting The Discrimination Narrative: An Argument For Wage And Hour Laws' Inclusion In Antisubordination Advocacy, Llezlie Green

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The traditional discrimination narrative dominates both legal and popular understanding of workplace exploitation of African American workers. This narrative, however, is incomplete as it fails to consider other chronic workplace challenges such as wage theft. The dominant narrative draws upon an anticlassification framework rather than an antisubordination framework. In addition, post-racial legal analyses complicate the dominant narrative’s utility, particularly in a system plagued by structural inequality. Furthermore, both its legal underpinnings and the normative realities of pursuing discrimination claims challenge its efficacy in addressing workplace subordination. Wage theft has largely characterized only the immigrant worker exploitation narrative, despite wage ...


Lessons From Labor Feminists: Using Collective Action To Improve Conditions For Women Lawyers, Marion Burke Jan 2018

Lessons From Labor Feminists: Using Collective Action To Improve Conditions For Women Lawyers, Marion Burke

American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law

No abstract provided.


Ending Disparities And Achieving Justice For Individuals With Mental Disabilities, Robert K. Goldman, Sheila Shea Jan 2017

Ending Disparities And Achieving Justice For Individuals With Mental Disabilities, Robert K. Goldman, Sheila Shea

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Can The Government Deport Immigrants Using Information It Encouraged Them To Provide?, Amanda Frost Jan 2017

Can The Government Deport Immigrants Using Information It Encouraged Them To Provide?, Amanda Frost

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Essay describes the legal and policy issues raised by any systematic effort to deport unauthorized immigrants based on information the government invited them to provide. Part I briefly surveys some of the major laws, regulations, and programs that encourage unauthorized immigrants to identify themselves. Part II analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of the statutory and constitutional arguments that immigrants could raise as a defense against deportations based on self-reported data. Part III explains that even if the government’s systematic use of such data to deport unauthorized immigrants is legal, doing so would be a poor policy choice for ...


After Dothard: Female Correctional Workers And The Challenge To Employment Law, Brenda V. Smith, Melisa C. Loomis Jan 2013

After Dothard: Female Correctional Workers And The Challenge To Employment Law, Brenda V. Smith, Melisa C. Loomis

Project on Addressing Prison Rape - Articles

This article examines a profession where women have made great strides—corrections. Using an equality framework, corrections and other non-traditional professions were the first targets of the feminist movement in the 1970s. By and large, feminists were successful in creating greater porosity for women in law enforcement, emergency services, corrections, and the military. While women have entered these traditionally masculine spaces, they still suffer from an achievement gap. They are still underrepresented in leadership positions and marginalized in these settings; are still the targets of discrimination based on race, gender, and perceived sexual orientation; and are less likely than men ...


'No Body Left Behind': Re-Orienting School-Based Childhood Obesity Interventions, Lindsay Wiley Jan 2013

'No Body Left Behind': Re-Orienting School-Based Childhood Obesity Interventions, Lindsay Wiley

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Although there are now laws on the books in virtually every jurisdiction aimed at addressing childhood obesity in K-12 schools, these efforts are inadequate and may even be misguided in important ways. Efforts aimed at health promotion - through healthier eating and increased physical activity - remain woefully underfunded even as they proliferate at every level of government. It is one thing to enact a requirement that all schools offer a minimum number of minutes of physical education each week or that school lunches include more fruits and vegetables. But it is quite another to make the budgetary commitment to ensure that ...


Draconian Discrimination: One Man's Battle With U.S. Immigration Law For Fairness, Justice, And American Citizenship, Rachel Zoghlin Oct 2012

Draconian Discrimination: One Man's Battle With U.S. Immigration Law For Fairness, Justice, And American Citizenship, Rachel Zoghlin

Articles in Law Reviews & Journals

No abstract provided.


Law And Ethics For Robot Soldiers, Kenneth Anderson, Matthew Waxman Apr 2012

Law And Ethics For Robot Soldiers, Kenneth Anderson, Matthew Waxman

Popular Media

Policy Review American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-32 Columbia Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Working Paper Group Paper No.12-313AbstractLethal autonomous machines will inevitably enter the future battlefield — but they will do so incrementally, one small step at a time. The combination of inevitable and incremental development raises not only complex strategic and operational questions but also profound legal and ethical ones. The inevitability of these technologies comes from both supply-side and demand-side factors. Advances in sensor and computational technologies will supply “smarter” machines that can be programmed to kill or destroy, while the increasing tempo of military ...


Law And Ethics For Robot Soldiers, Kenneth Anderson, Matthew Waxman Apr 2012

Law And Ethics For Robot Soldiers, Kenneth Anderson, Matthew Waxman

Popular Media

Policy Review American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-32 Columbia Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Working Paper Group Paper No.12-313AbstractLethal autonomous machines will inevitably enter the future battlefield — but they will do so incrementally, one small step at a time. The combination of inevitable and incremental development raises not only complex strategic and operational questions but also profound legal and ethical ones. The inevitability of these technologies comes from both supply-side and demand-side factors. Advances in sensor and computational technologies will supply “smarter” machines that can be programmed to kill or destroy, while the increasing tempo of military ...


Judicial Erasure Of Mixed-Race Discrimination, Nancy Leong Feb 2010

Judicial Erasure Of Mixed-Race Discrimination, Nancy Leong

American University Law Review

Jurisprudential remedies for racial discrimination presume the existence of clear categories. Indeed, Carolene Products’ classic allusion to “discrete and insular minorities” evokes racial groups that are readily identified and defined. Yet this reliance on categories renders antidiscrimination jurisprudence inhospitable to claims brought by individuals identified as multiracial and discriminated against on that basis. By addressing racial discrimination exclusively through categories, courts have lost sight of the fact that the purpose of antidiscrimination law is not to protect individuals from discrimination based on membership in recognized categories, but rather to protect individuals from the harms inflicted by racism.

This Article explores ...


Teaching International Law: Lessons From Clinical Education: Introductory Remarks, Richard J. Wilson Jan 2010

Teaching International Law: Lessons From Clinical Education: Introductory Remarks, Richard J. Wilson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Outsiders Inside The Beltway: Latcrit Xiv - Critical Outsider Theory And Praxis In The Policymaking Of The New American Regime, Anthony E. Varona Jan 2010

Outsiders Inside The Beltway: Latcrit Xiv - Critical Outsider Theory And Praxis In The Policymaking Of The New American Regime, Anthony E. Varona

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

A substantive foreword to the symposium book for the Fourteenth Annual Latino/Latina Critical Legal Theory Scholarship Conference hosted by the American University Washington College of Law. The foreword includes information about the conference theme, its planning and execution, and includes excerpts from the presentations of a number of prominent plenary and keynote speakers, including Congresswoman Linda Sanchez (D-CA), Caroline Fredrickson (the executive director of the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy), Robert Raben (the president of the Raben Group), Jarrett Barrios (the president of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation), Prof. Jenny Rivera (professor of law and ...


Redefining The Rights Of Undocumented Workers, Keith Cunningham-Parmeter Jan 2009

Redefining The Rights Of Undocumented Workers, Keith Cunningham-Parmeter

American University Law Review

Should a nation extend legal rights to those who enter the country illegally? The Supreme Court recently addressed this question when it held that unauthorized immigrants who are fired illegally for unionizing cannot recover monetary remedies. This has led to a significant decline in employment protections for unauthorized immigrants beyond the unionized sector. For example, some courts now question whether unauthorized immigrants can receive full remedies for sexual harassment, workplace discrimination, or on-the-job injuries.

Scholars have criticized these losses but have yet to formulate a coherent framework for evaluating the employment rights of unauthorized immigrants. This article does so by ...


An Analysis Of The Development And Adoption Of The United Nations Convention Recognizing The Rights Of Individuals With Disabilities: Why The United States Refuses To Sign This Un Convention, Tracy R. Justesen, Troy R. Justesen Jan 2007

An Analysis Of The Development And Adoption Of The United Nations Convention Recognizing The Rights Of Individuals With Disabilities: Why The United States Refuses To Sign This Un Convention, Tracy R. Justesen, Troy R. Justesen

Human Rights Brief

No abstract provided.


Friday Night Lite: How De-Racialization In The Motion Picture Friday Night Lights Disserves The Movement To Eradicate Racial Discrimination From American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru Jan 2007

Friday Night Lite: How De-Racialization In The Motion Picture Friday Night Lights Disserves The Movement To Eradicate Racial Discrimination From American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Fielding A Team For The Fans: The Societal Consequences And Title Vii Implications Of Race-Considered Roster Construction In Professional Sport, N. Jeremi Duru Jan 2006

Fielding A Team For The Fans: The Societal Consequences And Title Vii Implications Of Race-Considered Roster Construction In Professional Sport, N. Jeremi Duru

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Professional sports organizations' relationships with their players are, like other employer-employee relationships, subject to scrutiny under the antidiscrimination mandates embedded in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Professional sports organizations are, however, unique among employers in many respects. Most notably, unlike other employers, professional sports organizations attract avid supporters who identify deeply with the teams and their players. To the extent an organization racially discriminates, therefore, such discrimination creates the risk that fans will identify with the homogenous or racially disproportionate roster that results. The consequences of such race-based team identification are wide-reaching and potentially tragic. Through ...


"Racially-Tailored" Medicine Unraveled, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2005

"Racially-Tailored" Medicine Unraveled, Sharona Hoffman

American University Law Review

In June 2005, the FDA approved BiDil, a heart failure medication that is labeled for use only by African-Americans and thus is the first treatment of its kind. The drug likely portends a future of growing interest in "race-based" medicine. This phenomenon is emerging at the same time that scientists, in light of the Human Genome Project, are reaching an understanding that "race" has no biological meaning, and consequently, "racially-tailored" medicine is both puzzling and troubling. This Article explores the reasons for the new focus on "racial-profiling" in medicine. It analyzes the risks and dangers of this approach, including medical ...


True Integration: Advancing Brown's Goal Of Educational Equity In The Wake Of Grutter, Lia Epperson Jan 2005

True Integration: Advancing Brown's Goal Of Educational Equity In The Wake Of Grutter, Lia Epperson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Economic And Social Rights In The United States: An Overview Of The Domestic Legal Framework, Jessica Schultz Jan 2003

Economic And Social Rights In The United States: An Overview Of The Domestic Legal Framework, Jessica Schultz

Human Rights Brief

No abstract provided.


Competitive Price Discrimination: The Exercise Of Market Power Without Anticompetitive Effects (Comment On Klein And Wiley), Jonathan Baker Jan 2003

Competitive Price Discrimination: The Exercise Of Market Power Without Anticompetitive Effects (Comment On Klein And Wiley), Jonathan Baker

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

A firm that discriminates in prices faces a downward sloping demand curve, and thus could potentially raise price by reducing output. For this reason, evidence of price discrimination is relevant to assessing the possibility of market power, as antitrust law has long recognized. But price discrimination can be beneficial as well as harmful, and can reasonably be termed competitive if entry is easy. Hence a demonstration that entry is easy rebuts the inference of anticompetitive effect when price discrimination is the basis for proof of market power, breaking the link between market power and anticompetitive effect. Klein and Wiley's ...


Transcript For Panel Three: Privacy: Genetic Profiling And Discrimination , Christopher H. Asplen, F.Samuel Baechtel, Lon A. Berk, Susan D. Carle, Q.Todd Dickinson Feb 2002

Transcript For Panel Three: Privacy: Genetic Profiling And Discrimination , Christopher H. Asplen, F.Samuel Baechtel, Lon A. Berk, Susan D. Carle, Q.Todd Dickinson

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Human Rights Abuses Of Dalits In India, Bina B. Hanchinamani Jan 2001

Human Rights Abuses Of Dalits In India, Bina B. Hanchinamani

Human Rights Brief

No abstract provided.


When Is An Attempted Rape Not An Attempted Rape? When The Victim Is A Transsexual - Schwenk V. Hartford: The Intersection Of Prison Rape, Title Vii And Societal Willingness To Dehumanize Transsexuals, Katrina C. Rose Jan 2001

When Is An Attempted Rape Not An Attempted Rape? When The Victim Is A Transsexual - Schwenk V. Hartford: The Intersection Of Prison Rape, Title Vii And Societal Willingness To Dehumanize Transsexuals, Katrina C. Rose

American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law

No abstract provided.


Legislative Focus: Extending Asylum Eligibility To Include Gender-Related Persecution, Natasha Parassram Concepcion Jan 2000

Legislative Focus: Extending Asylum Eligibility To Include Gender-Related Persecution, Natasha Parassram Concepcion

Human Rights Brief

No abstract provided.


The Bill Of Rights And The Constitution: Facing The Challenge Of The Future, Stephen Wermiel Jan 2000

The Bill Of Rights And The Constitution: Facing The Challenge Of The Future, Stephen Wermiel

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Product Differentiation Through Space And Time: Some Antitrust Policy Issues, Jonathan Baker Jan 1997

Product Differentiation Through Space And Time: Some Antitrust Policy Issues, Jonathan Baker

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


United States. V. Virginia New Gender Equal Protection Analysis With Ramifications For Pregnancy, Parenting And Title Vii, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer Jan 1997

United States. V. Virginia New Gender Equal Protection Analysis With Ramifications For Pregnancy, Parenting And Title Vii, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

ABSTRACT: In this Article, Professor Kovacic-Fleischer argues that the Supreme Court's recent decision in United States v. Virginia raises gender equal protection analysis to the level of strict scrutiny. Professor Kovacic-Fleischer asserts that the Court's refusal to accept as immutable VMI's single-sex institutional design, and the Court's requirement that VMT make adjustments and alterations that will enable qualified women to undertake VM's curriculum evidences this shift in gender equal protection analysis. Professor Kovacic-Fleischer then turns to the significance of the Court's citation to California Federal Savings & Loan Association v. Guerra. She asserts that this ...


Discrimination, Affirmative Action And Freedom: Sorting Out The Issues , Roger Pilon Feb 1996

Discrimination, Affirmative Action And Freedom: Sorting Out The Issues , Roger Pilon

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.