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William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

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Smart Cities And Sustainability: A New Challenge To Accountability?, Iria Giuffrida Apr 2021

Smart Cities And Sustainability: A New Challenge To Accountability?, Iria Giuffrida

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

From 1800 to today, the global population has shifted from only three percent living in an urban environment to well over fifty percent in 2020. As a result of urbanization, cities around the world struggle to manage traffic and waste, efficiently distribute utilities, and lower pollution to slow the progression of global warming. Smart city technologies have emerged as a tool to process cities’ various forms of data collected through networks of precisely placed sensors and map solutions to many of the environmental and social issues created by urbanization. For swelling metropolitan areas in the United States, China, and Europe …