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Damages

University of Michigan Law School

Insurance Law

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Policing Corporate Conduct Toward Minority Communities: An Insurance Law Perspective On The Use Of Race In Calculating Tort Damages, Dhruti J. Patel Jan 2019

Policing Corporate Conduct Toward Minority Communities: An Insurance Law Perspective On The Use Of Race In Calculating Tort Damages, Dhruti J. Patel

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Courts commonly use U.S. Department of Labor actuarial tables, which explicitly take into account the race of the tort victim, to determine average national wage, work-life expectancy, and life expectancy. This practice has led to wide discrepancies between average damage awards for minority plaintiffs compared to white plaintiffs even if both plaintiffs are similarly situated. While recent legal scholarship criticizes the use of race-based tables and addresses the Equal Protection and incentive concerns such tables present, few courts have deviated from the explicit use of race in determining tort damages.

Though the use of demographic features, such as race, to …


In Defense Of The Restatement Of Liability Insurance Law, Tom Baker, Kyle D. Logue Apr 2017

In Defense Of The Restatement Of Liability Insurance Law, Tom Baker, Kyle D. Logue

Articles

The importance of liability law to the American system of justice, and to the US economy in general, are well known. Somewhat less well known, at least among non-lawyers, is the corresponding centrality of liability insurance. For most non-contractual legal claims for damages that are brought against individuals or firms, there is some form of liability insurance coverage. Such coverage, provided by state-regulated insurance companies, ranges from auto and homeowners’ policies (sold to consumers throughout the country) to commercial general liability policies (sold to businesses of all sizes) to professional liability policies of various sorts (including Directors and Officers coverage …


Offsetting Risks, Ariel Porat Nov 2007

Offsetting Risks, Ariel Porat

Michigan Law Review

Under prevailing tort law, an injurer who must choose between Course of Action A, which creates a risk of 500 (there is a probability of .1 that a harm of 5000 will result), and Course of Action B, which creates a risk of 400 (there is a probability of.] that a harm of 4000 will result), and who negligently opts for the former will be held liable for the entire harm of 5000 that materializes. This full liability forces the injurer to pay damages that are five times higher than would be necessary to internalize the risk of 100 that …


Medical Maloccurrence Insurance: A First Party No-Fault Insurance Proposal For Resolving The Medical Malpractice Insurance Controversy, Larry M. Pollack Jun 1987

Medical Maloccurrence Insurance: A First Party No-Fault Insurance Proposal For Resolving The Medical Malpractice Insurance Controversy, Larry M. Pollack

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Note examines the broad, underlying themes of tort theory and argues that, in general, the tort system's primary responsibility should be compensation, rather than deterrence of risk taking. In so far as the production of goods and services causes injury, such losses should be shared and spread as widely and proportionately as possible. Part II discusses the history and nature of the medical malpractice insurance crisis. Part III evaluates the numerous systemic solutions suggested by various commentators. Finally, Part IV proposes a new solution: first party, no-fault medical maloccurrence insurance (MMI).


Contracts-Measure Of Damages-Life Insurance Contract, Howard Van Antwerp Jun 1950

Contracts-Measure Of Damages-Life Insurance Contract, Howard Van Antwerp

Michigan Law Review

When the plaintiff was expelled from defendant Brotherhood an insurance policy issued to the plaintiff by the defendant was canceled and the cash surrender value paid to him in accordance with the terms of his policy. The directors of the Brotherhood later decided that this expulsion had been wrongful, whereupon the plaintiff returned the cash surrender value of the policy and demanded the return of all premiums paid. When this demand was refused, the plaintiff sued to recover damages for wrongful cancellation of his policy. The trial court instructed the jury to return a verdict for the premiums paid with …


Insurance - Friendly Fires - Cigarette Scorch Claims Nov 1935

Insurance - Friendly Fires - Cigarette Scorch Claims

Michigan Law Review

The plaintiff had insured certain household goods against fire under a standard policy with the defendant company. One day a burning cigarette was found beneath a smoking-stand and on a rug which was included among the insured articles; it had burned a small hole in the rug, for which damage the defendant company refused to pay and plaintiff brought suit. The company claimed that the fire in the cigarette was a "friendly" fire, and that in order to show a right to a recovery the plaintiff must prove that the damage was done by a secondary, or "hostile," fire set …