Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Damages

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1103

Full-Text Articles in Law

Trial Selection And Estimating Damages Equations, Keith N. Hylton Jan 2023

Trial Selection And Estimating Damages Equations, Keith N. Hylton

Faculty Scholarship

Many studies have employed regression analysis with data drawn from court opinions. For example, an analyst might use regression analysis to determine the factors that explain the size of damages awards or the factors that determine the probability that the plaintiff will prevail at trial or on appeal. However, the full potential of multiple regression analysis in legal research has not been realized, largely because of the sample selection problem. We propose a method for controlling for sample selection bias using data from court opinions.


Civil Liability For Damage Resulting From Genetically Modified Organisms (Gmos): A Comparative Study, Dr. Abdul-Rahman Mohamed Salem Nov 2022

Civil Liability For Damage Resulting From Genetically Modified Organisms (Gmos): A Comparative Study, Dr. Abdul-Rahman Mohamed Salem

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

The most serious damage to human and other living organisms at present is the damage of genetically modified organisms, where they can eventually be used as weapons of mass destruction in the form of a bacteriological war that destroys human civilization, we will present the problem in terms of: Identification of genetically modified organisms by determining their scope, and to identify the aspects of the damage resulting from them, and how to compensate each type of species, whether it is related to plant, animal, human or the environment. We then present the legal basis for civil liability resulting from damage …


Mark Tink And Others V. Lumwana Mining Company Limited Caz Appeal No. 41/2021, Chanda Chungu Nov 2022

Mark Tink And Others V. Lumwana Mining Company Limited Caz Appeal No. 41/2021, Chanda Chungu

SAIPAR Case Review

The decision in Mark Tink and Others v. Lumwana Mining Company Limited is an important decision because it clarifies and restates that law that a valid reason, that is substantiated is required when an employer initiates termination of the contract of employment.

This article critiques the approach of the Court of Appeal as it relates to the award of damages. This article seeks to provide clarity as it relates to the award of damages, particularly the way is granted and justified. It is suggested that when the opportunity arises either the Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court should revise …


Surveying The Damage: A Study Of Damages Payouts By The Delhi High Court In Trademark Infringement Cases (2005-2014), Eashan Gosh Sep 2022

Surveying The Damage: A Study Of Damages Payouts By The Delhi High Court In Trademark Infringement Cases (2005-2014), Eashan Gosh

Indian Journal of Law and Technology

A comprehensive ten year study of damages awarded by the Delhi High Court in trademark infringement cases reveals the remarkable extent to which the quantum of damages can be correlated to the presence of certain factual criteria. It brings into sharp focus exactly how far the reasoning behind awarding and quantifying damages – often the biggest takeaway and most powerful deterrent in trademark infringement cases – has been rendered an afterthought. Commencing with a critical commentary on the headline damages payouts by the Delhi High Court in 1, I break down the significant statistical outcomes of damages awarded based on …


Understanding Loss Of (Right To) Use Damages: Defining Fair And Reasonable Compensation For Loss Of Use In Light Of Historical Origins And Practical Considerations, Matthew J. Forrest Aug 2022

Understanding Loss Of (Right To) Use Damages: Defining Fair And Reasonable Compensation For Loss Of Use In Light Of Historical Origins And Practical Considerations, Matthew J. Forrest

Pace Law Review

Loss of use is fundamentally about the denial of property rights regardless of its intended use. Property ownership vests the owner with certain intrinsic rights, including the right to use or not use. When they are deprived of that choice through the tortious conduct of another, that deprivation is compensable. This Article reviews the historical origins of loss of use law to determine that tort victims denied the right to use their property must be compensated regardless of how they would have chosen to use their property. Because these damages do not depend on the owner’s actual use, loss of …


Mp Infrastructure Zambia Limited V. Matt Smith And Kenneth Barnes Caz Appeal No. 102/2020, Chanda Chungu May 2022

Mp Infrastructure Zambia Limited V. Matt Smith And Kenneth Barnes Caz Appeal No. 102/2020, Chanda Chungu

SAIPAR Case Review

No abstract provided.


Finance Bank And Rajan Mahtani V Simataa Simataa Scz Appeal No. 11/2017, Chanda Chungu Apr 2022

Finance Bank And Rajan Mahtani V Simataa Simataa Scz Appeal No. 11/2017, Chanda Chungu

SAIPAR Case Review

The employer settled an employment dispute with its former employee out of court. They bound their former employee to a settlement agreement that he would not speak badly of the employer or testify against them in future. He subsequently testified against his former employer and the employer sued for a refund of the settlement amount.

The court was of the view that only nominal damages (equivalent to K500) would be awarded merely to show that there had been a breach of the agreement not to testify. However, the amount was limited to a small sum of nominal damages as loss …


Zambia Breweries Plc V. Betternow Family Limited Selected Judgment No. 48 Of 2016, Chanda Chungu Apr 2022

Zambia Breweries Plc V. Betternow Family Limited Selected Judgment No. 48 Of 2016, Chanda Chungu

SAIPAR Case Review

This matter dealt with a distributorship contract between Zambia Breweries and Betternow Family Limited. Betternow paid K100, 000 as a pre-condition to trading Zambia Breweries’ products – but after three (3) months of trading, Zambia Breweries terminated the supply of its products to Betternow Family Limited.

In this case, the contract provided that the contract can be terminated with one month’s notice. The contract was cancelled by Zambia Breweries and Betternow Family Limited sued for breach of contract. The trial court awarded damages equivalent to the unserved or remaining period of the contract.

The Supreme Court held that: Any damages …


The Neuroscience Of Qualified Immunity, Gary S. Gildin Apr 2022

The Neuroscience Of Qualified Immunity, Gary S. Gildin

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

Qualified immunity not only absolves public officials from accountability for the damages caused when they deprive a citizen of their constitutional rights; by virtue of companion doctrines shielding governmental entities from liability, conferral of immunity leaves the victim to bear the loss. Therefore, it is essential that the contours of immunity be carefully calibrated to align with its intended purposes.

The United States Supreme Court has continuously expanded immunity to protect the exercise of discretion where, albeit acting in violation of constitutional norms, the official could have reasonably believed their conduct was constitutional. This Article exposes the implicit assumptions as …


The Demise Of The Bivens Remedy Is Rendering Enforcement Of Federal Constitutional Rights Inequitable But Congress Can Fix It, Henry Rose Jan 2022

The Demise Of The Bivens Remedy Is Rendering Enforcement Of Federal Constitutional Rights Inequitable But Congress Can Fix It, Henry Rose

Faculty Publications & Other Works

A federal statute, 42 U.S.C. 1983, allows a person whose federal constitutional rights are violated by state actors to sue them for damages to compensate for the harm caused by the constitutional violations. There is no analogous federal statute that allows a person whose federal constitutional rights have been violated by federal actors to sue them for damages to compensate for the harm caused by the constitutional violations. The United States Supreme Court allowed Webster Bivens, a man who sued federal law enforcement officials for falsely arresting and physically abusing him in violation of his Fourth Amendment rights, to sue …


A Prescription For Crisis: Opioids, Patients, And The Controlled Substances Act, Dennis Davis Jan 2022

A Prescription For Crisis: Opioids, Patients, And The Controlled Substances Act, Dennis Davis

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


A New Kind Of Mma Fight: Balancing Statutory Damages For Works In Compilations After The Music Modernization Act And The Rise Of Streaming Services, Alex Beezley Jan 2022

A New Kind Of Mma Fight: Balancing Statutory Damages For Works In Compilations After The Music Modernization Act And The Rise Of Streaming Services, Alex Beezley

Saint Louis University Law Journal

Due to the ambiguous language of Section 504(c) of the Copyright Act of 1976, judges and legal scholars have been confounded for decades about how statutory damages should be distributed when the copyright of multiple items in a compilation has been infringed. Several circuits hold that separate statutory damages awards can be given for each item in a compilation that has been infringed if the items each have an economic value. In contrast, the Second Circuit holds that only one statutory damages award can be given for an infringed compilation unless the items contained within have been issued separately.

This …


The Litigation Landscape Of Fraternity And Sorority Hazing: Defenses, Evidence, And Damages, Gregory S. Parks, Elizabeth Grindell Jan 2022

The Litigation Landscape Of Fraternity And Sorority Hazing: Defenses, Evidence, And Damages, Gregory S. Parks, Elizabeth Grindell

Washington and Lee Law Review

In recent years, increasing public and media attention has focused on hazing, especially in collegiate fraternities and sororities. Whether it is because of the deaths, major injuries, or litigation, both criminal and civil, collegiate fraternities and sororities have received increased scrutiny. In this Article, we explore a range of tactical considerations that lawyers must consider—from defenses to evidentiary concerns. We also explore how damages are contemplated in the context of hazing litigation.


Recovering The Tort Remedy For Federal Official Wrongdoing, Gregory Sisk May 2021

Recovering The Tort Remedy For Federal Official Wrongdoing, Gregory Sisk

Notre Dame Law Review

As the Supreme Court weakens the Bivens constitutional tort cause of action and federal officers avoid liability for unlawful behavior through qualified immunity, we should recollect the merit of the common-law tort remedy for holding the federal government accountable for official wrongdoing. For more than a century after ratification of the Constitution, federal officers who trespassed on the rights of American citizens could be held personally liable under common-law tort theories, but then routinely were indemnified by the government.

The modern Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) roughly replicates the original regime for official wrongdoing by imposing liability directly on the …


The Inconsistent Originalism Of Judge-Made Remedies Against Federal Officers, Stephen I. Vladeck May 2021

The Inconsistent Originalism Of Judge-Made Remedies Against Federal Officers, Stephen I. Vladeck

Notre Dame Law Review

Professor Carlos V´azquez and I have explained in depth why the Supreme Court’s evisceration of damages remedies for constitutional violations by federal officers is analytically and historically incoherent. And I have written elsewhere about the extent to which modern constitutional remedies doctrine has turned a remarkably blind eye to foundational principles of federalism—paying little more than lip service to the robust availability of common-law damages (and habeas) remedies against federal officers in state courts from the Founding through the Civil War—and, at least for damages, well into the twentieth century. I don’t mean to rehash (or relitigate) either argument here. …


Lessons For Bivens And Qualified Immunity Debates From Nineteenth-Century Damages Litigation Against Federal Officers, Andrew Kent May 2021

Lessons For Bivens And Qualified Immunity Debates From Nineteenth-Century Damages Litigation Against Federal Officers, Andrew Kent

Notre Dame Law Review

This Essay was written for a symposium marking the fiftieth anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision in Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics. As the current Court has turned against Bivens—seemingly confining it to three specific contexts created by Bivens and two follow-on decisions in 1979 and 1980—scholars and litigants have developed a set of claims to respond to the Court’s critique. The Court now views the judicially created Bivens cause of action and remedy as a separation-of-powers foul; Congress is said to be the institution which should weigh the costs and benefits …


Going Rogue: The Supreme Court's Newfound Hostility To Policy-Based Bivens Claims, Joanna C. Schwartz, Alexander Reinert, James E. Pfander May 2021

Going Rogue: The Supreme Court's Newfound Hostility To Policy-Based Bivens Claims, Joanna C. Schwartz, Alexander Reinert, James E. Pfander

Notre Dame Law Review

In Ziglar v. Abbasi, 137 S. Ct. 1843 (2017), the Supreme Court held that a proposed Bivens remedy was subject to an exacting special factors analysis when the claim arises in a “new context.” In Ziglar itself, the Court found the context of the plaintiffs’ claims to be “new” because, in the Court’s view, they challenged “large-scale policy decisions concerning the conditions of confinement imposed on hundreds of prisoners.” Bivens claims for damages caused by unconstitutional policies, the Court suggested, were inappropriate.

This Essay critically examines the Ziglar Court’s newfound hostility to policy-based Bivens claims. We show that an …


Was Bivens Necessary?, Ann Woolhandler, Michael G. Collins May 2021

Was Bivens Necessary?, Ann Woolhandler, Michael G. Collins

Notre Dame Law Review

Some federal common-law skeptics have provided criteria for keeping federal common law in check. Although not specifically addressing Bivensactions, Professor Nelson has argued that when engaged in federal common lawmaking, federal courts should see themselves as more tied to custom, general principles of the common law, and precedent, rather than seeing themselves as engaged in a freewheeling search for the best policy. This methodology makes federal common law less subject to criticism as usurping the lawmaking roles of other government actors. Professor Merrill has argued that federal common law needs to be specifically intended by the framers of a …


Bivens And The Ancien Régime, Carlos M. Vázquez May 2021

Bivens And The Ancien Régime, Carlos M. Vázquez

Notre Dame Law Review

This Essay considers the relevance for Bivens claims of the Court’s shift to a nouveau régime to address the implication of private rights of action under statutes. Part I describes and assesses the Court’s reasons for shifting to the nouveau régime in the statutory context. Part II explains why the Court’s shift to a nouveau régime for implying damage remedies under federal statutes does not justify a similar shift with respect to constitutional remedies. The Constitution’s omission of specific remedies for violation of the Constitution’s substantive provisions does not reflect the Founders’ belief that such remedies are unnecessary to give …


Stare Decisis As Authority And Aspiration, Randy J. Kozel May 2021

Stare Decisis As Authority And Aspiration, Randy J. Kozel

Notre Dame Law Review

The doctrine of stare decisis remains a defining feature of American law despite challenges to its legitimacy and efficacy. Even so, there is space between the role that stare decisis currently plays and the potential that it offers. The gap is evident in the jurisprudence of the U.S. Supreme Court. Though the Justices continue to underscore the fundamental status of stare decisis, the Court’s opinions sometimes seem quick to depart from precedents whose reasoning has fallen out of favor.

Using Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents as a case study, this Article explains how the Court can invigorate the doctrine …


A Scapegoat Theory Of Bivens, Katherine M. Crocker May 2021

A Scapegoat Theory Of Bivens, Katherine M. Crocker

Notre Dame Law Review

Some scapegoats are innocent. Some warrant blame, but not the amount they are made to bear. Either way, scapegoating can allow in-groups to sidestep social problems by casting blame onto out-groups instead of confronting such problems—and the in-groups’ complicity in perpetuating them—directly.

This Essay suggests that it may be productive to view the Bivens regime’s rise as countering various exercises in scapegoating and its retrenchment as constituting an exercise in scapegoating. The earlier cases can be seen as responding to social structures that have scapegoated racial, economic, and other groups through overaggressive policing, mass incarceration, and inequitable government conduct more …


The Relevance Of Defendants’ Wealth For Forward-Looking, Backward-Looking, And Mixed Accounts Of Tort Damages, Michael Pressman Apr 2021

The Relevance Of Defendants’ Wealth For Forward-Looking, Backward-Looking, And Mixed Accounts Of Tort Damages, Michael Pressman

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Bipa: What Does It Stand For?, Paige Smith Apr 2021

Bipa: What Does It Stand For?, Paige Smith

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Valuing Black And Female Lives: A Proposal For Incorporating Agency Vsl Into Tort Damages, Catherine M. Sharkey Apr 2021

Valuing Black And Female Lives: A Proposal For Incorporating Agency Vsl Into Tort Damages, Catherine M. Sharkey

Notre Dame Law Review

Federal agencies adopt a uniform VSL (value of statistical life)—one that does not vary according to demographic characteristics—in conducting cost-benefit analyses in connection with regulatory policy decisions. In sharp juxtaposition, the use of race- and gender-based statistics on wages and work-life expectancy in calculating tort wrongful death damage awards is an entrenched practice among forensic economists who serve as expert witnesses in tort litigation. The conventional use of race- and gender-specific economic data concerning wages and work-life expectancy in calculating tort damages leads to unjustifiable disparities in awards for blacks and women. Young female and minority tort victims bear the …


Tort Law And Civil Recourse, Mark A. Geistfeld Apr 2021

Tort Law And Civil Recourse, Mark A. Geistfeld

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Recognizing Wrongs. by John C.P. Goldberg and Benjamin C. Zipursky.


The Ragged Edge Of Rugged Individualism: Wage Theft And The Personalization Of Social Harm, Matthew Fritz-Mauer Apr 2021

The Ragged Edge Of Rugged Individualism: Wage Theft And The Personalization Of Social Harm, Matthew Fritz-Mauer

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Every year, millions of low-wage workers suffer wage theft when their employers refuse to pay them what they have earned. Wage theft is both prevalent and highly impactful. It costs individuals thousands each year in unpaid earnings, siphons tens of billions of dollars from low-income communities, depletes the government of necessary resources, distorts the competitive labor market, and causes significant personal harm to its victims. In recent years, states and cities have passed new laws to attack the problem. These legal changes are important. They are also, broadly speaking, failing the people they are supposed to protect.

This Article fills …


The Evolution Of The Position Of The Administrative Court On The Determination Of The State's Responsibility For The Damages Resulting From The Laws: Comparative Study, Waleed Arab Feb 2021

The Evolution Of The Position Of The Administrative Court On The Determination Of The State's Responsibility For The Damages Resulting From The Laws: Comparative Study, Waleed Arab

UAEU Law Journal

Parliament is the elected authority by the people to express the general will of the nation and the sovereignty of the people. In accordance with the general political and constitutional principles, it enjoys wide power in legislation whereby it governs various aspects of the social, economic and political life etc.

The sovereignty enjoyed by the parliament made its authority not responsible for the damages to the members of the society; in addition other arguments justified absolving the Parliament from any judicial or political oversight and with the principle of no liability of the state for damages caused by the laws …


Contractual Responsibility Of The Drug Manufacturer In The Federal Legal System, Sayed Hatem Saif El-Din Feb 2021

Contractual Responsibility Of The Drug Manufacturer In The Federal Legal System, Sayed Hatem Saif El-Din

UAEU Law Journal

Very bad results and dangerous consequences might be the outcome of a simple mistake in the process of medicine production or manufacturing. This danger aggravates and the problem increasingly complicates in the case that these damages and dangers do not appear but after a period of time that might extend to generations, and that such symptoms were not expected upon production.

In the event that there is no legislation in the UAE law to regulate the responsibility of the producer for his dangerous products, the general rules in the contractual responsibility shall be studied, there appropriateness and sufficiency to provide …


Adverse Domination, Statutes Of Limitations And The In Pari Delicto Defense - Application In Cases Involving Claims Of Accounting Malpractice And Corporate Fraud, Laurence A. Steckman Esq., Adam J. Rader Esq. Jan 2021

Adverse Domination, Statutes Of Limitations And The In Pari Delicto Defense - Application In Cases Involving Claims Of Accounting Malpractice And Corporate Fraud, Laurence A. Steckman Esq., Adam J. Rader Esq.

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sovereign Immunity And Interstate Government Tort, Louise Weinberg Jan 2021

Sovereign Immunity And Interstate Government Tort, Louise Weinberg

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This paper argues that the Supreme Court made a serious mistake last term, when, in a case of interstate government tort, it tore up useful options that should be available to each state for the rare cases in which they would be of service. In seeking to insulate a state from liability when its employee intrudes on a sister state’s territory and causes injury there, the Court stripped every state of power, in cases of interstate government tort, to try injuries occurring on its own territory to its own residents—an unprecedented disregard of a state’s acknowledged traditional interests. Indeed, the …