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Criminal Law and Procedure

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Tragedies Of The Cultural Commons, Etienne C. Toussaint Dec 2022

Tragedies Of The Cultural Commons, Etienne C. Toussaint

Faculty Publications

In the United States, Black cultural expressions of democratic life that operate within specific historical-local contexts, yet reflect a shared set of sociocultural mores, have been historically crowded out of the law and policymaking process. Instead of democratic cultural discourse occurring within an open and neutral marketplace of ideas, the discursive production and consumption of democratic culture in American politics has been rivalrous. Such rivalry too often enables dominant White supremacist cultural beliefs, values, and practices to exercise their hegemony upon law’s production and meaning. The result has been tragedy for politically disempowered and socioeconomically excluded communities.

This Article uses …


The Shadow Bargainers, Jenny Roberts, Ronald F. Wright, Betina Cutaia Wilkinson Jul 2021

The Shadow Bargainers, Jenny Roberts, Ronald F. Wright, Betina Cutaia Wilkinson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Plea bargaining happens in almost every criminal case, yet there is little empirical study about what actually happens when prosecutors and defense lawyers negotiate. This Article looks into the bargaining part of plea bargaining. It reports on the responses of over 500 public defenders who participated in our nationwide survey about their objectives and practices during plea negotiations.

The survey responses create a rare empirical test of a major tenet of negotiation theory, the claim that attorneys bargain in the "shadow of the trial." This is a theory that some defenders embrace and others reject. Describing the factors they believe …


Making A Declaration: The Rise Of Declaratory Judgment Actions And The Insurer As Regulator In The Fight To End Sex Trafficking In The Hotel Industry, Lori N. Ross May 2021

Making A Declaration: The Rise Of Declaratory Judgment Actions And The Insurer As Regulator In The Fight To End Sex Trafficking In The Hotel Industry, Lori N. Ross

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Symposium: Expanding Compassion Beyond The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jenny Roberts Jan 2021

Symposium: Expanding Compassion Beyond The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jenny Roberts

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Compassionate relief matters. It matters so that courts may account for tragically unforeseeable events, as when an illness or disability renders proper care impossible while a defendant remains incarcerated, or when family tragedy leaves an inmate the sole caretaker for an incapacitated partner or minor children. It matters too, as present circumstances make clear, when public-health calamities threaten inmates with literal death sentences. It matters even when no crisis looms, but simply when continued incarceration would be "greater than necessary" to achieve the ends of justice.


Confrontation In The Age Of Plea Bargaining [Comments], William Ortman Jan 2021

Confrontation In The Age Of Plea Bargaining [Comments], William Ortman

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Marijuana Taxation: Theory And Practice, Benjamin Leff Jan 2021

Marijuana Taxation: Theory And Practice, Benjamin Leff

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Marijuana legalization creates a host of complex legal problems, not the least of which is how to best tax the emerging legal market. This Essay attempts to bridge the gap between tax theory and marijuana policy to make some modest claims. First, it roots the discussion of state-level marijuana taxation in the theoretical distinction between ordinary revenue-raising taxes and "Pigouvian" or regulatory taxes. It makes the somewhat controversial claim that the best taxing strategy for states is to attempt to capture as much of the marijuana legalization premium as possible without driving consumers into the illegal market and that other …


Fraud Law And Misinfodemics, Wes Henricksen Jan 2021

Fraud Law And Misinfodemics, Wes Henricksen

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Structural Sensor Surveillance, Andrew Guthrie Ferguson Nov 2020

Structural Sensor Surveillance, Andrew Guthrie Ferguson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

City infrastructure is getting smarter. Embedded smart sensors in roads, lampposts, and electrical grids offer the government a way to regulate municipal resources and the police a new power to monitor citizens. This structural sensor surveillance, however, raises a difficult constitutional question: Does the creation of continuously-recording, aggregated, long-term data collection systems violate the Fourth Amendment? After all, recent Supreme Court cases suggest that technologies that allow police to monitor location, reveal personal patterns, and track personal details for long periods of time are Fourth Amendment searches which require a probable cause warrant. This Article uses the innovation of smart …


Lawful Searches Incident To Unlawful Arrests: A Reform Proposal, Mark A. Summers Dec 2019

Lawful Searches Incident To Unlawful Arrests: A Reform Proposal, Mark A. Summers

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Police Ignorance And Mistake Of Law Under The Fourth Amendment, Eang L. Ngov Jan 2018

Police Ignorance And Mistake Of Law Under The Fourth Amendment, Eang L. Ngov

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Hope [Reviews], Wendy A. Bach Jan 2018

Hope [Reviews], Wendy A. Bach

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Is Miranda Good News Or Bad News For The Police: The Usefulness Of Empirical Evidence, Meghan J. Ryan Jan 2017

Is Miranda Good News Or Bad News For The Police: The Usefulness Of Empirical Evidence, Meghan J. Ryan

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

The U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark case of Miranda v. Arizona created a culture in which police officers regularly warn arrestees that they have a right to remain silent, that anything they say can and will be used against them in a court of law, that they have the right to an attorney, and that if they cannot afford one, an attorney will be appointed to them. These Miranda warnings have a number of possible effects. The warnings are meant to inform suspects about negative consequences associated with speaking to the police without the assistance of counsel. In this sense they …


Tracing The Roots Of The Criminalization Of Poverty [Reviews], Wendy A. Bach Jan 2017

Tracing The Roots Of The Criminalization Of Poverty [Reviews], Wendy A. Bach

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Information Overload, Multi-Tasking, And The Socially Networked Jury: Why Prosecutors Should Approach The Media Gingerly, Andrew E. Taslitz Jun 2015

Information Overload, Multi-Tasking, And The Socially Networked Jury: Why Prosecutors Should Approach The Media Gingerly, Andrew E. Taslitz

School of Law Faculty Publications

The rise of computer technology, the internet, rapid news dissemination, multi-tasking, and social networking have wrought changes in human psychology that alter how we process news media. More specifically, news coverage of high-profile trials necessarily focuses on emotionally-overwrought, attention-grabbing information disseminated to a public having little ability to process that information critically. The public’s capacity for empathy is likewise reduced, making it harder for trial processes to overcome the unfair prejudice created by the high-profile trial. Market forces magnify these changes. Free speech concerns limit the ability of the law to alter media coverage directly, and the tools available to …


High Expectations And Some Wounded Hopes: The Policy And Politics Of A Uniform Statute On Videotaping Custodial Interrogations, Andrew E. Taslitz Jun 2015

High Expectations And Some Wounded Hopes: The Policy And Politics Of A Uniform Statute On Videotaping Custodial Interrogations, Andrew E. Taslitz

School of Law Faculty Publications

Much has been written about the need to videotape the entire process of police interrogating suspects. Videotaping discourages abusive interrogation techniques, improves police training in proper techniques, reduces frivolous suppression motions because facts are no longer in dispute, and improves jury decision making about the voluntariness and accuracy of a confession. Despite these benefits, only a small, albeit growing, number of states have adopted legislation mandating electronic recording of the entire interrogation process. In the hope of accelerating legislative adoption of this procedure and of improving the quality of such legislation, the Uniform Law Commission (ULC), formerly the National Conference …


The Prioritization Of Criminal Over Civil Counsel And The Discounted Danger Of Private Power, Kathryn A. Sabbeth Jan 2015

The Prioritization Of Criminal Over Civil Counsel And The Discounted Danger Of Private Power, Kathryn A. Sabbeth

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Narrative: Law And The Representation Of Mexican Criminality, Deborah Weissman Jan 2015

The Politics Of Narrative: Law And The Representation Of Mexican Criminality, Deborah Weissman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Repairing Online Reputation: A New Multi-Modal Regulatory Approach, Jacqueline D. Lipton Sep 2014

Repairing Online Reputation: A New Multi-Modal Regulatory Approach, Jacqueline D. Lipton

Akron Law Faculty Publications

In today’s interconnected digital society, high profile examples of online abuses abound. Cyberbullies launch attacks on the less powerful, often significantly damaging victims’ reputations. Outside of reputational damage, online harassment, bullying and stalking has led to severe emotional distress, loss of employment, physical assault and even death. Recent scholarship has identified this phenomenon but has done little more than note that current laws are ineffective in combating abusive online behaviors. This article moves the debate forward both by suggesting specific reforms to criminal and tort laws and, more importantly, by situating those reforms within a new multi-modal framework for combating …


Combating Cyber-Victimization, Jacqueline D. Lipton Sep 2014

Combating Cyber-Victimization, Jacqueline D. Lipton

Akron Law Faculty Publications

In today’s interconnected society, high profile examples of online victimization abound. Cyber-bullies, stalkers and harassers launch attacks on the less powerful, causing a variety of harms. Recent scholarship has identified some of the more salient damage, including reputational harms, severe emotional distress, loss of employment, and physical assault. Extreme cases of online abuse have resulted in death through suicide or as a result of targeted attacks. This article makes two major contributions to the cyber-victimization literature. It proposes specific reforms to criminal and tort laws to address this conduct more effectively. Further, it situates those reforms within a new multi-modal …


Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr. Apr 2014

Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr.

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Potential Innocence: Making The Most Of A Bleak Environment For Public Support Of Indigent Defense, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2013

Potential Innocence: Making The Most Of A Bleak Environment For Public Support Of Indigent Defense, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Sixth Amendment Rights To Fairness: The Touchstones Of Effectiveness And Pragmatism, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2013

The Sixth Amendment Rights To Fairness: The Touchstones Of Effectiveness And Pragmatism, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Policy Evaluation Of Hillsborough County’S Family Dependency Treatment Court, Shawn M. Martin, Kathleen A. Moore Jan 2013

Policy Evaluation Of Hillsborough County’S Family Dependency Treatment Court, Shawn M. Martin, Kathleen A. Moore

Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications

Child abuse and neglect is a troubling issue all too familiar with courts in the United States. The problem becomes even more complicated when substance abuse is involved. In 2004, approximately 500,000 children were removed from their homes because of abuse and neglect issues1. In the past few years, a judicial model appeared to address both substance abuse and child dependency issues. This model, entitled Family Dependency Treatment Court (FDTC) enables the court to mandate treatment for parents and make reunification dependent on treatment compliance. The FDTC program in Hillsborough County, Florida is now in its second year and has …


Law, Social Movements, And The Political Economy Of Domestic Violence, Deborah M. Weissman Jan 2013

Law, Social Movements, And The Political Economy Of Domestic Violence, Deborah M. Weissman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Kafkaesque Experience Of Immigrants With Mental Disabilities: Navigating The Inexplicable Shoals Of Immigration Law, Jennifer L. Aronson Sep 2012

The Kafkaesque Experience Of Immigrants With Mental Disabilities: Navigating The Inexplicable Shoals Of Immigration Law, Jennifer L. Aronson

College of Law - Student Research & Writing Projects

Law and literature comes in two forms: law as literature and law in literature, the latter referring to the exploration of legal issues in great literary texts. Law in literature scholars place a high value on the "independent" view of the literary writers as he or she sees the law. They believe that these authors have something to teach legal scholars and lawyers about the human condition. “The Trial” by Franz Kafka, concerns human beings caught up in social and political dilemmas. Kafka offers readers an insight to the nature of totalitarianism and forces us to ask hard questions about …


The Sixth Amendment's Textual Core, Sanjay K. Chhablani Jul 2012

The Sixth Amendment's Textual Core, Sanjay K. Chhablani

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

The Sixth Amendment, framed in an atmosphere of deep mistrust of a potentially oppressive government, broadly requires that defendants be provided seven fundamental procedural protections. Over the course of the past five decades, the scope and meaning of these critical safeguards have undergone tremendous change, with series of expansive and restrictive readings. Through this jurisprudential development, several provisions of the Sixth Amendment have been interpreted in a manner that contravenes the plain meaning of its text, rendering the Amendment far less protective of individual liberty. After developing a comprehensive historical account of the Court’s Sixth Amendment jurisprudence, this Article provides …


Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender Sentencing In New York: Can It Survive Apprendi ?, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender Sentencing In New York: Can It Survive Apprendi ?, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

This article examines the Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender sentencing provision contained in New York Penal law section 70.10 and its vitality in the wake of Apprendi v. New Jersey. It examines the disparity in the controlling New York Court of Appeals cases and the holdings in Apprendi and its progeny. It also discusses ways in which the sentencing court can apply the sentnecing statute and avoid Apprendi pitfalls.


Short Of The Goal: New York's Legislation To Compel Hiv Testing From Accused Sex Offenders, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Short Of The Goal: New York's Legislation To Compel Hiv Testing From Accused Sex Offenders, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

"Short of the Goal: New York's Legislation to Compel HIV Testing from Accused Sex Offenders" examines New York's newly enacted legislation allowing for such court ordered testing upon the filing of charges and prior to conviction.Although this legislation was designed to augment and improve the existing legislation which allows it only post-conviction, it contains significant flaws which leave it short of its intended result. This article examines the legislation and its flaws.


Throwing Away The Key: An Examination Of New York's Sex Offender Civil Commitment Law, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Throwing Away The Key: An Examination Of New York's Sex Offender Civil Commitment Law, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

This article examines New York's newly enacted sex offender civil commitment law entitled"Sex Offenders Requiring Civil Commitment or Supervision." It examines the statute in detail, commenting on its various statutory and constiutional defeciencies, as well as its potential impact on the New York State Unified Court System.


Confrontation In Children's Cases: The Dimensions Of Limited Coverage, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2012

Confrontation In Children's Cases: The Dimensions Of Limited Coverage, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.