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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Law

Introduction (Unequal: How America's Courts Undermine Discrimination Law), Sandra F. Sperino, Suja A. Thomas Jan 2017

Introduction (Unequal: How America's Courts Undermine Discrimination Law), Sandra F. Sperino, Suja A. Thomas

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This is chapter 1 of Sandra F. Sperino and Suja A. Thomas, Unequal: How America's Courts Undermine Discrimination Law (2017)


Retaliation And The Reasonable Person, Sandra F. Sperino Jan 2015

Retaliation And The Reasonable Person, Sandra F. Sperino

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

When a worker complains about discrimination, federal law is supposed to protect that worker from later retaliation. Recent scholarly attention focuses on how courts limit retaliation claims by narrowly framing the causation inquiry. A larger threat to retaliation law is developing in the lower courts. Courts are declaring a wide swath of conduct as insufficiently serious to constitute retaliation.

Many courts hold that it is legal for an employer to threaten to fire a worker, to place the worker on administrative leave, or to negatively evaluate the worker because she complained about discriminatory conduct. Even if the worker has evidence ...


The Interaction Of The Ada, The Fmla, And Workers' Compensation: Why Can't We Be Friends?, S. Elizabeth Malloy Jan 2003

The Interaction Of The Ada, The Fmla, And Workers' Compensation: Why Can't We Be Friends?, S. Elizabeth Malloy

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Article addresses some of the issues that arise when an employee injured at work qualifies for leave under the ADA, the FMLA and workers' compensation statutes. Part II of the Article provides a brief overview of these
three statutory schemes, focusing on the provisions, which define employee and employer qualification and the rights and responsibilities surrounding leave due to a work-related injury. Part III examines how the courts have resolved some of the overlapping and conflicting provisions contained in these statutes. This section particularly focuses on how the courts address employer obligations under all three statutes when an employee ...


Using § 1983 To Enforce Title Vi's Section 602 Regulations, Bradford Mank Jan 2001

Using § 1983 To Enforce Title Vi's Section 602 Regulations, Bradford Mank

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Article examines the circumstances under which § 1983 suits may be used to enforce agency regulations in general, and Title VI's disparate impact regulations in particular.


The Problem Of Obtaining Evidence For International Criminal Courts, Jacob Katz Cogan Jan 2000

The Problem Of Obtaining Evidence For International Criminal Courts, Jacob Katz Cogan

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

International criminal courts will be judged by their fairness to defendants as well as to victims. In a very practical way, such claims will hinge, inter alia, on the ability of prosecutors and defendants to have reasonable access to probative evidence. But international criminal courts depend on states to provide them with evidence or access to evidence. The obligation of states to cooperate with international criminal tribunals in the production of evidence was at issue in the recent decision of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Blaki case (1997). That judgment and the provisions of the ...


Core Freedoms In Nigerian And U.S. Constitutions: A Study In Difference, Gordon A. Christenson Jan 1991

Core Freedoms In Nigerian And U.S. Constitutions: A Study In Difference, Gordon A. Christenson

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This article compares core freedoms in the United States Constitution with similar constitutional experience encountered in the Nigerian Constitution. It is a study in difference, illuminated by learned papers and discussion of these issues by judges, lawyers, professors, journalists and activists in Nigeria. Moreover, to add a third dimension, differences and similarities in constitutional experiences are shown within the contemporary framework of international norms.


The Scope Of Criminal Restitution: Awarding Unliquidated Damages In Sentencing Hearings, Bradford Mank Jan 1987

The Scope Of Criminal Restitution: Awarding Unliquidated Damages In Sentencing Hearings, Bradford Mank

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

During the past several years a variety of victim groups have forced the criminal justice system to pay more attention to the restitution needs of victims! Criminal courts, however, are still limited in the types of restitution they may award. Typically, sentencing judges can award restitution for the whole range of liquidated damages including the value of stolen or destroyed property, medical expenses, and lost past wages. In most jurisdictions, however, criminal courts cannot award restitution for unliquidated damages involving compensation for pain and suffering, or for lost future earning capacity. Crime victims must initiate a civil suit at their ...


Racketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations (Rico)—Securities And Commercial Fraud As Racketeering Crime After Sedima: What Is A "Pattern Of Racketeering Activity"?, Barbara Black Jan 1986

Racketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations (Rico)—Securities And Commercial Fraud As Racketeering Crime After Sedima: What Is A "Pattern Of Racketeering Activity"?, Barbara Black

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Congress enacted the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 in order to stem the infiltration and corruption of legitimate businesses by organized crime. During the 1970's, civil litigants virtually ignored the statute, but in the 1980's the utility of RICO's civil provisions has come to be generally recognized. Attorneys representing the victims of securities and commercial fraud now routinely add a claim alleging a RICO violation. Ii It is the attractiveness of the remedy - the successful plaintiff's recovery of treble damages and attorney's fees - that has led to this ever increasing use ...


Application Of Respondeat Superior Principles To Securities Fraud Claims Under The Racketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations Act (Rico), Barbara Black Jan 1984

Application Of Respondeat Superior Principles To Securities Fraud Claims Under The Racketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations Act (Rico), Barbara Black

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Part I of this article outlines RICO's statutory scheme, reviews the common law doctrines under which a principal may be liable for the acts of its agent and the policies behind these doctrines, and examines RICO decisions raising the issue of vicarious liability. Part II examines non-RICO federal cases and identifies relevant factors determining the appropriateness of applying respondeat superior and agency principles to federal statutes. Finally, Part III analyzes the specific provisions of RICO in light of the factors identified in Part II. The article concludes that these factors do not support the imposition of liability on defendants ...