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Full-Text Articles in Law

Corporations And Corporate Agents: Liability On Commercial Paper Contracts And Attainment Of Holder Status, Harold R. Weinberg Nov 1984

Corporations And Corporate Agents: Liability On Commercial Paper Contracts And Attainment Of Holder Status, Harold R. Weinberg

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

This article focuses on two classes of commercial paper issues. Section I considers the Uniform Commercial Code rules relevant to determining whether a corporation or its agents are bound by contracts made upon a negotiable instrument. Application of these rules continues to be an important and recurrent source of legal disputes. Section II considers the rights of corporations or their agents to obtain holder status prerequisite to enforcing commercial paper contracts. Problems relating to the attainment of this status can result from corporate engagement in joint-enterprise with artificial or natural persons and from the linkage of corporations through common ownership …


Second Generation State Takeover Legislation: Maryland Takes A New Tack, Michigan Law Review Nov 1984

Second Generation State Takeover Legislation: Maryland Takes A New Tack, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

This Note examines the approach recently adopted by the Maryland legislature in special session one year after the Supreme Court's decision in MITE. Maryland has departed radically from the regulatory approach of first generation statutes; however, this Note argues that the statute has failed to escape the constitutional infirmities of its predecessors. Part I outlines the various mechanisms that regulate acquisition of corporate control: the federal tender offer regulatory mechanism known as the Williams Act, state takeover legislation such as the Illinois statute invalidated in MITE, and the new Maryland statute. Part II analyzes the debate concerning the …


Schreiber V. Burlington Northern, Inc., Lewis F. Powell Jr. Oct 1984

Schreiber V. Burlington Northern, Inc., Lewis F. Powell Jr.

Supreme Court Case Files

No abstract provided.


The Supervision Of Corporate Management: A Comparison Of Developments In European Community And United States Law, Alfred F. Conard May 1984

The Supervision Of Corporate Management: A Comparison Of Developments In European Community And United States Law, Alfred F. Conard

Michigan Law Review

In 1971, Eric Stein published an account of the remarkable progress of the European Economic Community (EEC) toward a harmonized law of business corporations. The progress was particularly striking from an American viewpoint, because the harmonization was achieved by moving toward the more rigorous of the various national standards, in contrast to the "race of laxity" or "race for the bottom" that has characterized the movement toward uniformity in the corporation laws of U.S. states.


Federalism And Company Law, Richard M. Buxbaum May 1984

Federalism And Company Law, Richard M. Buxbaum

Michigan Law Review

It would be a simplifying and historically dubious reduction to equate state interest in corporation law with interventionist or regulatory policies and federal interest with liberal or facilitative ones. So long as a federal legal system presupposes the continuing involvement of two governments with the same subject, however, it is only the subordinate polity's interest in intervention or regulation that makes for interesting reading. State facilitative policies in an era of national facilitative policies raise no questions, and a state's continuing adherence to laissez faire policies when the national government turns interventionist typically creates no conflict. It is only the …


New Ways In Corporate Governance: European Experiments With Labor Representation On Corporate Boards, Klaus J. Hopt May 1984

New Ways In Corporate Governance: European Experiments With Labor Representation On Corporate Boards, Klaus J. Hopt

Michigan Law Review

Corporate governance has been discussed in Europe for over 150 years. Indeed, in the 1840's, when the first Corporation Act was enacted in Prussia, three troubling features of the corporate organization form had already been discerned: (I) the vulnerability of small investors who lacked the influence and sophistication to. control the corporation; (2) the risk to creditors and the public created by the limited liability of the corporation, especially when combined with inadequate funds and poorly controlled management; and (3) the power that big corporations could amass economically, by monopolizing markets, and politically, by exerting influence on public opinion and …


Competition, Integration And Economic Efficiency In The Eec From The Point Of View Of The Private Firm, Michel Waelbroeck May 1984

Competition, Integration And Economic Efficiency In The Eec From The Point Of View Of The Private Firm, Michel Waelbroeck

Michigan Law Review

As early as 1956, experts appointed by the six original Member State governments to investigate measures to pursue integration after the failure of the European Defence Community clearly established this link between the abolition of barriers to trade and an increase in the intensity of competition. In what has come to be known as the "Spaak Report," the experts noted the technology gap then separating Europe from the United States and proposed, as a remedial measure, the creation of a ''vast zone of common economic policy, constituting a powerful production unit, and allowing a continued expansion, and increased stability, an …


The Real Estate Corporation: What Can Be Done When A Close Corporation's Shareholders Are No Longer Close, Lawrence J. Scott Apr 1984

The Real Estate Corporation: What Can Be Done When A Close Corporation's Shareholders Are No Longer Close, Lawrence J. Scott

South Carolina Law Review

No abstract provided.


Materiality, Law Reform, And Regulation By Prosecution, Michael Rosenzweig Feb 1984

Materiality, Law Reform, And Regulation By Prosecution, Michael Rosenzweig

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Regulation by Prosecution: The Securities & Exchange Commission Versus Corporate America by Roberta S. Karmel


Law And Economy, Michigan Law Review Feb 1984

Law And Economy, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Law and Economy by Kelvin Jones


Industrial Policy: Diverting Resources From The Winners, Edwin L. Harper, Lehmann K. Li Jr. Jan 1984

Industrial Policy: Diverting Resources From The Winners, Edwin L. Harper, Lehmann K. Li Jr.

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article argues that the various forms of industrial policy currently being proposed are inappropriate for the United States (U.S.). They would fail not only on economic grounds, but on political grounds as well. The article outlines the appropriate role for government in the economy.


A Labor View Of Industrial Policy, Henry B. Schechter Jan 1984

A Labor View Of Industrial Policy, Henry B. Schechter

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article discusses the following topics: secular economic decline, factors in the loss of U.S. competitive position, foreign industrial policies, a labor-endorsed legislative proposal for an industrial policy, and supplementary measures that are required for a successful industrial policy.


Building The Case For Industrial Strategy, David E, Bonior Jan 1984

Building The Case For Industrial Strategy, David E, Bonior

Michigan Journal of International Law

The argument for an industrial strategy begins with the failures of present policies. The indictment is not concerned with the relative simplicity or elegance of competing economic theories but with actual results in the world marketplace. The case for an industrial strategy is not primarily about compassion, or about full employment, or even about economic growth. While we desperately need a compassionate economic policy, full employment, and sustained economic growth, these are goals. The industrial policy debate is not a debate about goals, but means. The argument rests on the premise that the old means must be changed because the …


Attacking The Trade Deficit, Dennis Unkovic Jan 1984

Attacking The Trade Deficit, Dennis Unkovic

Michigan Journal of International Law

In the United States (U.S.), policy planning for industrial development is not new. The federal government currently formulates and implements policies designed to foster the growth of the industrial sector. The current debate should not focus on the merits of a comprehensive national industrial policy over federal non-involvement, rather it should address the degree to which the federal government should become involved in specific areas affecting industrial development. This article will analyze the appropriate role for the federal government in its efforts to eliminate the current U.S. balance of trade deficit.


The Role Of Planning Contracts In The Conduct Of French Industrial Policy, Saul Estrin, Peter M. Holmes Jan 1984

The Role Of Planning Contracts In The Conduct Of French Industrial Policy, Saul Estrin, Peter M. Holmes

Michigan Journal of International Law

The French have a long history of state economic planning, of comprehensive industrial policy, and of contractualised relations between the state and firms, though the links between them have not always been close. In the following section we review the relevant history of French planning and industrial policy. We focus in the second section on the development of contractual relations between corporations and the state in postwar France until the Socialists took office in 1981. In the third section we discuss recent developments, and we conclude with a theoretical appraisal of the experience.


A New Export Policy: The Foreign Sales Corporation And State Unitary Taxation Of Foreign Source Income, Reed D. Rubinstein Jan 1984

A New Export Policy: The Foreign Sales Corporation And State Unitary Taxation Of Foreign Source Income, Reed D. Rubinstein

Michigan Journal of International Law

Part I of this note will examine the structure of the FSC, and analyze its potential benefits in light of the Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC) tax incentive. Part II discusses the use of the unitary tax as a disincentive to direct foreign investment by U.S. corporations. Finally, Part III outlines the new export policy based upon a combination of the FSC export incentive and state unitary taxation of foreign-source income. If implemented, this policy would increase export production and discourage direct foreign investment, thereby making a substantial contribution to U.S. economic well-being.


Foreign Investment Laws In Developing Countries, Jane E. Cross Jan 1984

Foreign Investment Laws In Developing Countries, Jane E. Cross

Michigan Journal of International Law

Rather than extensively analyzing the various laws of Argentina, Mexico, and Nigeria that are specifically designed to encourage foreign investment, this note endeavors to explain how the laws of these countries that have as the primary function the monitoring and restricting of foreign investment activity are able to refrain from severely discouraging the foreign investment needed to promote industrialization. The tendency of LDCs to liberalize their restrictive foreign investment laws over the last few years demonstrates the growing importance of minimizing the adverse impact of legal constraints on foreign capital investment.


Canada's Foreign Investment Review Act And The Problem Of Industrial Policy, James M. Spence Q.C. Jan 1984

Canada's Foreign Investment Review Act And The Problem Of Industrial Policy, James M. Spence Q.C.

Michigan Journal of International Law

The purpose of this article is to consider the Foreign Investment Review Act (FIRA or the Act) of Canada in the context of the continuing discussion in North America of the concept of "industrial policy." The particular version of industrial policy of interest for this purpose is the concept which involves interventionist activity by the government designed to affect directly the economic activity of an industry, company, or plant. The first part of the article briefly describes the background and operation of FIRA. The second part comments on the concept of interventionist industrial policy as it has developed in Canada. …


Investment Incentives And Guarantees In The Republic Of China, The Republic Of Korea, Thailand, And The People's Republic Of China, Barbara J. Martin Jan 1984

Investment Incentives And Guarantees In The Republic Of China, The Republic Of Korea, Thailand, And The People's Republic Of China, Barbara J. Martin

Michigan Journal of International Law

This note will focus on direct investment in four countries in Southeast Asia: the Republic of China (ROC), the Republic of Korea (ROK or South Korea), Thailand, and the People's Republic of China (PRC). Despite similar goals, these four countries differ significantly in their treatment of foreign investors.


Whither The Future Of Japanese Industrial Development Policies?, Merit E. Janow Jan 1984

Whither The Future Of Japanese Industrial Development Policies?, Merit E. Janow

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article describes past and present Japanese industrial policies. After discussing the evolution of Japanese industrial policies generally, it addresses the specific instruments of those policies including those intended to assist declining industries as well as those intended to promote the development of new industries. Finally, this article suggests that government guidance of Japan's industrial sector has decreased and is likely to decrease further still in the future.


Industrial Policy In The Field Of Informatics In Brazil, Walter Douglas Stuber Jan 1984

Industrial Policy In The Field Of Informatics In Brazil, Walter Douglas Stuber

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article first presents a brief overview of Brazilian industrial development. This overview provides a basis for understanding how the Brazilian Government's informatics policy differs from past Brazilian industrial models. The article then describes the Brazilian Government's policy in the field of informatics. It concludes that a policy which is less protectionist than the government's current program would, through allowing greater foreign participation in the market, better encourage the development of Brazilian informatic companies.


The United States Specialty Steel Industry, Michael H. Leb Jan 1984

The United States Specialty Steel Industry, Michael H. Leb

Michigan Journal of International Law

Part I of this note briefly describes the problems of the specialty steel industry and traces the attempts to deal with those problems from 1968 through the imposition of the relief measures which spawned the current negotiations. After discussing the trade history of the specialty steel industry, the note examines the effectiveness of two domestic import relief statutes through which the government has attempted to assist the industry. The note then analyzes U.S. attempts to aid the specialty steel industry through measures which violate the fundamental principles of the GATT system. The note concludes that since the GATT system cannot …


The Large Civil Aircraft Industry: Applying Legal Policy-Making Tools To Accommodate A Changing Industry, Dennis G. Terez Jan 1984

The Large Civil Aircraft Industry: Applying Legal Policy-Making Tools To Accommodate A Changing Industry, Dennis G. Terez

Michigan Journal of International Law

This note first examines the emergence of Airbus Industrie (Al or Airbus) and identifies some of the legal and policy instruments which the European governments have employed to make Al a successful competitor. After a brief discussion of the growing difficulties with subsidy policies, the note considers European Community legislation for a common European industrial policy and the creation of a European Export Bank as possible alternative solutions for maintaining Al's competitiveness. The note finally argues that international industrial agreements are necessary legal tools for effective regulation of the manufacture and sale of large civil aircraft. International agreements currently in …


Employee Involvement In Decision-Making: European Attempts At Harmonization, Ruth A. Harvey Jan 1984

Employee Involvement In Decision-Making: European Attempts At Harmonization, Ruth A. Harvey

Michigan Journal of International Law

Part I of this note examines the sources of Community power over employment policy. Part II analyzes two Community directives approximating laws regarding employee involvement in dismissal procedures. It also examines the impact of these Community directives on two Member States, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) and the United Kingdom. The note focuses on the FRG because its statutes have served as the model for Community directives, and because the harmonization of laws throughout the Community will provide unique benefits to the FRG. The note examines the United Kingdom because its government has historically had a …


The Impact Of Industrial Legislation On The Behavior Of Multinational Enterprises And Labor In The Industrializing Countries Of East And Southeast Asia, Kojo Yelpaala Jan 1984

The Impact Of Industrial Legislation On The Behavior Of Multinational Enterprises And Labor In The Industrializing Countries Of East And Southeast Asia, Kojo Yelpaala

Michigan Journal of International Law

The phenomenon of industrial legislation is not new in the world. Several industrialized, non-industrialized, capitalist, and socialist countries all have at different stages in their development used industrial legislation for the achievement of industrial goals, development targets and national welfare objectives. This legislation has generally addressed labor relations, taxes, plant location, exchange controls, and capital controls. What is perhaps new is its focus on the behavior of Multinational Enterprises (MNE). The emergence of the MNE on the world economic scene has introduced an elusive but important element in the industrial policy calculus of nations.


Cumulative Voting In Corporate Elections: Introducing Strategy Into The Equation, Amihai Glazer, Debra G. Glazer, Bernard Grofman Jan 1984

Cumulative Voting In Corporate Elections: Introducing Strategy Into The Equation, Amihai Glazer, Debra G. Glazer, Bernard Grofman

South Carolina Law Review

No abstract provided.


Corporate And Related Attorney-Client Privilege Claims: A Suggested Approach, Stephen A. Saltzburg Jan 1984

Corporate And Related Attorney-Client Privilege Claims: A Suggested Approach, Stephen A. Saltzburg

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments In Corporate Criminal Liability, Samuel R. Miller, Lawrence C. Levine Jan 1984

Recent Developments In Corporate Criminal Liability, Samuel R. Miller, Lawrence C. Levine

Santa Clara Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Bildisco Case And The Congressional Response, James J. White Jan 1984

The Bildisco Case And The Congressional Response, James J. White

Articles

Section 365 of the Bankruptcy Reform Act authorizes one in bankruptcy to "assume or reject any executory contract ...of the debtor." The most frequent use of the section arises when a lessee goes into Chapter 11 and decides either to reject its real estate lease with its lessor or, if the lease is at a favorable rental rate, to assume it and assign it to another. A less frequent but more controversial use of section 365 is to reject one's collective bargaining agreement with his employees.


Note, Alien Corporations And Federal Diversity Jurisdiction, Geoff Moulton Dec 1983

Note, Alien Corporations And Federal Diversity Jurisdiction, Geoff Moulton

Geoff Moulton

No abstract provided.