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Corporate compliance

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Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Law

Building Better Compliance, Cary Coglianese Aug 2022

Building Better Compliance, Cary Coglianese

All Faculty Scholarship

A response to Dorothy Lund & Natasha Sarin: "Corporate Crime and Punishment: An Empirical Study"


Reexamining The Vicarious Criminal Liability Of Corporations For The Willful Crimes Of Their Employees, Evan Tuttle Nov 2021

Reexamining The Vicarious Criminal Liability Of Corporations For The Willful Crimes Of Their Employees, Evan Tuttle

Cleveland State Law Review

Corporate compliance programs in the United States have evolved substantially in the past several decades, expanding exponentially in both number and scope. Yet, our legal standard of corporate criminal liability for the acts of employees has remained largely unchanged for the past fifty years. United States v. Hilton Hotels established that a corporation can be held liable for the acts of its employee, even though the employee’s conduct may be contrary to their actual instructions or contrary to the employer’s stated policies. That holding, cited with favor by the Supreme Court, was based on a deeply flawed interpretation of precedent, …


Follow-Up Enforcement, Andrew K. Jennings Jan 2021

Follow-Up Enforcement, Andrew K. Jennings

Faculty Articles

Firms sometimes break the law. When they do, a host of government agencies have power to bring enforcement actions against them, which serve to punish past wrongs, compensate victims, disgorge unlawful gains, deter others, and prevent recidivism. Each of these purposes but one—preventing recidivism—is either met or not once the case reaches settlement. Whether recidivism will occur, however, remains uncertain at the time a case is settled. In light of that uncertainty, this Article takes a critical look at how enforcers currently address recidivism prevention—what it dubs the “clawback” approach—under which defendant firms receive penalty credit today in exchange for …


Organizational Justice And Antidiscrimination, Brad Areheart Jun 2020

Organizational Justice And Antidiscrimination, Brad Areheart

Scholarly Works

Despite eighty years of governmental interventions, the legal system has proven ill-equipped to address workplace discrimination. Potential plaintiffs are reluctant to file discrimination claims for a host of social and economic reasons, and the relatively few who do file face steep structural barriers. This Article argues that the most promising way to curb workplace discrimination is not through amending statutes or trying to change the behavior of individual bad actors; instead, we must modify the workplace itself. Specifically, this Article argues that Organizational Justice — a theory empirically grounded in behavioral science — provides novel guidance for how to proactively …


In-House Master Class: At Columbia, Former Gc Of Facebook Is Bringing The Real World Into The Classroom, Sue Reisinger, Mp Mcqueen Apr 2020

In-House Master Class: At Columbia, Former Gc Of Facebook Is Bringing The Real World Into The Classroom, Sue Reisinger, Mp Mcqueen

Reuben Mark Initiative for Organizational Character and Leadership

If the purpose of law school is to train eager minds to “think like a lawyer,” then the purpose of a Columbia Law School seminar taught by former Facebook Inc. vice president and general counsel Colin Stretch is to teach them to think specifically like an in-house lawyer.


Detecting Corporate Environmental Cheating, Seema Kakade, Matt Haber Jan 2020

Detecting Corporate Environmental Cheating, Seema Kakade, Matt Haber

Faculty Scholarship

As evidenced by the Volkswagen diesel emissions scandal, corporations cheat on environmental regulations. Such scandals have created a surge in the academic literature in a wide range of areas, including corporate law, administrative law, and deterrence theory. This article furthers that literature by focusing on one particular area of corporate cheating—the ability to learn of the cheating in the first place. Detecting corporate cheating requires significant information about corporate behavior, activity, and output. Indeed, most agencies have broad statutory authority to collect such information from corporations, through targeted records requests, and inspection. However, authority is different from ability. The corporate …


Board Compliance, John Armour, Brandon L. Garrett, Jeffrey N. Gordon, Geeyoung Min Jan 2020

Board Compliance, John Armour, Brandon L. Garrett, Jeffrey N. Gordon, Geeyoung Min

Faculty Scholarship

What role do corporate boards play in compliance? Compliance programs are internal enforcement programs, whereby firms train, monitor and discipline employees with respect to applicable laws and regulations. Corporate enforcement and compliance failures could not be more high-profile, and have placed boards in the position of responding to systemic problems. Both case law on boards’ fiduciary duties and guidance from prosecutors suggest that the board should have a continuing role in overseeing compliance activity. Yet very little is actually known about the role of boards in compliance. This paper offers the first empirical account of public companies’ engagement with compliance …


The Compliance Process, Veronica Root Martinez Aug 2019

The Compliance Process, Veronica Root Martinez

Veronica Root

Even as regulators and prosecutors proclaim the importance of effective compliance programs, failures persist. Organizations fail to ensure that they and their agents comply with legal and regulatory requirements, industry practices, and their own internal policies and norms. From the companies that provide our news, to the financial institutions that serve as our bankers, to the corporations that make our cars, compliance programs fail to prevent misconduct each and every day. The causes of these compliance failures are multifaceted and include general enforcement deficiencies, difficulties associated with overseeing compliance programs within complex organizations, and failures to establish a culture of …


Improving Human Rights Compliance In Supply Chains, Kishanthi Parella Jan 2019

Improving Human Rights Compliance In Supply Chains, Kishanthi Parella

Scholarly Articles

Corporations try to convince us that they are good global citizens: “brands take stands” by engaging in cause philanthropy; CEOs of prominent corporations tackle a variety of issues; and social values drive marketing strategies for goods and services. But despite this rhetoric, corporations regularly fall short in their conduct. This is especially true in supply chains where a number of human rights abuses frequently occur. One solution is for corporations to engage in meaningful human rights due diligence that involves monitoring human rights, reporting on social and environmental performance, undertaking impact assessments, and consulting with groups whose human rights they …


The Compliance Process, Veronica Root Martinez Jan 2019

The Compliance Process, Veronica Root Martinez

Journal Articles

Even as regulators and prosecutors proclaim the importance of effective compliance programs, failures persist. Organizations fail to ensure that they and their agents comply with legal and regulatory requirements, industry practices, and their own internal policies and norms. From the companies that provide our news, to the financial institutions that serve as our bankers, to the corporations that make our cars, compliance programs fail to prevent misconduct each and every day. The causes of these compliance failures are multifaceted and include general enforcement deficiencies, difficulties associated with overseeing compliance programs within complex organizations, and failures to establish a culture of …


Corporate Compliance That Advances Racial Diversity And Justice And Why Business Deregulation Does Not Matter, Cheryl L. Wade Jan 2018

Corporate Compliance That Advances Racial Diversity And Justice And Why Business Deregulation Does Not Matter, Cheryl L. Wade

Faculty Publications

This Essay considers the problem of racial harassment and discrimination in the aftermath of the recent and more thorough discussion about gender inequality. It begins by explaining the inadequacies of the SEC Board Diversity Rules and Section 342. It then describes the reasons why, despite these inadequacies, more regulation relating to discrimination and diversity is not needed. Finally, it discusses how to improve U.S. businesses’ compliance with existing antidiscrimination law.


Restoring Pre-Existing Compliance Through The Fcpa Pilot Program, Andrew B. Spalding Jan 2017

Restoring Pre-Existing Compliance Through The Fcpa Pilot Program, Andrew B. Spalding

Law Faculty Publications

For a quarter-century, incentives to invest in corporate compliance programs have been a cornerstone of federal white-collar enforcement. But the U.S. Department of Justice's most recent announcement of anti-bribery enforcement policy-the FCPA Pilot Program-takes a peculiar and possibly inadvertent turn. In providing newly transparent and explicit penalty reductions, and rolling out the Department's declination policy, the program neglects to incentivize investments in pre-existing compliance. Though remedial, or postviolation, compliance receives a newly heightened importance, pre-existing compliance receives virtually no attention. This is strange, but should not be understood as a new policy change on the benefits of pre-existing compliance; no …


Modern-Day Monitorships, Veronica Root Jun 2016

Modern-Day Monitorships, Veronica Root

Veronica Root

When a sexual abuse scandal rocked Penn State, when Apple engaged in anticompetitive behavior, and when servicers like Bank of America improperly foreclosed upon hundreds of thousands of homeowners, each organization entered into a Modern-Day Monitorship. Modern-Day Monitorships are utilized in an array of contexts to assist in widely varying remediation efforts. They provide outsiders a unique source of information about the efficacy of the tarnished organization’s efforts to remediate misconduct. Yet despite their use in high-profile and serious matters of organizational wrongdoing, they are not an outgrowth of careful study and deliberate planning. Instead, Modern-Day Monitorships have been employed …


Foreword: Twenty-Eighth Annual Corporate Law Symposium: Rethinking Compliance, Felix B. Chang May 2016

Foreword: Twenty-Eighth Annual Corporate Law Symposium: Rethinking Compliance, Felix B. Chang

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

The University of Cincinnati College of Law devoted its 28th Annual Corporate Law Center Symposium to compliance. It was a timely choice, coinciding not only with an explosion of sector regulation in recent years but also with shifting market realities for legal employment and legal education. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act are two prominent examples of major legislation that has added—and will continue to add—to compliance obligations for broad swathes of industries. Meanwhile, the financial crisis has spurred profound transformations in legal employment, including cutbacks in entry …


Modern-Day Monitorships, Veronica Root Jan 2016

Modern-Day Monitorships, Veronica Root

Journal Articles

When a sexual abuse scandal rocked Penn State, when Apple engaged in anticompetitive behavior, and when servicers like Bank of America improperly foreclosed upon hundreds of thousands of homeowners, each organization entered into a Modern-Day Monitorship. Modern-Day Monitorships are utilized in an array of contexts to assist in widely varying remediation efforts. They provide outsiders a unique source of information about the efficacy of the tarnished organization’s efforts to remediate misconduct. Yet despite their use in high-profile and serious matters of organizational wrongdoing, they are not an outgrowth of careful study and deliberate planning. Instead, Modern-Day Monitorships have been employed …


Better Bounty Hunting: How The Sec's New Whistleblower Program Changes The Securities Fraud Class Action Debate, Amanda M. Rose Jan 2015

Better Bounty Hunting: How The Sec's New Whistleblower Program Changes The Securities Fraud Class Action Debate, Amanda M. Rose

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Cartels, Corporate Compliance, And What Practitioners Really Think About Enforcement, D. Daniel Sokol Nov 2014

Cartels, Corporate Compliance, And What Practitioners Really Think About Enforcement, D. Daniel Sokol

D. Daniel Sokol

This article shows the limitations to the optimal deterrence-inspired cartel enforcement policy currently used by the Department of Justice Antitrust Division. This article employs both quantitative and qualitative survey evidence of cartel practitioners to shed light upon the realities of US cartel enforcement policy. The empirical evidence provided by the practitioner surveys challenges the traditional assumptions behind the success of the DOJ’s cartel program. Perhaps the most interesting finding is that firms regularly game the leniency program to punish their competitors. For various reasons, firms and the DOJ have strong incentives to settle rather than to litigate cases in which …


The Curious Case Of Corporate Criminality, Erik Luna Jan 2013

The Curious Case Of Corporate Criminality, Erik Luna

Erik Luna

No abstract provided.


Beyond Incentives: Making Corporate Whistleblowing Moral In The New Era Of Dodd-Frank Act "Bounty Hunting", Matt A. Vega Nov 2012

Beyond Incentives: Making Corporate Whistleblowing Moral In The New Era Of Dodd-Frank Act "Bounty Hunting", Matt A. Vega

Matt A Vega

In this article, I examine the SEC's new whistleblower bounty program authorized by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the program, which went into effect last year, the SEC is required to pay a bounty to whistleblowers who voluntarily provide the agency with "original information" about a potential securities law violation that leads to a successful SEC or "related" enforcement action and that results in monetary sanctions of sufficient size. When the average SEC settlement is over $18.3 million, whistleblowers can expect the average bounty to be well in the range of $2-5 million.

My contention is that this new program is …


Cartels, Corporate Compliance, And What Practitioners Really Think About Enforcement, D. Daniel Sokol Jan 2012

Cartels, Corporate Compliance, And What Practitioners Really Think About Enforcement, D. Daniel Sokol

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article shows the limitations to the optimal deterrence-inspired cartel enforcement policy currently used by the Department of Justice Antitrust Division. This article employs both quantitative and qualitative survey evidence of cartel practitioners to shed light upon the realities of US cartel enforcement policy. The empirical evidence provided by the practitioner surveys challenges the traditional assumptions behind the success of the DOJ’s cartel program. Perhaps the most interesting finding is that firms regularly game the leniency program to punish their competitors. For various reasons, firms and the DOJ have strong incentives to settle rather than to litigate cases in which …


Deferred Prosecution Agreements: Prosecutorial Balance In Times Of Economic Meltdown, Sharon Oded Jan 2011

Deferred Prosecution Agreements: Prosecutorial Balance In Times Of Economic Meltdown, Sharon Oded

Sharon Oded

At times when the American economy faces enormous challenges, traditional prosecutorial measures that involve high public spending and immense collateral risks may hamper economic recovery. Economic meltdowns, such as the one we have been experiencing in recent years, call for a refreshment of the prosecutorial toolkit aimed at controlling corporate misconduct. This paper discusses the newly emerged enforcement mechanism, Deferred Prosecution Agreements (DPAs), in light of the current national goal of economic recovery. It portrays the evolution of DPAs and the stimulus for its expansion that followed recent Corporate America scandals. Based on the evaluation of the major promises and …


The Blameless Corporation, Larry D. Thompson Jul 2010

The Blameless Corporation, Larry D. Thompson

Scholarly Works

This article is a clarification and expansion of the author's previous oral statements published in The American Criminal Law Review 46-4--a Symposium Issue on "Achieving the Right Balance: The Role of Corporate Criminal Law in Ensuring Corporate Compliance."


The Curious Case Of Corporate Criminality, Erik Luna Jan 2009

The Curious Case Of Corporate Criminality, Erik Luna

Scholarly Articles

No abstract provided.