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Full-Text Articles in Law

Falling On Deaf Ears: Is The "Fail-Safe" Triennial Exemption Provision In The Digital Millennium Copyright Act Effective In Protecting Fair Use?, Woodrow Neal Hartzog Oct 2016

Falling On Deaf Ears: Is The "Fail-Safe" Triennial Exemption Provision In The Digital Millennium Copyright Act Effective In Protecting Fair Use?, Woodrow Neal Hartzog

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

This Article examines whether the "fail-safe" triennial exemption provision of the DMCA is effective for its intended purpose: to serve as a countermeasure to the DMCA's anti-circumvention provisions by protecting the ability of the public to engage in non-infringing uses of copyrighted works.

Ultimately, this Article concludes that there are too many faults in both the structure and the execution of the rule-making provision to meaningfully counteract the adverse effects of the anti-circumvention provisions of the DMCA. Specifically, the rule-making procedure explicitly prohibits exemptions to a class based on the use of the work. This amounts to a rejection ...


Martha Graham, Professor Miller And The "Work For Hire" Doctrine: Undoing The Judicial Bind Created By The Legislature, Nancy S. Kim Oct 2016

Martha Graham, Professor Miller And The "Work For Hire" Doctrine: Undoing The Judicial Bind Created By The Legislature, Nancy S. Kim

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

The current work for hire doctrine, as embodied by 17 U.S.C. Sections 101 and 201 and interpreted by the judiciary, provides a default rule of copyright ownership in favor of employers where a work is created by an employee in the scope of employment. In the absence of a written agreement, a finding that an engagement is a work for hire under the statute automatically results in all ownership being vested in the employer. This result often contradicts business norms and the understanding of one or both of the parties. In this Article, the author advocates abolishing the ...


The Price Of Social Norms: Towards A Liability Regime For File-Sharing, Daniel J. Gervais Oct 2016

The Price Of Social Norms: Towards A Liability Regime For File-Sharing, Daniel J. Gervais

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

The paper starts by asking whether P2P file-sharing of music can be stopped. Based on a discussion of (a) the interaction among law (regulation), technology and the market and (b) relevant social norms, the paper takes the view that it may not be possible to stop file-sharing. The paper then turns to an analysis of the economics and structure of a viable licensing model that could be implemented now without legislative or technological changes. The paper argues that P2P licensing could be good business. The paper ends with a brief look at (a) whether the licensing model could be exported ...


Catwalk Copycats: Why Congress Should Adopt A Modified Version Of The Design Piracy Prohibition Act, Laura C. Marshall Sep 2016

Catwalk Copycats: Why Congress Should Adopt A Modified Version Of The Design Piracy Prohibition Act, Laura C. Marshall

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Copyrightability Of Music Compilations And Playlists: Original And Creative Works Of Authorship?, Marc A. Fritzsche Jun 2016

Copyrightability Of Music Compilations And Playlists: Original And Creative Works Of Authorship?, Marc A. Fritzsche

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

Music compilations and playlists have a common nucleus of an act of gathering songs and ordering them. Their selection and arrangement can be decisive of the success and therefore can be valuable. And here is where the legal issues about their ownership arise: Are music compilations and playlists protectable under the regime of Copyright Law? This article will discuss the legal and practical issues connected with that question. Thereby, it will consider the United States, Europe in general and also the United Kingdom and Germany in particular. The individual legal systems and statutes will be analyzed, as well as the ...


The Future Of Music: Reconfiguring Public Performance Rights, Gary Myers, George Howard Jun 2016

The Future Of Music: Reconfiguring Public Performance Rights, Gary Myers, George Howard

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


What Notice Did, Jessica Litman May 2016

What Notice Did, Jessica Litman

Jessica Litman

In this article, I explore the effect of the copyright notice prerequisite on the law's treatment of copyright ownership. The notice prerequisite, as construed by the courts, encouraged the development of legal doctrines that herded the ownership of copyrights into the hands of publishers and other intermediaries, notwithstanding statutory provisions that seem to have been designed at least in part to enable authors to keep their copyrights. Because copyright law required notice, other doctrinal developments were shaped by and distorted by that requirement. The promiscuous alienability of U.S. copyrights may itself have been an accidental development deriving from ...


Distinguishing Literary Ideas And Expressions With Elements Of Alternate Worlds, Joshua Jeng Apr 2016

Distinguishing Literary Ideas And Expressions With Elements Of Alternate Worlds, Joshua Jeng

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Fair Use: Its Application, Limitations And Future. , Sonia Katyal, Paul Aiken, Laura Quilter, David O. Carson, John, Jr. G. Palfrey, Hugh C. Hansen Apr 2016

Fair Use: Its Application, Limitations And Future. , Sonia Katyal, Paul Aiken, Laura Quilter, David O. Carson, John, Jr. G. Palfrey, Hugh C. Hansen

Sonia Katyal

No abstract provided.


Scenes From The Copyright Office, Brian L. Frye Apr 2016

Scenes From The Copyright Office, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

This essay uses a series of vignettes drawn from Billy Joel’s career to describe his encounters with copyright law. It begins by examining the ownership of the copyright in Joel’s songs. It continues by considering the authorship of Joel’s songs, and it concludes by evaluating certain infringement actions filed against Joel. This Essay observes that Joel’s encounters with copyright law were confusing and frustrating, but also quite typical. The banality of his experiences captures the uncertainty and incoherence of copyright doctrine.


The Right-Of-Publicity Challenges For Tattoo Copyrights, Yolanda M. King Mar 2016

The Right-Of-Publicity Challenges For Tattoo Copyrights, Yolanda M. King

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Copy Game For High Score: The First Video Game Lawsuit, William K. Ford Feb 2016

Copy Game For High Score: The First Video Game Lawsuit, William K. Ford

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Video Games And Intellectual Property: Similarities, Differences, And A New Approach To Protection, John Kuehl Jan 2016

Video Games And Intellectual Property: Similarities, Differences, And A New Approach To Protection, John Kuehl

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


If It’S Broke, Fix It: Fixing Fixation, Megan M. Carpenter Jan 2016

If It’S Broke, Fix It: Fixing Fixation, Megan M. Carpenter

Law Faculty Scholarship

The fixation requirement, once an intended instrument for added flexibility in copyrightability, has become an unworkable standard under modern copyright law. The last twenty-five years have witnessed a dramatic expansion in creative media. Developments in both digital media and contemporary art have challenged what it means to be fixed, and cases dealing with these works reveal how inapposite current interpretations of fixation are for these forms of expression. Yet, getting fixation “right” is important, for it is often the juridical threshold over which idea becomes expression. Thus, we must enable fixation to help define the parameters of creative expression while ...


Copyright’S Not So Little Secret: The Orphan Works Problem And Proposed Orphan Works Legislation, Aaron C. Young Jan 2016

Copyright’S Not So Little Secret: The Orphan Works Problem And Proposed Orphan Works Legislation, Aaron C. Young

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


College Athlete Rights After O'Bannon: Where Do College Athlete Intellectual Property Rights Go From Here?, Victoria Roessler Jan 2016

College Athlete Rights After O'Bannon: Where Do College Athlete Intellectual Property Rights Go From Here?, Victoria Roessler

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law

The recent O'Bannon v. NCAA decision, which gave student athletes a right in products that exploit their image and likeness, will have a profound impact on college athlete rights. This giant step forward will propel student athletes to fight for more intellectual property rights. Following the footsteps of professional athletes, these rights will likely include copyrighting sports moves, touchdown celebrations, and signature phrases as well as trademarking nicknames and touchdown dances. This Note encourages the adoption of a program giving student athletes these rights and allowing them to receive compensation, uncapped, that they would split evenly with his or ...


"Courts Have Twisted Themselves Into Knots": Us Copyright Protection For Applied Art, Jane C. Ginsburg Jan 2016

"Courts Have Twisted Themselves Into Knots": Us Copyright Protection For Applied Art, Jane C. Ginsburg

Faculty Scholarship

In copyright law, the marriage of beauty and utility often proves fraught. Domestic and international law makers have struggled to determine whether, and to what extent, copyright should cover works that are both artistic and functional. The U.S. Copyright Act protects a work of applied art "only if, and only to the extent that, its design incorporates pictorial, graphic, or sculptural features that can be identified separately from, and are capable of existing independently of, the utilitarian aspects of the article." While the policy goal to separate the aesthetic from the functional is clear, courts' application of the statutory ...