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Civil rights

2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Law

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron Dec 2008

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital “scarlet letters” that ruin reputations. Today ...


Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron Dec 2008

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron

Danielle Keats Citron

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital “scarlet letters” that ruin reputations. Today ...


Freedom Comes Only From The Law': The Debate Over Law's Capacity And The Making Of Brown V. Board Of Education, Christopher W. Schmidt Nov 2008

Freedom Comes Only From The Law': The Debate Over Law's Capacity And The Making Of Brown V. Board Of Education, Christopher W. Schmidt

All Faculty Scholarship

From the late nineteenth into the mid-twentieth century, civil rights reformers fought, with little success, against the argument that law was powerless to change prejudicial attitudes and customs. It was widely assumed during the Jim Crow era that forcing the principle of racial equality on resistant southern whites might turn desegregation into yet another failed experiment in social reform by legal fiat - another Reconstruction or Prohibition. In the 1940s and 1950s, these assumptions began to give way because of the efforts of liberal scholars and activists who made the case that legal reform could be particularly effective at combating prejudice ...


Affirming The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Affirming The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.


Liberating The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Liberating The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.


Bifurcation Of Civil Rights Defendants: Undermining Monell In Police Brutality Cases, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Bifurcation Of Civil Rights Defendants: Undermining Monell In Police Brutality Cases, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.


Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron Oct 2008

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron

Danielle Keats Citron

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital “scarlet letters” that ruin reputations. Today ...


Disability Rights, Disability Discrimination, And Social Insurance, Mark Weber Oct 2008

Disability Rights, Disability Discrimination, And Social Insurance, Mark Weber

College of Law Faculty

This paper asks whether statutory social insurance programs, which provide contributory tax-based income support to people with disabilities, are compatible with the disability rights movement's ideas. Central to the movement that led to the Americans with Disabilities Act is the insight that physical or mental conditions do not disable; barriers created by the environment or by social attitudes keep persons with physical or mental differences from participating in society as equals. The conflict between the civil rights approach and insurance seems apparent. A person takes out insurance to deal with tragedy, such as premature death, or damage, such as ...


Exploring The Use Of The Word "Citizen" In Writings On The Fourth Amendment, M. Isabel Medina Oct 2008

Exploring The Use Of The Word "Citizen" In Writings On The Fourth Amendment, M. Isabel Medina

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Latinos and Latinas at the Epicenter of Contemporary Legal Discourses. Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington, March 2007.


What Is An Unconstitutional "Other Tax" On Voting? Construing The Twenty-Fourth Amendment, Allison Hayward Sep 2008

What Is An Unconstitutional "Other Tax" On Voting? Construing The Twenty-Fourth Amendment, Allison Hayward

Allison Hayward

This Article looks closely at the 24th Amendment and the origin and application of “poll tax or other tax” (meant here to include any form of tax, fee or charge imposed as a precondition to voting), the history of anti-poll tax reform, the intended scope of such reforms, and suggest a way to decide what voting prerequisites could be unconstitutional “poll taxes.” The analysis in this Article isolates the question of defining “poll tax or other tax” under the 24th Amendment from what constitutes a severe burden or a “reasonable” requirement in equal protection doctrine. The 24th Amendment should be ...


Protecting The Right To Vote: Oversight Of The Department Of Justice's Preparations For The 2008 Election - Statement Of Gilda R. Daniels Before The Senate Judiciary Committee, September 9, 2008, Gilda R. Daniels Sep 2008

Protecting The Right To Vote: Oversight Of The Department Of Justice's Preparations For The 2008 Election - Statement Of Gilda R. Daniels Before The Senate Judiciary Committee, September 9, 2008, Gilda R. Daniels

All Faculty Scholarship

In 2000, we witnessed faulty voting machines with hanging chads and dimpled ballots. We also experienced error-filled purges and voter intimidation in minority neighborhoods. Since the 2000 Presidential election the voting rights vocabulary has expanded to include terms such as, voting irregularities and election protection and created a new debate regarding voter access versus voter integrity. Despite the debates and new legislation in the form of the Help America Vote Act (HAVA), and the continued enforcement of other voting statutes such as the Voting Rights Act and the National Voter Registration Act, (NVRA), problems persist in the operation of our ...


The Decline Of Linguistic Plurality: Bottom-Up Solutions To Protect Languages In The United States, Erica R. Shamblin Knott Sep 2008

The Decline Of Linguistic Plurality: Bottom-Up Solutions To Protect Languages In The United States, Erica R. Shamblin Knott

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


A Tale Of Two Amendments: The Reasons Congress Added Sex To Title Vii And Their Implication For The Issue Of Comparable Worth, Michael Evan Gold Aug 2008

A Tale Of Two Amendments: The Reasons Congress Added Sex To Title Vii And Their Implication For The Issue Of Comparable Worth, Michael Evan Gold

Michael Evan Gold

No abstract provided.


Implications Of The Supreme Court’S Boumediene Decision For Detainees At Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: Hearing Before The H. Comm. On Armed Services, 110th Cong., July 30, 2008 (Statement Of Neal Katyal, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Neal K. Katyal Jul 2008

Implications Of The Supreme Court’S Boumediene Decision For Detainees At Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: Hearing Before The H. Comm. On Armed Services, 110th Cong., July 30, 2008 (Statement Of Neal Katyal, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Neal K. Katyal

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Belonging And Empowerment: A New "Civil Rights" Paradigm Based On Lessons Of The Past, Rebecca E. Zietlow Jul 2008

Belonging And Empowerment: A New "Civil Rights" Paradigm Based On Lessons Of The Past, Rebecca E. Zietlow

Rebecca E Zietlow

ABSTRACT: Despite the advances that African Americans have made in our country as a result of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s, poverty stubbornly persists in communities of color throughout our country. Our current civil rights paradigm, which is rooted in the Equal Protection Clause, and prohibits intentional state discrimination on the basis of immutable characteristics, simply is not working. This article suggests an alternative approach, one based not solely in equality norms but in facilitating the belonging of outsiders in our society. The subordination of people of color in our society has never been just about race. Rather ...


Lessons Learned From The 2004 Presidential Election: Testimony Of Gilda R. Daniels Before The House Judiciary Subcommittee On The Constitution, Civil Rights And Civil Liberties, July 24, 2008, Gilda R. Daniels Jul 2008

Lessons Learned From The 2004 Presidential Election: Testimony Of Gilda R. Daniels Before The House Judiciary Subcommittee On The Constitution, Civil Rights And Civil Liberties, July 24, 2008, Gilda R. Daniels

All Faculty Scholarship

Since the 2000 Presidential election the voting rights vocabulary has expanded to include terms such as, "voting irregularities" and "election protection" and created a new debate regarding voter access versus voter integrity. Despite the debates and new legislation in the form of the Help America Vote Act (HAVA), and the continued enforcement of other voting statutes such as the Voting Rights Act, and the National Voter Registration Act, (NVRA), problems persist in the operation of our participatory democracy.

What we have witnessed since 2000, particularly during the 2004 election, gave us some reason to hope but also reason for concern ...


Counter-Stories: Maintaining And Expanding Civil Liberties In Wartime, Mark A. Graber Jul 2008

Counter-Stories: Maintaining And Expanding Civil Liberties In Wartime, Mark A. Graber

Mark Graber

No abstract provided.


The Americans With Disabilities Act And The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On Health, Education, Labor & Pensions, 110th Cong., July 15, 2008 (Statement Of Chai R. Feldblum, Geo. U. L. Center), Chai R. Feldblum Jul 2008

The Americans With Disabilities Act And The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On Health, Education, Labor & Pensions, 110th Cong., July 15, 2008 (Statement Of Chai R. Feldblum, Geo. U. L. Center), Chai R. Feldblum

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Unilateral Home State Regulation: Imperialism Or Tool For Subaltern Resistance?, Sara L. Seck Jul 2008

Unilateral Home State Regulation: Imperialism Or Tool For Subaltern Resistance?, Sara L. Seck

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

Home state reluctance to regulate international corporate activities in the human rights context is sometimes characterized as an imperialistic infringement of host state sovereignty. This concern may be explicit, or it may be implicit in an expressed desire to avoid conflict with the sovereignty of foreign states. Yet, in the absence of a multilateral treaty directly addressing business and human rights, a regulatory role for home states in preventing and remedying human rights harms is increasingly being suggested. This paper seeks to explore theoretical perspectives that support unilateral home state regulation. Having established that unilateral home state regulation could serve ...


Elevator Company Goes Down: Mandatory Arbitration Provisions As Applied To Pending Civil Rights Claims In The Employment Context, Miranda Fleschert Jul 2008

Elevator Company Goes Down: Mandatory Arbitration Provisions As Applied To Pending Civil Rights Claims In The Employment Context, Miranda Fleschert

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Goldsmith v. Bagby Elevator Company, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals carved a distinction in the employment context between mandatory predispute arbitration agreements and compulsory arbitration agreements as applied to pending claims of discrimination. In doing so, the court warns employers that any effort to terminate an employee's rights with respect to a pending Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") claim by instituting a mandatory arbitration provision will be seen as impermissibly retaliatory. Amid the backdrop of a case in which supervisors routinely called black employees "monkeys," "slaves," and "niggers," the court makes a well-meaning attempt at preserving employees ...


Rethinking Novotny In Light Of United Brotherhood Of Carpenters & Joiners V. Scott: The Scope And Constitutionally Permissible Periphery Of Section 1985 (3), Taunya Lovell Banks Jun 2008

Rethinking Novotny In Light Of United Brotherhood Of Carpenters & Joiners V. Scott: The Scope And Constitutionally Permissible Periphery Of Section 1985 (3), Taunya Lovell Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


Billy Budd, Joseph Story, And Racial Liberals Frying Fish--A Polemical Essay, Peter Linzer Jun 2008

Billy Budd, Joseph Story, And Racial Liberals Frying Fish--A Polemical Essay, Peter Linzer

Peter Linzer

Please see cover letter.


Legal Limits On Religious Conversion In India, Laura Dudley Jenkins Apr 2008

Legal Limits On Religious Conversion In India, Laura Dudley Jenkins

Law and Contemporary Problems

In contemporary India, government assessments of the legitimacy of conversions tend to rely on two assumptions: first, that people who convert in groups may not have freely chosen conversion, and second, that certain groups are particularly vulnerable to being lured into changing their religion. These assumptions, which pervade the anticonversion laws as well as related court decisions and government committee reports, reinforce social constructions of women and lower castes as inherently naive and susceptible to manipulation. Here, Jenkins contends to carefully scrutinized the assumptions since like "protective" laws in many other contexts, such laws restrict freedom in highly personal, individual ...


Sometimes You Have To Go Backwards To Go Forwards: Judicial Review And The New National Security Exception To The Fourth Amendment, Sheerin N. Shahinpoor Mar 2008

Sometimes You Have To Go Backwards To Go Forwards: Judicial Review And The New National Security Exception To The Fourth Amendment, Sheerin N. Shahinpoor

Sheerin N. Shahinpoor

National security concerns have historically provided a strong basis for non-justiciable Executive Branch action; however, post 9/11, such actions have grown to encompass a greater number of American citizens' civil liberties. The federal judiciary's deferential treatment of national-security related conduct, particularly in the realm of suspicionless searches, occurs with dangerous frequency, and any semblance of meaningful review has been nearly eviscerated. The stakes involved in national security are weighty and, in many instances, present the courts with an artificial choice: uphold a potentially over-zealous suspicionless-search program but avoid danger, or strike down such a program in favor of ...


Safeguarding Fundamental Rights: Judicial Incursion Into Legislative Authority, Alexander Tsesis Mar 2008

Safeguarding Fundamental Rights: Judicial Incursion Into Legislative Authority, Alexander Tsesis

Alexander Tsesis

The Supreme Court recently limited Congress’s ability to pass civil rights statutes for the protection of fundamental rights. Decisions striking sections of the Violence Against Women Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act focused on states’ sovereign immunity. These holdings inadequately analyzed how the Reconstruction Amendments altered federalism by making the federal government primarily responsible for protecting civil rights. The Supreme Court also overlooked principles of liberty and equality lying at the foundation of American governance. The Court’s restrictions on legislative authority to identify fundamental rights and to safeguard them runs counter to the central credo of American ...


A New "U": Organizing Victims And Protecting Immigrant Workers, Leticia M. Saucedo Mar 2008

A New "U": Organizing Victims And Protecting Immigrant Workers, Leticia M. Saucedo

University of Richmond Law Review

This article explores the viability and potential effectiveness of immigration law's U visa to contribute to the protection of groups of workers in substandard and dangerous workplaces. Immigration law has increasingly become an obstacle to the enforcement of employment and labor law to protect immigrant workers.Moreover, employment and labor law, with their individual rights frameworks, have proven blunt instruments in eradicating the type of subordinating, sometimes slave-like conditions of immi-grant workers, especially those in low-wage industries. The federal government recently issued long-awaited regulations govern-ing U nonimmigrant visas for certain crime victims. Several of the enumerated eligible crimes in ...


Asimplify You, Classify You@: Stigma, Stereotypes And Civil Rights In Disability Classification Systems, Michael L. Perlin Feb 2008

Asimplify You, Classify You@: Stigma, Stereotypes And Civil Rights In Disability Classification Systems, Michael L. Perlin

Michael L Perlin

Abstract:

In this paper I consider the question of the extent to which sanism and pretextuality - the factors that contaminate all of mental disability law - do or do not equally contaminate the special education process, and the decision to label certain children as learning disabled. The thesis of this paper is that the process of labeling of children with intellectual disabilities implicates at least five conflicts and clusters of policy issues:

1. The need to insure that all children receive adequate education

2. The need to insure that the cure is not worse than the illness (that is, that the ...


James M. Ashley, Robin J. Lau Jan 2008

James M. Ashley, Robin J. Lau

The 39th Congress Project

No abstract provided.


Civil Rights Act Of 1964, Henry L. Chambers, Jr. Jan 2008

Civil Rights Act Of 1964, Henry L. Chambers, Jr.

Law Faculty Publications

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S. C.A.) (the 19 Act) likely has had the greatest transformative effect on American society of any single law. By prohibiting discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, a national origin in places of public accommodation, in federally assisted programs, in employment, in schools and with respect to voting rights, this massive law has had profound effects on almost every facet of American society.


Is Acquisition Everything? Protecting The Rights Of Occupants Under The Fair Housing Act, Rigel C. Oliveri Jan 2008

Is Acquisition Everything? Protecting The Rights Of Occupants Under The Fair Housing Act, Rigel C. Oliveri

Faculty Publications

This article addresses a recent trend among the federal courts to deny housing discrimination claims under the Fair Housing Act in cases where the plaintiff was an occupant of the housing at the time the discrimination occurred. Put another way, the courts have begun to read the FHA as protecting only the right to obtain housing, not the right to occupy that housing free of discrimination.The trend began with a 2004 Seventh Circuit opinion authored by Judge Richard Posner in the case of Halprin v. The Prairie Single Family Homes. Halprin dismissed most of the claims of a Jewish ...