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Full-Text Articles in Law

Trial By Jury Jan 1992

Trial By Jury

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Wallis V. Mrs. Smith's Pie Co., Carolyn Brack Armbrust Apr 1978

Wallis V. Mrs. Smith's Pie Co., Carolyn Brack Armbrust

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Green: Traffic Victims. Tort Law And Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball Apr 1959

Green: Traffic Victims. Tort Law And Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Traffic Victims. Tort Law and Insurance. By Leon Green.


Insurance - Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation Law - Compensation Assured For Innocent Automobile Accident Victims, Bartlett A. Jackson Feb 1959

Insurance - Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation Law - Compensation Assured For Innocent Automobile Accident Victims, Bartlett A. Jackson

Michigan Law Review

A 1958 New York statute requires the organization of an Indemnification Corporation by companies selling automobile liability insurance within the state. The corporation will assess members in order to establish a fund which will be used to reimburse persons who are injured in a motor vehicle accident and are unable to collect from the person causing the injury. In order to qualify, the injured party must not be covered by a policy of automobile insurance nor may he own an uninsured motor vehicle. He must secure a judgment against the financially irresponsible driver and petition the court to order the …


Evidence - Dead Man's Statute - Interpretation Of "Transaction", Howard N. Nemerovski S.Ed. Jun 1957

Evidence - Dead Man's Statute - Interpretation Of "Transaction", Howard N. Nemerovski S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was a passenger in an automobile which collided with one driven by defendant's intestate. Both drivers were killed, and plaintiff sued defendant, administrator of intestate's estate, for personal injuries, alleging negligence. There were no other eye-witnesses to the collision, and the trial court, relying upon the Alabama dead man's statute, would not permit plaintiff to testify to any of the details or circumstances of the accident, or even to the fact that she had been involved in an accident with an automobile driven by the decedent. The jury found for defendant. On appeal, held, reversed. Plaintiff, passenger in …


Torts - Parent And Child-Doctrine Of Parental Immunity, Julian J. Linde S.Ed. Jan 1957

Torts - Parent And Child-Doctrine Of Parental Immunity, Julian J. Linde S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, a minor, sustained injuries in a collision which occurred while he was riding in a car owned and driven by defendant, his father. The complaint alleged that defendant was guilty of willful and wanton misconduct, consisting of speeding on a wet road on a foggy night and of running a stop light. A motion to dismiss on the ground that the suit was contrary to public policy was sustained. On appeal, held, reversed. The doctrine of parental immunity is inapplicable to cases of willful and wanton misconduct. Nudd v Matsoukas, (III. 1956) 131 N.E. (2d) 525.


Federal Procedure-Venue-Use Of State Nonresident Motorist Statute To Imply Waive, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed. Apr 1956

Federal Procedure-Venue-Use Of State Nonresident Motorist Statute To Imply Waive, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

An Illinois corporation brought suit based on diversity of citizenship in a United States district court in Kentucky against a resident of Indiana, alleging a cause of action arising from a collision which occurred on a Kentucky highway. Plaintiff secured personal jurisdiction over defendant by serving process upon the Secretary of State of Kentucky who in tum gave notice to the defendant in accordance with the Kentucky nonresident motorist statute. Defendant entered a special appearance and moved that the case be dismissed on the ground of improper venue. The motion was overruled and the Court of Appeals for the Sixth …


Evidence-Privilege-Right Of Third Person To Assert Privilege As To Accident Report Made Confidential By Statute, Richard W. Young S.Ed. May 1954

Evidence-Privilege-Right Of Third Person To Assert Privilege As To Accident Report Made Confidential By Statute, Richard W. Young S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought a negligence action for injuries sustained when the automobile in which she was a passenger collided with that operated by the defendant. Defendant questioned a police officer, who had filed the accident report, concerning statements made to him by the driver of the vehicle in which the plaintiff was riding. The trial court permitted this testimony over the plaintiff's objection that these statements were privileged under an Iowa statute purporting to make written accident reports confidential and inadmissible in evidence. On appeal after a verdict was returned in favor of the defendant, held, reversed. The statute can …


Evidence-Privilege-Use Of Privileged Accident Report To Refresh Officer's Recollection, David D. Dowd, Jr. S.Ed. May 1954

Evidence-Privilege-Use Of Privileged Accident Report To Refresh Officer's Recollection, David D. Dowd, Jr. S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, a passenger in an automobile, recovered a judgment for injuries received in a collision. Defendants' motion to exclude testimony of the police officer investigating the accident as to admissions of the driver was overruled by the trial court. Defendants contended that the required accident report filed by the defendant driver was privileged by statute, and therefore the testimony of the officer was inadmissible. On appeal, held, reversed on other grounds. It was proper for the officer to testify as to the defendant driver's admissions even if it was necessary for him to refresh his recollection of these admissions …


Negligence-Contributory Negligence-Effect Of Violation Of Statute By Minor Plaintiff, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed. May 1953

Negligence-Contributory Negligence-Effect Of Violation Of Statute By Minor Plaintiff, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's decedent, a thirteen year old boy, was killed in a collision between his bicycle and defendant's automobile. Both vehicles were travelling in the same direction on a public highway when, according to the defendant's testimony, the boy suddenly made a left tum in front of the automobile and was struck. The defendant asserted that the child failed to give any signal indicating a tum and therefore violated the Utah statute prescribing rules of the road. Defendant moved for a directed verdict on the issue of contributory negligence charging that the conduct of the decedent was negligence per se. The …


Lnsurance-Recovery-Insurer's Liability On Statutory Automobile Liability Policy For Assault By Agent Of Insured, George B. Berridge Apr 1953

Lnsurance-Recovery-Insurer's Liability On Statutory Automobile Liability Policy For Assault By Agent Of Insured, George B. Berridge

Michigan Law Review

The negligence of a taxicab driver in backing his cab into plaintiff's automobile caused the bumpers of the two cars to lock. When plaintiff stepped out to inspect the situation, he was, without provocation, brutally beaten by the cab driver. Plaintiff recovered a judgment of $3,000 against the driver and the cab owner, and sought to garnishee the defendant, an insurance company which had issued to the cab owner a policy of automobile liability insurance. In 1946, when the assault occurred, the Illinois Motor Vehicle Law required the owner of a vehicle for the carriage of passengers for hire to …


Civil Procedure-Statute Of Limitations-Possibility Of Service Under Nonresident Motorist Service Act As Preventing Tolling Of Statute, James H. Loprete S.Ed. Mar 1953

Civil Procedure-Statute Of Limitations-Possibility Of Service Under Nonresident Motorist Service Act As Preventing Tolling Of Statute, James H. Loprete S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiffs, while riding as passengers in defendant's automobile, were injured in an accident in Iowa. Two of the four plaintiffs brought suit in Kansas against defendant, a citizen of Kansas, but their suits were dismissed upon the sustaining of demurrers. The four then sued defendant in Iowa, obtaining service upon him under the nonresident motorist service act Defendant pleaded the statute of limitations, and plaintiffs countered with the tolling statute. Issue was raised over the interpretation to be given the word "nonresident" in the tolling statute. Plaintiff contended it was to be given a literal interpretation, that is, that the …


Comparative Negligence, William L. Prosser Feb 1953

Comparative Negligence, William L. Prosser

Michigan Law Review

It is the purpose of this article to inquire, so far as possible, into the actual operation of the damage apportionment statutes, and to offer some conclusions as to the most desirable form of act for any legislature about to set forth upon these relatively uncharted seas.


Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Recovery From Owner Under Statute When No Recovery May Be Had Against Negligent Driver, Marvin O. Young Jan 1953

Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Recovery From Owner Under Statute When No Recovery May Be Had Against Negligent Driver, Marvin O. Young

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, 12 years old, was injured as a result of his father's negligent operation of an automobile owned by defendant and operated with defendant's consent. In his complaint, plaintiff joined his father and the owner as defendants. There was no allegation that the father was acting as an agent of the owner nor that the owner himself was negligent A demurrer interposed on behalf of both defendants was sustained by the trial court On appeal, held, affirmed. Plaintiff may not maintain an action against the defendant-owner because the owner could recover over against plaintiff's father, the net effect of which …


Civil Procedure-Parties-Intervention Denied Where Applicant Asserts An Independent Cause Of Action In Damage Suit, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed. Dec 1952

Civil Procedure-Parties-Intervention Denied Where Applicant Asserts An Independent Cause Of Action In Damage Suit, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

ln plaintiff's action for property damages sustained in a collision with defendant's automobile, defendant's wife filed a petition of intervention for her claim against plaintiff for personal injuries received in the accident. Plaintiff's motion to strike the petition of intervention was overruled by the trial court. On appeal, held, reversed. Petitioner's cause of action was independent of the controversy between plaintiff and defendant and did not fall within the provisions of the court rule allowing intervention. Edgington v. Nichols, (Iowa 1951) 49 N.W. (2d) 555.


Evidence-Presumptions-Plaintiff's Res Ipsa Loquitur Against Defendants Presumption Of Due Care, Bernard A. Petrie S.Ed. Dec 1952

Evidence-Presumptions-Plaintiff's Res Ipsa Loquitur Against Defendants Presumption Of Due Care, Bernard A. Petrie S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff sued for injuries resulting when an automobile which defendant was driving and in which plaintiff was sleeping left the highway. There was evidence that defendant suffered retrograde amnesia and could not recall the circumstances of the accident. The court, instructing on res ipsa loquitur for plaintiff, told the jury that it might infer negligence from the fact that the automobile inexplicably left the highway. The court also instructed that, if the jury believed that defendant suffered a loss of memory, defendant was presumed to have exercised due care. Verdict for defendant. Plaintiff contended that instruction on the presumption of …


Torts-Statutes-Unsatisified Judgment And Hit-And-Run Provisions As Supplementing Financial Responsibility Acts, Herbert L. Meschke Jun 1952

Torts-Statutes-Unsatisified Judgment And Hit-And-Run Provisions As Supplementing Financial Responsibility Acts, Herbert L. Meschke

Michigan Law Review

In 1947, North Dakota enacted legislation providing that one who recovers a judgment in an action for damages for personal injuries or death resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle and who cannot execute the judgment because of the defendants' inability to pay and lack of property, may receive payment from the state unsatisfied judgment fund upon application to the court and assignment of the judgment to the state. The fund was created, and is to be maintained, by a special assessment on motor vehicle owners. 1951 North Dakota legislation provides that any person who has a cause of …


Federal Procedure-Removal Of Causes-Meaning Of "Receipt By Defendant" When Service Is On A Nonresident Motorist, Gordon I. Ginsberg S.Ed. Apr 1952

Federal Procedure-Removal Of Causes-Meaning Of "Receipt By Defendant" When Service Is On A Nonresident Motorist, Gordon I. Ginsberg S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

As a result of an automobile accident in Missouri, the plaintiff, a resident of Missouri, brought a damage action in Missouri against the defendant, a resident of Illinois. Service was had on the defendant by serving the Secretary of State of Missouri and sending notice by registered mail to the defendant, pursuant to the Missouri nonresident motorist statute. Service was received by the Secretary of State on January 13, 1951, and notice was received by the defendant on January 20, 1951. The defendant removed the cause to the federal district court on February 9, 1951. The plaintiff moved to remand …


Federal Procedure-Venue-Waiver Of Title 28, United States Code, Section 1391(A), Under Nonresident Motorist Statutes, Nolan W. Carson S.Ed. May 1951

Federal Procedure-Venue-Waiver Of Title 28, United States Code, Section 1391(A), Under Nonresident Motorist Statutes, Nolan W. Carson S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

A Connecticut resident brought a suit based on diversity of citizenship in a United States district court in Massachusetts against an Ohio corporation, alleging a cause of action arising from an automobile collision upon a Massachusetts highway. Plaintiff secured personal jurisdiction over the defendant by serving process upon the Registrar of Motor Vehicles for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and by giving notice to defendant in accordance with the Massachusetts nonresident motorist statute. Upon defendant's motion, the action was dismissed for improper venue. Held, defendant is not a Massachusetts resident for purposes of federal venue as defined by Title 28, …


Conflict Of Laws-Death By Wrongful Act-Recovery Under Foreign Statute, Douglas L. Mann S. Ed. Mar 1951

Conflict Of Laws-Death By Wrongful Act-Recovery Under Foreign Statute, Douglas L. Mann S. Ed.

Michigan Law Review

A was killed in an automobile accident occurring in Illinois. Alleging that defendant wrongfully caused A's death, A's administrator sought recovery in Wisconsin, basing his claim on the Illinois death act. The trial court granted defendant's motion for summary judgment. Held, affirmed, two justices dissenting. The Wisconsin death act allows recovery of damages for wrongful death "provided, that such action shall be brought for a death caused in this state." It follows that maintenance of an action for a death caused in a sister state is against the public policy of Wisconsin. Hughes v. Fetter, 257 …


Negligence-Automobile Bailments--Effect Of Owner Responsibility Statutes, Bernard L. Goodman Feb 1951

Negligence-Automobile Bailments--Effect Of Owner Responsibility Statutes, Bernard L. Goodman

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought an action to recover for damage to his automobile resulting from a collision with defendant's automobile. Each of the vehicles was being negligently operated by the son of the owner. A statute provided that one operating a vehicle with the owner's consent should be deemed the owner's agent. The court refused to give an instruction which would preclude plaintiff's recovery if the jury found that his son's negligence contributed to the accident. On appeal from a verdict for the plaintiff, held, affirmed. The statute makes the bailor liable to persons injured because of the bailee's negligence but …


Practice And Procedure-Third-Party Practice-Subrogation And Contribution- Right Of Defendant To Join Physician Who Aggravated Lnjuries, Richard B. Gushée S.Ed. Dec 1950

Practice And Procedure-Third-Party Practice-Subrogation And Contribution- Right Of Defendant To Join Physician Who Aggravated Lnjuries, Richard B. Gushée S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

A brought an action against B for injuries suffered in an automobile accident and aggravation of those injuries by the negligent treatment of a physician, D. B filed a third-party complaint against D for malpractice contending that D was liable over to him for all or a part of the judgment recovered by A. D's motion to dismiss the third-party complaint for want of a sufficient cause of action was denied. On appeal, held, affirmed. A tort-feasor who has been held liable for injuries is subrogated to any right of action which the injured party may …


Federal Courts-Use Of A Cross-Claim Under Rule 13(G) Of The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Rex Eames S.Ed. Nov 1950

Federal Courts-Use Of A Cross-Claim Under Rule 13(G) Of The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Rex Eames S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Under an ordinary automobile insurance policy, P insurance company promised to defend and indemnify Harvey for any suit arising from an accident involving his use of the insured truck. Collier sued Harvey in a state court alleging injuries due to the negligent use of the insured truck by two Harvey employees. Before judgment thereon, P, incorporated under the laws of Wisconsin, sued Harvey and Collier, citizens of Oklahoma, in the federal court. P sought a declaratory judgment on the grounds that (a) at the time of the accident the employees were under the control and supervision of the City …


Insurance-Subrogation-Right Of Insured To Recover On An Automobile "Collision" Policy After Full Settlement With The Negligent Wrongdoer, Robert W. Shadd S.Ed. Jun 1950

Insurance-Subrogation-Right Of Insured To Recover On An Automobile "Collision" Policy After Full Settlement With The Negligent Wrongdoer, Robert W. Shadd S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Respondent, whose automobile was covered by a policy of "collision" insurance in appellant insurance company, suffered serious personal injuries and complete loss of his car as a result of a collision with an oil company truck. Despite numerous telephone calls, appellant failed to settle for the cash value of the automobile, as required by the insurance contract. In the meantime, respondent brought an action against the oil company, joining the claims for personal injury and property damage, and executed a full release to that company in return for a settlement of $20,000. He then brought this action for actual damages …


Jurisprudence-Stare Decisis - Varying Force Of Precedent, Charles Myneder S.Ed. Jun 1950

Jurisprudence-Stare Decisis - Varying Force Of Precedent, Charles Myneder S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff passenger brought an action against defendant driver to recover for injuries arising from the latter's negligence in operating an automobile while the parties were engaged in a joint enterprise. Defendant contended that his own negligence should be imputed to the plaintiff to bar recovery. Defendant offered as authority a previous decision by the same court in which a passenger, a joint enterpriser with the driver, sued both the driver and the absentee owner of the automobile. There the court dismissed the action against both defendants on the ground of imputed negligence. But the reasoning and authority offered by the …


Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Action Between Joint Enterprisers, Nancy J. Ringland May 1950

Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Action Between Joint Enterprisers, Nancy J. Ringland

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff and his wife were driving from Michigan to Iowa to visit a certain church to which plaintiff, a minister, was considering a call. Defendant desired to visit a college in Illinois, with the intention of enrolling as a student. It was agreed that defendant should ride in plaintiff's automobile to Illinois, where plaintiff was to help defendant gain admission to the college; later defendant was to return with the plaintiff to Michigan. The parties alternated in driving the automobile on the trip. At a certain stage in the journey, defendant negligently operated the automobile and caused it to become …


Practice And Procedure-Cross Claim For Wrongful Death In An Action Against Decedent's Estate, C. J. Rice May 1950

Practice And Procedure-Cross Claim For Wrongful Death In An Action Against Decedent's Estate, C. J. Rice

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's truck, driven by an agent, was involved in a collision with an automobile driven by defendants' intestate. The driver of the automobile was killed and plaintiff brought a damage action against his administrators. The trial court disallowed a cross claim brought by the administrators for the benefit of statutory beneficiaries. This cross claim was prosecuted under the wrongful death act and under a statute which permitted a defendant in a tort action to file a cross claim for damages arising out of the same transaction. Plaintiff objected to the cross claim on the ground that it was prosecuted by …


Federal Procedure--Third-Party Practice--Contbibution Among Joint Or Concurrent Tort-Feasors, Paul M.D. Harrison Apr 1950

Federal Procedure--Third-Party Practice--Contbibution Among Joint Or Concurrent Tort-Feasors, Paul M.D. Harrison

Michigan Law Review

A sued B for injuries arising out of a collision between B's taxicab and an automobile driven by C, in which A was riding as a guest passenger. B filed a third-party complaint against C, who denied B's allegation of negligence and counterclaimed against B for personal injuries. A did not amend his complaint to assert a claim against C. The jury found that A's injury was caused by the concurrent negligence of B and C. Judgment for $11,500 was given to A against B, and B was awarded a judgment against …


Legislation-Federal Tort Claims Act-Applicable To Military Personnel, B. J. George, Jr. Feb 1950

Legislation-Federal Tort Claims Act-Applicable To Military Personnel, B. J. George, Jr.

Michigan Law Review

An automobile containing two furloughed soldiers and their father was struck by a negligently operated army vehicle, resulting in the death of one soldier and injury to the other two occupants. In a suit against the government under the Federal Tort Claims Act the father and injured soldier recovered in their own right and the father also recovered as administrator of the deceased soldier's estate. The Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the judgments in favor of the servicemen, holding that there was an implied exception in the act prohibiting such suits because of benefits available to servicemen in the form …


Negligence-Proximate Cause-Plaintiff's Burden Of Proof Where Either Of Two Wrongful Acts Could Have Caused Injury, M. J. Spencer Jun 1949

Negligence-Proximate Cause-Plaintiff's Burden Of Proof Where Either Of Two Wrongful Acts Could Have Caused Injury, M. J. Spencer

Michigan Law Review

While walking on a highway, A was knocked down by a car driven by B, and was almost immediately run over by C's car. A was pronounced dead from several injuries, any one of which would have sufficed to cause his death. Plaintiff, A's administratrix, recovered judgment against both B and C for A's death. Held, reversing on other grounds, joinder of B and C was proper. Micelli v. Hirsch, (Ohio App. 1948) 83 N.E. (2d) 240.