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Automobile accident

University of Michigan Law School

Transportation Law

1940

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Law

Automobiles - Husband's Liability For Wife's Negligence While Driving Family Auto - "Family Errand" And "Family Purpose" Doctrines - Illinois Rule, Michigan Law Review Dec 1940

Automobiles - Husband's Liability For Wife's Negligence While Driving Family Auto - "Family Errand" And "Family Purpose" Doctrines - Illinois Rule, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's automobile was damaged by collision with an automobile belonging to the defendant while being driven by defendant's wife who was on an errand to purchase a twenty-five cent Hallowe'en party dress for her daughter. The accident was caused by the negligence of the defendant's wife. The defendant, his wife, and their child were living together, and the wife's sole income was derived from her husband, and from this she was to provide clothing and meet other expenses for the child. The circuit court gave judgment of damages to the plaintiff and the defendant appeals. Held, the plaintiff could …


Negligence - Causation - Failure To Sign License, Michigan Law Review Feb 1940

Negligence - Causation - Failure To Sign License, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A New Hampshire statute provided that a motor vehicle operator's license should not be valid until endorsed on the margin by the operator. In a negligence action arising out of an automobile collision it was shown that defendant operator's license had not been endorsed. Plaintiff requested the court to charge that defendant's license was not valid and that defendant's violation of the statute was a legal cause of the accident, entitling plaintiff to recover unless found guilty of contributory negligence. Held, that defendant's failure to endorse his signature was not such a statutory violation that plaintiff could take advantage …


Automobiles -Violation Of Parking Statute, Michigan Law Review Jan 1940

Automobiles -Violation Of Parking Statute, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, in violation of a statute and ordinance prohibiting parking "within ten feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway," parked his truck within the prohibited area, thus blocking the sign from the view of the traffic it was intended to warn. A third party, approaching the stop street, being unable to see the sign, proceeded into the intersection without stopping, and struck the car in which plaintiff was a passenger, injuring him. Defendant demurred to the petition on the ground of lack of causal connection. Held …


Automobiles - Guest Passengers - Gross Negligence, John L. Rubsam Jan 1940

Automobiles - Guest Passengers - Gross Negligence, John L. Rubsam

Michigan Law Review

Defendant was the owner of a vehicle which was being driven by his servant and agent, a joint defendant. Plaintiff's status was that of a non-paying guest. Plaintiff brings an action in tort, alleging "gross negligence" in the operation of an automobile on a public highway in the state of Florida. Defendants pleaded and proved a "Guest Act" of the state of Florida. The action was brought in the state of New Jersey and the sole question on appeal is the propriety of the submission to the jury of the issue of gross negligence. Held, "gross negligence" is a …