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Automobile accident

University of Michigan Law School

Transportation Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Green: Traffic Victims. Tort Law And Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball Apr 1959

Green: Traffic Victims. Tort Law And Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Traffic Victims. Tort Law and Insurance. By Leon Green.


Insurance - Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation Law - Compensation Assured For Innocent Automobile Accident Victims, Bartlett A. Jackson Feb 1959

Insurance - Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation Law - Compensation Assured For Innocent Automobile Accident Victims, Bartlett A. Jackson

Michigan Law Review

A 1958 New York statute requires the organization of an Indemnification Corporation by companies selling automobile liability insurance within the state. The corporation will assess members in order to establish a fund which will be used to reimburse persons who are injured in a motor vehicle accident and are unable to collect from the person causing the injury. In order to qualify, the injured party must not be covered by a policy of automobile insurance nor may he own an uninsured motor vehicle. He must secure a judgment against the financially irresponsible driver and petition the court to order the …


Evidence - Dead Man's Statute - Interpretation Of "Transaction", Howard N. Nemerovski S.Ed. Jun 1957

Evidence - Dead Man's Statute - Interpretation Of "Transaction", Howard N. Nemerovski S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was a passenger in an automobile which collided with one driven by defendant's intestate. Both drivers were killed, and plaintiff sued defendant, administrator of intestate's estate, for personal injuries, alleging negligence. There were no other eye-witnesses to the collision, and the trial court, relying upon the Alabama dead man's statute, would not permit plaintiff to testify to any of the details or circumstances of the accident, or even to the fact that she had been involved in an accident with an automobile driven by the decedent. The jury found for defendant. On appeal, held, reversed. Plaintiff, passenger in …


Federal Procedure-Venue-Use Of State Nonresident Motorist Statute To Imply Waive, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed. Apr 1956

Federal Procedure-Venue-Use Of State Nonresident Motorist Statute To Imply Waive, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

An Illinois corporation brought suit based on diversity of citizenship in a United States district court in Kentucky against a resident of Indiana, alleging a cause of action arising from a collision which occurred on a Kentucky highway. Plaintiff secured personal jurisdiction over defendant by serving process upon the Secretary of State of Kentucky who in tum gave notice to the defendant in accordance with the Kentucky nonresident motorist statute. Defendant entered a special appearance and moved that the case be dismissed on the ground of improper venue. The motion was overruled and the Court of Appeals for the Sixth …


Negligence-Contributory Negligence-Effect Of Violation Of Statute By Minor Plaintiff, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed. May 1953

Negligence-Contributory Negligence-Effect Of Violation Of Statute By Minor Plaintiff, Richard P. Matsch S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's decedent, a thirteen year old boy, was killed in a collision between his bicycle and defendant's automobile. Both vehicles were travelling in the same direction on a public highway when, according to the defendant's testimony, the boy suddenly made a left tum in front of the automobile and was struck. The defendant asserted that the child failed to give any signal indicating a tum and therefore violated the Utah statute prescribing rules of the road. Defendant moved for a directed verdict on the issue of contributory negligence charging that the conduct of the decedent was negligence per se. The …


Lnsurance-Recovery-Insurer's Liability On Statutory Automobile Liability Policy For Assault By Agent Of Insured, George B. Berridge Apr 1953

Lnsurance-Recovery-Insurer's Liability On Statutory Automobile Liability Policy For Assault By Agent Of Insured, George B. Berridge

Michigan Law Review

The negligence of a taxicab driver in backing his cab into plaintiff's automobile caused the bumpers of the two cars to lock. When plaintiff stepped out to inspect the situation, he was, without provocation, brutally beaten by the cab driver. Plaintiff recovered a judgment of $3,000 against the driver and the cab owner, and sought to garnishee the defendant, an insurance company which had issued to the cab owner a policy of automobile liability insurance. In 1946, when the assault occurred, the Illinois Motor Vehicle Law required the owner of a vehicle for the carriage of passengers for hire to …


Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Recovery From Owner Under Statute When No Recovery May Be Had Against Negligent Driver, Marvin O. Young Jan 1953

Negligence-Imputed Negligence-Recovery From Owner Under Statute When No Recovery May Be Had Against Negligent Driver, Marvin O. Young

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, 12 years old, was injured as a result of his father's negligent operation of an automobile owned by defendant and operated with defendant's consent. In his complaint, plaintiff joined his father and the owner as defendants. There was no allegation that the father was acting as an agent of the owner nor that the owner himself was negligent A demurrer interposed on behalf of both defendants was sustained by the trial court On appeal, held, affirmed. Plaintiff may not maintain an action against the defendant-owner because the owner could recover over against plaintiff's father, the net effect of which …


Evidence-Presumptions-Plaintiff's Res Ipsa Loquitur Against Defendants Presumption Of Due Care, Bernard A. Petrie S.Ed. Dec 1952

Evidence-Presumptions-Plaintiff's Res Ipsa Loquitur Against Defendants Presumption Of Due Care, Bernard A. Petrie S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff sued for injuries resulting when an automobile which defendant was driving and in which plaintiff was sleeping left the highway. There was evidence that defendant suffered retrograde amnesia and could not recall the circumstances of the accident. The court, instructing on res ipsa loquitur for plaintiff, told the jury that it might infer negligence from the fact that the automobile inexplicably left the highway. The court also instructed that, if the jury believed that defendant suffered a loss of memory, defendant was presumed to have exercised due care. Verdict for defendant. Plaintiff contended that instruction on the presumption of …


Federal Procedure-Removal Of Causes-Meaning Of "Receipt By Defendant" When Service Is On A Nonresident Motorist, Gordon I. Ginsberg S.Ed. Apr 1952

Federal Procedure-Removal Of Causes-Meaning Of "Receipt By Defendant" When Service Is On A Nonresident Motorist, Gordon I. Ginsberg S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

As a result of an automobile accident in Missouri, the plaintiff, a resident of Missouri, brought a damage action in Missouri against the defendant, a resident of Illinois. Service was had on the defendant by serving the Secretary of State of Missouri and sending notice by registered mail to the defendant, pursuant to the Missouri nonresident motorist statute. Service was received by the Secretary of State on January 13, 1951, and notice was received by the defendant on January 20, 1951. The defendant removed the cause to the federal district court on February 9, 1951. The plaintiff moved to remand …


Negligence-Automobile Bailments--Effect Of Owner Responsibility Statutes, Bernard L. Goodman Feb 1951

Negligence-Automobile Bailments--Effect Of Owner Responsibility Statutes, Bernard L. Goodman

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought an action to recover for damage to his automobile resulting from a collision with defendant's automobile. Each of the vehicles was being negligently operated by the son of the owner. A statute provided that one operating a vehicle with the owner's consent should be deemed the owner's agent. The court refused to give an instruction which would preclude plaintiff's recovery if the jury found that his son's negligence contributed to the accident. On appeal from a verdict for the plaintiff, held, affirmed. The statute makes the bailor liable to persons injured because of the bailee's negligence but …


Practice And Procedure-Joint Tortfeasors-Cross Claim Against Co-Party, James F. Gordy Apr 1949

Practice And Procedure-Joint Tortfeasors-Cross Claim Against Co-Party, James F. Gordy

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was driving his team on the highway, closely followed by the auto of defendant Wood, which was in turn followed by that of defendant Perry. Perry, driving at a high rate of speed, collided with the rear of Wood's auto, causing it to collide with plaintiff's wagon. Plaintiff sued both defendants to recover for damage to himself and his wagon, alleging negligence in the conduct of each. Defendants answered, each denying his own negligence. Wood interposed a cross claim against Perry, alleging Perry's negligence to be the sole cause of the collision, and demanded judgment for damage to his …


Negligence--Proximate Cause--Effect Of Non-Registration Of Automobile, Richard B. Gushée Feb 1949

Negligence--Proximate Cause--Effect Of Non-Registration Of Automobile, Richard B. Gushée

Michigan Law Review

Defendant X owned a non-registered automobile which was parked on a public way by defendant Y, an agent of X. The keys were left in the car in violation of a statute. Later in the same day the car was stolen. Plaintiff, a pedestrian, was injured by the thief's negligent operation of the car. In an action to recover for the injury, a verdict was directed for defendants. On appeal, held, affirmed. As a matter of law, defendant's action in allowing a non-registered automobile containing its keys to remain on a public way was not the proximate …


Criminal Law-Requisite Mental Element In Criminal Assault, Charles Hansen Feb 1949

Criminal Law-Requisite Mental Element In Criminal Assault, Charles Hansen

Michigan Law Review

Defendant was driving his car after dark at a speed greatly in excess of that prescribed by a local ordinance. While proceeding in this fashion, the car overtook and struck a bicycle, severely injuring a passenger thereon. From a conviction of criminal assault of the passenger, defendant appealed. Held, affirmed. The necessary intent to injure a specific passenger of a vehicle may be inferred from the recklessness evidenced by driving at night at a speed greatly exceeding the statutory limit. Wellons v. State, (Ga. App. 1948) 48 S.E. (2d) 925.


Insurance-Automobile Liability-Meaning Of "Permission" In Omnibus Clause, A. E. Anderson S.Ed. Mar 1948

Insurance-Automobile Liability-Meaning Of "Permission" In Omnibus Clause, A. E. Anderson S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's car was damaged in a collision with a truck driven by W, owned by M, and insured in the name of M by defendant. The policy contained an omnibus clause extending coverage to "any person legally using or operating the ['motor vehicle] with the permission, express or implied, of such owner." S had general charge of the truck, as an employee of M, and had previously used it for his own purposes to the knowledge of M, who made no objection. At the time of the accident, S was returning from a tavern with W …


Torts-Duty To Control Conduct Of Another-Duty Of Infant Passenger Owner To Control Infant Driver, John F. O'Connor S.Ed. Jun 1947

Torts-Duty To Control Conduct Of Another-Duty Of Infant Passenger Owner To Control Infant Driver, John F. O'Connor S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's decedent, an infant twenty years of age, owned an automobile which was being driven by a lad of seventeen at the request of decedent who, with a girl companion, occupied the rear seat of the automobile. The infant driver did not have a driver's license. Plaintiff, as administratrix of the estate of the decedent brought an action under the Death Act for damages arising from the death of the decedent which occurred as a result of a collision between the automobile and defendant's locomotive. There was evidence bearing upon the defendant's negligence and negligence on the part of the …


Torts-Imputed Negligence In Michigan, Joseph N. Morency, Jr. Jun 1946

Torts-Imputed Negligence In Michigan, Joseph N. Morency, Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Husband was driving his wife and another passenger from work when, due to a combination of the negligence of the husband and that of the defendant, a collision occurred resulting in the death of the wife. Plaintiff as administrator of the wife brought an action under the Death Act against the defendant to recover damages for the minor children of the deceased to the support of whom the deceased had contributed. The trial court directed a verdict in favor of the defendant on the ground that the contributory negligence of the husband as driver was imputed to the wife as …


Negligence - Last Clear Chance - Distinction Between The Possibility And The Probability Of Averting The Accident, Michigan Law Review Feb 1942

Negligence - Last Clear Chance - Distinction Between The Possibility And The Probability Of Averting The Accident, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The plaintiff and her companion, both unaware of the defendant's approaching automobile, negligently drove onto a highway along which the defendant was driving at a high rate of speed. When thirty to forty feet away from the plaintiff, the defendant sounded his horn, applied the brakes, and swerved his car, but was unsuccessful in avoiding the collision. The trial court directed a verdict for the defendant. Held, judgment for the defendant reversed since the jury might have found: that defendant should have realized plaintiff's danger when he was one hundred and twenty feet away from the plaintiff; that although …


Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Exemplary Damages, Michigan Law Review Nov 1941

Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Exemplary Damages, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was injured in a collision between the car in which she was riding and a negligently driven fire truck owned by the defendant municipality. Plaintiff's declaration alleged that the fire trucks had been habitually driven in a grossly negligent manner, but the evidence offered at the trial did not substantiate this allegation. The trial court instructed the jury that it could include in the verdict such sum as might be warranted by the evidence as punitive or exemplary damages. The jury awarded $5,000 damages. Held, that plaintiff could recover for torts committed by the fire department, and that …


Automobiles - Husband's Liability For Wife's Negligence While Driving Family Auto - "Family Errand" And "Family Purpose" Doctrines - Illinois Rule, Michigan Law Review Dec 1940

Automobiles - Husband's Liability For Wife's Negligence While Driving Family Auto - "Family Errand" And "Family Purpose" Doctrines - Illinois Rule, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's automobile was damaged by collision with an automobile belonging to the defendant while being driven by defendant's wife who was on an errand to purchase a twenty-five cent Hallowe'en party dress for her daughter. The accident was caused by the negligence of the defendant's wife. The defendant, his wife, and their child were living together, and the wife's sole income was derived from her husband, and from this she was to provide clothing and meet other expenses for the child. The circuit court gave judgment of damages to the plaintiff and the defendant appeals. Held, the plaintiff could …


Negligence - Causation - Failure To Sign License, Michigan Law Review Feb 1940

Negligence - Causation - Failure To Sign License, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A New Hampshire statute provided that a motor vehicle operator's license should not be valid until endorsed on the margin by the operator. In a negligence action arising out of an automobile collision it was shown that defendant operator's license had not been endorsed. Plaintiff requested the court to charge that defendant's license was not valid and that defendant's violation of the statute was a legal cause of the accident, entitling plaintiff to recover unless found guilty of contributory negligence. Held, that defendant's failure to endorse his signature was not such a statutory violation that plaintiff could take advantage …


Automobiles - Guest Passengers - Gross Negligence, John L. Rubsam Jan 1940

Automobiles - Guest Passengers - Gross Negligence, John L. Rubsam

Michigan Law Review

Defendant was the owner of a vehicle which was being driven by his servant and agent, a joint defendant. Plaintiff's status was that of a non-paying guest. Plaintiff brings an action in tort, alleging "gross negligence" in the operation of an automobile on a public highway in the state of Florida. Defendants pleaded and proved a "Guest Act" of the state of Florida. The action was brought in the state of New Jersey and the sole question on appeal is the propriety of the submission to the jury of the issue of gross negligence. Held, "gross negligence" is a …


Automobiles -Violation Of Parking Statute, Michigan Law Review Jan 1940

Automobiles -Violation Of Parking Statute, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, in violation of a statute and ordinance prohibiting parking "within ten feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway," parked his truck within the prohibited area, thus blocking the sign from the view of the traffic it was intended to warn. A third party, approaching the stop street, being unable to see the sign, proceeded into the intersection without stopping, and struck the car in which plaintiff was a passenger, injuring him. Defendant demurred to the petition on the ground of lack of causal connection. Held …


Automobiles - Host-Guest Statutes - "Gross Negligence Or Wilful And Wanton Misconduct'', Michigan Law Review May 1939

Automobiles - Host-Guest Statutes - "Gross Negligence Or Wilful And Wanton Misconduct'', Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, a guest in defendant's automobile, sustained injuries when defendant attempted to pass a car while approaching the brow of a hill and failed to see an oncoming car until too late to avoid a collision. Although the highway was heavily crowded, defendant had been driving at a speed of sixty-five to seventy miles per hour, and had been passing cars on the straight and over hills, ignoring the protests of his passengers. Defendant appealed from verdict and judgment for plaintiff. Held, with two justices dissenting, that under the statute requiring proof of defendant's "gross negligence or wilful and …


Negligence - Contributory Negligence - Last Clear Chance Doctrine Applied To The Plaintiff - Necessity Of Actual Knowledge Of Danger, John H. Uhl May 1939

Negligence - Contributory Negligence - Last Clear Chance Doctrine Applied To The Plaintiff - Necessity Of Actual Knowledge Of Danger, John H. Uhl

Michigan Law Review

The plaintiff was injured in a collision of the automobile in which she was riding, driven by her husband, and one driven by the defendant. The defendant, as an affirmative defense, alleged that as he was about to enter the intersection, his car skidded and went out of control; and that both the plaintiff and her husband saw the dangerous situation in sufficient time to have avoided the accident. The court instructed the jury that if the plaintiff or her husband saw, or by the exercise of reasonable diligence could have seen, that the defendant was in a place of …