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Admissibility of evidence

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Right Against Self-Incrimination Under Indian Constitution & The Admissibility Of Custodial Statements Under The Indian Evidence Act, 1872, Khagesh Gautam May 2021

The Right Against Self-Incrimination Under Indian Constitution & The Admissibility Of Custodial Statements Under The Indian Evidence Act, 1872, Khagesh Gautam

Maurer Theses and Dissertations

This work argues that the constitutional validity of section 27 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 is highly suspect on the ground that it violates the right against self-incrimination protected by article 20(3) of the Indian Constitution. Section 27 codifies the doctrine of confirmation by subsequent recovery, an old British rule of admission according to which self-incriminatory custodial statements and/or confessions obtained by the police or the investigation agency are admissible into evidence on the ground that contents of such statement have been confirmed by recovery of incriminating physical evidence. Chapter I locates the Indian criminal justice system within the …


Article Iii Courts V. Military Commissions: A Comparison Of Protection Of Classified Information And Admissibility Of Evidence In Terrorism Prosecutions, Mohamed Al-Hendy Oct 2019

Article Iii Courts V. Military Commissions: A Comparison Of Protection Of Classified Information And Admissibility Of Evidence In Terrorism Prosecutions, Mohamed Al-Hendy

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Hearsay And The Confrontation Clause, Lynn Mclain Oct 2016

Hearsay And The Confrontation Clause, Lynn Mclain

All Faculty Scholarship

This speech was delivered to the Wicomico Co. Bar Association on October 28th, 2016. It is an updated version of the 2012 speech, available at http://scholarworks.law.ubalt.edu/all_fac/924/ .

Overview: Only an out-of-court statement ("OCS") offered for the truth of the matter that was being asserted by the out-of-court declarant ("declarant") at the time when s/he made the OCS ("TOMA") = hearsay ("HS"). If evidence is not HS, the HS rule cannot exclude it. The Confrontation Clause also applies only to HS, but even then, only to its subcategory comprising "testimonial hearsay." Cross-references to "MD-EV" are to section numbers of L. MCLAIN, …


I See Dead People: Examining The Admissibility Of Living-Victim Photographs In Murder Trials, Susanna Rychlak Oct 2016

I See Dead People: Examining The Admissibility Of Living-Victim Photographs In Murder Trials, Susanna Rychlak

Vanderbilt Law Review

In the summer of 2015, the Tennessee legislature debated and passed the "Victim Life Photo Act," which went into effect on July 1, 2015. This law states: "In a prosecution for any criminal homicide, an appropriate photograph of the victim while alive shall be admissible evidence when offered by the district attorney general to show the general appearance and condition of the victim while alive." Victims' rights groups lobbied for this and similar laws throughout the country, which were then enacted by state legislatures. Though these laws amended rules of evidence, the considerations under which they were passed were largely …


Interstate Conflict And Cooperation In Criminal Cases: An American Perspective, Jenia I. Turner Jan 2014

Interstate Conflict And Cooperation In Criminal Cases: An American Perspective, Jenia I. Turner

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Over the last decade, the European Union has adopted legislation that calls for the mutual recognition of arrest warrants, investigation orders, and penal judgments. These laws have aimed to strengthen the Union’s response to transnational crime, and EU policymakers are currently considering legislation to further harmonize the Union's law enforcement efforts. This Article compares these developments within the EU to the U.S. legal framework on mutual recognition in criminal matters. It examines the individual, state and systemic interests that U.S. state courts have considered in deciding whether to recognize other states' judgments, warrants, or investigative actions. These competing interests have …


The Unpredictable Writ - The Evolution Of Habeas Corpus, Brian Wade Uhl May 2013

The Unpredictable Writ - The Evolution Of Habeas Corpus, Brian Wade Uhl

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Weatherford V. Bursey: "Surreptitious Invasion… Into The Legal Camp Of The Defense", Paul H. Voss May 2013

Weatherford V. Bursey: "Surreptitious Invasion… Into The Legal Camp Of The Defense", Paul H. Voss

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Limiting The Use Of Prior Felony Convictions To Impeach A Defendant - Witness In California Criminal Proceedings, Richard E. Boehm May 2013

Limiting The Use Of Prior Felony Convictions To Impeach A Defendant - Witness In California Criminal Proceedings, Richard E. Boehm

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Punitive Damages: An Exception To The Right Of Privacy? Coy V. Superior Court, Richard S. Fields May 2013

Punitive Damages: An Exception To The Right Of Privacy? Coy V. Superior Court, Richard S. Fields

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The California Constitutional Right Of Privacy And Exclusion Of Evidence In Civil Proceedings, Jerry D. Mackey Feb 2013

The California Constitutional Right Of Privacy And Exclusion Of Evidence In Civil Proceedings, Jerry D. Mackey

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Drug Use And The Exclusionary Manque, Jerome A. Busch Feb 2013

Drug Use And The Exclusionary Manque, Jerome A. Busch

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Traditional Tests For Implication Of Terms Prevail In Singapore Despite ‘Acceptance’ Of Belize Test: Sembcorp Marine Ltd V Ppl Holdings Pte Ltd, Yihan Goh Jun 2012

Traditional Tests For Implication Of Terms Prevail In Singapore Despite ‘Acceptance’ Of Belize Test: Sembcorp Marine Ltd V Ppl Holdings Pte Ltd, Yihan Goh

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

There is an ongoing legal debate concerning the test governing the implication of terms in fact, prompted in no small measure by Lord Hoffmann’s influential speech in Attorney General of Belize v Belize Telecom. In Belize, Lord Hoffmann famously said that the question for a court considering whether a term should be implied is ‘whether such a [term] would spell out in express words what the instrument, read against the relevant background, would reasonably be understood to mean’. This has generally been regarded by judges3 and academics4 as subsuming the implication of terms within the broader rubric of ‘interpretation’. The …


Through The Lens Of Federal Evidence Rule 403: An Examination Of Eyewitness Identification Expert Testimony Admissibility In The Federal Circuit Courts, Lauren Tallent Mar 2011

Through The Lens Of Federal Evidence Rule 403: An Examination Of Eyewitness Identification Expert Testimony Admissibility In The Federal Circuit Courts, Lauren Tallent

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Expanding The Scope Of The Good-Faith Exception To The Exclusionary Rule To Include A Law Enforcement Officer's Reasonable Reliance On Well-Settled Case Law That Is Subsequently Overruled, Ross Oklewicz Aug 2010

Expanding The Scope Of The Good-Faith Exception To The Exclusionary Rule To Include A Law Enforcement Officer's Reasonable Reliance On Well-Settled Case Law That Is Subsequently Overruled, Ross Oklewicz

Articles in Law Reviews & Journals

In 2009, the Supreme Court handed down several important decisions on criminal procedure. Perhaps unanticipated at the time, two of those decisions have been read together by lower courts to reach dramatically different results. The emerging split has been sharp, bringing with it urgent calls for the Court to intervene.

Laying the foundation for the conflicting decisions was New York v. Belton, in which the Supreme Court held that “when a policeman has made a lawful custodial arrest of the occupant of an automobile, he may, as a contemporaneous incident of that arrest, search the passenger compartment of the automobile” …


Experts, Mental States, And Acts, Christopher Slobogin Jan 2008

Experts, Mental States, And Acts, Christopher Slobogin

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

This article, written for a symposium on "Guilt v. Guiltiness: Are the Right Rules for Trying Factual Innocence Inevitably the Wrong Rules for Trying Culpability?," argues that the definition of expertise in the criminal justice system, derived in the federal courts and in most states from Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Co., should vary depending on whether the issue involved is past mental state or past conduct. While expert psychological testimony about past acts ought to be based on scientifically verifiable assertions, expert psychological testimony about subjective mental states relevant to criminal responsibility need not meet the same threshold. This …


Tainted Provenance: When, If Ever, Should Torture Evidence Be Admissible?, Michael P. Scharf Jan 2008

Tainted Provenance: When, If Ever, Should Torture Evidence Be Admissible?, Michael P. Scharf

Washington and Lee Law Review

This Article examines whether there should be exceptions to the international exclusionary rule for evidence obtained by torture, and if so, how those exceptions should be crafted to avoid abuse. Rather than explore the question in the hotly debated milieu of terrorist prosecutions, this Article analyzes and critiques three possible exceptions to the torture evidence exclusionary rule in the context of whether the newly established U.N. Cambodia Genocide Tribunal should admit evidence of the Khmer Rouge command structure that came from interrogation sessions at the infamous Tuol Sleng torture facility: (1) that the exclusionary rule should not apply to evidence …


Picture Worth Ten Thousand Words: Non-Audio Surveillance Videotapes Now Statements Under Section 287.215 Of Missouri's Workers' Compensation Law, The, Jason C. Rahoy Nov 2002

Picture Worth Ten Thousand Words: Non-Audio Surveillance Videotapes Now Statements Under Section 287.215 Of Missouri's Workers' Compensation Law, The, Jason C. Rahoy

Missouri Law Review

When Michael Fisher filed his workers’ compensation claim, he was unaware that his employer, Waste Management of Missouri, had been secretly videotaping his physical activities. Not surprisingly, the submission of the surveillance videotapes at Fisher’s compensation hearing significantly contributed to the reduction of his disability ruling. The admission of these surveillance videotapes is, subsequently, the focus of this Note. Specifically, this Note will examine the meaning of a “statement” under Missouri’s workers’ compensation law and the process through which an employee can obtain such statement prior to a compensation hearing.


Iola And Daubert, Leon D. Lazer Jan 1999

Iola And Daubert, Leon D. Lazer

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Rape Shield Statutes And The Admissibility Of Evidence Tending To Show A Motive To Fabricate 1998 John M. Manos Writing Competition On Evidence, Regan Kreitzer Latesta Clerk For United States Bankruptcy Court For The District Of Maryland Jan 1998

Rape Shield Statutes And The Admissibility Of Evidence Tending To Show A Motive To Fabricate 1998 John M. Manos Writing Competition On Evidence, Regan Kreitzer Latesta Clerk For United States Bankruptcy Court For The District Of Maryland

Cleveland State Law Review

Rape shield statutes were enacted in order to protect the rape victim from embarrassment and humiliation at the trial of the accused by restricting the admission of sexual conduct evidence. While these statutes, for the most part, succeed in protecting the victim and encouraging her to report the rape, they can have the effect of limiting the accused's ability to defend himself. Part II of this article discusses the advent of rape shield statutes in the United States. Part III examines case law construing the statutes with regard to prior sexual conduct as evidence of a motive to fabricate. Finally, …


Seeing Is Believing: A Practitioner's Guide To The Admissibility Of Demonstrative Computer Evidence, 1998 John M. Manos Writing Competition On Evidence , Karen D. Butera Jan 1998

Seeing Is Believing: A Practitioner's Guide To The Admissibility Of Demonstrative Computer Evidence, 1998 John M. Manos Writing Competition On Evidence , Karen D. Butera

Cleveland State Law Review

As computer equipment itself becomes more financially accessible, more experts are using computer simulations as demonstrative evidence during their trial testimony. However, this use of computer simulations presents several novel, complex issues. Part II will explore the backgrounds of demonstrative evidence, computerization, and the use of computer simulation for demonstrative evidence. Part III will discuss and analyze several relevant issues, including attorney training, expert knowledge, judicial confusion, additional evidentiary issues, and the possible prejudicial influence of demonstrative computer simulations. This discussion concludes with some general thoughts regarding the use of demonstrative computer simulation to illustrate expert testimony.


Substance And Form In Scientific Evidence: What Daubert Didn't Do, Samuel R. Gross Jan 1996

Substance And Form In Scientific Evidence: What Daubert Didn't Do, Samuel R. Gross

Book Chapters

On its face, Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals was about as easy a case as the Supreme Court gets. The plaintiff claimed that their birth defect were caused by the anti-nausea drug Bendectin, which their mothers had used during their gestation. In response to a motion for summary judgment by the defendant, the plaintiff presented affidavits of eight expert witnesses who offered their opinion - based on a variety of studies- that Bendectin was indeed the culprit. The federal district court that heard the motion granted summary judgment to the defendant, and the Ninth Circuit affirmed. Both lower court held …


Proving Welcomeness: The Admissibility Of Evidence Of Sexual History In Sexual Harassment Claims Under The 1994 Amendments To Federal Rule Of Evidence 412, Paul N. Monnin May 1995

Proving Welcomeness: The Admissibility Of Evidence Of Sexual History In Sexual Harassment Claims Under The 1994 Amendments To Federal Rule Of Evidence 412, Paul N. Monnin

Vanderbilt Law Review

In contemporary sexual harassment litigation, this statement reflects a prevailing defense tactic. To establish a prima facie case of sexual harassment, plaintiffs must affirmatively demonstrate that they were subject to "unwelcome" sexual advances. Defense lawyers utilize this standard to discover and admit evidence of the victim's prior sexual behavior to show invitation to or provocation of the alleged misconduct. While such practices may seem repugnant, their purpose is readily discernible. By disclosing the intimate details of plaintiffs' sex lives, defense lawyers, with the sanction of sexual harassment law, force claimants to think twice about continuing their claims. Potential plaintiffs might …


Prior Misconduct Evidence In Missouri, Bradley D. Kuhlman Nov 1993

Prior Misconduct Evidence In Missouri, Bradley D. Kuhlman

Missouri Law Review

Although the rules and exceptions regarding the admissibility of evidence of prior misconduct during criminal trials are well established, the theories and logic underlying the black letter law have apparently eroded to mere words. State v. Sladek' and State v. Bernard were two recent opportunities for the Missouri Supreme Court to examine the law of uncharged misconduct evidence. Unfortunately, the majority opinions in these cases did not address the central problems with this area of evidence but instead, they sidestepped the issues and created a new unprincipled exception The new exception, signature modus operandi/corroboration, ignores the central reason that prior …


The Death Of Discretion: Prior Felony Convictions Automatically Admissible In Civil Actions - Green V. Bock Laundry Machine Co., Kimberly S. Smith Jan 1990

The Death Of Discretion: Prior Felony Convictions Automatically Admissible In Civil Actions - Green V. Bock Laundry Machine Co., Kimberly S. Smith

Campbell Law Review

This Note has four objectives. First, the Note examines the facts presented to the Green Court. Second, the Note surveys Rule 609's history and the divergent pre-Green views regarding Rule 609's application in the civil arena. Third, the Note examines Green's analysis and the Supreme Court's conclusion that Rule 609 forecloses any judicial discretion in admitting or excluding prior convictions evidence. And, finally, the Note concludes that North Carolina's Rule 609 should also be interpreted as requiring trial judges to admit prior convictions evidence regardless of unfair prejudice.


A Question Of Necessity: The Conflict Between A Defendant's Right Of Confrontation And A State's Use Of Closed Circuit Television In Child Sexual Abuse Cases Sep 1989

A Question Of Necessity: The Conflict Between A Defendant's Right Of Confrontation And A State's Use Of Closed Circuit Television In Child Sexual Abuse Cases

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Campbell V. Greer: Impeaching Witnesses With Prior Conviction Evidence In A Civil Trial Jan 1989

Campbell V. Greer: Impeaching Witnesses With Prior Conviction Evidence In A Civil Trial

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Admissibility Of Tape Recorded Evidence Produced By Private Individuals Under Title Iii Of The Omnibus Crime Control Act Of 1968 Jan 1988

The Admissibility Of Tape Recorded Evidence Produced By Private Individuals Under Title Iii Of The Omnibus Crime Control Act Of 1968

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Evidence - North Carolina Allows Admission Of The Unthinkable: Hearsay Exceptions And Statements Made By Sexually Abused Children - State V. Smith, Benita A. Lloyd Jan 1987

Evidence - North Carolina Allows Admission Of The Unthinkable: Hearsay Exceptions And Statements Made By Sexually Abused Children - State V. Smith, Benita A. Lloyd

Campbell Law Review

This Note will discuss how the court's decision to expand the traditional hearsay exceptions under Rule 803 ranks in effectiveness with other methods which allow into evidence hearsay statements of a child victim. While Smith does not provide admission of all critical hearsay statements made by sexually abused children, the decision goes a long way in allowing North Carolina courts to admit the unthinkable.


Police Interrogation And Confessions, Yale Kamisar Jan 1986

Police Interrogation And Confessions, Yale Kamisar

Book Chapters

In the police interrogation room, where, until the second third of the century, police practices were unscrutinized and virtually unregulated, constitutional ideals collide with the grim realities of law enforcement.


Criminal Procedure - The Admissibility Of Evidence Obtained Through Hypnosis - State V. Peoples, Sharon L. Hartman Jan 1985

Criminal Procedure - The Admissibility Of Evidence Obtained Through Hypnosis - State V. Peoples, Sharon L. Hartman

Campbell Law Review

This Note examines the problems bearing on admissibility of hypnotically induced or refreshed testimony in view of the literature discussing the effects of hypnosis on the witness. It focuses on whether the rule on inadmissibility adopted in Peoples should be a per se rule or should be subject to limited exceptions. Finally it considers the effect of the decision on criminal investigations and law enforcement.