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2022

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Kerangka Praktik Kenegaraan Dalam Narasi Apriori Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Sebagai Hak Konstitusional: Sentralisasi Pendekatan Ekosentris Dalam Melawan Kenisbian Utilitas Pendekatan Antroposentris, Abdurrahman Al-Fatih Ifdal Dec 2022

Kerangka Praktik Kenegaraan Dalam Narasi Apriori Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Sebagai Hak Konstitusional: Sentralisasi Pendekatan Ekosentris Dalam Melawan Kenisbian Utilitas Pendekatan Antroposentris, Abdurrahman Al-Fatih Ifdal

Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi

Sustainable development is a colossal narrative of state elites to institutionalize the right to development which, instead of being oriented towards harmonization of development efforts with efforts to protect the environment, is actually based on human interests. The inherent causality of this effort has an impact on systemic environmental damage in various countries. When the environment is no longer able to recover itself according to the timeline of meeting the needs of human civilization, an ambitious approach such as ecocentrism needs to be used as a counter-narrative to the anthropocentrism approach which tends to be relative: it looks useful, but …


Etika Hakim Dalam Kehidupan Sehari-Hari: Penggunaan Media Sosial Oleh Hakim Di Indonesia, Farrel Eden Surbakti Dec 2022

Etika Hakim Dalam Kehidupan Sehari-Hari: Penggunaan Media Sosial Oleh Hakim Di Indonesia, Farrel Eden Surbakti

Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi

With the development of technology which is rapidly making the community easier in communicating and searching for information such as social media. Social media itself has different characteristics and types and has advantages and disadvantages. The use of social media does not look at a person's status such as age, gender, religion, or profession. At this time many judges use social media to communicate and search for information and interact with the community. Judges in carrying out their obligations as bearers of the legal profession are framed by an institutional institution that is formulated into a code of ethics for …


Menilik Peran Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Dalam Pembangunan Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat Dan Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, Muhammad Dzulfikar Fikri Dec 2022

Menilik Peran Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Dalam Pembangunan Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat Dan Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, Muhammad Dzulfikar Fikri

Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi

The Regional Representative Council (DPD) as a regional representative institution that has a character of representation based on regions is essentially a character of broader representation of the DPR, because the dimension of representation is based on all the people contained in these regions. DPD as a new state institution after the amendment to the 1945 Constitution was initially expected to realize a bicameral system, as a representative body of the people, the DPD has functions as regulated in the 194 5 Constitution. These functions are legislative functions, functions budget, and consideration functions. However, according to the Indonesian constitutional system …


Urgensi Pembentukan Laporan Khusus Sebagai Solusi Alat Bukti Surat Dalam Penanganan Kasus Tppu Di Indonesia: Pintu Optimalisasi Hubungan Ppatk-Penyidik, Amanda Geraldine, Altuti Altuti, Muhamad Rayhan Firmansyah Dec 2022

Urgensi Pembentukan Laporan Khusus Sebagai Solusi Alat Bukti Surat Dalam Penanganan Kasus Tppu Di Indonesia: Pintu Optimalisasi Hubungan Ppatk-Penyidik, Amanda Geraldine, Altuti Altuti, Muhamad Rayhan Firmansyah

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre or Financial intelligence unit (FIU) is an independent institution that has helped to eradicate and prevent money laundering crimes based on reports used as evidence or evidence in investigations. PPATK analysis report is made based on the report of the income and expenditure of unusual financial accounts by referring to the profile and identity of the owner. Financial Transactions requested by PPATK to be reported by the reporting party because it involves assets suspected of originating from the proceeds of a criminal offence. FATF has issued 40 specific recommendations (forty recommendations) and the …


Independensi Penegak Hukum Dan Pengawasan Preventif Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 70/Puu-Xvii/2019, Aimi Solidei Manalu, Samuel Fajar Hotmangara Tua Siahaan Dec 2022

Independensi Penegak Hukum Dan Pengawasan Preventif Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 70/Puu-Xvii/2019, Aimi Solidei Manalu, Samuel Fajar Hotmangara Tua Siahaan

Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi

In 2021, the Constitutional Court issued Decision Number 70/PUU-XVII/2019, partially granting the petitioner's request for judicial review. The content of the decision includes emphasizing the independence of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and confirming the position of the Corruption Eradication Commission Supervisory Board in the Corruption Eradication Commission's law enforcement structure. However, following the issuance of the verdict, there are several imperfect legal gaps related to the position of the Corruption Eradication Commission. These legal gaps relate to the extent of the independence of the Corruption Eradication Commission when linked to the independence of the judicial power, as the Corruption …


Pelaksanaan Sistem Pengawasan Hakim Konstitusi Di Indonesia, Al Amin Syayidin Ali Mustopa Dec 2022

Pelaksanaan Sistem Pengawasan Hakim Konstitusi Di Indonesia, Al Amin Syayidin Ali Mustopa

Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi

The supervision system for constitutional judges in Indonesia based on the 1945 Constitution and Law 24/2003 explicitly involves two forms of supervision, namely internal supervision by the Honorary Council and external supervision by the Judicial Commission. The supervisory system finally changed after the Constitutional Court Decision Number 005 / PUU-IV / 2006. After this decision, the supervision system for constitutional judges in Indonesia underwent a substantial change in the form of supervision that eliminated external supervision. The existing internal supervision system often changes in accordance with the current statutory regime and implementing regulations. Changes related to the existing internal supervision …


Domestic Terrorism Classification In The United States V. Canada And The United Kingdom, Michelle Hayek Dec 2022

Domestic Terrorism Classification In The United States V. Canada And The United Kingdom, Michelle Hayek

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

For the past two decades, discourse on terrorism (both global and domestic) has been commonplace throughout the international sphere. Following the attacks on September 11, 2001, many nations have followed suit in launching counterterrorism operations to identify and prevent attacks by both radical groups and lone actors. While the common narrative has focused on “why” terrorist actors commit heinous acts and “how” to best prevent future incidents from emerging, it is important to analyze the legal nuances between prosecuting domestic versus international terrorists. With the rise on “homegrown” domestic lone actors, nations have had to reevaluate and adapt counterterrorism statutes …


Embracing The End: A Comparative Analysis Of Medical Aid In Dying In Canada And The United States, Joel Krinsky Dec 2022

Embracing The End: A Comparative Analysis Of Medical Aid In Dying In Canada And The United States, Joel Krinsky

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Since the late nineteenth century, debate has unfolded over the use of euthanasia and physician-assisted death to alleviate the suffering of individuals with medical illnesses. The controversy surrounding the issue persists and its implications are significant. While most countries prohibit Aid in Dying (AID), legalization of the practice has expanded globally in recent years. Canada and the United States (US) are two such jurisdictions that have expanded access to AID. Canada has federally legalized the practice, which the country refers to as Medical Aid in Dying (MAID), and in 2021, the country expanded the eligibility criteria for individuals seeking access …


The Williams Way: Why Roger Williams’ Philosophy Of Religious Liberty Remains Imperative Today, Michael Zigarelli Dec 2022

The Williams Way: Why Roger Williams’ Philosophy Of Religious Liberty Remains Imperative Today, Michael Zigarelli

Eleutheria: John W. Rawlings School of Divinity Academic Journal

To travel the road of religious freedom, a society requires firm guardrails. To the left of the road looms the cliff of “state suppression of religion.” To the right looms the cliff of “state establishment of religion.” During the life of Roger Williams (1603?-1683), the problem in the American colonies was the latter, the inextricable entanglement of religion and civil authority. Known as “The New England Way” in Williams’ colony of Massachusetts Bay, its main tenet of governance was that social stability required religious uniformity. Williams could not disagree more, embarking on a life’s mission to proclaim that government possesses …


Do All Dogs Go To Heaven? How Our Secular Culture Views Death, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2022

Do All Dogs Go To Heaven? How Our Secular Culture Views Death, Bruce Ledewitz

Newspaper Columns

Collected biweekly contributions to the Pennsylvania Capital-Star, a nonpartisan, nonprofit news site.


The Congruent Constitution (Part Two): Reverse Incorporation, Jay S. Bybee Dec 2022

The Congruent Constitution (Part Two): Reverse Incorporation, Jay S. Bybee

BYU Law Review

In Bolling v. Sharpe (1954), a companion case to Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court thought it “unthinkable” that the Equal Protection Clause would not apply to the federal government as well as the states and declared it “reverse incorporated” through the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. The Equal Protection Clause is the most familiar example of reverse incorporation, but it is neither the first nor the only provision of the Constitution that, by its terms, applies to the states alone, but which the Supreme Court has made applicable to the federal government through the Due …


An Analytical Study On The Intervention Of The Legislature To The Constitutional Court In Indonesia Compared To Developed Countries, Mochammad Arief Agus, Andi Muhammad Irvan Alamsyah Dec 2022

An Analytical Study On The Intervention Of The Legislature To The Constitutional Court In Indonesia Compared To Developed Countries, Mochammad Arief Agus, Andi Muhammad Irvan Alamsyah

Indonesia Law Review

Practical improvements in the national institution context brought numerous changes regarding interactions between The Constitutional Court & The legislature including contemporary polemics. The check and balances framework is important to be noticed related to the Judge’s Independence. Aswanto’s recall as one of the Judges of the Indonesian Constitutional Court encourages us to elaborate more about the essence of independence. At the same time, checks and balances should stand out. What is the legal standing of any actions taken by the parliament to the constitutional court? How do developed countries practice the relationship between the legislature and the judiciary? The answer …


Reconstituting The United States: Could An Article V Convention Prevent The Next January 6?, Paul G. Rando Dec 2022

Reconstituting The United States: Could An Article V Convention Prevent The Next January 6?, Paul G. Rando

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Pro Se Plight: A Comprehensive Review Of Access To Justice Initiatives In Ohio Landlord-Tenant Law, Caleigh M. Harris Dec 2022

Evaluating The Pro Se Plight: A Comprehensive Review Of Access To Justice Initiatives In Ohio Landlord-Tenant Law, Caleigh M. Harris

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Revisiting Employment Division V. Smith, Blaine L. Hutchison Dec 2022

Revisiting Employment Division V. Smith, Blaine L. Hutchison

University of Cincinnati Law Review

The Supreme Court wrongly decided Employment Division v. Smith. Without briefing or argument over the Free Exercise Clause’s meaning, Smith eliminated the constitutional right to exercise religion and replaced it with an equal protection rule. The decision threatens religious freedom and encourages conflict. The Supreme Court should revisit Smith. This article shows that the majority’s arguments in Smith fail and contradict the Free Exercise Clause’s text, purpose, and original meaning.

The Smith majority gave no sound legal or policy reason for its decision. Indeed, the decision conflicted with settled precedents that no party questioned. Nor did it determine …


Invasions Of Dicamba Particles: Holding States Accountable For Taking Offsite Property Owners' Right To Exclude, Terence J. Centner Dec 2022

Invasions Of Dicamba Particles: Holding States Accountable For Taking Offsite Property Owners' Right To Exclude, Terence J. Centner

University of Cincinnati Law Review

In 2017, special formulations of dicamba herbicides known as over-the-top products were marketed for post-emergent use on genetically engineered soybeans and cotton. The use of these products was accompanied by considerable herbicide drift and volatilization that harmed millions of acres of nearby crops. In 2018, the EPA added requirements to the products’ labels to preclude offsite injuries. However, for each growing season during 2018-2021, unacceptable offsite injuries were reported in the major soybean and cotton producing states. Because they received reported injuries, state agencies issuing new registrations for dicamba products in 2018 and 2020 knew offsite spray drift and volatilization …


Mutually Intelligible Principles?, Andrew J. Ziaja Dec 2022

Mutually Intelligible Principles?, Andrew J. Ziaja

Pace Law Review

Are the nondelegation, major questions, and political question doctrines mutually intelligible? This article asks whether there is more than superficial resemblance between the nondelegation, major questions, and political question concepts in Wayman v. Southard, 23 U.S. (10 Wheat.) 1 (1825), an early nondelegation case that has become focal in recent nondelegation and major questions scholarship and jurisprudence. I argue that the nondelegation and political question doctrines do interact conceptually in Wayman, though not as current proponents of the nondelegation doctrine on the Supreme Court seem to understand it. The major questions doctrine by contrast conscripts the nondelegation …


Countermajoritarian Criminal Law, Michael L. Smith Dec 2022

Countermajoritarian Criminal Law, Michael L. Smith

Pace Law Review

Criminal law pervades American society, subjecting millions to criminal enforcement, prosecution, and punishment every year. All too often, culpability is a minimal or nonexistent aspect of this phenomenon. Criminal law prohibits a wide range of common behaviors and practices, especially when one considers the various federal, state, and municipal levels of law restricting people’s actions. Recent scholarship has criticized not only the scope and impact of these laws but has also critiqued these laws out to the extent that they fail to live up to supermajoritarian ideals that underlie criminal justice.

This Article adds to and amplifies this criticism by …


Navigating Beyond The Lodestar: Borrowing The Federal Sentencing Guidelines To Provide Fee-Shifting Predictability, Matthew Ahn Dec 2022

Navigating Beyond The Lodestar: Borrowing The Federal Sentencing Guidelines To Provide Fee-Shifting Predictability, Matthew Ahn

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

The lodestar has been the dominant calculation method for fee-shifting awards for nearly 40 years. But the lodestar has numerous persistent issues: it leads to extra litigation and judicial effort, it results in highly variable fee awards, and it incentivizes plaintiffs’ attorneys to bill extravagantly and reject settlement. This Article argues that these issues with the lodestar, along with many others, result from a mismatch between the lodestar and the purpose of the underlying fee-shifting statutes, which is to encourage attorneys to bring suits that would not normally be economically viable. Encouraging attorneys to do so requires the fee awards …


Freeze-Frames And Blanket Bans: The Unconstitutionality Of Prisons’ Denial Of Gender Confirmation Surgery To Transgender Inmates, Aranda Stathers Dec 2022

Freeze-Frames And Blanket Bans: The Unconstitutionality Of Prisons’ Denial Of Gender Confirmation Surgery To Transgender Inmates, Aranda Stathers

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

It is long established that the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against imposing cruel and unusual punishments requires prisons to adequately address their inmates’ medical needs. Inmates identifying with the LGBTQ+ community are not exempt from this constitutional mandate. Trans inmates with gender dysphoria require specific treatment, including, but not limited to, gender confirmation surgery. While courts acknowledge that prisons owe a duty to provide some transition-related care, the extent of that duty remains contested. With no guidance from Congress or the Supreme Court, the constitutionality of prisons’ denial of gender confirmation surgery is in the hands of the circuit courts, which …


Dangerous And Unusual: How An Expanding National Firearms Act Will Spell Its Own Demise, Oliver Krawczyk Dec 2022

Dangerous And Unusual: How An Expanding National Firearms Act Will Spell Its Own Demise, Oliver Krawczyk

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

The National Firearms Act of 1934 (NFA) is the strictest federal gun control law currently in effect. It criminalizes the mere possession and transfer of specifically enumerated categories of firearms deemed to be especially dangerous and unusual, such as machine guns and silencers. Commensurate with this viewpoint, the NFA imposes on violators harsh felony penalties, from lengthy prison sentences to six-figure fines. However, the NFA permits lawful civilian ownership of these firearms under a taxation and registration scheme administered by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). In its 2008 District of Columbia v. Heller decision, the United …


Scanning Iphones To Save Children: Apple’S On-Device Hashing Algorithm Should Survive A Fourth Amendment Challenge, Timothy Gernand Dec 2022

Scanning Iphones To Save Children: Apple’S On-Device Hashing Algorithm Should Survive A Fourth Amendment Challenge, Timothy Gernand

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

When Apple announced it would combat the growth of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) on its platform by scanning all its users’ devices without their consent, many of its loyal customers felt betrayed. With tech companies such as Google and Facebook arranging their business models around selling their customers’ personal information, Apple customers saw the company’s focus on privacy as a refreshing alternative. However, as Apple itself privately acknowledged, this emphasis on privacy had led to it becoming a haven for CSAM. Despite the reputational damage it would incur with its customers, Apple resolved to confront CSAM on its platform …


Meaningless Dna: Moore’S Inadequate Protection Of Genetic Material, Natalie Alexander Dec 2022

Meaningless Dna: Moore’S Inadequate Protection Of Genetic Material, Natalie Alexander

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

Moore v. Regents of the University of California represents the seminal case regarding the protection of genetic material. In this case, the California Supreme Court held that patients do not retain property rights in their excised genetic material; instead, informed consent laws serve as genetic material’s only protection. Many states have accepted the Moore court’s decision not to extend property rights to genetic material, and most states choose to protect genetic material through informed consent alone. Moore and informed consent do not adequately protect genetic material, creating unjust results in which “donors” of genetic material have little to no recourse …


Symposium: The Future Of Reproductive Rights: Perilous Private Enforcement Strategies: From Posses And Citizen's Arrest To Texas Heartbeat Statutes, Jennifer A. Brobst Dec 2022

Symposium: The Future Of Reproductive Rights: Perilous Private Enforcement Strategies: From Posses And Citizen's Arrest To Texas Heartbeat Statutes, Jennifer A. Brobst

ConLawNOW

The utility of state private enforcement statutes restricting abortion in Texas and other states is worthy of close scrutiny. Placing private enforcement in historical context aids in understanding when it may be a sustainable strategy. First, the strategy of involving the populace in the enforcement of legislative mandates has a long history in the United States. Self-help is a necessity where law enforcement is not equipped to prevent and respond to every call for assistance. Citizen’s arrest, posse comitatus, and mandatory reporting of misconduct by citizens, including professional misconduct, all involve private action for the common good in state and …


The One Good Thing About The Independent State Legislature Theory, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2022

The One Good Thing About The Independent State Legislature Theory, Bruce Ledewitz

Newspaper Columns

Collected biweekly contributions to the Pennsylvania Capital-Star, a nonpartisan, nonprofit news site.


Legal Representation For Complainants Of Sexual Violence In The Criminal Justice System: A Proposal To Advance Women's Equality, Karen M. Bellehumeur Dec 2022

Legal Representation For Complainants Of Sexual Violence In The Criminal Justice System: A Proposal To Advance Women's Equality, Karen M. Bellehumeur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Very few survivors of sexual violence choose to engage the Canadian criminal justice system despite the fact that we expect law to be an effective tool to combat sexual violence. Since the vast majority of sexual violence survivors are female, the criminal justice system is failing women. This failure is largely because of the harm it causes by re-victimizing sexual assault complainants. Much of that harm arises from misunderstandings about trauma and from the existence of rape myths and gender stereotypes.. I argue that the criminal justice system’s treatment of female sexual violence complainants violates their section 7 and 15 …


Assessing The Legal Framework For Potential U.S. Conflict With China Over Taiwan, Shawn W. Brennan Dec 2022

Assessing The Legal Framework For Potential U.S. Conflict With China Over Taiwan, Shawn W. Brennan

International Law Studies

The People’s Republic of China has clearly stated the importance of resolving the Taiwan question and realizing China’s complete “reunification” to end their century of humiliation. As China grows as the most significant strategic competitor to the United States and develops the military capability to force the issue, understanding what legal authorities the President may exercise in ordering a response is increasingly urgent. This article reviews the legal authorities for the use of force by the United States and examines the contours of the President’s authorities and where they intersect with Congress’s authorities. Through various hypothetical scenarios involving attempts by …


The Black Fourth Amendment, Charisma Hunter Dec 2022

The Black Fourth Amendment, Charisma Hunter

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

Policing Black bodies serves at the forefront of the American policing system. Black bodies are subject to everlasting surveillance through institutions and everyday occurrences. From relaxing in a Starbucks to exercising, Black bodies are deemed criminals, surveilled, profiled, and subjected to perpetual implicit bias when participating in mundane activities. Black people should have the same protections as white people and should possess the ability to engage in everyday, commonplace, and routine activities.

The Fourth Amendment was not drafted with the intention of protecting Black bodies. In fact, Black bodies were considered three-fifths of a person at the drafting of the …


Penerapan Doktrin Piercing The Corporate Veil Terhadap Negara Pada Holding Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Deny Adi Pratama Dec 2022

Penerapan Doktrin Piercing The Corporate Veil Terhadap Negara Pada Holding Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Deny Adi Pratama

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The lack of regulation regarding group company's conception in Indonesia provokes several problems. The policy on establishing holding BUMN in Indonesia only supervised by Government Regulation Number 72 Year 2016 concerning Change of Government Regulation Number 44 Year 2005 regarding Procedure of Participation and Administration Funds upon State-Owned Enterprises and Limited Liability Company. However, the provision which becomes the legal basis underlying BUMN and Limited Liability Company are supervised upon regulation equals to act. Those of which cause a contradiction amongst both provisions of laws and regulation. The rights and obligations along with the country's responsibilities as a public legal …


Pembentukan Holding Company Badan Usaha Milik Negara (Bumn) Di Sektor Infrastruktur Ditinjau Dalam Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Wiesma Mara Rangga Dec 2022

Pembentukan Holding Company Badan Usaha Milik Negara (Bumn) Di Sektor Infrastruktur Ditinjau Dalam Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Wiesma Mara Rangga

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

That a large number of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in infrastructure has caused competition, especially when competing against one another in participating in the same tender. This is not in line with the synergy plan between SOEs, which is one of the essential pillars. SOEs belonging to similar value chain groups should work together to accelerate economic growth and synergies at various levels through corporate, transaction, and operational restructuring. Optimizing the formation of infrastructure holding can be done through collaboration and synergy between SOE entities, strengthening and increasing the capacity of each holding member, and integrating infrastructure development. However, the plan …