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2019

Dispute Resolution and Arbitration

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Oecd Multilateral Tax Instrument: A Model For Reforming The International Investment Regime?, Wolfgang Alschner Dec 2019

The Oecd Multilateral Tax Instrument: A Model For Reforming The International Investment Regime?, Wolfgang Alschner

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The international tax and investment regimes display striking similarities. They are both based on thousands of bilateral treaties that follow similar principles but differ in fine print. They each facilitate the free flow of international capital by respectively disciplining fiscal and regulatory host state conduct. Finally, they share common historical foundations and have experienced similar periods of rapid diffusion and deep contestation. Yet, while the international tax regime recently accomplished a sweeping reform to solve a decades-old legitimacy crisis, the investment regime is still grappling with its own legitimacy crisis and reform. In 2018, the multilateral tax instrument (MLI) entered …


Sovereign Immunity For Russia's Rocket Engines? Enforcing The "Yukos" Award, Evan Drake Dec 2019

Sovereign Immunity For Russia's Rocket Engines? Enforcing The "Yukos" Award, Evan Drake

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In 2003 Yukos Oil Company was once the largest oil company in Russia, and its oligarch CEO was Russia’s richest man. By 2007 Yukos had been dissolved, its CEO arrested, and its assets acquired by Russian state oil giants Rosneft and Gazprom. The fall of Yukos triggered what may be the largest arbitral dispute of all time. In 2014, the former shareholders of Yukos successfully won a $50 billion award against Russia for violations of the Energy Charter Treaty – by far the largest in history. Now the shareholders need to collect. This Note examines how Yukos could enforce its …


Third-Party Funding: The Road To Compatibility In International Arbitration, Vienna Messina Dec 2019

Third-Party Funding: The Road To Compatibility In International Arbitration, Vienna Messina

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Third-party funding in global commerce and dispute resolution has gained considerable traction in the last few decades. The rise in complex international arbitration cases has encouraged a demand for third-party funding arrangements since the disputes involve large amounts of money in addition to high legal costs. This Note explores the implications of third-party funding on the practice of international arbitration, particularly with the expansion of arbitral institutions’ doctrinal rules to address the use of third-party funding. Much of the pre-existing research and literature highlights the issues that third-party funding poses in international arbitration proceedings, but fails to consider a broader, …


Rethinking Adjudicative Jurisdiction In International Law, Satya T. Mouland Dec 2019

Rethinking Adjudicative Jurisdiction In International Law, Satya T. Mouland

Washington International Law Journal

The contribution of national courts to international law has long been doubted in the international law literature. As an aspect of the state’s power to prescribe, courts have been conceived as organs that merely apply the state’s laws, which may give effect to an international law norm. According to this conception, national courts merely apply and operate within the state’s national legal system and rarely have a direct contribution to international law. However, in enforcement proceedings for international arbitral awards, arising at the intersection between the law of state immunity and the law governing the enforcement of arbitral awards, a …


Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond The Belt And Road: Toward A New Design Of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) And Its Global Implications, Weixia Gu Dec 2019

Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond The Belt And Road: Toward A New Design Of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) And Its Global Implications, Weixia Gu

Washington International Law Journal

Arb-med is a form of hybrid dispute resolution that combines an adjudicative approach (arbitration) with a non-adjudicative approach (mediation). Dispute resolution clauses requiring arb-med will assume a popular role in resolving disputes that arise under China’s Belt and Road Initiative. This article argues that China should regulate arb-med in a way to reconcile local practices (mediation) with international expectations (arbitration) in context of the BRI. As an economic bloc proposed by China, the BRI development has the potential to promote dispute resolution means with Chinese characteristics such as arb-med. Global comparative study of leading arbitration jurisdictions in the East and …


International Commercial Arbitration Law And Practice In Thailand, Parada Kaewparadai Dec 2019

International Commercial Arbitration Law And Practice In Thailand, Parada Kaewparadai

SJD Dissertations

International Commercial Arbitration is one of the essential mechanisms that support and facilitate international trade transactions, especially when the parties are from different nations. Since it is an alternative dispute resolution that provides a final and binding award that is enforceable through the national courts mostly everywhere around the world, it becomes the most popular dispute resolution for international enterprises. Arbitration has been in existence in Thai Laws for centuries, but its role has been minimal as litigation is the primary adjudicate method of the country. However, in the past twenty years, arbitration has been developing rapidly since Alternative Dispute …


Confidentiality Agreements: The Florida Sunshine In Litigation Act, The #Metoo Movement, And Signing Away The Right To Speak, Loune-Djenia Askew Dec 2019

Confidentiality Agreements: The Florida Sunshine In Litigation Act, The #Metoo Movement, And Signing Away The Right To Speak, Loune-Djenia Askew

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


International Dispute Resolution Survey: Currents Of Change: 2019 Preliminary Report (Sidra), Nadja Alexander, Janet Carolyn Checkley, Shou Yu Chong, Joel Ng, Daoyuan Zhu Dec 2019

International Dispute Resolution Survey: Currents Of Change: 2019 Preliminary Report (Sidra), Nadja Alexander, Janet Carolyn Checkley, Shou Yu Chong, Joel Ng, Daoyuan Zhu

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

The 2019 International Dispute Resolution Survey: Currents of Change Preliminary Report presents the first-look findings of the Singapore International Dispute Resolution Academy's groundbreaking examination into the preferences, practices, and perspectives of international dispute resolution users around the globe. These findings examine three international dispute resolution mechanisms: International Commercial Arbitration, International Commercial Mediation, and International Commercial Litigation. The report summarises findings from each mechanism in turn and provides an overview of the results, then explores key trends drawn from the data identifying currents of change drawing international dispute resolution into the third decade of the 21st century.


Un Treaty On Mediation Signed In Singapore, Nadja Alexander, Shou Yu Chong Dec 2019

Un Treaty On Mediation Signed In Singapore, Nadja Alexander, Shou Yu Chong

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

The Singapore Convention on Mediation is a multilateral treaty which offers a legal framework facilitating the circulation of international mediated settlement agreements (iMSAs) across national borders. The Singapore Convention achieves this by elevating iMSAs to the status of a new type of legal instrument recognised in international law: neither a contract nor a consent arbitral award, iMSAs that fall within the scope of, and that satisfy the conditions within, the Singapore Convention enjoy a unique status. As outlined below, the new Convention establishes a system for the recognition and enforcement of commercial iMSAs. This report is a follow up to …


Equitable Fraud And Double Liability Of A Debtor Following Notice Of Equitable Assignment Of The Debt, Chee Ho Tham Dec 2019

Equitable Fraud And Double Liability Of A Debtor Following Notice Of Equitable Assignment Of The Debt, Chee Ho Tham

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

‘Equitable fraud’ is broader in its conception than fraud at common law. Notwithstanding ambiguities as to its precise boundaries, equitable fraud can help explain why a debtor who tenders payment to his or her creditor, despite having received notice that the money debt had been equitably assigned to an assignee, may be ordered to make payment to the assignee if the creditor-assignor were to abscond with the sums tendered, leaving the assignee out of pocket. Such liability can be explained on grounds of the debtor having committed a form of equitable fraud by dishonestly assisting in the creditor-assignor’s breach of …


A Hardy Case Makes Bad Law, Victoria Sahani Dec 2019

A Hardy Case Makes Bad Law, Victoria Sahani

Faculty Scholarship

This Article is the first ever to analyze a direct clash between the inherent power of US courts regarding the enforcement ofjudgments and the obligations of the United States as one of the 163 member countries of the 1965 Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States, commonly known as the "ICSID Convention. " The ICSID Convention includes a self-enforcement mechanism whereby the courts of the member countries are obligated to enforce the pecuniary obligations in multimillion (and sometimes over one billion) dollar ICSID arbitration awards as though they were court judgments of the …


International Arbitration And Attorney-Client Privilege — A Conflict Of Laws Approach, Susan Franck Dec 2019

International Arbitration And Attorney-Client Privilege — A Conflict Of Laws Approach, Susan Franck

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Privilege determinations in international arbitration are currently the equivalent of the “wild west,” with minimal predictability and massive pockets of tribunal discretion. Yet protecting privilege in international arbitration — when the same document or communications with lawyers that is protected by United States law may receive no protection under another law — is fundamental to safeguarding attorney-client relationships within a global environment, incentivizing procedural integrity of dispute resolution, and ensuring that justice is done. As it is not clear what law applies to privilege and client confidentiality (let alone how the law is determine), this Essay begins to bridge the …


Singapore Case Note: Enforceability Of Settlement Agreements, Nadja Alexander, Shou Yu Chong Dec 2019

Singapore Case Note: Enforceability Of Settlement Agreements, Nadja Alexander, Shou Yu Chong

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Since the signing of the Singapore Convention on Mediation in August this year, there has been an increased interest on the enforceability of settlement agreements, particularly those arising from mediation. The case of Law Chau Loon v Alphire Group Pte Ltd [2019] SGHC 275 from the Singapore High Court provides us with some general legal principles to consider when a settlement agreement is drafted. Although mediation did not take place between the parties in dispute, the principles stated by the High Court here remain relevant to the drafting of binding mediated settlement agreements (MSAs). This case is essential reading for …


Inconsistency's Many Forms In Investor-State Dispute Settlement And Implications For Reform, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs Nov 2019

Inconsistency's Many Forms In Investor-State Dispute Settlement And Implications For Reform, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

Attracting investment in agriculture has been a key policy goal of governments in the global south. Development partners have supported these policies. But what do governments hope to achieve by attracting investment in the agricultural sector? Why are companies interested in investing? What is in it for local communities? And what is the role of lawyers? This primer provides an introduction to some of the key issues that arise in the negotiation of contracts linked to investments in agriculture, and practical guidance for how to approach common issues. Section 1 of this primer outlines the typical goals of three important …


Securing Adequate Legal Defense In Proceedings Under International Investment Agreements: A Scoping Study, Lise Johnson, Brooke Guven Nov 2019

Securing Adequate Legal Defense In Proceedings Under International Investment Agreements: A Scoping Study, Lise Johnson, Brooke Guven

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

CCSI prepared a Scoping Study for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. Also available are:

  • A summary version of the study (33 pages)
  • A webinar (March 24, 2020), hosted by CCSI and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, discussed the Scoping Study and its findings (see also accompanying slides with speaking notes).
  • A webinar organized by UNCITRAL (April 21, 2020). CCSI presented the Scoping Study. A video link of the webinar along with CCSI’s slides are available in English (with speaking notes) and French at that link. CCSI Senior Fellow Karl Sauvant also presented his UNCITRAL …


Foreign Arbitral Awards And The Second Circuit: Enforcement Considerations For Annulments, Calvin Jonker Oct 2019

Foreign Arbitral Awards And The Second Circuit: Enforcement Considerations For Annulments, Calvin Jonker

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

Many international business transactions integrate an arbitration clause into the agreement as companies choose to keep potential disputes out of the court systems. Enforcement of the awards rendered pursuant to such agreements is straightforward in the United States thanks to the Federal Arbitration Act, as long as the United States is the forum for the arbitration proceeding. Even if the forum is outside of U.S. jurisdiction, several treaties, namely the Panama Convention and the New York Convention, provide for recognition of a foreign arbitrated award by U.S. courts, as well as recognition by U.S. courts of any annulment or suspension …


Arbitration Agreements – What Is The Employee Actually Signing Up For?, Kennedy Poe Oct 2019

Arbitration Agreements – What Is The Employee Actually Signing Up For?, Kennedy Poe

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This note will examine the various effects and implications the Supreme Court’s decision concerning the legality of class action waivers within employee-employer contracts will have on employers, employees, and the contracts made between them. Part I will identify class action waivers within an employment contract’s arbitration agreement and will further elaborate upon the legal implications of such waivers being present in the contract. Part II will then discuss the history of the NLRA and assess its present-day role in employee–employer contract formation, in order to provide clarity as to the dispute that has arisen between the NLRA and class action …


Using Court-Connected Adr To Increase Court Efficiency, Address Party Needs, And Deliver Justice In Massachusetts, Madhawa Palihapitiya, Susan Jeghelian, Kaila Eisenkraft Oct 2019

Using Court-Connected Adr To Increase Court Efficiency, Address Party Needs, And Deliver Justice In Massachusetts, Madhawa Palihapitiya, Susan Jeghelian, Kaila Eisenkraft

Massachusetts Office of Public Collaboration Publications

This report presents research and findings from a study of court-connected ADR commissioned by the Executive Office of the Trial Court (EOTC). The study was conducted by the state office of dispute resolution also known as the Massachusetts Office of Public Collaboration at the University of Massachusetts Boston. The office has been serving as a neutral forum and state-level resource for almost 30 years. Its mission is to establish programs and build capacity within public entities for enhanced conflict resolution and intergovernmental and cross-sector collaboration in order to save costs for the state and its citizens and enable effective problem-solving …


C-Drum News, Fall 2019 Oct 2019

C-Drum News, Fall 2019

The C-DRUM News

No abstract provided.


Un-Übereinkommens Zur Internationalen Durchsetzung Von Mediationsvergleichen, Nadja Alexander Oct 2019

Un-Übereinkommens Zur Internationalen Durchsetzung Von Mediationsvergleichen, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Das Singapur-Übereinkommenist ein multilateraler Vertrag, der einen Rechtsrahmenfür die erleichterte Zirkulation voninternationalen Mediationsvergleichen (IMV) über Landesgrenzen hinweg schafft.Das Übereinkommen erreicht dies, indem es den IMV den Status eines neuartigen, auf internationaler Ebene anerkannten Rechtsinstruments verleiht: Weder ein Vertrag noch ein Schiedsspruch mit vereinbartem Wortlaut; IMV,die in den Anwendungsbereich des Singapur-Übereinkommens fallen und dessen Voraussetzungen erfüllen, genießen eine einzigartige Stellung. Mit dem neuen Übereinkommen wird ein System für die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung vonIMV eingeführt.


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review Sep 2019

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mediation And Millennials: A Generational Shift In Dispute System Preferences, Shawna Benston, Brian Farkas Sep 2019

Mediation And Millennials: A Generational Shift In Dispute System Preferences, Shawna Benston, Brian Farkas

Pace Law Review

Millennials have been the subject of intense media scrutiny for more than a decade. Studies have examined their social, financial, technological, and work habits. However, few studies have examined this generation’s attitudes or proclivities towards civil litigation. Such an examination presents two problems: First, the absence of data on litigants’ age makes an empirical study virtually impossible. Second, generalizations about an entire generation are inherently problematic, glossing over countless cultural, economic, familial, and demographic differences. Nevertheless, this Article argues that millennials’ experiences and educations have primed them, at the margins, to avoid litigation more than prior generations. Instead, this generation …


Enforcement Of International Settlement Agreements Resulting From Mediation Under The Singapore Convention – Private International Law Issues In Perspective, Shou Yu Chong, Felix Steffek Aug 2019

Enforcement Of International Settlement Agreements Resulting From Mediation Under The Singapore Convention – Private International Law Issues In Perspective, Shou Yu Chong, Felix Steffek

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

This article introduces the Singapore Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation (“the Convention”). It discusses the enforcement of mediated settlement agreements under the Convention against the background of private international law. First, the Convention and its genesis are introduced. Second, the rationale and scope of the Convention are examined. Third, the Convention is placed in the context of private international law. Fourth, the requirements for enforcement of an international mediated settlement agreement (“IMSA”) under the Convention are laid out. Fifth, the grounds for refusal of judicial enforcement of IMSAs are examined. The article ends with a conclusion and …


Ten Trends In International Mediation, Nadja Alexander Aug 2019

Ten Trends In International Mediation, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

In this essay, the author offers an international overview ofmediation developments in the 21st century and identifiescontemporary influences such as artificial intelligence andthird-party funding. With a focus on mediation ofcross-border disputes, the author identifies ten trends ininternational mediation. These include the changing profileof cross-border disputants and corresponding developmentsin international mediation practice and law. The role ofmediators and lawyers is analysed in the context of theprofessionalisation of the field through credentiallinginitiatives and the new specialisation of mediation advocacy.With the growing internationalisation of mediation, there hasbeen greater appreciation of diverse practice models and thecultural assumptions underpinning them. These developmentsare explored along with …


Enforcement Of International Mediated Settlements Without The Singapore Convention On Mediation, Eunice Chua Aug 2019

Enforcement Of International Mediated Settlements Without The Singapore Convention On Mediation, Eunice Chua

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

This paper considers how international mediated settlement agreements can be enforced without the Singapore Convention on Mediation. Although the Singapore Convention on Mediation represents an important contribution to facilitate resolution of cross-border disputes through mediation, it will take time before there are enough signatories to make a significant impact. Additionally, in deciding whether or not to become a signatory to the Singapore Convention on Mediation or to opt out of it if given the option, jurisdictions and potential users of mediation will need to be aware of what the available alternatives are. This paper discusses these alternatives, taking into account …


Effectively Leveraging Technology In Mediation – Suggestions For A Way Forward In Asia, Eunice Chua, Asha A. Hemrajani Aug 2019

Effectively Leveraging Technology In Mediation – Suggestions For A Way Forward In Asia, Eunice Chua, Asha A. Hemrajani

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

When conflicts are not resolved in today's connected world, disputes inevitably arise, leading to loss of business and credibility. Demand for dispute resolution, both domestic and cross-border, is on the rise, and mediation is a populat way to resolve disputes quickly and cost-effectively. However, despite the growth in the use of technology in various aspects of our lives, mediation in Asia has been slow to embrace technology. This paper starts with a brief introduction to Online Dispute Resolution ("ODR") and its history. It then seeks to explore how technology can be effectively leveraged in the mediation context, with a focus …


It’S Done: The Singapore Convention On Mediation, Nadja Alexander Aug 2019

It’S Done: The Singapore Convention On Mediation, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

It was an amazing week for Singapore! The highlight was the signing of the UN Convention on International Mediated Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, now known as the Singapore Convention on Mediation, on 7 August 2019 (Wednesday) at the Shangri La Hotel in Singapore.


Piercing The Veil Of Confidentiality In Mediation To Ensure Good Faith Participation – An Untenable Position?, Dorcas Quek Anderson Aug 2019

Piercing The Veil Of Confidentiality In Mediation To Ensure Good Faith Participation – An Untenable Position?, Dorcas Quek Anderson

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Confidentiality is a foundational characteristic of the mediation process, a key feature that distinguishes mediation from litigation. However, the veil of confidentiality has been lifted for several purposes, including the courts’ assessment of the parties’ conduct so as to ensure good faith participation in the mediation. This article discusses how the mediation confidentiality and good faith participation may be concurrently promoted. It reviews the current approaches to upholding the general confidentiality and inadmissibility of mediation communications, and proposes ways to ensure that the veil of mediation confidentiality is pierced in highly circumscribed circumstances. It then examines the issue of whether …


Evaluating Employment Arbitration: A Call For Better Empirical Research, Samuel Estreicher, Michael Heise, David Sherwyn Jul 2019

Evaluating Employment Arbitration: A Call For Better Empirical Research, Samuel Estreicher, Michael Heise, David Sherwyn

Michael Heise

Since at least 1991, issues surrounding mandatory arbitration of employment and other disputes have intrigued, perplexed, angered, gratified, and confounded academics, politicians, lawyers, and others. As with many legal issues, the first wave of scholarly work centered on the law. As the law has pretty much settled, academics have turned to empirical work, focusing on how employment arbitration works, and how it compares to employment litigation. In part due to pressure from California legislation, the American Arbitration Association (“AAA”), the nation’s leading provider of arbitration services, opened access to its data base. Owing to inevitable data limitations, most analyses have …


Due Process Supreme Court Appellate Division Third Department Jul 2019

Due Process Supreme Court Appellate Division Third Department

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.