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2018

Medicaid

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Law

Limiting State Flexibility In Drug Pricing, Nicholas Bagley, Rachel E. Sachs Sep 2018

Limiting State Flexibility In Drug Pricing, Nicholas Bagley, Rachel E. Sachs

Articles

Throughout the United States, escalating drug prices are putting immense pressure on state budgets. Several states are looking for ways to push back. Last year, Massachusetts asked the Trump administration for a waiver that would, among other things, allow its Medicaid program to decline to cover costly drugs for which there is limited or inadequate evidence of clinical efficacy. By credibly threatening to exclude such drugs from coverage, Massachusetts hoped to extract price concessions and constrain the fastest-growing part of its Medicaid budget.


Stewart V. Azar – What Does It Mean For New Hampshire's Medicaid Work And Community Engagement Requirement?, Lucy C. Hodder Jul 2018

Stewart V. Azar – What Does It Mean For New Hampshire's Medicaid Work And Community Engagement Requirement?, Lucy C. Hodder

Law Faculty Scholarship

Lucy C. Hodder, Director of Health Law and Policy at UNH's Institute for Health Policy and Practice has written an article summarizing the recent federal court decision vacating Kentucky’s Medicaid waiver including its work and community engagement requirements and discussing what it might mean for New Hampshire.


Work/Community Engagement Requirement Stakeholder Roundtable, Lucy C. Hodder, Jo Porter Jun 2018

Work/Community Engagement Requirement Stakeholder Roundtable, Lucy C. Hodder, Jo Porter

Law Faculty Scholarship

Over the next twelve months, New Hampshire will transition to a new coverage model for the Medicaid expansion program (the "Granite Advantage Program"), and will implement a demonstration engagement requirement, approved focus on the population covered by an emphasis on work status and New Hampshire, see Covering the Care: A Focus on the NH Marketplace).


Covering The Care: Medicaid, Work, And Community Engagement, Lucy C. Hodder, Jo Porter Jun 2018

Covering The Care: Medicaid, Work, And Community Engagement, Lucy C. Hodder, Jo Porter

Law Faculty Scholarship

Part of "Informing the Conversation" data and policy brief series. This brief reviews the major parameters of the work and community engagement requirements being implemented in the New Hampshire Medicaid program, and the overall landscape of employment in the state.


Research To Practice: Medicaid Involvement In Employment-Related Programs- Findings From The National Survey Of State Systems And Employment For People With Disabilities, Jennifer Sullivan Sulewski, Dana Scott Gilmore, Susan Foley May 2018

Research To Practice: Medicaid Involvement In Employment-Related Programs- Findings From The National Survey Of State Systems And Employment For People With Disabilities, Jennifer Sullivan Sulewski, Dana Scott Gilmore, Susan Foley

Jennifer Sulewski

This brief analyzes data from ICI's National Survey of State Systems and Employment for People with Disabilities regarding the priority Medicaid agencies place on employment and their involvement in recent policy initiatives.


The Ethics Of Medicaid’S Work Requirements And Other Personal Responsibility Policies, Harald Schmidt, Allison K. Hoffman May 2018

The Ethics Of Medicaid’S Work Requirements And Other Personal Responsibility Policies, Harald Schmidt, Allison K. Hoffman

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

Breaking controversial new ground, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently invited states to consider establishing work requirements as a condition of receiving Medicaid benefits. Noncompliant beneficiaries may lose some or all benefits, and if they do, will incur higher spending if they have to pay for medical care out of pocket. Current evidence suggests work requirements and related policies, which proponents claim promote personal responsibility, can create considerable risks of health and financial harm in vulnerable populations. Concerns about implementing these policies in Medicaid have been widely expressed, including by major physician organizations, and others have examined their ...


Reform At Risk — Mandating Participation In Alternative Payment Plans, Scott Levy, Nicholas Bagley, Rahul Rajkumar May 2018

Reform At Risk — Mandating Participation In Alternative Payment Plans, Scott Levy, Nicholas Bagley, Rahul Rajkumar

Articles

In an ambitious effort to slow the growth of health care costs, the Affordable Care Act created the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) and armed it with broad authority to test new approaches to reimbursement for health care (payment models) and delivery-system reforms. CMMI was meant to be the government’s innovation laboratory for health care: an entity with the independence to break with past practices and the power to experiment with bold new approaches. Over the past year, however, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has quietly hobbled CMMI, imperiling its ability to generate meaningful ...


Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Health Behaviors After Three Years, Charles J. Courtemanche, James Marton, Benjamin Ukert, Aaron Yelowitz, Daniela Zapata Apr 2018

Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Health Behaviors After Three Years, Charles J. Courtemanche, James Marton, Benjamin Ukert, Aaron Yelowitz, Daniela Zapata

Institute for the Study of Free Enterprise Working Papers

This paper examines the impacts of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) – which substantially increased insurance coverage through regulations, mandates, subsidies, and Medicaid expansions – on behaviors related to future health risks after three years. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and an identification strategy that leverages variation in pre-ACA uninsured rates and state Medicaid expansion decisions, we show that the ACA increased preventive care utilization along several dimensions, but also increased risky drinking. These results are driven by the private portions of the law, as opposed to the Medicaid expansion. We also conduct subsample analyses by income and ...


Managing Medicaid, Isaac Buck Apr 2018

Managing Medicaid, Isaac Buck

UTK Law Faculty Publications

In a steady but rapid march, managed care has come to Medicaid. Privatization has undoubtedly rebuilt the Medicaid landscape across America over the last three decades. Now, as managed care programs administer health care to three-in-four Medicaid beneficiaries nationwide, whether or not managed care is adequately managing America’s largest public insurance program has become an increasingly important question.

Of particular note have been states’ difficulties in constructing and organizing the bidding and selection processes of the private companies tasked with overseeing the administration of private Medicaid plans. Legal challenges to various states’ bid procurement processes have been well documented ...


Are Medicaid Work Requirements Legal?, Nicholas Bagley Mar 2018

Are Medicaid Work Requirements Legal?, Nicholas Bagley

Articles

On January 12, 2018, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) approved a waiver allowing Kentucky to impose a work requirement on some nondisabled Medicaid beneficiaries. Similar waivers are sure to follow. Supporters see work requirements as a spur to force the idle poor to work; opponents see the requirements as a covert means of withholding medical care from vulnerable people. Setting the policy debate aside, however, are work requirements legal?


Innovative Contracting For Pharmaceuticals And Medicaid’S Best-Price Rule, Nicholas Bagley Feb 2018

Innovative Contracting For Pharmaceuticals And Medicaid’S Best-Price Rule, Nicholas Bagley

Articles

In recent years, drug manufacturers and private payers have expressed interest in novel pricing models that more closely link a drug’s price to its value. Indication-based pricing, outcome-based pricing, drug licenses, and drug mortgages have all been discussed as alternatives to paying strictly for volume. Manufacturers and payers have complained, however, that Medicaid’s “best-price rule” inhibits their ability to enter into these newpricing arrangements. This article examines the best-price rule and assesses to what extent, if any, it might frustrate the goal of paying for value. We conclude that the best-price rule is not as serious a problem ...


Medicaid: Welfare Program Of Last Resort, Or Safety Net?, Laura D. Hermer Jan 2018

Medicaid: Welfare Program Of Last Resort, Or Safety Net?, Laura D. Hermer

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Contractual Provider Agreement Provides For Permissible Government Recoupment, Emily Santoro Jan 2018

Contractual Provider Agreement Provides For Permissible Government Recoupment, Emily Santoro

Bankruptcy Research Library

(Excerpt)

A debtor healthcare provider without significant resources is unlikely to survive any prolonged disagreement with private or government payors. This challenge may be exacerbated by a debtors’ bankruptcy filing if a payor may refuses to make certain payments owed to the debtor. Therefore, whether a payors’ withholding of funds owed to a debtor hospital is considered an impermissible setoff or a permissible equitable recoupment is crucial.

This memorandum will explore whether a Medicaid/Medicare payor can withhold payments owed to a debtor, or whether such withholding violates the automatic stay. Part A will discuss withholding in healthcare bankruptcy scenarios ...


Independence Is The New Health, Laura D. Hermer Jan 2018

Independence Is The New Health, Laura D. Hermer

Faculty Scholarship

Medicaid plays key roles in supporting our nation’s health. Under the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid took an even more central position in public health endeavors by extending coverage in all interested states to millions of adults who typically fell through the health care cracks. Nevertheless, the Trump administration is now undoing these gains by actively encouraging states to curtail access to Medicaid in key respects while using the rhetoric of health.

This article examines Trump administration efforts in two contexts: (1) state § 1115 waiver applications seeking to better align their Medicaid programs with cash welfare and food stamp programs ...


What To Expect When You’Re Expecting…Tanf-Style Medicaid Waivers, Laura D. Hermer Jan 2018

What To Expect When You’Re Expecting…Tanf-Style Medicaid Waivers, Laura D. Hermer

Faculty Scholarship

Many health policy scholars believe that Medicaid, the federal-state coverage program for lower-income Americans, should remain free from welfare reform trappings such as work requirements that are extraneous to the program. It would seem such requirements would be both inappropriate and counterproductive to the goals of Medicaid. Given the high probability that such requirements will, at least at some level, go into effect during the Trump administration, it bears considering what to expect. What evidence, if any, suggests that imposing welfare reform-style requirements on certain Medicaid beneficiaries will yield harmful results to those beneficiaries, or harmful to Medicaid’s programmatic ...


Bundling Justice: Medicaid's Support For Housing, Mary Crossley Jan 2018

Bundling Justice: Medicaid's Support For Housing, Mary Crossley

Articles

Achieving safe and stable housing presents a profound and ongoing challenge for many people living in poverty. The challenges include housing that is substandard or unaffordable and continuing risks of eviction. For a growing number, these challenges prove too much, and they become homeless. In addition, housing-related challenges that are part of daily life for many poor people can influence their physical and mental health. Increased attention to the health impacts of inadequate, insecure, and unaffordable housing has prompted some – including public health experts, physicians, and sociologists studying housing – to urge that housing issues, and homelessness in particular, be addressed ...


A Run For Your Money: Are Able Accounts Truly An Innovative, User-Friendly Financial Savings Tool For The Broad Spectrum Of Disabled Americans?, Madeleine Laser Jan 2018

A Run For Your Money: Are Able Accounts Truly An Innovative, User-Friendly Financial Savings Tool For The Broad Spectrum Of Disabled Americans?, Madeleine Laser

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Putting The Brakes On Consumer Driven Medicaid: The Failures And Harms Of Healthy Indiana Plan (Hip) 2.0, Sidney D. Watson Jan 2018

Putting The Brakes On Consumer Driven Medicaid: The Failures And Harms Of Healthy Indiana Plan (Hip) 2.0, Sidney D. Watson

Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy

In January 2015, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) granted Indiana a Section 1115 Demonstration Waiver to experiment with consumer driven Medicaid. The Healthy Indiana Plan (HIP) 2.0 combines a $2,500 high deductible with a Personal Responsibility and Wellness (POWER) Account, premiums, and copays. Described as “the most significant departure from traditional Medicaid ever approved,” Indiana claims that the POWER Account, the signature feature of HIP 2.0, is “similar to a health savings account (HSA)” and encourages members to be more cost-conscious consumers, helps familiarize members with how commercial health insurance works, and ...


Health Justice In The Age Of Alternative Facts And Tax Cuts: Value-Based Care, Medicaid Reform, And The Social Determinants Of Health, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler Jan 2018

Health Justice In The Age Of Alternative Facts And Tax Cuts: Value-Based Care, Medicaid Reform, And The Social Determinants Of Health, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler

Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy

Some provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) as well as regulatory policies under the Obama administration reflected the overwhelming evidence that to reduce health care costs, and to improve quality of care and population health, the social determinants of health (SDOH) must be addressed. These policies included funding for partnerships between public health agencies, community organizations, and health care institutions, promotion of value-based payment models that incentivize integrated health and social care delivery, and support for Medicaid program innovations that directly address social needs as part of health care. The Trump administration, through a ...


Wisconsin Must Cover Employee Transition Costs, Arthur S. Leonard Jan 2018

Wisconsin Must Cover Employee Transition Costs, Arthur S. Leonard

Other Publications

No abstract provided.


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski Jan 2018

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Journal Articles

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


Medicaid For All?: State-Level Single-Payer Health Care, Lindsay Wiley Jan 2018

Medicaid For All?: State-Level Single-Payer Health Care, Lindsay Wiley

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

If single-payer health care is ever to become a reality in the United States, it will very likely be pioneered by a state government, much like Canada’s single-payer system was first adopted in the provinces. Canada’s system operates more like U.S. Medicaid — financed nationally but administered largely by the provinces — than U.S. Medicare. This article describes three basic strategies progressive U.S. state governments are exploring for achieving universal access to high-quality health care and better health outcomes for their residents. First, maximizing eligibility for the existing Medicaid program using matching federal funds. Second, taking up ...