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2018

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Indonesia And Its Reluctance To Ratify The United Nations Convention On Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods (Cisg), Surya Oktaviandra Dec 2018

Indonesia And Its Reluctance To Ratify The United Nations Convention On Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods (Cisg), Surya Oktaviandra

Indonesia Law Review

There is still a huge debate on business policy in Indonesia pertaining the fact that the Government of Indonesia is still reluctance to ratify one of the important conventions for the business world namely CISG (Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods). This paper attempts to discuss the issues which will deliver inter-disciplinary areas such as law, economics, and public policy. By analyzing this matter with a comprehensive measure, it will ensure an appropriate understanding and thus create more precise analysis to serve a contribution in suggesting solve-problem. Despite having its particular point of view, the author based …


Legal Status Of Virtual Currency In Indonesia In The Absence Of Specific Regulations, Soonpeel Chang Dec 2018

Legal Status Of Virtual Currency In Indonesia In The Absence Of Specific Regulations, Soonpeel Chang

Indonesia Law Review

Given Indonesia’s recent legal policy developments regarding cryptocurrency, it is pertinent to ask whether this new investment market, by its overall structural formation, holds any further risks to Indonesia beyond those to individual parties. This paper contends that any effective regulation of this new ecosystem requires adoption of the machinery of more fundamental concepts and a clear direction. Even if the Government’s skepticism about soundness of the cryptocurrency markets is fully justified, how best to protect the various parties in the market is a different issue, one which calls for urgent attention from policy makers, legal practitioners, the judiciary and …


State Capture, Corporate Ownership Structure, And Institutional Reform Issues In Ethiopia- Abstract.Docx, Seid Y. Hassan Dec 2018

State Capture, Corporate Ownership Structure, And Institutional Reform Issues In Ethiopia- Abstract.Docx, Seid Y. Hassan

Seid Hassan

State capture, corporate ownership structure, and institutional reform issues in Ethiopia[1]
(Working paper, incomplete)
Seid Hassan and Minga Negash[2]
Abstract: Examining the ownership structure and the methods of financing of companies provide important insights for the understanding of the type of institutional reforms in a given socio-economic environment. Much of the literature on corporate accountability in developing economies extends the legal and regulatory reforms done in richer nations and on codes provided by organized professions that in turn rely on virtue-centered ethics. More recently, the capture theory of regulation has been revisited by a number of …


Legal Status Of State-Owned Companies In The Republic Of Uzbekistan, M.M. Kamalov Dec 2018

Legal Status Of State-Owned Companies In The Republic Of Uzbekistan, M.M. Kamalov

Review of law sciences

This article addresses the issue of the legal status of state-owned companies. The author considers the very concept of a state-owned company and the requirements of the legislation in terms of the rights of a state-owned company to conduct business. In addition, attention was paid to the issue of reforming state-owned companies.


Strengthening Of Uzbekistan Position In The Rating Of “Doing Business”, M.A. Berdikulov Dec 2018

Strengthening Of Uzbekistan Position In The Rating Of “Doing Business”, M.A. Berdikulov

Review of law sciences

this article is about large scale reforms in business sphere in Uzbekistan and its’ steps towards strengthening its position in World Bank “Doing Business” ranking. Economic reforms of 2019 in business sector and their positive consequences for businessmen have been discussed and analysed. Besides most of the normative legal documents adopted by the Head of the state – President and Government – the Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan to improve the enterpreneural and investment climate in the country for internal and foreign investors have been considered and analysed. Some conclusions were made at the end of the article to improve …


Recent Developments Concerning The Purchase Of Consumer Debt; Defining Potential Problems And Proposals For Suggested Solutions, Gerald A. Williams Dec 2018

Recent Developments Concerning The Purchase Of Consumer Debt; Defining Potential Problems And Proposals For Suggested Solutions, Gerald A. Williams

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

No abstract provided.


Market Segmentation Vs. Subsidization: Clean Energy Credits And The Commerce Clause's Economic Wisdom, Felix Mormann Dec 2018

Market Segmentation Vs. Subsidization: Clean Energy Credits And The Commerce Clause's Economic Wisdom, Felix Mormann

Washington Law Review

The dormant Commerce Clause has long been a thorn in the side of state policymakers. The latest battleground for the clash between federal courts and state legislatures is energy policy. In the absence of a decisive federal policy response to climate change, nearly thirty states have created a new type of securities—clean energy credits—to promote low-carbon renewable and nuclear power. As more and more of these programs come under attack for alleged violations of the dormant Commerce Clause, this Article explores the constitutional constraints on clean energy credit policies. Careful analysis of recent and ongoing litigation reveals the need for …


Head In The Clouds, Head In The Sand: Federal Failure To Update Guidance On Computer Transaction In An International Context, Logan S. Weaver Dec 2018

Head In The Clouds, Head In The Sand: Federal Failure To Update Guidance On Computer Transaction In An International Context, Logan S. Weaver

Washington Law Review

The United States has two different rationales for taxing income of non-U.S. persons and entities. First, the income may be “sourced” to the United States, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code. Alternatively, the income may be effectively connected to a trade or business within the United States that provides income to the non-U.S. person or entity. The sourcing rules for income of non-U.S. persons and entities depend heavily on the nature of the underlying transaction and the geographical location where certain key elements of the transaction take place. So long as the non-U.S. person or entity avoids activities that …


Sb 17 - Alcoholic Beverages, Lauren A. Newman, Erin N. Winn Dec 2018

Sb 17 - Alcoholic Beverages, Lauren A. Newman, Erin N. Winn

Georgia State University Law Review

Georgia law previously allowed counties and municipalities to permit the sale of alcoholic beverages on Sundays from 12:30 P.M. until 11:30 P.M. This Act, deemed “the Brunch Bill,” authorizes the counties and municipalities that have affirmatively voted by referendum to sell alcoholic beverages on Sundays to sell them earlier, at 11:00 A.M., if approved by a second referendum vote. This change applies to restaurants that make at least 50% of their revenue from the sale of food and hotels, and Georgia wineries.


Business And Commercial Litigation In Federal Courts (4th Ed.) Edited By Robert L. Haig, James M. Wicks Nov 2018

Business And Commercial Litigation In Federal Courts (4th Ed.) Edited By Robert L. Haig, James M. Wicks

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

Four years ago, I reviewed Business and Commercial Litigation in Federal Courts (3d ed.), concluding then that notwithstanding the dwindling “brick-and-mortar,” traditional law libraries, this multi-volume treatise is a worthy tool in the arsenal of the business litigator. Well, now nineteen years after its inception, the treatise, Business and Commercial Litigation in Federal Courts (4th ed.) (“BCL”), is in its Fourth Edition, having added twenty-five new chapters leading to three more volumes. Is it still worth the shelf space? Unquestionably, this landmark treatise remains an essential guide for commercial litigators and in-house counsel alike. The addition of the new …


How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman Nov 2018

How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman

William & Mary Business Law Review

By now, almost every business has an Internet presence. What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in the universe of Internet businesses? What potential risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise?

This Article discusses the relevant annual report disclosures from Alphabet, Inc. (parent of Google), along with other Google documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from Alphabet’s (Google) regulatory filings. My additions about these entities include weaving their disclosure materials into a logical presentation …


Collective Shout's Victory Against Sexpo: A Win For Children's Rights, Caitlin Roper Nov 2018

Collective Shout's Victory Against Sexpo: A Win For Children's Rights, Caitlin Roper

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

This report is an account of the legal battle between Australian grassroots campaigning movement Collective Shout and Sexpo, the annual sex industry exhibition. Sexpo brought a lawsuit against Collective Shout after their campaign against Sexpo’s promotion of live-streamed porn shows on public buses servicing school routes. In April 2018, Sexpo’s application was dismissed, with Sexpo ordered to pay Collective Shout’s legal costs.


Intellectual Property In Experience, Madhavi Sunder Nov 2018

Intellectual Property In Experience, Madhavi Sunder

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In today’s economy, consumers demand experiences. From Star Wars to Harry Potter, fans do not just want to watch or read about their favorite characters— they want to be them. They don the robes of Gryffindor, flick their wands, and drink the butterbeer. The owners of fantasy properties understand this, expanding their offerings from light sabers to the Galaxy’s Edge®, the new Disney Star Wars immersive theme park opening in 2019.

Since Star Wars, Congress and the courts have abetted what is now a $262 billion-a-year industry in merchandising, fashioning “merchandising rights” appurtenant to copyrights and trademarks that …


Law School News: Bailey And Kilpatrick Join Rwu School Of Law Board 11/01/2018, Edward Fitzpatrick Nov 2018

Law School News: Bailey And Kilpatrick Join Rwu School Of Law Board 11/01/2018, Edward Fitzpatrick

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Law School News: Does Indictment Mean Correia Will Likely Be Forced To Resign? Law School Dean Says 'Wait A Week' 10/17/2018, Michael Holtzman, Roger Williams University School Of Law Oct 2018

Law School News: Does Indictment Mean Correia Will Likely Be Forced To Resign? Law School Dean Says 'Wait A Week' 10/17/2018, Michael Holtzman, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


International Dispute Resolution: International Commercial Arbitration: 2018-19, Hugh Meighen Oct 2018

International Dispute Resolution: International Commercial Arbitration: 2018-19, Hugh Meighen

Osgoode Course Casebooks

Course number: 3007D.03


Transparency In Corporate Groups, Jay Lawrence Westbrook Oct 2018

Transparency In Corporate Groups, Jay Lawrence Westbrook

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

This Article addresses a remarkable blind spot in American law: the failure to apply the well-established principles of secured credit to prevent inefficiency, confusion, and fraud in the manipulation of the webs of subsidiaries within corporate groups. In particular, “asset partitioning” has been a fashionable subject in which the central problem of non-transparency has been often mentioned but little addressed. This Article offers a concept for a new system of corporate disclosure for the benefit of creditors and other stakeholders. It would require disclosure of corporate structures and allocations of assets among affiliates to the extent the affiliates are to …


Bankruptcy Fiduciary Duties In The World Of Claims Trading, John A. E. Pottow Oct 2018

Bankruptcy Fiduciary Duties In The World Of Claims Trading, John A. E. Pottow

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

In earlier work, I explored the role of fiduciary duties in the bankruptcy trustee’s administration of a debtor’s estate, noting the absence of any explicit demarcation of those duties in the Bankruptcy Code. In this piece, I report the highlights of that analysis and see to what extent (if any) fiduciary duties can inform policy prescriptions for the issue of bankruptcy claims trading, colorfully referred to by some as the world of “bankruptcy M&A.” My initial take is pessimistic. Fiduciary duties, at least as traditionally conceived in bankruptcy, are unlikely to provide much help. But there is still a source …


In Consumer Protection We Trust? Re-Thinking The Legal Framework For Country Of Origin Cases, Shmuel I. Becher, Jessica C. Lai Oct 2018

In Consumer Protection We Trust? Re-Thinking The Legal Framework For Country Of Origin Cases, Shmuel I. Becher, Jessica C. Lai

San Diego Law Review

Markets are becoming more complicated in an ever faster changing world. New findings pertaining to human behavior and consumer markets constantly challenge traditional legal and policy assumptions. Social science offers a myriad of insights into the ways trust, identity, ideology, and preferences interact and impact one another. Against this background, the need to advance a nuanced legal framework is increasingly vital.

Consumer law policy requires an interdisciplinary and holistic approach. Recent scholarship has acknowledged this need, proposing novel ways to enrich the academic discourse and develop consumer law policy. Along these lines, a growing body of literature examines how notions …


Traceable Shares And Corporate Law, George S. Geis Oct 2018

Traceable Shares And Corporate Law, George S. Geis

Northwestern University Law Review

A healthy system of shareholder voting is crucial for any regime of corporate law. The proper allocation of governance power is subject to debate, of course, but the fitness of the underlying mechanism used to stuff the ballot boxes should concern everyone. Proponents of shareholder power, for instance, cannot argue for greater control if the legitimacy of the resulting tallies is suspect. And those who advocate for board deference do so on the bedrock of authority that reliable shareholder elections supposedly confer.

Unfortunately, our trust in the corporate franchise was forged during an era that predates modern complexities in the …


Corporate Distress, Credit Default Swaps, And Defaults: Information And Traditional, Contingent, And Empty Creditors, Henry T. C. Hu Oct 2018

Corporate Distress, Credit Default Swaps, And Defaults: Information And Traditional, Contingent, And Empty Creditors, Henry T. C. Hu

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

Federal securities law seeks to ensure the quality and quantity of information that corporations make publicly available. Informational asymmetries associated with companies in financial distress, but not in bankruptcy, have received little attention. This Article explores some important asymmetries in this context that are curious in their origin, nature, and impact. The asymmetries are especially curious because of the impact of a world with credit default swaps (CDS) and CDS-driven debt “decoupling.” The Article explores two categories of asymmetries. The first relates to information on the company itself. Here, the Article suggests there is fresh evidence for the belief that …


Pengawasan E Commerce Dalam Undang-Undang Perdagangan Dan Undang-Undang Perlindungan Konsumen, Deky Pariadi Sep 2018

Pengawasan E Commerce Dalam Undang-Undang Perdagangan Dan Undang-Undang Perlindungan Konsumen, Deky Pariadi

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

E-commerce started to expand significantly when the internet was introduced. Internet makes trade transactions no longer sees the boundaries of the country. The number of ease in accessing the internet makes consumer of e-commerce increased, some of the reasons, among others, is a practical, easy payment systems, efficiency of time and the many attractive promo price of online businesses. But reversed all the convenience and benefits offered, also arises concerns about online corporate responsibility to the consumer e-commerce because so many companies online. Act No. 7 of 2014 on Trade (Commerce Act) and Law No. 8 of 1999 on Consumer …


"Distinctive Sounds": A Critique Of The Transformative Fair Use Test In Practice And The Need For A New Music Fair Use Exception, Kristin Bateman Sep 2018

"Distinctive Sounds": A Critique Of The Transformative Fair Use Test In Practice And The Need For A New Music Fair Use Exception, Kristin Bateman

Seattle University Law Review

The Constitution gives Congress the power “[t]o promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts,” resulting in our modern regime of patent, trademark, and copyright law. Over time, however, this artistic tradition of copying has collided with more modern concepts of intellectual property rights, especially copyright protections. The advent of the internet as well as state-of-the-art recording and mixing software has vastly increased opportunities to copy, remix, sample, parody, and otherwise alter the work of other artists, particularly musicians. More than twenty years after Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, transformative fair use has become the predominant test courts have used to …


Female Entrepreneurs And Equity Crowdfunding In The Us: Receiving Less When Asking For More, Seth C. Oranburg, Mark Geiger Sep 2018

Female Entrepreneurs And Equity Crowdfunding In The Us: Receiving Less When Asking For More, Seth C. Oranburg, Mark Geiger

Law Faculty Scholarship

In this paper, we explore the relationship between gender and funding raised through equity crowdfunding. Using data collected from the population of US equity crowdfunding campaigns, we find that campaigns receive significantly less funding when the primary signatory is female. Furthermore, we explore interactions between gender and a campaign's funding target. The results suggest that campaigns raise significantly less funding, as the target amount increases, when the primary signatory is female. These results are the first to suggest a relationship between gender and funding among the population of US equity crowdfunding campaigns. Implications and future directions are discussed.


Guidelines And Best Practices For Large And Mass-Tort Mdls (Second Edition), Bolch Judicial Institute Sep 2018

Guidelines And Best Practices For Large And Mass-Tort Mdls (Second Edition), Bolch Judicial Institute

Bolch Judicial Institute Publications

Mass-tort MDLs dominate the federal civil docket, yet they present enormous challenges to transferee judges assigned to manage them. There is little official guidance and no rules specific to the management of mass-tort MDLs, often requiring the transferee judge to develop procedures out of whole cloth.

Beginning in 2013, the Bolch Judicial Institute (then the Center for Judicial Studies) sought to address this issue through a series of annual bench-bar conferences. From these conferences came the Guidelines and Best Practices for Large and Mass-Tort MDLs document — now in its Second Edition — which is designed to help judges and …


Board Independence As A Panacea To Tunnelling? An Empirical Study Of Related Party Transactions In Hong Kong And Singapore, Christopher C. H. Chen, Wai Yee Wan, Wei Zhang Sep 2018

Board Independence As A Panacea To Tunnelling? An Empirical Study Of Related Party Transactions In Hong Kong And Singapore, Christopher C. H. Chen, Wai Yee Wan, Wei Zhang

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

In this article, we examine a general question: is the legal transplantation of corporate governance rule effective in curtailing agency costs? Entering into the 21st century, we have seen reforms of corporate governance standards in the Far East since the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997, including in Hong Kong and Singapore. These reforms built on the Anglo-American model of corporate governance in the UK and US supported by broad academic literature of connecting better corporate governance with firm value and identifying the association of tunneling or wrongdoings with poor corporate governance practices. The idea is also to provide more checks-and-balances …


Commercial Litigation In New York State Courts (Robert L. Haig, Editor-In-Chief), Joseph P. Sullivan Aug 2018

Commercial Litigation In New York State Courts (Robert L. Haig, Editor-In-Chief), Joseph P. Sullivan

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Emerging Balinese Franchised City Hotels In Legal Contexts: Toward Model Provisions Of Local Government Regulation And A Self-Regulation Framework, Ni Ketut Supasti Dharmawan, Made Suksma Prinjandhini Salain, Benjamin Hallewell Aug 2018

Emerging Balinese Franchised City Hotels In Legal Contexts: Toward Model Provisions Of Local Government Regulation And A Self-Regulation Framework, Ni Ketut Supasti Dharmawan, Made Suksma Prinjandhini Salain, Benjamin Hallewell

Indonesia Law Review

The existence of traditionally managed Balinese city hotels is increasingly threatened by the presence of chain hotels, which are internationally managed with an excellent standard of hotel hospitality. In a commercial context, franchised hotels benefit the franchisor, franchisee, and consumers in terms of the quality of hotel standardization and reputation. Still, such hotels remain incomparable to the Balinese city hotels managed traditionally by family owners. In the legal context, the emergence of various types of modern franchised city hotels in Bali is influenced by suitable laws and policies, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement with one of its …


Between Power Politics And International Economic Law: Asian Regionalism, The Trans-Pacific Partnership And U.S.-China Trade Relations, Jiangyu Wang Aug 2018

Between Power Politics And International Economic Law: Asian Regionalism, The Trans-Pacific Partnership And U.S.-China Trade Relations, Jiangyu Wang

Pace International Law Review

This Article examines the interactions of power politics and international economic law in the development of regionalism in Asia, particularly in the context of United States-China trade relations. It argues that the process of regional economic integration in Asia has been slow-moving because of the politicization of regionalism by power rivalries. China’s initial regional integration initiatives apparently ignored the United States, a superpower which has always been a major player in Asia and an indispensable part of the region’s economic process. The United States-led Trans-Pacific Partnership was allegedly designed to exclude China, Asia’s largest economy. On the other hand, the …


Cisg Article 79: Exemption Of Performance, And Adaptation Of Contract Through Interpretation Of Reasonableness-Full Of Sound And Fury, But Signifying Something, Yasutoshi Ishida Aug 2018

Cisg Article 79: Exemption Of Performance, And Adaptation Of Contract Through Interpretation Of Reasonableness-Full Of Sound And Fury, But Signifying Something, Yasutoshi Ishida

Pace International Law Review

Article 79 of the CISG provides that “[a] party is not liable for a failure to perform any of his obligations” if the party has encountered a certain impediment defined therein. It was once depicted as “the Convention’s least successful part of the half-century of work.” It has been thirty years since the CISG took effect. However, the interpretation of Article 79 is as old and unsuccessful as ever. For one thing, it has long been interpreted against our intuition, not to exempt a party from specific performance claims. For another, the controversy has long continued unsettled over whether a …