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Full-Text Articles in Law

Stock Market Futurism, Merritt Fox, Gabriel Rauterberg Jul 2017

Stock Market Futurism, Merritt Fox, Gabriel Rauterberg

Articles

The U.S. stock market is undergoing extraordinary upheaval. The approval of the application of the Investors Exchange (IEX) to become the nation's newest stock exchange, including its famous "speed bump," was one of the SEC's most controversial decisions in decades. Other exchanges have proposed a raft of new innovations in its wake. This evolving equity market is a critical piece of national infrastructure, but the regulatory scheme for its institutions is increasingly frayed. In particular, current regulation draws sharp distinctions among different kinds of markets for trading stocks, treating stock exchanges as self-regulatory organizations immune from private civil litigation, while …


Remedial Restraint In Administrative Law, Nicholas Bagley Apr 2017

Remedial Restraint In Administrative Law, Nicholas Bagley

Articles

When a court determines that an agency action violates the Administrative Procedure Act, the conventional remedy is to invalidate the action and remand to the agency. Only rarely do the courts entertain the possibility of holding agency errors harmless. The courts’ strict approach to error holds some appeal: Better a hard rule that encourages procedural fastidiousness than a remedial standard that might tempt agencies to cut corners. But the benefits of this rule-bound approach are more elusive, and the costs much larger, than is commonly assumed. Across a wide range of cases, the reflexive invalidation of agency action appears wildly …


Supervising Outsourcing: The Need For Better Design Of Blended Governance, Nina A. Mendelson Apr 2017

Supervising Outsourcing: The Need For Better Design Of Blended Governance, Nina A. Mendelson

Book Chapters

We are long past the “vending machine”-style privatization of government functions – where the government contracts to buy a discrete product or service at a set price, whether aircraft components or landscaping. Government is increasingly enlisting, or collaborating with, private entities for functions long perceived as distinctly public. Private entities may make policy explicitly (through standards that agencies later adopt) or implicitly (through the third party verification of compliance with regulatory objectives). For example, the Department of Health and Human Services relies on the recommendations of an American Medical Association committee of specialist physicians to establish Medicare physician payments, while …


The Administrative State In America, William J. Novak Jan 2017

The Administrative State In America, William J. Novak

Book Chapters

The purpose of this contribution is to examine the idea of the Continental State in a common-law context. To that effect, the focus of this essay is the American state. Typically, in comparing the American regime to the Continental idea of the state, much has been made of a so-called tradition of ‘American exceptionalism’. Alexis de Tocqueville perhaps started this trend when he observed in the United States distinctive qualities of individualism, associationalism, localism, and decentralization, but not many inklings of a modern state. ‘The federal government of the United States’, he mistakenly surmised in the early nineteenth century, ‘is …


The Sec's Shift To Administrative Proceedings: An Empirical Assessment, Stephen J. Choi, Adam C. Prichard Jan 2017

The Sec's Shift To Administrative Proceedings: An Empirical Assessment, Stephen J. Choi, Adam C. Prichard

Articles

Congress has repeatedly expanded the authority of the SEC to pursue violations of securities laws in proceedings adjudicated by the SEC's own administrative law judges, most recently through the Dodd-Frank Act. We report the results from an empirical study of SEC enforcement actions against non-financial public companies to assess the impact of the Dodd-Frank Act on the balance between civil court and administrative enforcement actions. We show a general decline in the number of court actions and an increase in the number of administrative proceedings post-Dodd-Frank. At the same time, we show an increase in average civil penalties post-Dodd-Frank for …


Putting The 'Public' In Public Administration: The Rise Of The Public Utility Idea, William J. Novak Jan 2017

Putting The 'Public' In Public Administration: The Rise Of The Public Utility Idea, William J. Novak

Book Chapters

From the perspective of American legal history, one of the most important and lasting themes in the work of Jerry L. Mashaw is his definitive establishment of the long and deep historical origins of American administrative law and the administrative state. Mashaw's remarkable charting of “The Lost One Hundred Years of American Administrative Law” is a monumental achievement that forever alters the established chronology and history of the administrative regulatory state in the USA. Through his emphasis on what Bruce Wyman dubbed the “internal law” of administration, Mashaw identified a new route into a previously undiscovered (or at least underacknowledged) …