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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Finding A Fair Land Dispute Settlement Mechanism Between Adat Law Community Vs. Investor, Ratih Lestarini Dec 2016

Finding A Fair Land Dispute Settlement Mechanism Between Adat Law Community Vs. Investor, Ratih Lestarini

Indonesia Law Review

Land utilization for investment in local areas raises various land related problems that ends with conflicts within the community. A conflict that occurs, usually begins with the management of communal land “tanah ulayat” within the adat law community environment, and in this case, land utilization that is managed by the third party (investors). The basic problem is the difference of perception and expectations toward the company that exists in the land which is claimed by the community. Both parties have their own claim on the land based on each legal systems, in this situation adat law or local law faced …


Diskresi Kepolisian Dalam Penanganan Konflik Sosial : Kedudukan Peraturan Internal Kepolisian Dalam Penanganan Konflik Di Dalam Peraturan Perundangundangan, Eva Zulfa, Sri B. Praptadina Dec 2016

Diskresi Kepolisian Dalam Penanganan Konflik Sosial : Kedudukan Peraturan Internal Kepolisian Dalam Penanganan Konflik Di Dalam Peraturan Perundangundangan, Eva Zulfa, Sri B. Praptadina

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The use of discretion as a means of handling and settlement of a dispute society, let alone carried out by law enforcement is essentially a matter of policy as authorized by law to officials. How discretion possessed by the police in handling conflicts in society. In reality discretion in many forms. One is through edicts Chief of Indonesian Police Central Sulawesi number NAK / 04 / I / 2013 on the prohibition of carrying weapons and other dangerous objects. Regional Leadership kemuadian issued edicts Chief of Indonesian Police Central Sulawesi number NAK / 04 / I / 2013 on the …


The Challenge Of Regulatory Excellence, Cary Coglianese Dec 2016

The Challenge Of Regulatory Excellence, Cary Coglianese

All Faculty Scholarship

Regulation is a high-stakes enterprise marked by tremendous challenges and relentless public pressure. Regulators are expected to protect the public from harms associated with economic activity and technological change without unduly impeding economic growth or efficiency. Regulators today also face new demands, such as adapting to rapidly changing and complex financial instruments, the emergence of the sharing economy, and the potential hazards of synthetic biology and other innovations. Faced with these challenges, regulators need a lodestar for what constitutes high-quality regulation and guidance on how to improve their organizations’ performance. In the book Achieving Regulatory Excellence, leading regulatory experts …


Default License Revocation In California Administrative Law, Jacob Reinhardt Dec 2016

Default License Revocation In California Administrative Law, Jacob Reinhardt

Golden Gate University Law Review

This article will examine default license revocation in California and the extremely difficult process for overturning such a determination. In Part I, the article will provide background information regarding the principles of notice and default. Part II will continue with a chronological examination of the administrative set aside process, noting recommendations for improvements that can be made at each stage. Part II will be divided into three sections: A) the timelines and service procedures used in license disciplinary actions; B) how administrative set aside requests are decided at the agency level; and C) judicial review of the agency’s decision. Finally, …


The Clean Water Rule: What It Is And Why It Needs To Go, Charles C. Davis, Iii Dec 2016

The Clean Water Rule: What It Is And Why It Needs To Go, Charles C. Davis, Iii

Journal of Legislation

No abstract provided.


Artificial Intelligence And The Administrative State, Mariano-Florentino Cuellar Dec 2016

Artificial Intelligence And The Administrative State, Mariano-Florentino Cuellar

The Regulatory Review in Depth

No abstract provided.


Climate Change Impacts On Municipal Negligence Liability In Rhode Island, Manta Dircks Dec 2016

Climate Change Impacts On Municipal Negligence Liability In Rhode Island, Manta Dircks

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

No abstract provided.


Considerations For Co-Location Of Aquaculture And Ocean Energy Facilities, Clare M. Harmon Dec 2016

Considerations For Co-Location Of Aquaculture And Ocean Energy Facilities, Clare M. Harmon

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

No abstract provided.


The Choice Is (Not) Yours: Why The Sec Must Further Amend Its Rules Of Practice To Increase Fairness In Administrative Proceedings, Madeline Ilibassi Dec 2016

The Choice Is (Not) Yours: Why The Sec Must Further Amend Its Rules Of Practice To Increase Fairness In Administrative Proceedings, Madeline Ilibassi

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) plays an extremely important role within the securities industry—it oversees the financial markets, protects consumers, and maintains market efficiency. One of the most important (and recently one of most criticized) responsibilities of the SEC is its duty to enforce the securities laws and punish violators. During the past two decades, and especially after the implementation of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010, the SEC’s Division of Enforcement has grown substantially and has utilized administrative enforcement proceedings at an increasing rate. However; this utilization has been occurring without any substantial …


Case Note: Jacobs V Save Beeliar Wetlands (Inc), Phillip Paul Dec 2016

Case Note: Jacobs V Save Beeliar Wetlands (Inc), Phillip Paul

The University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Question Concerning Technology In Compliance, Sean J. Griffith Dec 2016

The Question Concerning Technology In Compliance, Sean J. Griffith

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

In this symposium Essay, I apply insights from philosophy and psychology to argue that modes of achieving compliance that focus on technology undermine, and are undermined by, modes of achieving compliance that focus on culture. Insisting on both may mean succeeding at neither. How an organization resolves this apparent contradiction in program design, like the broader question of optimal corporate governance arrangements, is highly idiosyncratic. Firms should therefore be accorded maximum freedom in designing their compliance programs, rather than being forced by enforcement authorities into a set of de facto mandatory compliance structures.


The Cybersecurity Threat: Compliance And The Role Of Whistleblowers, Jennifer M. Pacella Dec 2016

The Cybersecurity Threat: Compliance And The Role Of Whistleblowers, Jennifer M. Pacella

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

In today’s technologically dependent world, concerns about cybersecurity, data breaches, and compromised personal information infiltrate the news almost daily. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently emerged as a regulator that is keenly focused on cybersecurity, specifically with respect to encouraging disclosures in this arena by regulated entities. Although the SEC has issued non-binding “guidance” to help companies navigate their reporting obligations in this sector, the agency lacks binding cybersecurity disclosure regulations as they pertain generally to public companies. Given that the SEC has already relied on such guidance in threatening enforcement actions, reporting companies are increasingly pressured for …


Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard Dec 2016

Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) appears to be on the verge of requiring investment advisers to undergo third party examinations. One justification for the rulemaking is that the Commission lacks sufficient resources to examine advisers frequently enough. Another is to create indirectly a self-regulatory organization (SRO) for investments advisers. Both may leave a rulemaking particularly vulnerable to challenge as arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedures Act. This Article considers three novel grounds on which a rulemaking may be successfully challenged. Congress has repeatedly rejected SEC requests to provide additional funding for examinations or to create an …


Like A Bad Neighbor, Hackers Are There: The Need For Data Security Legislation And Cyber Insurance In Light Of Increasing Ftc Enforcement Actions, Jennifer Gordon Dec 2016

Like A Bad Neighbor, Hackers Are There: The Need For Data Security Legislation And Cyber Insurance In Light Of Increasing Ftc Enforcement Actions, Jennifer Gordon

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

Privacy has come to the forefront of the technology world as third party hackers are constantly attacking companies for their customers’ data. With increasing instances of compromised customer information, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has been bringing suit against companies for inadequate data security procedures. The FTC’s newfound authority to bring suit regarding cybersecurity breaches, based on the Third Circuit’s decision in FTC v. Wyndham Worldwide Corp., is a result of inaction—Congress has been unable to pass sufficient cybersecurity legislation, causing the FTC to step in and fill the void in regulation. In the absence of congressional action, this self-proclaimed …


Policing As Administration, Christopher Slobogin Dec 2016

Policing As Administration, Christopher Slobogin

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

Police agencies should be governed by the same administrative principles that govern other agencies. This simple precept would have significant implications for regulation of police work, in particular the type of suspicionless, group searches and seizures that have been the subject of the Supreme Court's special needs jurisprudence (practices that this Article calls "panvasive"). Under administrative law principles, when police agencies create statute-like policies that are aimed at largely innocent categories of actors-as they do when administering roadblocks, inspection regimes, drug testing programs, DNA sampling programs, and data collection-they should have to engage in notice-and-comment rulemaking or a similar democratically …


Fair Or Foul?: Sec Administrative Proceedings And Prospects For Reform Through Removal Legislation, Joseph A. Grundfest Dec 2016

Fair Or Foul?: Sec Administrative Proceedings And Prospects For Reform Through Removal Legislation, Joseph A. Grundfest

Fordham Law Review

This Article catalogues the long list of criticisms of the Commission’s administrative proceedings. It also evaluates data describing the outcome of litigated matters and finds that, with the exception of insider trading cases, the Commission has an exceptionally high and statistically indistinguishable record of success in administrative and federal court proceedings alike. The data thus seem not to support the view that the Commission has a generalized home-court advantage in administrative proceedings. Nonetheless, the Commission’s virtually unfettered discretion in forum selection decisions, when it can assign cases to a forum that it controls, raises a plethora of institutional design concerns.


Now Is The Time!: Challenging Resegregation And Displacement In The Age Of Hypergentrification, Bethany Y. Li Dec 2016

Now Is The Time!: Challenging Resegregation And Displacement In The Age Of Hypergentrification, Bethany Y. Li

Fordham Law Review

Gentrification is reaching a tipping point of resegregating urban space in global cities like New York and San Francisco, often spurred by seemingly neutral government policies. The displacement resulting from gentrification forces low-income people from their homes into areas of concentrated poverty. Low-income communities consequently lose space, place, social capital, and cultural wealth that residents and small businesses have spent decades building up. This Article argues that communities at this tipping point must integrate litigation strategies directly aimed at stemming the adverse impacts of gentrification. Community organizing is integral to antidisplacement efforts, but litigation—and its injunctive powers—should play a larger …


Who Controls Immigration Judges?: Towards A Multi-Institutional Model Of Administration Judge Behavior, Mark Richard Beougher Dec 2016

Who Controls Immigration Judges?: Towards A Multi-Institutional Model Of Administration Judge Behavior, Mark Richard Beougher

Dissertations

Numerous studies have shown dramatic variations in the rates that immigration judges grant asylum. What these studies have failed to adequately explain as of yet is why? In attempting to understand the behavior of immigration judges in asylum cases, scholars have generally taken one of two approaches, either examining immigration judge behavior through top-down bureaucratic models or with models developed through the study of the judiciary. From these studies we have learned that similarly situated asylum applicants have different chances of success based merely on the ideological leanings of the judge who decides their case. We also have learned that …


Playing Off-Key: Trans-Atlantic Data Regulation In A Discordant World, Jennifer L. Bauer Dec 2016

Playing Off-Key: Trans-Atlantic Data Regulation In A Discordant World, Jennifer L. Bauer

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Effective Social Media Use By Law Enforcement Agencies: A Case Study Approach To Quantifying And Improving Efficacy And Developing Agency Best Practices, David T. Snively Dec 2016

Effective Social Media Use By Law Enforcement Agencies: A Case Study Approach To Quantifying And Improving Efficacy And Developing Agency Best Practices, David T. Snively

Master of Public Administration Practicums

In the wake of protests against law enforcement for an array of reasons, law enforcement officers and agencies have a responsibility to recognize and utilize the available mediums of communication with which they may best develop a connection to the communities they serve. Furthermore, law enforcement agencies must be informed that established, traditional methods of news dissemination – such as press conferences and printed articles – are now both ineffective and under-utilized, replaced in large part by social media live-time reports. For that reason, law enforcement agency executives must address both the responsibility to provide appropriately timed updates to critical …


Administrative Law, Jennifer B. Alewine, Courtney E. Ferrell, Erin G. Watstein Dec 2016

Administrative Law, Jennifer B. Alewine, Courtney E. Ferrell, Erin G. Watstein

Mercer Law Review

This Article surveys cases from the Georgia Supreme Court and the Georgia Court of Appeals from June 1, 2015 to May 31, 2016, in which principles of administrative law were a central focus of the case.' Exhaustion of administrative remedies will be the first topic discussed, to be followed by standard of review of an agency decision, then on to statutory construction, with sovereign immunity and discretionary appeals to follow, and the article will conclude with a brief review of enactments from the 2016 regular session of the Georgia General Assembly.


Transparent Review Of Agency Immigration Decisions, Kyler Mccarty Nov 2016

Transparent Review Of Agency Immigration Decisions, Kyler Mccarty

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trademarks “Lanham Act” Foreign Registrants Need Not Allege Use In The United States And May Waive Filing Requirements Required For Domestic Applications (Scm Corporation V. Langis Foods, Ltd., D.C. Cir. 1976), John A. Cutler Nov 2016

Trademarks “Lanham Act” Foreign Registrants Need Not Allege Use In The United States And May Waive Filing Requirements Required For Domestic Applications (Scm Corporation V. Langis Foods, Ltd., D.C. Cir. 1976), John A. Cutler

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Trouble On The Exchanges — Does The United Owe Billions To Health Insurers?, Nicholas Bagley Nov 2016

Trouble On The Exchanges — Does The United Owe Billions To Health Insurers?, Nicholas Bagley

Articles

Yet another bruising fight has erupted over health care reform. On September 9, 2016, the Obama administration offered to open settlement negotiations with health insurers that have sued the United States to recover billions of dollars that they claim they are owed. Congressional Republicans are incensed, believing that any settlement would illegally squander taxpayer dollars in a lastgasp effort to save the Affordable Care Act (ACA).


Appeal No. 0933: Farolino Investments, Llc, Et Al., V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Nov 2016

Appeal No. 0933: Farolino Investments, Llc, Et Al., V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Permit to Plug and Abandon (Kowalski Unit#1 Well; GonzOil, Inc.)


The Constitution Of Agency Statutory Interpretation, Evan J. Criddle Nov 2016

The Constitution Of Agency Statutory Interpretation, Evan J. Criddle

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fixing Fair Use, Michael W. Carroll Nov 2016

Fixing Fair Use, Michael W. Carroll

Michael W. Carroll

The fair use doctrine in copyright law balances expressive freedoms by permitting one to use another’s copyrighted expression under certain circumstances. The doctrine’s extreme context-sensitivity renders it of little value to those who require reasonable ex ante certainty about the legality of a proposed use. In this Article, Professor Carroll advances a legislative proposal to create a Fair Use Board in the U.S. Copyright Office that would have power to declare a proposed use of another’s copyrighted work to be a fair use. Like a private letter ruling from the IRS or a “no action” letter from the SEC, a …


Independent Agencies In The United States: The Responsibilities Of Public Lawyers, Marshall J. Breger, Gary Edles Nov 2016

Independent Agencies In The United States: The Responsibilities Of Public Lawyers, Marshall J. Breger, Gary Edles

Gary Edles

Independent federal agencies occupy a special constitutional position in the governmental structure. Their stock-in-trade is the expert, apolitical resolution of regulatory issues. They are supposedly “independent” of the political will of the executive branch. Because most are multi-member organizations, they are also perceived as accommodating diverse views and able to prevent extreme outcomes through the compromise inherent in the process of collegial decision-making. But such a view is not universally held. A well known examination of such agencies in the 1930s described them uncharitably as a “headless ‘fourth branch’ of government, a haphazard deposit of irresponsible agencies and uncoordinated powers.” …


Designing Administrative Justice: Draft, Lorne Sossin Nov 2016

Designing Administrative Justice: Draft, Lorne Sossin

All Papers

This study explores the adaptation of design thinking to administrative justice. Design thinking – or human centred design – approaches services and products from the perspective of the user. This perspective too often is missing in the design of administrative tribunals, most of which have been developed top-down to serve the needs of a particular policy interest of the Government of the day.

This paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, I review the development of design thinking in the context of legal services and legal organizations. In the second part, I explore the implications of this …


Gridlock?, Josh Chafetz Nov 2016

Gridlock?, Josh Chafetz

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.