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2015

Comparative law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 43

Full-Text Articles in Law

Riio To Rev: What U.S. Power Reform Should Learn From The U.K., Heather Payne Nov 2015

Riio To Rev: What U.S. Power Reform Should Learn From The U.K., Heather Payne

Pace Law Review

After discussing the recent history of and need for regulatory reform in the U.K., this article will summarize the RIIO framework and analyze the three parts best suited for import into the regulatory frameworks of American states. Specifically, the article will evaluate how a performance-based framework with (1) longer rate cases, (2) proportionate assessment, and (3) a focus on total expenditures limiting regulatory asset value, should positively influence the U.S. regulatory landscape. While RIIO is only used for transmission and distribution in the U.K., there is a potential for its performance-based approach to be used in generation ...


Book Review Of "The Once And Future King: The Rise Of Crown Government In America" By F.H. Buckley, Ronald Rotunda Nov 2015

Book Review Of "The Once And Future King: The Rise Of Crown Government In America" By F.H. Buckley, Ronald Rotunda

Journal of Legal Education

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of "Natural Law In Court: A History Of Legal Theory In Practice" By R.H. Helmholz, Stuart Banner Nov 2015

Book Review Of "Natural Law In Court: A History Of Legal Theory In Practice" By R.H. Helmholz, Stuart Banner

Journal of Legal Education

No abstract provided.


Fairness At A Time Of Perplexity: The Civil Law Principle Of Fairness In The Court Of Justice Of The European Union, Daniela Caruso Nov 2015

Fairness At A Time Of Perplexity: The Civil Law Principle Of Fairness In The Court Of Justice Of The European Union, Daniela Caruso

Faculty Scholarship

The general principle of fairness, recently articulated by the Court of Justice of the European Union in the context of consumer law, is bound to prompt ambivalent scholarly reactions. Fairness in private law could be dismissed as hopelessly indeterminate: yet another venue of judicial balancing, a technique already seen ad nauseam in Luxembourg, whereby lip service is paid to conflicting considerations, but no real solace can be found against regressive outcomes of law and policy choices. At the same time, the judicial articulation of a general principle of fairness in private law could be seen as a prompt for domestic ...


Protecting Identity By Ignoring It? A Critical Look At The French And Rwandan Paradoxes, Frédéric Mégret Oct 2015

Protecting Identity By Ignoring It? A Critical Look At The French And Rwandan Paradoxes, Frédéric Mégret

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article seeks to critically examine political and legal practices of "racial blindness" by comparing two countries that have most enthusiastically embraced it as an official policy and even ideology: France and Rwanda. By highlighting the differences but also the significant commonalities between the two, it seeks to dynamically emphasize their explicit and implicit construction of race and ethnicity The case for racial blindness is first presented in the terms in which it is largely understood in those countries, and taken seriously as an effort to deal with their unique legacies and political circumstances, notably as part of a desire ...


Bankruptcy For The Poor?, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Saul Schwartz Sep 2015

Bankruptcy For The Poor?, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Saul Schwartz

Stephanie Ben-Ishai

The conventional wisdom is that the poor are not heavy users of the insolvency system, because creditors are unwilling to take risks on the poor and because many of the poor are judgment-proof. However, credit is now widely available across the spectrum of income groups. In addition, poverty is often a temporary state for many Canadians; therefore, being judgment-proof is likewise temporary. Some of those who are poor at any point in time are in fact in need of bankruptcy protection. They have debts that they are unable to pay and little likelihood of being able to repay in the ...


The Greening Of Canadian Cyber Laws: What Environmental Law Can Teach And Cyber Law Can Learn, Sara Smyth Aug 2015

The Greening Of Canadian Cyber Laws: What Environmental Law Can Teach And Cyber Law Can Learn, Sara Smyth

Sara Smyth

This article examines whether Canadian environmental law and policy could serve as a model for cyber crime regulation. A wide variety of offences are now committed through digital technologies, including thievery, identity theft, fraud, the misdirection of communications, intellectual property theft, espionage, system disruption, the destruction of data, money laundering, hacktivism, and terrorism, among others. The focus of this Article is on the problem of data security breaches, which target businesses and consumers. Following the Introduction, Part I provides an overview of the parallels that can be drawn between threats in the natural environment and on the Internet. Both disciplines ...


All Things In Proportion - American Rights Review And The Problem Of Balancing, Jud Mathews, Alec Stone Sweet Aug 2015

All Things In Proportion - American Rights Review And The Problem Of Balancing, Jud Mathews, Alec Stone Sweet

Jud Mathews

This paper describes and evaluates the evolution of rights doctrines in the United States, focusing on the problem of balancing as a mode of rights adjudication. In the current Supreme Court, deep conflict over whether, when, and how courts balance is omnipresent. Elsewhere, we find that the world’s most powerful constitutional courts have embraced a stable, analytical procedure for balancing, known as proportionality. Today, proportionality analysis (PA) constitutes the defining doctrinal core of a transnational, rights-based constitutionalism. This Article critically examines alleged American exceptionalism, from the standpoint of comparative constitutional law and practice. Part II provides an overview of ...


Engines By Ge, Body By Houdini: State Secrets As A Procedural Restraint To The Resolution Of Disputes, Les Schiefelbein Aug 2015

Engines By Ge, Body By Houdini: State Secrets As A Procedural Restraint To The Resolution Of Disputes, Les Schiefelbein

Les Schiefelbein

Virtually every national government has a state secrets doctrine. The doctrine is best defined as “any information that, if disclosed publicly, would be reasonably likely to cause significant harm to the national defense or foreign relations of a government.”

Let me give state secrets some practical context and review how it is applied in the United Kingdom, the United States and France.

The best aviation description of my comments on state secrets is “Engines By GE, Body By Houdini.” The illusionist reference is an aviation descriptor of stealth airplanes whose invisibility to radar detection is like the state secret doctrine ...


Institutional Investors In Corporate Governance, Edward B. Rock Jul 2015

Institutional Investors In Corporate Governance, Edward B. Rock

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This chapter of the Oxford Handbook on Corporate Law and Governance examines the role of institutional investors in corporate governance and the role of regulation in encouraging institutional investors to become active stewards. I approach these topics through asking what lessons we can draw from the U.S. experience for the E.U.’s 2014 proposed amendments to the Shareholder Rights Directive.

I begin by defining the institutional investor category, and summarizing the growth of institutional investors’ equity holdings over time. I then briefly survey how institutional investors themselves are governed and how they organize share voting. This leads me ...


Rethinking The Context Of Hate Speech Regulation, Robert Kahn Jul 2015

Rethinking The Context Of Hate Speech Regulation, Robert Kahn

Robert Kahn

In this essay I review Michael Herz and Peter Molnar (eds.) The Content and Context of Hate Speech: Rethinking Regulation and Responses (Cambridge University Press 2012). As I show in the review, the Herz and Molnar volume advances our understanding of comparative hate speech regulation in three ways. First, the essays suggest that local context has a role to play in understanding, assessing, and applying hate speech regulations, even in an age when online hate speech is pressuring states and regions to reach common solutions to these problems. Second, the essays rebut the commonly held premise that the United States ...


Manning The Courthouse Gates: Pleadings, Jurisdiction, And The Nation-State, Margaret Y.K. Woo Jul 2015

Manning The Courthouse Gates: Pleadings, Jurisdiction, And The Nation-State, Margaret Y.K. Woo

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell, Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Michael Wallace Gordon Jun 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell, Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Michael Wallace Gordon

Paolo G. Carozza

An introduction to comparative law written from the American lawyer’s viewpoint rather than that of the European civil law lawyer. This expert discussion concentrates on the three major legal traditions of the West: civil, common, and socialist. Subjects covered include legal structures in civil law nations; legal actors in civil law tradition; procedure; substantive law; sources of law; judicial process; and rules. Also contains chapters on the European Union and the European human rights system.


Reputational Privacy And The Internet: A Matter For Law?, Elizabeth Anne Kirley May 2015

Reputational Privacy And The Internet: A Matter For Law?, Elizabeth Anne Kirley

PhD Dissertations

Reputation - we all have one. We do not completely comprehend its workings and are mostly unaware of its import until it is gone. When we lose it, our traditional laws of defamation, privacy, and breach of confidence rarely deliver the vindication and respite we seek due, primarily, to legal systems that cobble new media methods of personal injury onto pre-Internet laws. This dissertation conducts an exploratory study of the relevance of law to loss of individual reputation perpetuated on the Internet. It deals with three interrelated concepts: reputation, privacy, and memory. They are related in that the increasing lack of ...


Religious Rights In Historical, Theoretical And International Context: Hobby Lobby As A Jurisprudential Anomaly, S. I. Strong May 2015

Religious Rights In Historical, Theoretical And International Context: Hobby Lobby As A Jurisprudential Anomaly, S. I. Strong

Faculty Publications

The United States has a long and complicated history concerning religious rights, and the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., has done little to clear up the jurisprudence in this field. Although the decision will doubtless generate a great deal of commentary as a matter of constitutional and statutory law, the better approach is to consider whether and to what extent the majority and dissenting opinions reflect the fundamental principles of religious liberty. Only in that context can the merits of such a novel decision be evaluated free from political and other ...


Foreign Precedent In State Const Interpretation, Jonathan L. Marshfield Apr 2015

Foreign Precedent In State Const Interpretation, Jonathan L. Marshfield

Jonathan Marshfield

Americans are rightly proud that they created the first successful written constitutions. But constitutionalism is now an international phenomenon. Since the United States Constitution was ratified, there have been an estimated 879 constitutional systems adopted around the world. Some failed quickly, but others have endured and helped to stabilize volatile societies. Constitutionalism now has a rich international history, and the United States is one of many countries with a proud and meaningful constitutional tradition. It is not surprising, therefore, that American courts are sometimes caught “peeking abroad” to see what they might glean from other constitutional systems


Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker Apr 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker

Paolo G. Carozza

An introduction to comparative law written from the American lawyer’s viewpoint rather than that of the European civil law lawyer. This expert discussion concentrates on the three major legal traditions of the West: civil, common, and socialist. Subjects covered include legal structures in civil law nations; legal actors in civil law tradition; procedure; substantive law; sources of law; judicial process; and rules. Also contains chapters on the European Union and the European human rights system.


Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials, And Cases On Western Law. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker Apr 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials, And Cases On Western Law. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker

Paolo G. Carozza

This new edition includes some significant revisions since the last edition was published in 1994. The new edition includes: A greater emphasis on Public Law in the Continental and Common law traditions; More coverage of the impact of the regional European law (EC EU and ECHR) on the legal traditions;Some updated Problems (including one concerning Mixed Jurisdictions); and Numerous updates to the Common Law Tradition materials in light of the many significant reforms in England over the last ten years.


Book Review: Private International Law In English Courts, S. I. Strong Apr 2015

Book Review: Private International Law In English Courts, S. I. Strong

Faculty Publications

Although debates about cooperation versus competition make for good scholarly fodder, this issue actually has an important practical component, as demonstrated by Professor Adrian Briggs of the University of Oxford in his masterful new book, Private International Law in English Courts. Like all truly superlative texts, Professor Briggs's book is deceptively accessible. The prose is not only elegant and eloquent, it is peppered with the dry wit one would expect from an Oxford don.


The Age Of ‘Depoliticisation’ And ‘Dejuridification’ And Its ‘Logic Of Assembling’: An Essay Against The Instrumentalist Use Of Comparative Law’S Geopolitics, Luca Siliquini-Cinelli Apr 2015

The Age Of ‘Depoliticisation’ And ‘Dejuridification’ And Its ‘Logic Of Assembling’: An Essay Against The Instrumentalist Use Of Comparative Law’S Geopolitics, Luca Siliquini-Cinelli

Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review

While comparative law has become a key discipline, its instrumentalist use has turned out to be a powerful weapon: it is the ‘pen’ by which the identity of and differences in law’s geopolitics are continually written and rewritten. Given its attractive functionalist essence, comparative law is gaining increasing international credit as a way of developing newer theories of sovereignty and governance in a framework in which law is conceived of less as a set of rules and more as a symbolic vestimentum of global soft power. The present contribution critically investigates the relationship between distortive views of comparative law ...


Comparative Environmental Constitutionalism, Erin Daly, James May Mar 2015

Comparative Environmental Constitutionalism, Erin Daly, James May

Erin Daly

As more and more countries around the globe are amending their constitutions to recognises environmental rights and duties relating to air, water, the use of natural resources, sustainability, climate change, and more, courts are increasingly engaging with these provisions and developing a common constitutional law of environmental rights. This article examines this growing jurisprudence and surveys the central axes around which debates about environmental constitutionalism revolve. First, we examine whether environmental rights are more suitably advanced at the international level or at the national level of constitutional law, as is increasingly the case; the former offers two alternatives—protecting the ...


Ending Female Genital Mutilation And Child Marriage In Tanzania, Lisa Avalos, Naima Farrell, Rebecca Stellato, Marc Werner Mar 2015

Ending Female Genital Mutilation And Child Marriage In Tanzania, Lisa Avalos, Naima Farrell, Rebecca Stellato, Marc Werner

Lisa Avalos

This article analyzes the intertwined practices of female genital mutilation, child marriage, domestic violence, and bride price in Tanzania. It argues that these different types of violence reinforce one another. Interventions must therefore address the problems together, as multiple manifestations of gender-based violence. The article makes recommendations for reform.


Removing The Distraction Of Delay, Jill E. Family Mar 2015

Removing The Distraction Of Delay, Jill E. Family

Jill E. Family

Immigration adjudication is in an awkward position. There is an intricate system to adjudicate immigration removal (deportation) cases, but that system is hindered by restrictions, and the constant threat of further restrictions, that reflect distaste for providing process to foreign nationals facing removal. There is a push and pull phenomenon, with immigration adjudication stretched uncomfortably in between two forces. On the one side, there is a push to apply common notions of due process to immigration removal cases, to push that the same concepts of procedural justice should apply in immigration cases as they would in any other context. On ...


Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophes In America, Christopher French Mar 2015

Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophes In America, Christopher French

Journal Articles

Flooding is the most common natural catastrophe Americans face, accounting for 90% of all damage caused by natural catastrophes. Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, for example, collectively caused over $160 billion in damage, but only approximately 10% of the Hurricane Katrina victims and 50% of the Hurricane Sandy victims had insurance to cover their flood losses. Consequently, both their homes and lives were left in ruins in the wake of the storms. Nationwide, only approximately 7% of homeowners have insurance that covers flood losses even though the risk of flooding is only increasing as coastal areas continue to be developed and ...


Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophies In America, Christopher French Feb 2015

Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophies In America, Christopher French

Christopher C. French

Flooding is the most common natural catastrophe Americans face, accounting for 90% of all damage caused by natural catastrophes. Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, for example, collectively caused over $160 billion in damage, but only approximately 10% of the Hurricane Katrina victims and 50% of the Hurricane Sandy victims had insurance to cover their flood losses. Consequently, both their homes and lives were left in ruins in the wake of the storms. Nationwide, only approximately 7% of homeowners have insurance that covers flood losses even though the risk of flooding is only increasing as coastal areas continue to be developed and ...


Rescuing Arbitration In The Developing World: The Extraordinary Case Of Georgia, Steven Austermiller Feb 2015

Rescuing Arbitration In The Developing World: The Extraordinary Case Of Georgia, Steven Austermiller

Steven Austermiller

The country of Georgia has a long and interesting history with arbitration. From “telephone justice” to the criminal underworld to legitimacy, Georgian arbitration has survived many iterations. Now, as Georgia begins the EU accession process, it has a new arbitration law that incorporates international norms. This article analyzes the law, explores how arbitration has been implemented thus far, and discusses some of the challenges that remain. Drawing on his U.S. practice experience in arbitration and his work managing legal reform programs in Georgia and other countries, the author recommends some important changes to Georgia’s new arbitration regime. A ...


Removing The Distraction Of Delay, Jill E. Family Feb 2015

Removing The Distraction Of Delay, Jill E. Family

Catholic University Law Review

Immigration adjudication is in an awkward position. There is an intricate system to adjudicate immigration removal (deportation) cases, but that system is hindered by restrictions, and the constant threat of further restrictions, that reflect distaste for providing process to foreign nationals facing removal. There is a push and pull phenomenon, with immigration adjudication stretched uncomfortably in between two forces. On the one side, there is a push to apply common notions of due process to immigration removal cases, to push that the same concepts of procedural justice should apply in immigration cases as they would in any other context. On ...


Proactive Cybersecurity: A Comparative Industry And Regulatory Analysis, Scott J. Shackelford, Amanda Craig, Janine Hiller Feb 2015

Proactive Cybersecurity: A Comparative Industry And Regulatory Analysis, Scott J. Shackelford, Amanda Craig, Janine Hiller

Scott Shackelford

This Article analyzes recent business realities and regulatory trends shaping the proactive cybersecurity industry. To provide a framework for our discussion, we begin by describing the historical development of the industry and how it has been shaped by the applicable law in the United States and other G8 nations. We then catalogue the proactive cybersecurity practices of more than twenty companies, focusing on four case studies that we consider in the context of polycentric “global security assemblages.” Finally, we assess the emergence of proactive cybersecurity norms, both within industry and international law, and consider the implications of this movement on ...


Originalism In Puerto Rico: Original Explication And Its Relation With Clear Text, Broad Purpose And Progressive Policy, Jorge Farinacci-Fernós Jan 2015

Originalism In Puerto Rico: Original Explication And Its Relation With Clear Text, Broad Purpose And Progressive Policy, Jorge Farinacci-Fernós

Jorge Farinacci-Fernós

Originalism is neither inherently conservative nor exclusive to the United States. Puerto Rico, a self-governing U.S. jurisdiction, has been using a particular form of originalism as its main methodological tool for constitutional interpretation and adjudication since 1952. Puerto Rican originalism has several key traits. First, it's politically progressive, due to the framers' explicit progressive agenda which is palpable from the historical sources. Second, their intent is empirically verifiable, due to the formality and transparency of constitutional creation that generated a formal and elaborate record. Third, the constitutional record is considered the authoritative source of constitutional meaning. Fourth, the ...


A Comparison Of Wisconsin And Minnesota Workers' Compensation Claims, Thomas M. Domer, Michael R. Johnson Jan 2015

A Comparison Of Wisconsin And Minnesota Workers' Compensation Claims, Thomas M. Domer, Michael R. Johnson

William Mitchell Law Review

No abstract provided.