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Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty Dec 2015

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty

Benjamin C McCarty

The drafters of the 1958 New York Convention intended Article V(2)(b) to be interpreted narrowly, and while most pro-arbitration national courts do maintain narrowly defined areas of public policy that are sufficient for refusal of the recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitral award, this is not always the case. Developing states and jurisdictions that maintain corrupt or inefficient judicial systems have shown a greater willingness to invoke the public policy exception for a broader, amorphous variety of reasons. This phenomenon has created a sense of unpredictability among international investors, arbitrators, and business executives as to the amount of deference …


Transplanting Contractual Terms: The Influence Of The Common Law In The Civil Law Of Contracts, A View From The Periphery, Dario Laguado Oct 2015

Transplanting Contractual Terms: The Influence Of The Common Law In The Civil Law Of Contracts, A View From The Periphery, Dario Laguado

Dario Laguado

This paper suggests a model of contractual innovation that takes into account the bottom-up transplant of legal devices from the core to the periphery. This model properly weighs the tension and differences between places of production and places of reception and the process of misreading that goes along with the transplant. It serves to explain the innovation that has been produced as a result of the influence of common law contracts in Colombia and South America. Evidence shows that this model can be generally applied to the process of transplantation in many jurisdictions around the world. The main features of …


Some Key Things Entrepreneurs Need To Know About The Law And Lawyers, Lawrence J. Trautman, Anthony Luppino, Malika S. Simmons Sep 2015

Some Key Things Entrepreneurs Need To Know About The Law And Lawyers, Lawrence J. Trautman, Anthony Luppino, Malika S. Simmons

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

New business formation is a powerful economic engine that creates jobs. Diverse legal issues are encountered as a start-up entity approaches formation, initial capitalization and fundraising, arrangements with employees and independent contractors, and relationships with other third parties. The endeavors of a typical start-up in the United States will likely implicate many of the following areas of law: intellectual property; business organizations; tax laws; employment and labor laws; securities regulation; contracts and licensing agreements; commercial sales; debtor-creditor relations; real estate law; health and safety laws/codes; permits and licenses; environmental protection; industry specific regulatory laws and approval processes; tort/personal injury, products …


Who Sits On Texas Corporate Boards? Texas Corporate Directors: Who They Are And What They Do, Lawrence J. Trautman Sep 2015

Who Sits On Texas Corporate Boards? Texas Corporate Directors: Who They Are And What They Do, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

Corporate directors play an important role in governing American business, in the capital formation process, and are fundamental to the stewardship of economic growth. Texas businesses play a disproportionately important role among the states in aggregate U.S. job creation, responsible for 37% of all net new American jobs since the post 2008-2009 recovery began. It is the job of the board of directors to govern the corporation. The duties and responsibilities of a corporate director include: the duty of care; duty of loyalty; and duty of good faith. This paper results from the author’s previously assembled biographical data for most …


Owning The New Economy: A Guide To Intellectual Property Management For Australia's Clean Technology Sector, Kane Wishart Sep 2015

Owning The New Economy: A Guide To Intellectual Property Management For Australia's Clean Technology Sector, Kane Wishart

Matthew Rimmer

Australia's history of developing and managing the intellectual property rights of domestic innovations is – at best – mixed. The relevant immaturity of Australia's public sector commercialisation infrastructure has, over recent decades, been the subject of both stinging academic commentary and not insubstantial juridical disbelief. That said, improvements have been observed, and increasingly, private sector involvement in public sector innovation has allowed for a deepening refinement of domestic approaches to IP retention and ongoing management. Rather than a bare critique of Australia's IP management track-record, or a call for specific law reform, this manual engages at a more practical level …


Users' Patronage: The Return Of The Gift In The "Crowd Society", Giancarlo F. Frosio Sep 2015

Users' Patronage: The Return Of The Gift In The "Crowd Society", Giancarlo F. Frosio

Giancarlo Francesco Frosio

In this work, I discuss the tension between gift and market economy throughout the history of creativity. For millennia, the production of creative artifacts has lain at the intersection between gift and market economy. From the time of Pindar and Simonides – and until the Romanticism will commence a process leading to the complete commodification of creative artifacts – market exchange models run parallel to gift exchange. From Roman amicitia to the medieval and Renaissance belief that “scientia donum dei est, unde vendi non potest,” creativity has been repeatedly construed as a gift. Again, at the time of the British …


E-Commerce, Cyber, And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman Aug 2015

E-Commerce, Cyber, And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

By now, almost without exception, every business has an internet presence, and is likely engaged in e-commerce. What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in e-commerce and electronic payment systems? What potential risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise? This article utilizes the relevant annual report disclosures from eBay (parent of PayPal), along with other eBay and PayPal documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from eBay’s regulatory filings. My additions include weaving these materials …


Contractual Option Interests And Capital Gains Tax In Nigeria, Dr Obayemi K. Olumide, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo, Tobi Michael Babalola Aug 2015

Contractual Option Interests And Capital Gains Tax In Nigeria, Dr Obayemi K. Olumide, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo, Tobi Michael Babalola

Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

Capital gains are the profits realized from the sale of chargeable assets at a price which exceeds and is higher than the purchase price, and so, when a capital asset is sold, the difference between the cost price (purchase price, including acquisition costs) and the sales price (selling costs) is a capital gain or a capital loss, because a taxpayer realizes a capital gain if sales price is higher than cost of sale, while the reverse is the case for a capital loss. While substantial revenue can be realized from capital gains tax (CGT), there are challenges facing CGT in …


Democratizing Startups, Seth C. Oranburg Aug 2015

Democratizing Startups, Seth C. Oranburg

Seth C Oranburg

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 intends to “help entrepreneurs raise the capital they need to put Americans back to work and create an economy that’s built to last.” The goal is to “democratize startups” by making capital available to diverse entrepreneurs in new geographies. Yet the net effect of securities regulations and market conditions is the opposite. Startup companies are encouraged to stay private so capital is consolidating in large, mature firms instead of recycling into new startups. Evidence of consolidation is that once-rare “Unicorns” (billion-dollar startups) now number over 111. More money is going into huge …


“El Principio De Causalidad Del Procedimiento Administrativo Sancionador Frente A Actos De Reorganización Societaria”, Jancarlos Jair Vega Lugo Aug 2015

“El Principio De Causalidad Del Procedimiento Administrativo Sancionador Frente A Actos De Reorganización Societaria”, Jancarlos Jair Vega Lugo

Jancarlos Jair Vega Lugo

El autor precisa la aplicación del principio de causalidad en los procedimientos administrativos sancionadores en los que la persona jurídica infractora realiza actos de reorganización societaria. Sostiene que en cualquier escenario corresponde iniciar o continuar con la imputación de responsabilidad de una persona jurídica resultante de una transformación societaria, pero que en los casos de fusión y escisión corresponderá determinar la forma en la que se ha ejecutado la operación, para luego identificar contra quién ha de dirigirse en lo que será el inicio o la continuación de un procedimiento.


Con Los Precios Más Bajos... Mentira Caserito, Solo Estaba Exagerando. Analizando Los Límites De Las Licencias Publicitarias Frente A Los Actos De Competencia Desleal En La Modalidad De Engaño, Javier André Murillo Chávez Aug 2015

Con Los Precios Más Bajos... Mentira Caserito, Solo Estaba Exagerando. Analizando Los Límites De Las Licencias Publicitarias Frente A Los Actos De Competencia Desleal En La Modalidad De Engaño, Javier André Murillo Chávez

Javier André Murillo Chávez

No abstract provided.


An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez Jun 2015

An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez

Miguel Martínez

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the legal framework governing banking foundations as they have been regulated by Spanish Act 26/2013, of December 27th, on savings banks and banking foundations. Title 2 of this regulation addresses a construct that is groundbreaking for the Spanish legal system, still of paramount importance for the entire financial system insofar as these foundations become the leading players behind certain banking institutions given the high interest that foundations hold in the share capital of such institutions.


Global View Of Grandi Navi Spa., Sajjad Khaksari Jun 2015

Global View Of Grandi Navi Spa., Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

Grandi Navi spa. Current situation analysis for Business Law Seminar Paper; Prof. Paolo Rainelli; Politecnico di Torino; Student: Sajjad Khaksari


Through The Looking Glass: Series Llcs In 2015, Allen Sparkman Apr 2015

Through The Looking Glass: Series Llcs In 2015, Allen Sparkman

Allen Sparkman

This Article examines the development of Series LLCs, reviews the existing series LLC legislation, discusses possible uses of Series LLCS, analyzes areas of uncertainty with respect to Series LLCs, and makes recommendation for the future development of the Series LLC concept.


Hardship: A Remedy For Changed Circumstances In International Commercial Contracts, Raul Henrique Pereira De Souza Fleury Mar 2015

Hardship: A Remedy For Changed Circumstances In International Commercial Contracts, Raul Henrique Pereira De Souza Fleury

Raul Henrique Pereira de Souza Fleury

Long-term commercial transactions can transform into an agreement far different than the anticipated by the parties due to unforeseeable circumstances. In the international field such possibility is greater. This places a hard burden to business persons around the globe, since their mutual purpose is to see their business transaction achieve its goal. In trying to assess and manage the potential negative effects of changed circumstances, international business practice had developed the hardship clause. This article focus on the historical origin and development of the hardship clause, its requirements, the adoption of similar remedies by domestic legislation, and how it has …


Bolsas Y Mercados En La República Argentina. Análisis Del Nuevo Régimen De Mercado De Capitales Instaurado Con La Lmc Y Las Normas Dictadas En Su Consecuencia. Novedades Y Puntos Controvertidos, Luciano Antico Mar 2015

Bolsas Y Mercados En La República Argentina. Análisis Del Nuevo Régimen De Mercado De Capitales Instaurado Con La Lmc Y Las Normas Dictadas En Su Consecuencia. Novedades Y Puntos Controvertidos, Luciano Antico

Luciano Antico

Muchos fueron los cambios que trajo consigo la Ley N° 26.831 y su reglamentación en materia de bolsas y mercados en la República Argentina. El cambio más trascendental, quizás, la reestructu¬ración jurídica del sistema institucional de bolsas y mercados: reducción de la autorregulación (lo que trajo consigo más poder de la CNV y control directo sobre los mercados y sus agentes), la desmutualización de los mercados (lo que permitió el ingreso de nuevos participantes en el sis¬tema) y la redistribución de las funciones que cumplían las bolsas y los mercados, con la absor¬ción por parte de la CNV de ciertas …


We Do Not Recognise Anything 'Private': Public Interest And Private Law Under The Socialist Legal Tradition And Beyond, Rafal Manko Feb 2015

We Do Not Recognise Anything 'Private': Public Interest And Private Law Under The Socialist Legal Tradition And Beyond, Rafal Manko

Dr. Rafał Mańko

In line with Lenin’s famous quote that Bolsheviks “do not recognise anything private” and that private law must be permeated with public interest, the private (civil) law of the USSR and other countries of the Soviet bloc, including Poland underwent reform aimed at furthering the public interest at the expense of the private one. Specific legal institutions were introduced for this purpose, in the form of legal innovations, loosely, if at all, based on pre-existing Western models. In the Polish case, such legal institutions were usually legal transfers, imported from the Soviet Union. When the socio-economic and political system changed …


La Inscripción Del Acuerdo De Disolución Societaria, Daniel Echaiz Moreno Feb 2015

La Inscripción Del Acuerdo De Disolución Societaria, Daniel Echaiz Moreno

Daniel Echaiz Moreno

No abstract provided.


Optimized Theft: Why Some Controlling Shareholders “Generously” Expropriate From Minority Shareholders, Sang Yop Kang Jan 2015

Optimized Theft: Why Some Controlling Shareholders “Generously” Expropriate From Minority Shareholders, Sang Yop Kang

Sang Yop Kang

Although controlling shareholder agency problems have been well studied so far, many questions still remain unanswered. In particular, an important puzzle in a bad-law jurisdiction is: why some controlling shareholders (“roving controllers”) loot the entire corporate assets at once, and why others (“stationary controllers”) siphon a part of corporate assets on a continuous basis. To solve this conundrum, this Article provides analytical frameworks exploring the behaviors and motivations of controlling shareholders. To begin with, I reinterpret Olson’s political theory of “banditry” in the context of corporate governance in developing countries. Based on a new taxonomy of controlling shareholders (“roving controllers” …


Appraisal Activism In M&A Deals: Recent Developments In The United States And The Eu, Raluca Papadima Jan 2015

Appraisal Activism In M&A Deals: Recent Developments In The United States And The Eu, Raluca Papadima

Raluca Papadima

This article discusses the recent rise in M&A appraisal activism in the United States and, to a lower extent, in the European Union (using France, Germany and Romania as examples). It explains the mechanisms and rationale that lead to appraisal proceedings, their outcome and their effects for the parties involved (buyers, targets, financial advisors) and for M&A practitioners. It concludes that while appraisal activism is expected to continue, and amplify, in the United States, there is not a similarly high or immediate cause for concern in the European Union.


Tribunal Registral Dice Que Publicación Del Acuerdo De Disolución Y Liquidación De Sociedad Forma Parte Del Título Para Su Inscripción, Daniel Echaiz Moreno Jan 2015

Tribunal Registral Dice Que Publicación Del Acuerdo De Disolución Y Liquidación De Sociedad Forma Parte Del Título Para Su Inscripción, Daniel Echaiz Moreno

Daniel Echaiz Moreno

No abstract provided.


Consumer Protection, Hijacking And The Concepcion Cases, Brandy G. Robinson Jan 2015

Consumer Protection, Hijacking And The Concepcion Cases, Brandy G. Robinson

Brandy G Robinson

Since its ruling, AT&T Mobility v. Concepcion has been the subject of scrutiny among many people in both the business and legal industries. The ruling’s significance denotes class arbitration is no longer a viable option in certain types of litigation matters. Yet, courts continue to defy this ruling. Post-Concepcion cases help in exploring why there is such a discord and confusion on whether class arbitration or any class alternative dispute resolution method are allowable.This article briefly examines AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion and post-Concepcion cases and what remains for consumers and consumer law attorneys after Concepcion. The article also provides …


La Csjn Y El "Cepo Cambiario", Martin Paolantonio Jan 2015

La Csjn Y El "Cepo Cambiario", Martin Paolantonio

Martin Paolantonio

Nuevo análisis de la jurisprudencia de la Corte Suprema sobre las restricciones cambiarias


El Portador Protegido Del Título Valor Y El Código Civil Y Comercial, Martin Paolantonio Jan 2015

El Portador Protegido Del Título Valor Y El Código Civil Y Comercial, Martin Paolantonio

Martin Paolantonio

Considerando el reciente Código Civil y Comercial, se presenta en la doctrina argentina el concepto de portador protegido, elaborado sobre la base de las disposiciones generales de títulos valores del nuevo ordenamiento de derecho privado.


Monólogo De Fuentes: El Pagaré De Consumo, Martin Paolantonio Jan 2015

Monólogo De Fuentes: El Pagaré De Consumo, Martin Paolantonio

Martin Paolantonio

Análisis de la relación entre el derecho del consumidor, el juicio ejecutivo y la disciplina de los títulos valores, a propósito del conflicto que plantea la interpretación de alguna doctrina y jurisprudencia sobre la base del art. 36 de la ley de defensa del consumidor


Amenities, Amenities, Amenities? How Policymakers Can Swot Their Way To Better Entrepreneurial Facility Options, Darren Prum Jan 2015

Amenities, Amenities, Amenities? How Policymakers Can Swot Their Way To Better Entrepreneurial Facility Options, Darren Prum

Darren A. Prum

Across the country, policymakers from both the public and private sector regardless of their level of responsibility turn to entrepreneurial ventures as an opportunity to drive economic activity within their sphere of influence. They develop and implement strategies that encourage new business ventures but fail to consider a fundamental aspect of the organizing process of a business, which is finding a suitable facility. As such, this article seeks to consider and evaluate the forms and types of facilities available to entrepreneurs in order to provide policymakers with an insight on the best methods to assist in facilitating their success while …


Studying Is Dangerous? Possible Federal Remedies For Study Abroad Liability, Robert J. Aalberts, Chad G. Marzen, Darren A. Prum Jan 2015

Studying Is Dangerous? Possible Federal Remedies For Study Abroad Liability, Robert J. Aalberts, Chad G. Marzen, Darren A. Prum

Chad G. Marzen

Every year, thousands of U.S. students study abroad for academic credit. Study abroad programs have traditionally garnered strong congressional support, and proponents of the programs emphasize the educational, cultural, and diplomatic benefits from study abroad experiences.

Despite the many benefits of study abroad programs, risks are incurred overseas. In the past several years, a number of incidents have resulted in which students studying abroad have not only incurred physical harm, but in some instances have died while enrolled in a study abroad program. The current liability standards governing study abroad programs are murky. This article not only discusses the various …


The Personal Liability Of Insurance Claims Adjusters For Insurance Bad Faith, Chad G. Marzen Jan 2015

The Personal Liability Of Insurance Claims Adjusters For Insurance Bad Faith, Chad G. Marzen

Chad G. Marzen

One of the currents of change sweeping through the insurance industry is the rise of insurance bad faith liability. There is an emerging legal question today as to whether the individual employee adjusters of insurance companies can be subject to bad faith liability.This article examines the question of whether employee-adjusters of insurance companies can and should be held liable for insurance bad faith liability. Early reported cases involving personal liability for bad faith generally held that insurance company employee adjusters were immune from bad faith claims as they were not in privity of contract with insureds. However, three significant decisions …