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Full-Text Articles in Law

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty Dec 2015

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty

Benjamin C McCarty

The drafters of the 1958 New York Convention intended Article V(2)(b) to be interpreted narrowly, and while most pro-arbitration national courts do maintain narrowly defined areas of public policy that are sufficient for refusal of the recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitral award, this is not always the case. Developing states and jurisdictions that maintain corrupt or inefficient judicial systems have shown a greater willingness to invoke the public policy exception for a broader, amorphous variety of reasons. This phenomenon has created a sense of unpredictability among international investors, arbitrators, and business executives as to the amount of deference …


Growth Under The Shadow Of Expropriation? The Economic Impacts Of Eminent Domain, Daniel L. Chen, Susan Yeh Nov 2015

Growth Under The Shadow Of Expropriation? The Economic Impacts Of Eminent Domain, Daniel L. Chen, Susan Yeh

Susan Yeh

See paper


Users' Patronage: The Return Of The Gift In The "Crowd Society", Giancarlo F. Frosio Sep 2015

Users' Patronage: The Return Of The Gift In The "Crowd Society", Giancarlo F. Frosio

Giancarlo Francesco Frosio

In this work, I discuss the tension between gift and market economy throughout the history of creativity. For millennia, the production of creative artifacts has lain at the intersection between gift and market economy. From the time of Pindar and Simonides – and until the Romanticism will commence a process leading to the complete commodification of creative artifacts – market exchange models run parallel to gift exchange. From Roman amicitia to the medieval and Renaissance belief that “scientia donum dei est, unde vendi non potest,” creativity has been repeatedly construed as a gift. Again, at the time of the British …


The Law And Economics Of Consumer Debt Collection And Its Regulation, Todd J. Zywicki Sep 2015

The Law And Economics Of Consumer Debt Collection And Its Regulation, Todd J. Zywicki

Todd J. Zywicki

This article reviews the law and economics of consumer debt collection and its regulation a topic that has taken on added urgency in light of the announcement by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that it is considering new regulations on the subject. Although stricter regulation of permissible debt collection practices can benefit those consumers who are in default and increase demand for credit by consumers, overly-restrictive regulation will result in higher interest rates and less access to credit for consumers, especially higher-risk consumers. Regulation of particular practices may also have the unintended consequence of providing incentives for creditors to more …


Una Aproximación Neoinstitucionalista Al Derecho (Económico) Internacional, Daniel A. Monroy Sep 2015

Una Aproximación Neoinstitucionalista Al Derecho (Económico) Internacional, Daniel A. Monroy

Daniel A Monroy C

ResumenEste artículo indaga acerca de cómo el análisis económico del derecho (AED) puede servir a los juristas-internacionalistas para examinar ciertas cuestiones relevantes del derecho internacional (DI) en general y del derecho económico internacional (DEI) en específico. Concretamente, se sostiene la hipótesis de que la denominada “Nueva Economía Institucional” (NEI) representan una alternativa de aproximación económica consistente y que se ajusta de forma adecuada al contexto del DI. Para demostrar la hipótesis, el artículo sintetiza algunos conceptos propios de la NEI, y a partir de ellos trata de establecer sendos paralelos con cuestiones propias del DI. Los conceptos que se …


Take It To The Limit: The Illegal Regulation Prohibiting The Take Of Any Threatened Species Under The Endangered Species Act, Jonathan Wood Aug 2015

Take It To The Limit: The Illegal Regulation Prohibiting The Take Of Any Threatened Species Under The Endangered Species Act, Jonathan Wood

Jonathan Wood

The Endangered Species Act forbids the “take” – any activity that adversely affects – any member of an endangered species, but only endangered species. The statute also provides for the listing of threatened species, i.e. species that may become endangered, but protects them only by requiring agencies to consider the impacts of their projects on them. Shortly after the statute was adopted, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service reversed Congress’ policy choice by adopting a regulation that forbids the take of any threatened species. The regulation is not authorized by the Endangered Species Act, but …


Democratizing Startups, Seth C. Oranburg Aug 2015

Democratizing Startups, Seth C. Oranburg

Seth C Oranburg

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 intends to “help entrepreneurs raise the capital they need to put Americans back to work and create an economy that’s built to last.” The goal is to “democratize startups” by making capital available to diverse entrepreneurs in new geographies. Yet the net effect of securities regulations and market conditions is the opposite. Startup companies are encouraged to stay private so capital is consolidating in large, mature firms instead of recycling into new startups. Evidence of consolidation is that once-rare “Unicorns” (billion-dollar startups) now number over 111. More money is going into huge …


The High Price Of Poverty: A Study Of How The Majority Of Current Court System Procedures For Collecting Court Costs And Fees, As Well As Fines, Have Failed To Adhere To Established Precedent And The Constitutional Guarantees They Advocate., Trevor J. Calligan Jul 2015

The High Price Of Poverty: A Study Of How The Majority Of Current Court System Procedures For Collecting Court Costs And Fees, As Well As Fines, Have Failed To Adhere To Established Precedent And The Constitutional Guarantees They Advocate., Trevor J. Calligan

Trevor J Calligan

No abstract provided.


An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez Jun 2015

An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez

Miguel Martínez

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the legal framework governing banking foundations as they have been regulated by Spanish Act 26/2013, of December 27th, on savings banks and banking foundations. Title 2 of this regulation addresses a construct that is groundbreaking for the Spanish legal system, still of paramount importance for the entire financial system insofar as these foundations become the leading players behind certain banking institutions given the high interest that foundations hold in the share capital of such institutions.


Contracts Of Individuals Who Are Incompetent Without Guardianship And The Interpretation Of Article 428 Of The Italian Civil Code: Is The Court Of Cassation Wrong?, Enrico Baffi Jun 2015

Contracts Of Individuals Who Are Incompetent Without Guardianship And The Interpretation Of Article 428 Of The Italian Civil Code: Is The Court Of Cassation Wrong?, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This paper aims at demonstrating that excessive protection of incompetent people can produce unintended negative consequences. Both in the Italian system, which is examined here in depth, and in American common law, a contract can be annulled if there is bad faith of behalf of the party who is not incompetent. However, a party in bad faith could offer an incompetent person a contract that does not produce a prejudice and could, in fact, be beneficial for the incompetent party. If the contract can be annulled, and if the prejudice occasionally occurs, the incompetent party can request a contract annulment. …


Empirical Evaluation Of Law: The Dream And The Nightmare, John J. Donohue May 2015

Empirical Evaluation Of Law: The Dream And The Nightmare, John J. Donohue

John Donohue

No abstract provided.


Análisis Económico De Las Sanciones Administrativas En El Derecho De La Competencia Y Del Consumo, Camilo Ossa May 2015

Análisis Económico De Las Sanciones Administrativas En El Derecho De La Competencia Y Del Consumo, Camilo Ossa

Camilo Ossa

Encontrará el lector una revisión de un aspecto puntual relacionado con la posibilidad que investigaciones originadas por infracciones al consumidor puedan ser sancionadas vía competencia, con el fin de aprovechar el mayor valor de la sanción, de lo cual se hará una revisión de los aspectos jurídicos que ello implica, además de una propuesta, utilizando herramientas del Análisis Económico del Derecho, que nos puede llevar a convertir una una sanción que se cree “pequeña” en eficiente, siendo óptima para el cumplimiento del fin propuesto en la misma ley. Son dos aspectos puntuales relacionados, primero, con la parte teórica que hay …


The Law And Ethics Of High-Frequency Trading, Steven R. Mcnamara Mar 2015

The Law And Ethics Of High-Frequency Trading, Steven R. Mcnamara

Steven R. McNamara

Michael Lewis’s recent book Flash Boys has resurrected the controversy concerning “high-frequency trading” (HFT) in the stock markets. While HFT has been important in the stock markets for about a decade, and may have already peaked in terms of its economic significance, it touched a nerve with a public suspicious of financial institutions in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008-2009. In reality, HFT is not one thing, but a wide array of practices conducted by technologically adept electronic traders. Some of these practices are benign, and some even bring benefits such as liquidity and improved price discovery to …


Land Tenure Security In Colombia: For Whom? What For? The Relativity Of The Property Rights Regime In The Context Of Transitional Justice And Economic Globalization, Marco A. Velásquez-Ruiz Mar 2015

Land Tenure Security In Colombia: For Whom? What For? The Relativity Of The Property Rights Regime In The Context Of Transitional Justice And Economic Globalization, Marco A. Velásquez-Ruiz

Marco A. Velásquez-Ruiz

This paper intends to illustrate current challenges around the conceptualization and articulation of land tenure security in Colombia. This situation is explained by the existence of tensions between divergent normative rationales within the country’s policy agenda. On the one hand, the implementation of a transitional justice project intended to achieve sustainable peace in the country through the compensation of victims and execution of structural adjustments in the rural side. And on the other, the systematic conclusion of international investment agreements so as to attract foreign investment by means of the provision of a stable legal environment. It is contended that …


Cuando Censurar No Es La Solución: La Regulación Jurídica De Los “Programas Basura” En El Mercado Peruano Del Entretenimiento, Javier André Murillo Chávez Feb 2015

Cuando Censurar No Es La Solución: La Regulación Jurídica De Los “Programas Basura” En El Mercado Peruano Del Entretenimiento, Javier André Murillo Chávez

Javier André Murillo Chávez

No abstract provided.


Optimized Theft: Why Some Controlling Shareholders “Generously” Expropriate From Minority Shareholders, Sang Yop Kang Jan 2015

Optimized Theft: Why Some Controlling Shareholders “Generously” Expropriate From Minority Shareholders, Sang Yop Kang

Sang Yop Kang

Although controlling shareholder agency problems have been well studied so far, many questions still remain unanswered. In particular, an important puzzle in a bad-law jurisdiction is: why some controlling shareholders (“roving controllers”) loot the entire corporate assets at once, and why others (“stationary controllers”) siphon a part of corporate assets on a continuous basis. To solve this conundrum, this Article provides analytical frameworks exploring the behaviors and motivations of controlling shareholders. To begin with, I reinterpret Olson’s political theory of “banditry” in the context of corporate governance in developing countries. Based on a new taxonomy of controlling shareholders (“roving controllers” …


Estimating The Cost Of An Article V Convention: State Constitutional Conventions In The 1960s And 1970s, Geoffrey M. Hersch Jan 2015

Estimating The Cost Of An Article V Convention: State Constitutional Conventions In The 1960s And 1970s, Geoffrey M. Hersch

Geoffrey M Hersch

This paper provides available information regarding the cost and organization of state constitutional conventions during the 1960s and 1970s. Further, this paper uses that data to estimate the cost of different approaches to an Article V convention for proposing amendments.


China’S Trade Negotiation Strategies: Matters Of Growth And Regional Economic Integration, Xiaoming Pan Jan 2015

China’S Trade Negotiation Strategies: Matters Of Growth And Regional Economic Integration, Xiaoming Pan

Xiaoming Pan

No abstract provided.


"Renounce And Enjoy": The Pursuit Of Happiness Through Gandhi's Simple Living And High Thinking, Nehal A. Patel Jan 2015

"Renounce And Enjoy": The Pursuit Of Happiness Through Gandhi's Simple Living And High Thinking, Nehal A. Patel

Nehal A. Patel

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION 2

I. SIMPLICITY AND NON-HARM BOTH ARISE FROM AN INTENSE IDENTIFICATION WITH ALL THINGS 2

II. CONSUMPTION AND ITS DISCONTENTS 8

III. HAPPINESS AS A GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 14


Re-Envisioning Investors’ Anti-Director Rights Index: Theory, Criticism, And Implications, Sang Yop Kang Jan 2015

Re-Envisioning Investors’ Anti-Director Rights Index: Theory, Criticism, And Implications, Sang Yop Kang

Sang Yop Kang

‘Law and Finance’ theory – which offers analytical frameworks to measure the protection of public investors and the quality of corporate governance – has dominated the comparative corporate governance scholarship in the last decade. So far, many proponents and critics have had debates on the relevance of the theory and the implications of the theory’s empirical studies. Several important points in relation to shareholder protection, however, have been highly neglected in these debates. In particular, the significance of one-share-one-vote (OSOV) rule has been inappropriately underestimated. In response, this Article explores (1) why OSOV is an utmost critical component in corporate …


The Theory Of Law “As Claim” And The Inquiry Into The Sources Of Law. Bruno Leoni In Prospect, Daniele Bertolini Jan 2015

The Theory Of Law “As Claim” And The Inquiry Into The Sources Of Law. Bruno Leoni In Prospect, Daniele Bertolini

daniele bertolini

This paper presents a systematic analysis of the theory of law "as claim" through a critical review of Bruno Leoni’s work. I argue that this philosophical theory provides a useful methodological framework for the analysis of law-making processes. I also demonstrate how Leoni’s critique of legislation offers insights into the efficient institutional response to the growing demand for law that has emerged from the increasing complexity of contemporary societies — insights that are particularly relevant in an age characterized by continuing technological changes and profound social mutations that challenge the existing organization of the sources of law. Finally, I contend …


Fearing The Bogeyman: How The Legal System's Overreaction To Perceived Danger Threatens Families And Children, David Pimentel Jan 2015

Fearing The Bogeyman: How The Legal System's Overreaction To Perceived Danger Threatens Families And Children, David Pimentel

David Pimentel

In the last generation, American parenting norms have shifted dramatically, reflecting a near obsession with child safety and especially the risk of stranger abduction. A growing body of literature shows, however, that the threats to children are more imagined than real, and that the effort to protect children from these “bogeymen” may be doing more harm than good. Advocates of “Free-Range” parenting argue that giving children a long leash can help them learn responsibility, explore the world outside, get physical exercise, and develop self-sufficiency. But the State, usually acting through Child Protective Services (CPS), is likely to second-guess parents’ judgments …


Anexo: El Desempeño Como Litigante De La Fne Una Mirada Cuantitativa, Diego G. Pardow Jan 2015

Anexo: El Desempeño Como Litigante De La Fne Una Mirada Cuantitativa, Diego G. Pardow

Diego G. Pardow

Technical annex to "El Desempeño como Litigante de la FNE Una Mirada Cuantitativa"


What Determines M&A Legal And Financial Advisors' Competitiveness In An International Financial Centre: Using China's Going Out Policy As A Natural Experiment, Bryane Michael Jan 2015

What Determines M&A Legal And Financial Advisors' Competitiveness In An International Financial Centre: Using China's Going Out Policy As A Natural Experiment, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

How can legal and financial advisors compete in the global market for M&A mandates? In this presentation, we review the arguments made in our paper.


A Theory Of Financial Services Competition, Compliance And Regulation, Bryane Michael Jan 2015

A Theory Of Financial Services Competition, Compliance And Regulation, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Do financial regulation advisors (like Capco) help their clients become more profitable? In this paper, we present a model where financial service firms may add to their own compliance teams or hire outside compliance advisors. We derive the conditions under which a financial services firm will want to hire a compliance services company, and show how much money they should spend. Financial services firms in competitive locations like Hong Kong and Singapore will particularly benefit (at least in the short run) from their services. We also show that their advice may lead to an embarrass de riches – whereby the …