Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

PDF

Law and Economics

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 370

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Defend Trade Secrets Act Of 2015, S. 1890, H.R. 3326, 114th Congress (2015), Joseph K.C. Doukmetzian Dec 2015

The Defend Trade Secrets Act Of 2015, S. 1890, H.R. 3326, 114th Congress (2015), Joseph K.C. Doukmetzian

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


How The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Should Interpret Wynne, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason Dec 2015

How The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Should Interpret Wynne, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

All Faculty Scholarship

In this special report, Knoll and Mason discuss how the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court should apply Wynne when it hears on remand First Marblehead v. Commissioner of Revenue. The authors conclude that when it originally heard the case, the Massachusetts court mistakenly considered, as part of its internal consistency analysis, whether Gate Holdings Inc. experienced double state taxation. As developed by the U.S. Supreme Court and most recently applied in Wynne, the internal consistency test is not concerned with actual double taxation that may arise from the interaction of different states’ laws. Rather, the test is designed to determine …


The Role Of The State, Multinational Oil Companies, International Law & The International Community: Intersection Of Human Rights & Environmental Degradation Climate Change In The 21st Century Caused By Traditional Extractive Practices, The Amazon Rainforest, Indigenous People And Universal Jurisdiction To Resolve The Accountability Issue, Marcela Cabrera Luna Dec 2015

The Role Of The State, Multinational Oil Companies, International Law & The International Community: Intersection Of Human Rights & Environmental Degradation Climate Change In The 21st Century Caused By Traditional Extractive Practices, The Amazon Rainforest, Indigenous People And Universal Jurisdiction To Resolve The Accountability Issue, Marcela Cabrera Luna

Master's Theses

Local, national and international conventions that protect indigenous sovereignty and their territories, where many of the resources are extracted from by multinational corporations (MNCs) particularly oil, the number one commodity of the world and cause of climate change, continue to be jeopardized because of the lack of a clear international legal framework that can protect them and potentially hold multinationals accountable for their actions. These practices are causing not only environmental issues to the indigenous and surrounding communities, but climate change is in fact, the real human rights issue of the 21st century and it affects everyone. By using …


Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty Dec 2015

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty

Benjamin C McCarty

The drafters of the 1958 New York Convention intended Article V(2)(b) to be interpreted narrowly, and while most pro-arbitration national courts do maintain narrowly defined areas of public policy that are sufficient for refusal of the recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitral award, this is not always the case. Developing states and jurisdictions that maintain corrupt or inefficient judicial systems have shown a greater willingness to invoke the public policy exception for a broader, amorphous variety of reasons. This phenomenon has created a sense of unpredictability among international investors, arbitrators, and business executives as to the amount of deference …


Trade Act Of 1974-Countervailing Duties-Nonexcessive Remission Of Foreign Excise Tax On Products Imported Into The United States Does Not Constitute A Bounty Or Grant Requiring The Levy Of Countervailing Duties, Garry Seltzer Dec 2015

Trade Act Of 1974-Countervailing Duties-Nonexcessive Remission Of Foreign Excise Tax On Products Imported Into The United States Does Not Constitute A Bounty Or Grant Requiring The Levy Of Countervailing Duties, Garry Seltzer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The International Banking Act Of 1978: Federal Regulation Of Foreign Banks In The United States, Patrick F. Mcmahon Dec 2015

The International Banking Act Of 1978: Federal Regulation Of Foreign Banks In The United States, Patrick F. Mcmahon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of The United States Tax Laws On International Technology Transfer: An Overview And Some Suggestion For Minimizing The Bite, Marcus B. Finnegan, Robert E. Mccarthy Dec 2015

The Impact Of The United States Tax Laws On International Technology Transfer: An Overview And Some Suggestion For Minimizing The Bite, Marcus B. Finnegan, Robert E. Mccarthy

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Section 337: A Case For Repeal Or Change, Noel Hemmendinger, William H. Barringer, T. Leonard Kossl Dec 2015

Section 337: A Case For Repeal Or Change, Noel Hemmendinger, William H. Barringer, T. Leonard Kossl

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Symposium: Section 337 Of The Trade Act Of 1974, Regulating Unfair Practices In International Trade: The Role Of The United States International Trade Commission, Daniel Minchew, R. Dan Webster Dec 2015

Symposium: Section 337 Of The Trade Act Of 1974, Regulating Unfair Practices In International Trade: The Role Of The United States International Trade Commission, Daniel Minchew, R. Dan Webster

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Global Architecture Of Financial Regulatory Taxes, Carlo Garbarino, Giulio Allevato Dec 2015

The Global Architecture Of Financial Regulatory Taxes, Carlo Garbarino, Giulio Allevato

Michigan Journal of International Law

This Article endeavors to broaden the analysis of available policy tools to address the problems created by financial crises and discusses how, in addition to direct regulation, certain tax measures having a regulatory nature may operate to address the so-called “negative externalities” often associated with those crises. There is a negative externality when an economic agent making a decision does not pay the full cost of the decision’s consequences. In such cases, the cost to society as a whole is greater than the cost borne by the individuals creating the economic impact. In practice, negative externalities result in market inefficiencies …


Global Value Chains And Resource Corridors: The Nexus Is Regional Integration, Perrine Toledano Dec 2015

Global Value Chains And Resource Corridors: The Nexus Is Regional Integration, Perrine Toledano

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

To be more involved in the global value chains, sub-Saharan African countries should intensify their regional integration efforts. A first step in this direction can be implementing cross-border resource-based development corridors.


The Failure Of Anti-Money Laundering Regulation: Where Is The Cost-Benefit Analysis?, Lanier Saperstein, Geoffrey Sant, Michelle Ng Dec 2015

The Failure Of Anti-Money Laundering Regulation: Where Is The Cost-Benefit Analysis?, Lanier Saperstein, Geoffrey Sant, Michelle Ng

Notre Dame Law Review Reflection

Regulators have been punishing the banks not because of any actual money laundering, but rather because the banks did not meet the regulators’ own subjective vision of the ideal anti–money laundering or counter–terrorist financing program. However, no one has attempted to show that the supposedly ideal vision of an anti–money laundering or counter–terrorist financing program would actually be more effective than the programs the banks have in place.

Even if the regulators’ ideal vision of an anti–money laundering and counter–terrorist financing program would in fact be more effective than what exists now, it is unclear if the benefits of such …


A Matter Of Trial And Error, Or Betting On Appeals, Radek Goral Dec 2015

A Matter Of Trial And Error, Or Betting On Appeals, Radek Goral

Notre Dame Law Review Reflection

Sampling from the actual portfolio of a leading third-party litigation financier, this Essay demonstrates that making systematic bets on pending appeals is a viable business model applicable to a wide range of cases. “Appellate investments” may include both consumer and commercial cases, including also public-interest actions where prevailing plaintiffs are permitted attorney’s fees—even if they themselves do not seek monetary relief. Additionally, the analyzed sample indicates that appellate funders buy both from plaintiffs and plaintiffs’ attorneys, often in the same case.

The overview of the business strategy of appellate financing contributes to a larger theme: the role and impact of …


Comments On Proposed Treasury Regulations Defining Terms Relating To Marital Status, Anthony C. Infanti, The American Bar Association Dec 2015

Comments On Proposed Treasury Regulations Defining Terms Relating To Marital Status, Anthony C. Infanti, The American Bar Association

Articles

These comments respond to proposed Treasury Regulations defining terms relating to marital status in the Internal Revenue Code following the Supreme Court's decision in the Windsor and Obergefell cases. The comments applaud the Internal Revenue Service for reading gendered terms relating to marital status in a gender-neutral fashion. For a number of reasons, however, the comments recommend that the final regulations omit the proposed rule for determining an individual’s marital status and, in its place, codify the current deference to local law in determining marital status for federal tax purposes. Most importantly, the comments further recommend that the final regulations …


Political Uncertainty And The Market For Ipos, Jay B. Kesten, Murat C. Mungan Dec 2015

Political Uncertainty And The Market For Ipos, Jay B. Kesten, Murat C. Mungan

Faculty Scholarship

This Article presents a simple theory and model of the effects of political uncertainty on the market for IPOs. Our model generates four central predictions: (i) increased political uncertainty reduces the frequency of IPOs; (ii) firms that choose to conduct an IPO during periods of political uncertainty are, on average, of higher quality and generate greater return on investment in the secondary market; (iii) political uncertainty increases the cost of capital for IPO firms; but (iv) underpricing is less pronounced during periods of heightened political uncertainty. We demonstrate that each of these predictions is consistent with available empirical evidence.

Our …


Coping With Uncertainty: Cost-Benefit Analysis, The Precautionary Principle, And Climate Change, Daniel A. Farber Dec 2015

Coping With Uncertainty: Cost-Benefit Analysis, The Precautionary Principle, And Climate Change, Daniel A. Farber

Washington Law Review

Climate scientists are confident that greenhouse gases are causing climate change, but it is difficult to predict the severity of future climate change or its local impacts. Unfortunately, we cannot wait for these uncertainties to be resolved before addressing the issue of climate change. Policymakers use two different strategies for setting climate policy in the face of this uncertainty: cost-benefit analysis and the precautionary principle. Although there has been much discussion of these strategies in the abstract, there has been less effort to assess them in operation. This Article analyzes these strategies and considers their application to climate risks in …


Negligence And Two-Sided Causation, Keith N. Hylton, Haizhen Lin, Hyo-Youn Chu Dec 2015

Negligence And Two-Sided Causation, Keith N. Hylton, Haizhen Lin, Hyo-Youn Chu

Faculty Scholarship

We extend the economic analysis of negligence and intervening causation to "two-sided causation" scenarios. In the two-sided causation scenario the effectiveness of the injurer's care depends on some intervention, and the risk of harm generated by the injurer's failure to take care depends on some other intervention. We find that the distortion from socially optimal care is more severe in the two-sided causation scenario than in the one-sided causation scenario, and generally in the direction of excessive care. The practical lesson is that the likelihood that injurers will have optimal care incentives under the negligence test in the presence of …


Personal Responsibility For Systemic Inequality, Martha T. Mccluskey Nov 2015

Personal Responsibility For Systemic Inequality, Martha T. Mccluskey

Contributions to Books

Published as Chapter 15 in Research Handbook on Political Economy and Law, Ugo Mattei & John D. Haskell, eds.

Equality has faded as a guiding ideal for legal theory and policy. An updated message of personal responsibility has helped rationalize economic policies fostering increased inequality and insecurity. In this revised message, economic “losers” should take personal responsibility not only for the harmful effects of their individual economic decisions, but also for the harmful effects of systemic failures beyond their individual control or action. In response to the 2008 financial crisis, this re-tooled message of personal responsibility promoted mass austerity in …


Adventures In The Zone Of Twilight: Separation Of Powers And National Economic Security In The Mexican Bailout, Russell D. Covey Nov 2015

Adventures In The Zone Of Twilight: Separation Of Powers And National Economic Security In The Mexican Bailout, Russell D. Covey

Russell D. Covey

No abstract provided.


La Adaptación A Las Necesidades: Convergencia Y Divergencia, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2015

La Adaptación A Las Necesidades: Convergencia Y Divergencia, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

No abstract provided.


Trade Law- Notice And Opportunity To Be Heard In A "Good Cause" Determination Proceeding Under Section 201(E) Of The Trade Act Of 1974 Are Not Required By The Provisions Of The Act Itself Or By Constitutional Due Process, Alan S. Peevy Nov 2015

Trade Law- Notice And Opportunity To Be Heard In A "Good Cause" Determination Proceeding Under Section 201(E) Of The Trade Act Of 1974 Are Not Required By The Provisions Of The Act Itself Or By Constitutional Due Process, Alan S. Peevy

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Current Attempts To Revise International Legal Structures: The North-South Dialogue-Clash Of Values And Concepts, Contradictions And Compromises, Pedro Roffe Nov 2015

Reflections On Current Attempts To Revise International Legal Structures: The North-South Dialogue-Clash Of Values And Concepts, Contradictions And Compromises, Pedro Roffe

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sovereignty, This Strange Thing: Its Impact On The Global Economic Order, Kazuaki Sono Nov 2015

Sovereignty, This Strange Thing: Its Impact On The Global Economic Order, Kazuaki Sono

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Legal Structures For The Resolution Of International Problems In The Domain Of Private Foreign Investments: A Third World Perspective Now And In The Future, Osita C. Eze Nov 2015

Legal Structures For The Resolution Of International Problems In The Domain Of Private Foreign Investments: A Third World Perspective Now And In The Future, Osita C. Eze

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Problem Of Global Economic Inequity: Legal Structures And Some Thoughts On The Next 40 Years, Inamul Haq Nov 2015

The Problem Of Global Economic Inequity: Legal Structures And Some Thoughts On The Next 40 Years, Inamul Haq

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


International Economic Problems And Their Management Int He 21st Century, John H. Jackson Nov 2015

International Economic Problems And Their Management Int He 21st Century, John H. Jackson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Injury From Dumping: The Problem Of The "Regional Industry", Jack G. Wasserman Nov 2015

Injury From Dumping: The Problem Of The "Regional Industry", Jack G. Wasserman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law Nov 2015

Table Of Contents, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Rising To China's Challenge In The Pacific Rim: Reforming The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act To Further The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Michael B. Runnels Nov 2015

Rising To China's Challenge In The Pacific Rim: Reforming The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act To Further The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Michael B. Runnels

Seattle University Law Review

It is a commonly held myth that the rise of U.S. global economic hegemony rests upon a free trade philosophy. On the contrary, protectionist trade policies were central to galvanizing American industrialization. This misconception lies at the heart of why the trade liberalization policies enforced under the U.S.-led Bretton Woods institutions, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), brought ruinous results to many poor countries. The subsequent decline in credibility of these institutions challenges their continued relevance and opens a space for powerful nations to fashion alternative rules of trade. China is a member of the IMF but …


Growth Under The Shadow Of Expropriation? The Economic Impacts Of Eminent Domain, Daniel L. Chen, Susan Yeh Nov 2015

Growth Under The Shadow Of Expropriation? The Economic Impacts Of Eminent Domain, Daniel L. Chen, Susan Yeh

Susan Yeh

See paper