Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2014

Tax

Discipline
Institution
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Law

Don't Leave Money On The Table! Irs [Mis]Computation Of Interest, Robert D. Probasco Dec 2014

Don't Leave Money On The Table! Irs [Mis]Computation Of Interest, Robert D. Probasco

Robert Probasco

No abstract provided.


A Framework For An Informed Study Of The Realistic Role Of Tax In A Development Agenda, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

A Framework For An Informed Study Of The Realistic Role Of Tax In A Development Agenda, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

This article builds on the insights of this development research to develop a new agenda for tax incentives (and equivalent tax measures), the research of their merits when used by developing countries, and their optimal design. The stated goal of these incentives is to attract foreign direct investment, and ultimately enhance economic growth and promote development. Almost all countries use such tax incentives, and business interests strongly support and even demand their use, yet, economic research in general, and the international economic organizations in particular, have been skeptical about their effectiveness." Tax incentives are not only ubiquitous, but also very …


The Non-Sense Tax: A Reply To New Corporate Income Tax Advocacy, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

The Non-Sense Tax: A Reply To New Corporate Income Tax Advocacy, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

This Article challenges recent attempts by influential scholars to rationalize the existence of the corporate income tax. The corporate income tax has long been considered unjustifiable on traditional tax policy grounds. The new justifications recognize this, yet argue that the tax is still desirable because it promotes other goals, such as improvement of corporate governance and restraint of undesirable corporate management power accumulation. This Article demonstrates that the existence and magnitude of these alleged benefits of the corporate income tax are doubtful. Yet, the Article argues, even if taken as correct, the recent rationalization of the corporate income tax cannot …


Integration In An Integrating World, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

Integration In An Integrating World, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

During the second half of the last century, many countries gradually replaced their so-called classical corporate tax regimes, under which corporate earnings were taxed twice -- once in the hands of the corporation, and again when distributed to corporate shareholders as dividends -- with an integrated regime (imputation), which taxed such earnings only once. The driving force behind this trend was the expectation of significant efficiency gains. This clear and gradual trend has been abruptly reversed with the turn of the century. The phenomenon we call globalization, and in particular the proliferation of cross-border business and investment, has materially contributed …


Value In The Eye Of The Beholder: The Valuation Of Intangibles For Transfer Pricing Purposes, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

Value In The Eye Of The Beholder: The Valuation Of Intangibles For Transfer Pricing Purposes, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

This article assesses the desirability of our current, arms' length based, transfer pricing regime by analyzing its theoretical and practical effectiveness in application to transfers of intangibles. A detailed analysis of the practice of valuation of intangibles, which is the key component in the application of this regime, exposes its weaknesses that result in undesirable market incentives. These incentives create a strong bias in favor of large multinational enterprises, yet, even if one favored such bias, it is achieved using an uncontrollable, costly and wasteful legal mechanism. The article particularly criticizes the regime's disregard of the unique characteristics of intangibles …


An International Tax Regime In Crystallization, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

An International Tax Regime In Crystallization, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

The grand illusion of a single, worldwide, tax system that will eliminate all international inefficiencies, and assist all the nations of the world to maximize their relative advantages, is, as commonly accepted, utopian. The tax, academic and professional, writing in the field of international taxation, and cross-border interaction, between tax systems and jurisdictions has grown, exponentially, in the last decade, but no significant work has been done to prove, or disprove, the naivety of this hypothesis. Some scholars and tax executives, in certain international organizations, have discussed ideas along this line, but no single organization has, seriously, attempted to promote …


International Trade And Tax Agreements May Be Coordinated, But Not Reconciled, Yariv Brauner Nov 2014

International Trade And Tax Agreements May Be Coordinated, But Not Reconciled, Yariv Brauner

Yariv Brauner

A recent WTO case held the U.S.' export tax subsidies illegal. Despite strong political resistance, which fed a long and costly legislative process, the U.S. recently repealed these subsidies. This case and the U.S. reaction revealed that although the U.S. is the single super economic power, it is not as dominant a player as some portray it. The case also shed light on the tension between the present international trade and tax regimes and the difficulty of applying WTO law to income tax measures. This tension did not escalate earlier mainly because countries tended not to use their income tax …


Lloyd Mayer Was Quoted In The Propublica Article In Wisconsin, Dark Money Got A Mining Company What It Wanted On October 14., Lloyd Mayer Nov 2014

Lloyd Mayer Was Quoted In The Propublica Article In Wisconsin, Dark Money Got A Mining Company What It Wanted On October 14., Lloyd Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Lloyd Mayer was quoted in the ProPublica article In Wisconsin, Dark Money Got a Mining Company What It Wanted on October 14.


The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta): Good For Jobs, For The Environment, And For America, Thomas J. Schoenbaum Nov 2014

The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta): Good For Jobs, For The Environment, And For America, Thomas J. Schoenbaum

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Supreme Court, New York County, People V. Cespedes, Kathleen Egan Nov 2014

Supreme Court, New York County, People V. Cespedes, Kathleen Egan

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Court Of Appeals Of New York, Harner V. County Of Tioga, Gerald C. Waters Jr. Nov 2014

Court Of Appeals Of New York, Harner V. County Of Tioga, Gerald C. Waters Jr.

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taxation, Craig D. Bell Nov 2014

Taxation, Craig D. Bell

University of Richmond Law Review

This article reviews significant recent developments in the laws affecting Virginia taxation. Each section covers legislative changes, judicial decisions, and selected opinions or pronouncements from the Virginia Department of Taxation (the "Tax Department") and the Virginia Attorney General over the past year.


Capital's Offense: Law's Entrenchment Of Inequality, Frank A. Pasquale Oct 2014

Capital's Offense: Law's Entrenchment Of Inequality, Frank A. Pasquale

Faculty Scholarship

Reviewing Thomas Piketty, Capital in the Twenty-First Century (Harvard University Press, 2014)

Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century is a rare scholarly achievement. It weaves together description and prescription, facts and values, economics, politics, and history, with an assured and graceful touch. So clear is Piketty’s reasoning, and so compelling the enormous data apparatus he brings to bear, that few can doubt he has fundamentally altered our appreciation of the scope, duration, and intensity of inequality. This review explains Piketty’s analysis and its relevance to law and social theory, drawing lessons for the re-emerging field of political economy.

The university …


Charitable Giving, Tax Expenditures, And Direct Spending In The United States And The European Union, Lilian Faulhaber Sep 2014

Charitable Giving, Tax Expenditures, And Direct Spending In The United States And The European Union, Lilian Faulhaber

Faculty Scholarship

This Article compares the ways in which the United States and the European Union limit the ability of state-level entities to subsidize their own residents, whether through direct subsidies or through tax expenditures. It uses four recent charitable giving cases decided by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to illustrate the ECJ’s evolving tax expenditure jurisprudence and argues that, while this jurisprudence may suggest a new and promising model for fiscal federalism, it may also have negative social policy implications. It also points out that the court analyzes direct spending and tax expenditures under different rubrics despite their economic equivalence …


Lloyd Mayer Was Quoted In The Propublica Article Pro-Troop Charity Misleads Donors While Lining Political Consultants’ Pockets On August 5., Lloyd Mayer Sep 2014

Lloyd Mayer Was Quoted In The Propublica Article Pro-Troop Charity Misleads Donors While Lining Political Consultants’ Pockets On August 5., Lloyd Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Lloyd Mayer was quoted in the ProPublica article Pro-Troop Charity Misleads Donors While Lining Political Consultants’ Pockets on August 5. "If the charity says, 'Go visit our PAC and give it money'—that's a problem," said Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer, a law professor and associate dean at the University of Notre Dame who specializes in nonprofits and campaign finance. "Any type of support from the charity to the PAC is problematic. … If you want to be a charity, if you want to be tax-exempt, you cannot be involved in political campaigns, you cannot support or oppose candidates for office. And Congress …


Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera Sep 2014

Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Jurisdictional Question In Hobby Lobby, The, Erin Morrow Hawley Sep 2014

Jurisdictional Question In Hobby Lobby, The, Erin Morrow Hawley

Faculty Publications

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores may well be the biggest case of the term. And by its own rules, the Supreme Court lacked jurisdiction. An obscure statute, the Anti-Injunction Act of 1867 (“the AIA”), imposes a pay-first requirement for federal tax challenges. The deeply held conventional wisdom is that the AIA is a jurisdictional statute, and there is a good argument that the AIA applies to the contraception mandate. As we learned from National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 132 S.Ct. 2566 (2012), the best evidence of whether Congress intended the AIA to apply is the text. The mandate …


Taxing And Regulating Bitcoin: The Government's Game Of Catch Up, Patrick Mcleod Aug 2014

Taxing And Regulating Bitcoin: The Government's Game Of Catch Up, Patrick Mcleod

CommLaw Conspectus: Journal of Communications Law and Technology Policy (1993-2015)

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen Aug 2014

The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen

Mirit Eyal-Cohen

This article highlights an anomaly. It shows that two tax rules aimed to achieve a similar goal were introduced at the same time. Both meant to be temporary and bring economic stimuli, but received a dramatically different treatment. The less efficient or economically inferior survived. Its superior counterpart did not. The article reviews the reasons for this paradox. It shows that the reason is both political and an agency problem. The article not only enriches an important and ongoing debate that has received much attention in recent years, but also provides important lessons to policymakers.


The Nba's 2011 Collectively Bargained Amnesty Clause-Exploring The Fundamentals, Adam Epstein, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze Jul 2014

The Nba's 2011 Collectively Bargained Amnesty Clause-Exploring The Fundamentals, Adam Epstein, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to fundamentally introduce the amnesty clause, a relatively new provision in the labor and employment law discussions involving sport. The expression amnesty clause or amnesty provision is found in the 2011 NBA CBA. To date, academic references to the amnesty clause within the sport genre are virtually non-existent. The amnesty clause provides NBA teams a tool to release players from their contracts if they feel that the player turned out to be a bad investment, regardless of the reason. Additionally, by releasing a player under an amnesty clause provision, the team exercising the clause …


New York’S Decanting Statute: Helping An Old Vintage Come To Life Or Spoiling The Settlor’S Fine Wine?, David Restrepo Jul 2014

New York’S Decanting Statute: Helping An Old Vintage Come To Life Or Spoiling The Settlor’S Fine Wine?, David Restrepo

Pace Law Review

The Comment examines trust decanting in four parts. Part I reviews the historical evolution of decanting statutes, first from common law roots, and later focusing on the legislative history of New York’s decanting statute. Part II briefly explains the functionality of section 10-6.6 of the NY EPTL; the “how does it work” explanation of the statute that authorizes decanting. Part III will discuss the many practical uses of the decanting statute. Finally, Part IV will transition into a discussion on how the trustee’s use of this statute not only leaves him in limbo regarding the tax treatment of his actions, …


Teacher's Manual To Problems In Tax Ethics, Donald Tobin, Richard Lavoie, Richard Trogolo Jul 2014

Teacher's Manual To Problems In Tax Ethics, Donald Tobin, Richard Lavoie, Richard Trogolo

Donald B. Tobin

Teacher's Manual to accompany Problems in Tax Ethics.


Beyond Tax Credits: Smarter Tax Policy For A Cleaner, More Democratic Energy Future, Felix Mormann Jul 2014

Beyond Tax Credits: Smarter Tax Policy For A Cleaner, More Democratic Energy Future, Felix Mormann

Faculty Scholarship

Solar, wind, and other renewable energy technologies have the potential to mitigate climate change, secure America’s energy independence, and create millions of green jobs. In the absence of a price on carbon emissions, however, these long-term benefits will not be realized without near-term policy support for renewables. This Article assesses the efficiency of federal tax incentives for renewables and proposes policy reform to more cost-effectively promote renewable energy through capital markets and crowdfunding.

Federal support for renewable energy projects today comes primarily in the form of tax incentives such as accelerated depreciation and, critically, tax credits. Empirical evidence reveals that …


Is Cricket Taxing? The Taxation Of Cricket Players In India, Rishi Shroff Jun 2014

Is Cricket Taxing? The Taxation Of Cricket Players In India, Rishi Shroff

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This Essay examines the taxation of crickets in the context of Indian law. It examines the concept of non-resident “star” companies created by Indian cricketers as a mechanism to avoid the taxation of their global income in India.


The Affordable Care Act And Its Impact On The Professional Tax Preparation Market In Kingsport, Tennessee, Robert S. Forney Jr. May 2014

The Affordable Care Act And Its Impact On The Professional Tax Preparation Market In Kingsport, Tennessee, Robert S. Forney Jr.

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The objective of this study is to test whether the Affordable Care Act will have an effect on the professional tax preparation industry of Kingsport, Tennessee. To accomplish this objective, the researcher collected surveys concerning taxpayers’ initial reaction to the realization that the law affects their 1040. A two proportion test for equality was performed and failed to reject the idea that the ACA will have an effect on the tax preparation industry of Kingsport. Because this study failed to prove that the change in legislation causes a jump in clientele for the professional tax preparation market, the fight for …


Bankruptcy’S Corporate Tax Loophole, Diane Lourdes Dick Apr 2014

Bankruptcy’S Corporate Tax Loophole, Diane Lourdes Dick

Fordham Law Review

Imagine you are a company with a failing business that is drowning in debt. On the bright side, you also possess a very valuable asset. This asset is unique because, unlike most assets, if you liquidate the business through a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, it will be extinguished and its value will not be realized by any shareholders or creditors. On the other hand, even if you substantially liquidate the business using Chapter 11, you can, thanks to an extraordinary ambiguity in the law, preserve this valuable asset. Even better, you can direct the value of this asset to your preferred …


A Response To Professor Leff’S Tax Planning “Olive Branch” For Marijuana Dealers, Philip Hackney Mar 2014

A Response To Professor Leff’S Tax Planning “Olive Branch” For Marijuana Dealers, Philip Hackney

Philip T. Hackney

No abstract provided.


Business Lobbying As An Informational Public Good: Can Tax Deductions For Lobbying Expenses Promote Transparency?, Michael Halberstam, Stuart G. Lazar Mar 2014

Business Lobbying As An Informational Public Good: Can Tax Deductions For Lobbying Expenses Promote Transparency?, Michael Halberstam, Stuart G. Lazar

Journal Articles

The view that “lobbying is essentially an informational activity” has persistently served the suggestion that lobbying provides a public good by educating legislators about policy and the consequences of legislation.

In this article, we link a proposed tax reform with a substantive disclosure requirement to promote the kind of “information subsidy” that serves the public interest, while mitigating – at least to some extent – the distortion that may result from the imbalance of financial resources on the business side and other institutional contraints identified in the literature. We argue that corporate lobbying should be encouraged – by allowing business …


Revisiting The Tax Treatment Of Citizens Abroad: Reconciling Principle And Practice, Michael S. Kirsch Feb 2014

Revisiting The Tax Treatment Of Citizens Abroad: Reconciling Principle And Practice, Michael S. Kirsch

Michael Kirsch

In an increasingly mobile world, the taxation of citizens living abroad has taken on increased importance. Recent international administrative developments — most notably, the weakening of foreign bank secrecy and expansion of global information sharing norms — have further raised the profile of this issue. While U.S. law traditionally has taxed U.S. citizens living abroad in the same general manner as citizens living in the United States, a number of scholars have proposed abandoning the use of citizenship as a jurisdictional basis to tax. In its place, they would apply residence-based principles — i.e., exercising full taxing rights over U.S. …


Tax, State, And Utopia, Tsilly Dagan, Avital Margalit Feb 2014

Tax, State, And Utopia, Tsilly Dagan, Avital Margalit

Tsilly Dagan

This article examines the appropriate tax treatment of communities through the unique example of the Israeli kibbutz, a community that is traditionally governed by the maxim "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.” The case of the kibbutz highlights the tension between communities and the market in governing human interactions as well as the tension that exists between communities and the state in applying private schemes of redistribution.

The challenge communities pose for tax law is whether, and to what extent, the taxation regime should accommodate a community’s values and practices when they diverge …