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Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

Federalism

Notre Dame Law School

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Carolene Products And Constitutional Structure, Barry Cushman Feb 2013

Carolene Products And Constitutional Structure, Barry Cushman

Journal Articles

Justice Harlan Fiske Stone's majority opinion in United States v. Carolene Products Co. is well-known for its statement of two principles. The first is that regulatory legislation affecting ordinary commercial transactions is to be afforded a strong presumption of constitutionality. The second principle, articulated in the famous Footnote Four, qualifies the first: such a strong presumption of constitutionality is not warranted when legislation appears on its face to violate a provision of the Bill of Rights, or restricts ordinary political processes, or is directed at discrete and insular minorities. At the time the decision was announced, however, the decision in …