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2013

Accountability

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Law

Reviewing Charlotte Ku And Harold Jacobson (Eds.), Democratic Accountability And The Use Of Force In International Law, Russell A. Miller Nov 2013

Reviewing Charlotte Ku And Harold Jacobson (Eds.), Democratic Accountability And The Use Of Force In International Law, Russell A. Miller

Russell A. Miller

None available.


The Application Of The Administrative Procedure Act To Private-­‐Public Sector Partnerships In Homeland Security, Michael James Weiss Oct 2013

The Application Of The Administrative Procedure Act To Private-­‐Public Sector Partnerships In Homeland Security, Michael James Weiss

University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review

Increasingly, the U.S. federal government is turning to the use of private-­public sector partnerships (“PPP”), especially in the area of homeland security. Although these partnerships have numerous benefits, there are several problems that arise in their practice, particularly when they are used in homeland security.

This note will outline and detail these problems, including deputization, excessive congressional oversight, and management and accountability. In addition, this note will present solutions to resolving the issue of centralization. In other words, this note will advocate for a single agency that implements, manages, and creates rules for all PPPs within the Department of Homeland …


"We The People," Constitutional Accountability, And Outsourcing Government, Kimberly N. Brown Oct 2013

"We The People," Constitutional Accountability, And Outsourcing Government, Kimberly N. Brown

Indiana Law Journal

The ubiquitous outsourcing of federal functions to private contractors, although benign in the main, raises the most fundamental of constitutional questions: What institutions and actors comprise the “federal government” itself? From Abu Ghraib to Blackwater, a string of scandals has heightened public awareness that highly sensitive federal powers and responsibilities are routinely entrusted to government contractors. At the same time, the American populace seems vaguely aware that, when it comes to ensuring accountability for errors and abuses of power, contractors occupy a special space. The fact is that myriad structural and procedural means for holding traditionally government actors accountable do …


Why The Extractive Industry Should Support Mandatory Transparency: A Shared Value Approach, Julien Topal, Perrine Toledano Sep 2013

Why The Extractive Industry Should Support Mandatory Transparency: A Shared Value Approach, Julien Topal, Perrine Toledano

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

The Transparency Amendment, included in the Dodd‐Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, can be an important tool in curtailing the resource curse that so heavily burdens resource‐rich developing countries by shedding light on opaque payments between the extractive sector and host countries. From the get‐go, however, extractive industry companies have fiercely opposed the new mandatory disclosure requirements as set out in this regulation. The corporate opposition is for the largest part motivated by the fear of a competitive disadvantage that derives from the fact that the amendment is housed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and thus …


Guest View: In Defense Of Student Privacy, Richard J. Peltz-Steele Jun 2013

Guest View: In Defense Of Student Privacy, Richard J. Peltz-Steele

Richard J. Peltz-Steele

Privacy is another American value we rush to sacrifice on the altar of accountability. In Ohio, reporters swarm the yards of liberated kidnapping victims. And in Massachusetts, news trucks besiege the campus at UMass Dartmouth, where I work, and where marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was a student. Media want to know everything about Tsarnaev and his college friends. The university, bound by federal privacy law, has refused access to student academic and financial aid records.


Striking A Balance: Administrative Law Judge Independence And Accountability, R. Terrence Harders Apr 2013

Striking A Balance: Administrative Law Judge Independence And Accountability, R. Terrence Harders

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Alj Final Orders On Appeal: Balancing Independence With Accountability, Jim Rossi Apr 2013

Alj Final Orders On Appeal: Balancing Independence With Accountability, Jim Rossi

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

This essay addresses how ALJ final order authority in many state systems of administrative governance (among them Florida, Louisiana, Missouri, and South Carolina) poses a tension between independence and accountability. It is argued that political accountability is sacrificed where reviewing courts defer to ALJ final orders on issues of law and policy. Standards of review provide state courts with a way of restoring the balance between independence and accountability, but reviewing courts should heighten the deference they give to the agency's legal and policy positions -- giving little or no deference to the ALJ on these issues -- even where …


Who’S Who In The Legal Zoo: The Jury, Jodie O'Leary Apr 2013

Who’S Who In The Legal Zoo: The Jury, Jodie O'Leary

Jodie O'Leary

Extract: Juries have been portrayed in movies, such as The Juror and the much earlier 12 Angry Men, depicted in books (particularly by John Grisham), such as The Last Juror or Runaway Jury, and featured in television programs like Law and Order. Most of us in the common law world know someone who served on one (or at least got a notice to attend jury duty). But what do you really know about this institution that has been described as ‘the lamp that shows that freedom lives’ or the ‘sacred bulwark’ of liberty?


S13rs Sgr No. 5 (Medical Amnesty), Westbrook, Boudreaux, Tillay, Vargas Apr 2013

S13rs Sgr No. 5 (Medical Amnesty), Westbrook, Boudreaux, Tillay, Vargas

Student Senate Enrolled Legislation

No abstract provided.


Federal Incarceration By Contract In A Post-Minneci World: Legislation To Equalize The Constitutional Rights Of Prisoners, Allison L. Waks Apr 2013

Federal Incarceration By Contract In A Post-Minneci World: Legislation To Equalize The Constitutional Rights Of Prisoners, Allison L. Waks

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In the 2012 case Minneci v. Pollard, the United States Supreme Court held that federal prisoners assigned to privately-run prisons may not bring actions for violations of their Eighth Amendment right against cruel and unusual punishment and may instead bring actions sounding only in state tort law. A consequence of this decision is that the arbitrary assignment of some federal prisoners to privately-run prisons deprives them of an equal opportunity to vindicate this federal constitutional right and pursue a federal remedy. Yet all federal prisoners should be entitled to the same protection under the United States Constitution-regardless of the type …


The Thoughtful Integration Of Mediation Into Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration, Nancy A. Welsh, Andrea Kupfer Schneider Mar 2013

The Thoughtful Integration Of Mediation Into Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration, Nancy A. Welsh, Andrea Kupfer Schneider

Faculty Scholarship

While the current system of investment treaty arbitration has definitely improved upon the “gunboat diplomacy” used at times to address disputes between states and foreign investors, there are signs that reform is needed: states and investors increasingly express concerns regarding the costs associated with the arbitration process, some states refuse to comply with arbitral awards, other states hesitate to sign new bilateral investment treaties, and citizens have begun to engage in popular unrest at the prospect of investment treaty arbitration. As a result, both investors and states are advocating for the use of mediation to supplement investor-state arbitration. This Article …


Bulk Misdemeanor Justice, Stephanos Bibas Feb 2013

Bulk Misdemeanor Justice, Stephanos Bibas

All Faculty Scholarship

This short essay responds to Alexandra Natapoff’s article Misdemeanors, which shines a much-needed spotlight on the mass production of criminal justice and injustice in millions of low-level cases. The prime culprit in Natapoff’s story is the hidden, informal discretion that police officers enjoy to arrest, charge, and effect convictions, abetted by prosecutors’ and judges’ abdication and defense counsel’s absence or impotence. The roots of the problem she identifies, I argue, go all the way down to the system’s professionalization and mechanization. Given the magnitude of the problem, Natapoff’s solutions are surprisingly half-hearted, masking the deeper structural problems that demand …


Restoring A Public Focus To Government-Owned Businesses: Is A Duty To The Public The Answer?, Victoria Baumfield Feb 2013

Restoring A Public Focus To Government-Owned Businesses: Is A Duty To The Public The Answer?, Victoria Baumfield

Victoria Baumfield

Commercialised government business enterprises (GBEs) have proliferated in recent years. In some cases, profitability has been accorded too much prominence, while the public’s concerns are ignored. This paper proposes that the pendulum has swung too far in favour of treating GBEs like regular businesses, with no regard for their public interest functions. Existing accountability measures must be strengthened. The ministerial responsibility model is insufficient to ensure that GBEs are managed in ways that take account of public concerns. Building on the public trust model, new approaches are required to ensure that GBEs do not neglect their duty, as governmental bodies, …


Heuristics, Cognitive Biases, And Accountability: Decision-Making In Dependency Court, Matthew I. Fraidin Jan 2013

Heuristics, Cognitive Biases, And Accountability: Decision-Making In Dependency Court, Matthew I. Fraidin

Journal Articles

On tens of thousands of occasions each year, state court judges wrongly separate children from their families and place them in foster care. And while a child is in foster care, judges are called on to render hundreds of decisions affecting every aspect of the child’s life. This Article uses insights from social psychology research to analyze the environment of dependency court and to recommend changes that will improve decisions. Research indicates that decision makers aware at the time they make a decision that they will be called upon later to explain it may engage in a systematic, deliberate decision-making …


Guest View: In Defense Of Student Privacy, Richard J. Peltz-Steele Jan 2013

Guest View: In Defense Of Student Privacy, Richard J. Peltz-Steele

Faculty Publications

Privacy is another American value we rush to sacrifice on the altar of accountability. In Ohio, reporters swarm the yards of liberated kidnapping victims. And in Massachusetts, news trucks besiege the campus at UMass Dartmouth, where I work, and where marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was a student. Media want to know everything about Tsarnaev and his college friends. The university, bound by federal privacy law, has refused access to student academic and financial aid records.


The Implementation Gap: What Causes Laws To Succeed Or Fail?, David Barnhizer Jan 2013

The Implementation Gap: What Causes Laws To Succeed Or Fail?, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

It is important to go behind the “paper systems” many countries and private sector actors have created to manufacture the appearance of commitments to responsible economic activity, environmental protection and social justice. This produces the need to penetrate the veils that mask governments’ “apparent compliance” with the terms of sustainable development, and to be honest about the inability of voluntary codes of practice to shape the behavior of business and government. Implementation requires effective systems to carry out the law and policy mandates. Laws and policies are often poorly designed or deliberately sabotaged in their creation, but in many instances …


The Reality Of Business And Governmental Decision-Making In The Context Of Sustainable Development, David Barnhizer Jan 2013

The Reality Of Business And Governmental Decision-Making In The Context Of Sustainable Development, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

It is absolutely rational for economic actors and decision-makers to seek to operate in their own self-interest. The challenge for anyone who wishes to influence or alter the process lies in knowing where that self-interest lies and changing the nature of the self-interest if that is required or possible. That is a far greater challenge than many understand because regardless of what we might like to do in our personal lives, it is the institution within which we work that dictates how we think and what we value in our service to that institution. Given the short time frame within …


New “Architecture” And Revitalizing The Un Global Compact, David Barnhizer Jan 2013

New “Architecture” And Revitalizing The Un Global Compact, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

Some advocates of sustainable development possess an almost theological faith in what I refer to as “rhetorical” sustainable development as the path to providing for the sound future of human civilizations and critical ecological systems. Simply put, if we try to think “too big” and “bite off too much” then the system we are trying to control or influence consumes us and our resources and we fail miserably. There is real and predictable danger in grandeur. This means we need to think about achieving sustainability in very specific and concrete terms applied to clear goals and an honest understanding of …


Enunciating Genocide: Crime, Rights And The Impact Of Judicial Intervention, Mark Findlay Jan 2013

Enunciating Genocide: Crime, Rights And The Impact Of Judicial Intervention, Mark Findlay

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

As a consequence of recent decisions from the ICJ and the ICTR, it is clear that genocide can be pursued through the international courts both in terms of criminal liability and also rights/responsibility legal paradigms. This article suggests that this duality in possible contexts and processes of judicial determination, while being procedurally problematic, is in keeping with the human rights direction of international criminal justice. In addition, by opening the legal consideration of genocide to questions of individual liability as well as state-sponsored rights abuse, judges are now able to consider the more realistic complexity of genocide atrocity and thereby …


Shared Responsibility In International Law: A Conceptual Framework, Andre Nollkaemper, Dov Jacobs Jan 2013

Shared Responsibility In International Law: A Conceptual Framework, Andre Nollkaemper, Dov Jacobs

Michigan Journal of International Law

In this Article we explore the phenomenon of shared international responsibility among multiple actors that contribute to harmful outcomes that international law seeks to prevent. We examine the foundations and manifestations of shared responsibility, explain why international law has had difficulty in grasping its complexity, and set forth a conceptual framework that allows us to better understand and study the phenomenon. Such a framework provides a basis for further development of principles of international law that correspond to the needs of an era characterized by joint and coordinated, rather than independent, action.


Tribal Rights, Human Rights, Kristen A. Carpenter, Angela R. Riley Jan 2013

Tribal Rights, Human Rights, Kristen A. Carpenter, Angela R. Riley

Publications

No abstract provided.


The President's Enforcement Power, Kate Andrias Jan 2013

The President's Enforcement Power, Kate Andrias

Articles

Enforcement of law is at the core of the President’s constitutional duty to “take Care” that the laws are faithfully executed, and it is a primary mechanism for effecting national regulatory policy. Yet questions about how presidents oversee agency enforcement activity have received surprisingly little scholarly attention. This Article provides a positive account of the President’s role in administrative enforcement, explores why presidential enforcement has taken the shape it has, and examines the bounds of the President’s enforcement power. It demonstrates that presidential involvement in agency enforcement, though extensive, has been ad hoc, crisis-driven, and frequently opaque. The Article thus …


Impunity Writ Large: A Study Of Crimes Committed During Anti-Veerappan Operations, Saumya Uma Dec 2012

Impunity Writ Large: A Study Of Crimes Committed During Anti-Veerappan Operations, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

This paper discusses the atrocities committed by police officials belonging to a Joint Special Task Force (JSTF) established by the state governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in India to capture Veerappan – a well-known forest brigand. The paper traces the widespread use of torture, inhuman and degrading treatment, extra-judicial killings and enforced disappearances of persons from poor and underprivileged communities living on the borders of Satyamangalam forest in this context. It analyzes the atrocities through the lens of international legal standards as well as Indian criminal law. It critically evaluates the responses of Indian state and democratic institutions, including …


Integrating Victims' Rights In The Indian Legal Framework, Saumya Uma Dec 2012

Integrating Victims' Rights In The Indian Legal Framework, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

The article advocates an integration of victims' rights within the Indian legal framework, to be balanced with the rights of the accused and standards of fair trial.
In the first part, the article discusses international norms and standards related to three aspects of victims' rights: protection, participation and reparations.
In the second part, the article discusses existing statutory law, judicial interpretations and recommendations / reports / policies for law reform in India, with regard to each of the three aspects of victims' rights.
The third part of the article discusses the challenges faced when integrating a victims' perspective within the …