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2012

Violence

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Law

Safety First -In Search Of Justice -School & Law Enforcement Agency Partnerships, Michael Anthony Pickett Dec 2012

Safety First -In Search Of Justice -School & Law Enforcement Agency Partnerships, Michael Anthony Pickett

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

ABSTRACT

Educational problems are many and varied. At-risk students, achievement gaps and poor student outcomes are hot topics that beg for improvement in equity across the board and stand in the way of achieving excellence. These educative, albeit, social justice issues are not new, but rather, are old problems revisited (Kaestle, 1983; Morrison, 2003). Additionally, the issue of violence in schools is also recognized as not only a social justice problem but also a public health problem (Mercy & O'Carroll, 1988) and is perhaps the most pressing societal issue related to children and youth today. "Safe schools are the concern of communities throughout the world...and the protection of children in schools is a constant challenge for societies around the world," (Rosiak, J., 2009, p.1). Violence in schools is a complex issue: student's assault teachers, strangers harm children, students hurt each other, and any one of the parties may come to school already damaged or violated. The kind of violence an individual encounters is widespread, "theft, bullying, drugs, and weapons in school" (Dinkes, R., Kemp, J., Baum K., Snyder, T., 2009 p.3) including rape and murder. School professionals, parents, and citizens alike are alarmed by the apparent level of violent acts that plague our school communities.

The notion that schools should be safe havens is a concept that has found support in law throughout the history of public schools. For teachers to teach and children to learn, there must be a safe and inviting learning environment. Students and school personnel need a secure environment, free from the danger and threat of violence and harm, drug use, and lack of discipline, in order to ensure that all children achieve to their full potential.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program that focused on ensuring such a safe haven for school children; the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department's School Violence Initiative. The program evaluation methodology used both qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate ...


A Constitutional Right To Safe Foster Care - Time For The Supreme Court To Pay Its I.O.U., Daniel L. Skoler Nov 2012

A Constitutional Right To Safe Foster Care - Time For The Supreme Court To Pay Its I.O.U., Daniel L. Skoler

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Substance And Method In The Year 2000, Akhil Reed Amar Oct 2012

Substance And Method In The Year 2000, Akhil Reed Amar

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Guatemala's Past Casts An Ominous Shadow, Lauren Carasik Oct 2012

Guatemala's Past Casts An Ominous Shadow, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


The Price They Pay: Protecting The Mother-Child Relationship Through The Use Of Prison Nurseries And Residential Parenting Programs, Anne E. Jbara Oct 2012

The Price They Pay: Protecting The Mother-Child Relationship Through The Use Of Prison Nurseries And Residential Parenting Programs, Anne E. Jbara

Indiana Law Journal

Over the past century, while advocates of prison nurseries have applauded their individual and societal benefits, opponents have criticized their touchy-feely undertones, arguing that children do not belong behind bars. New York instituted the first modern prison nursery program in 1901 at its Bedford Hills facility, and the nursery has existed ever since. The federal government and a number of other states have followed suit in developing programs that, to varying degrees, give mothers and infants an opportunity to remain together until the infant reaches a particular age. The requirements for such programs vary by state but generally only permit ...


Going Nowhere Fast (Or Furious): The Nonexistent U.S. Firearms Trafficking Statute And The Rise Of Mexican Drug Cartel Violence, Stewart M. Young Sep 2012

Going Nowhere Fast (Or Furious): The Nonexistent U.S. Firearms Trafficking Statute And The Rise Of Mexican Drug Cartel Violence, Stewart M. Young

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Drug trafficking violence in Mexico, now reaching epidemic proportions, greatly impacts both the Mexican and United States governments. Despite the escalation of the "War on Drugs, " drug trafficking from Mexico to the United States continues largely unabated, stifling tourism revenue and lawful economic opportunities, and causing violence previously unknown in Mexico. Thus far, the United States' efforts to deal with this drug trafficking and violence include the recent debacle of Operation Fast and Furious. News regarding this Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives'(ATF) operation shocked citizens and lawmakers alike, as Fast and Furious allowed firearms to "walk" down ...


Prosecuting Crimes Against The Elderly While Addressing The Victim's Loss Of Autonomy, Preston Mighdoll Aug 2012

Prosecuting Crimes Against The Elderly While Addressing The Victim's Loss Of Autonomy, Preston Mighdoll

Marquette Elder's Advisor

Using three case studies as examples, Mighdoll illustrates the emotional problems encountered by victims after their abusers are removed from the situation. Often the victim has become so dependent on the abuser that independent living is no longer possible and relocation is necessary. The team efforts of the task force in Palm Beach County to work with these problems are described in detail.


Individual Autonomy Versus Community: Is It All Or Nothing? An Analysis Of City Of Chicago V. Morales , Keasa Hollister Jul 2012

Individual Autonomy Versus Community: Is It All Or Nothing? An Analysis Of City Of Chicago V. Morales , Keasa Hollister

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


An End To The Violence: Justifying Gender As A "Particular Social Group", Suzanne Sidun Jul 2012

An End To The Violence: Justifying Gender As A "Particular Social Group", Suzanne Sidun

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


South Carolina Women Are Not Preexisting Conditions, Elizabeth A. Hoskins Jul 2012

South Carolina Women Are Not Preexisting Conditions, Elizabeth A. Hoskins

South Carolina Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Cult Of Hostile Gender Climate: A Male Voice Preaches Diversity To The Choir, Dan Subotnik May 2012

The Cult Of Hostile Gender Climate: A Male Voice Preaches Diversity To The Choir, Dan Subotnik

Dan Subotnik

No abstract provided.


Martin V. Malcolm: Democracy, Nonviolence, Manhood, John M. Kang Apr 2012

Martin V. Malcolm: Democracy, Nonviolence, Manhood, John M. Kang

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Guatemala: Reconciliation Or Retrenchment?, Lauren Carasik Jan 2012

Guatemala: Reconciliation Or Retrenchment?, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Collaboration And Coercion: Domestic Violence Meets Collaborative Law, Margaret B. Drew Jan 2012

Collaboration And Coercion: Domestic Violence Meets Collaborative Law, Margaret B. Drew

Faculty Publications

‘Collaboration and Coercion’ addresses the systemic and individual concerns that arise when family members that have experienced abuse enter into the collaborative law process. A form of alternative dispute resolution, collaborative law is a method of resolving disputes without engagement of the legal system. The author addresses the structural and cultural difficulties that survivors of abuse encounter throughout the process as well as the ethical concerns that are raised when collaborative practitioners accept cases where the parties have a history of coercion within the intimate relationship.


Intimate Terrorism And Technology: There's An App For That, Justine A. Dunlap Jan 2012

Intimate Terrorism And Technology: There's An App For That, Justine A. Dunlap

Faculty Publications

Technology enhances the ability of the domestic violence perpetrator. It also holds the promise of assisting domestic violence survivors in their quest for safety. This is true in practical, daily ways and is becoming increasingly true in the legal treatment of these cases. Perpetrators can use technology to stalk and find their victims; survivors can use it to access necessary information to get away from their batterers. Laws are being amended to take into account cyber-enhanced domestic violence techniques. Domestic or intimate terrorists are among the class of criminals targeted for use of GPS monitoring. This article discusses the way ...


'Deep Cleavages That Divide': The Origins And Development Of Ethnic Violence In Rwanda, Deborah Mayersen Jan 2012

'Deep Cleavages That Divide': The Origins And Development Of Ethnic Violence In Rwanda, Deborah Mayersen

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers (Archive)

While Hutu and Tutsi subgroups have existed since pre-colonial times in Rwanda, major interethnic violence is a much more recent phenomenon. During the 1950s, issues of race, power and privilege became highly politicised. As decolonisation loomed, the intersections between race and power became bitterly contested, leading to the 1959 Hutu Uprising. The Hutu Uprising was the first major outbreak of interethnic violence in Rwanda, however following this, such violence recurred repeatedly. This article explores key issues that contributed to and emerged from the Hutu Uprising, including the conflation of political and ethnic issues, perceptions of the Tutsi minority as a ...


Take The Money And Split: The Current Circuit Split And Why Actual Force And Violence Or Intimidation Should Not Be Required Under Section 2113(A) Of The Bank Robbery Act, Kaitlin Flynn Jan 2012

Take The Money And Split: The Current Circuit Split And Why Actual Force And Violence Or Intimidation Should Not Be Required Under Section 2113(A) Of The Bank Robbery Act, Kaitlin Flynn

Catholic University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Steps To Alleviating Violence Against Women On Tribal Lands, Anjum Unwala Jan 2012

Steps To Alleviating Violence Against Women On Tribal Lands, Anjum Unwala

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform Caveat

One in three Native American women has been raped or has experienced an attempted rape. Federal officials also failed to prosecute 75% of the alleged sex crimes against women and children living under tribal authority. The Senate bill to reauthorize the 1994 Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) could provide appropriate recourse for Native American women who are victims of sexual assault. This bill (S. 1925), introduced in 2011, would grant tribal courts the ability to prosecute non-Indians who have sexually assaulted their Native American spouses and domestic partners. Congress has quickly reauthorized the Violence Against Women Act twice before. But ...


Victim Participation At The International Criminal Court And The Extraordinary Chambers In The Courts Of Cambodia: A Feminist Project, Susana Sacouto Jan 2012

Victim Participation At The International Criminal Court And The Extraordinary Chambers In The Courts Of Cambodia: A Feminist Project, Susana Sacouto

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

The question this Article poses is whether victim participation--one of the most recent developments in international criminal law--has increased the visibility of the actual lived experience of survivors of sexual and gender-based violence in the context of war, mass violence, or repression. Under the Rome Statute, victims of the world's most serious crimes were given unprecedented rights to participate in proceedings before the Court. Nearly a decade later, a similar scheme was established to allow victims to participate as civil parties in the proceedings before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC or Extraordinary Chambers), a court ...


Jessica Lenahan (Gonzalez) V. United States & Collective Entity Responsibility For Gender-Based Violence, Nancy Chi Cantalupo Jan 2012

Jessica Lenahan (Gonzalez) V. United States & Collective Entity Responsibility For Gender-Based Violence, Nancy Chi Cantalupo

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Decriminalizing Campus Institutional Responses To Peer Sexual Violence, Nancy Chi Cantalupo Jan 2012

Decriminalizing Campus Institutional Responses To Peer Sexual Violence, Nancy Chi Cantalupo

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Defusing Implicit Bias, Jonathan P. Feingold, Karen Lorang Jan 2012

Defusing Implicit Bias, Jonathan P. Feingold, Karen Lorang

Faculty Scholarship

The February 2012 killing of Trayvon Martin has slowly reignited the national conversation about race and violence. Despite the sheer volume of debate arising from this tragedy, insufficient attention has been paid to the potentially deadly mix of guns and implicit bias. Evidence of implicit bias, and its power to alter real-world behavior, is stronger now than ever. A growing body of research on “shooter bias” reveals that, as a result of implicit bias, White and Black Americans are more likely to shoot unarmed Black men than unarmed White men. The problem has been diagnosed. What remains to be determined ...


From Private Violence To Mass Incarceration: Thinking Intersectionally About Women, Race, And Social Control, Kimberlé W. Crenshaw Jan 2012

From Private Violence To Mass Incarceration: Thinking Intersectionally About Women, Race, And Social Control, Kimberlé W. Crenshaw

Faculty Scholarship

The structural and political dimensions of gender violence and mass incarceration are linked in multiple ways. The myriad causes and consequences of mass incarceration discussed herein call for increased attention to the interface between the dynamics that constitute race, gender, and class power, as well as to the way these dynamics converge and rearticulate themselves within institutional settings to manufacture social punishment and human suffering. Beyond addressing the convergences between private and public power that constitute the intersectional dimensions of social control, this Article addresses political failures within the antiracism and antiviolence movements that may contribute to the legitimacy of ...


A Public Health Approach To Understanding And Preventing Violent Radicalisation., K Bhui, M Hicks, M Lashley, E Jones Dec 2011

A Public Health Approach To Understanding And Preventing Violent Radicalisation., K Bhui, M Hicks, M Lashley, E Jones

Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks

No abstract provided.


Assessing Public Health Strategies For Advancing Child Protection: Human Trafficking As A Case Study, Jonathan Todres Dec 2011

Assessing Public Health Strategies For Advancing Child Protection: Human Trafficking As A Case Study, Jonathan Todres

Jonathan Todres

Ensuring the well-being of all children is one of the great challenges of our time. Despite concerted efforts in the United States to protect children, research reveals that millions of children suffer harm each year. Frequently, when policymakers and child advocates speak of “child protection,” they focus primarily on abuse and neglect in the home. Often, child protection does not contemplate violence against children in the community. The inside/outside-the-home divide is somewhat of a false dichotomy, however, as the two realms are interrelated. Children who suffer abuse and neglect in the home are frequently at heightened risk of exploitation ...