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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 407

Full-Text Articles in Law

Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger Dec 2012

Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger

Myanna Dellinger

Localizing Climate Change Action - abstract

Myanna Dellinger

Waiting for national- or supranational-level actors to take substantively effective action against climate change is like waiting for Godot: unlikely to happen, at least at a substantively early enough point in time. The December 2012 negotiations under the UNFCCC umbrella yet again demonstrated the failure of action at the international level. This article adds new value to existing scholarship by conducting original research into select climate initiatives at the subnational, substate level in order to find out whether it is worth pursuing climate change action at this level instead. The article posits that ...


Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger Dec 2012

Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger

Myanna Dellinger

Localizing Climate Change Action - abstract

Myanna Dellinger

Waiting for national- or supranational-level actors to take substantively effective action against climate change is like waiting for Godot: unlikely to happen, at least at a substantively early enough point in time. The December 2012 negotiations under the UNFCCC umbrella yet again demonstrated the failure of action at the international level. This article adds new value to existing scholarship by conducting original research into select climate initiatives at the subnational, substate level in order to find out whether it is worth pursuing climate change action at this level instead. The article posits that ...


Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger Dec 2012

Localizing Climate Change Action, Marianne Dellinger

Myanna Dellinger

Localizing Climate Change Action - abstract

Myanna Dellinger

Waiting for national- or supranational-level actors to take substantively effective action against climate change is like waiting for Godot: unlikely to happen, at least at a substantively early enough point in time. The December 2012 negotiations under the UNFCCC umbrella yet again demonstrated the failure of action at the international level. This article adds new value to existing scholarship by conducting original research into select climate initiatives at the subnational, substate level in order to find out whether it is worth pursuing climate change action at this level instead. The article posits that ...


Contracting In The Contemporary World, Enrico Baffi Dec 2012

Contracting In The Contemporary World, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This paper gives an interpretation of many aspects of modern way o stipulate contracts. The leit motive is that many change in the last century has happened because the cost of labor id increased The cost of concert with 50 musician is much more expensive now tan fifty years ago The fact that we use standard form contract, we do not make negotiation , we do not read contracts, all these things seems to depend by the fat the our time has more value now than on hundred years ago. Negotiation of an hour to obtain a reduction of price of ...


From Coase To Cooter: The Criticisms To Pigou’S Ideas, Enrico Baffi Dec 2012

From Coase To Cooter: The Criticisms To Pigou’S Ideas, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

The aim of this paper is at discovering the most profound divergences between Coase and Pigou. Coase is well known for his theorem, but in his article ”The Problem of social Cost” he wants to point all the convincing criticisms to Pigou way of reasoning or, it is probably more correct to say, to Pigou’s oral tradition. I have found at least four criticisms. The last one, that states that it is impossible to have a mechanism of internalization of all social costs , is probably the least appealing but that one that has the strongest roots. I have also ...


Section 2 As An “Adequate Substitute” For Section 5: Proposing An “Effects-Only” Test As An Amendment To Section 2 Of The Voting Rights Act Of 1965, Bernice M. Bird Dec 2012

Section 2 As An “Adequate Substitute” For Section 5: Proposing An “Effects-Only” Test As An Amendment To Section 2 Of The Voting Rights Act Of 1965, Bernice M. Bird

Bernice M. Bird

As the U.S. Supreme Court shall finally determine whether Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is unconstitutional next year in Shelby County, Ala. v. Holder, most suppressed minority voters may be left with only Section 2 as a remedy for voting discrimination challenges. However, the federal courts have consistently interpreted Section 2's "results" or "intent" test contrary to the legislative intent of Section 2 in increasing the burden for plaintiffs to demonstrate discriminatory intent of racial bias in enacting election laws. Thus, Section 2 currently serves as an inadequate substitute for redressing voting discrimination should ...


Prison Visitation Policies: A Fifty State Survey, Chesa Boudin Dec 2012

Prison Visitation Policies: A Fifty State Survey, Chesa Boudin

Chesa Boudin

This paper presents a summary of the findings from the first fifty-state survey of prison visitation policies. Our research explores the contours of how prison administrators exercise their discretion to prescribe when and how prisoners may have contact with friends and family. Visitation policies impact recidivism, inmates’ and their families’ quality of life, public safety, and prison security, transparency and accountability. Yet many policies are inaccessible to visitors and researchers. Given the wide-ranging effects of visitation, it is important to understand the landscape of visitation policies and then, where possible, identify best practices and uncover policies that may be counterproductive ...


The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw Dec 2012

The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw

Scott Titshaw

Much has been written about the possible effects on different-sex marriage of legally recognizing same-sex marriage. This article looks at the defense of marriage from a different angle: It shows how rejecting same-sex marriage results in political compromise and the proliferation of “marriage light” alternatives (e.g., civil unions, domestic partnerships, or reciprocal beneficiaries) that undermine the unique status of marriage for everyone. In the process, it examines several aspects of the marriage debate in detail. After describing the flexibility of marriage as it has evolved over time, the article focuses on recent state constitutional amendments attempting to stop further ...


Beyond Incentives: Making Corporate Whistleblowing Moral In The New Era Of Dodd-Frank Act "Bounty Hunting", Matt A. Vega Nov 2012

Beyond Incentives: Making Corporate Whistleblowing Moral In The New Era Of Dodd-Frank Act "Bounty Hunting", Matt A. Vega

Matt A Vega

In this article, I examine the SEC's new whistleblower bounty program authorized by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the program, which went into effect last year, the SEC is required to pay a bounty to whistleblowers who voluntarily provide the agency with "original information" about a potential securities law violation that leads to a successful SEC or "related" enforcement action and that results in monetary sanctions of sufficient size. When the average SEC settlement is over $18.3 million, whistleblowers can expect the average bounty to be well in the range of $2-5 million.

My contention is that this new ...


Contracting In The Modern World, Enrico Baffi Nov 2012

Contracting In The Modern World, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

In this paper we try explore some of the basic features of mass contracting. In our opinion, there are basically four characteristics of mass contracting: the reduced negotiations, the dissemination of standard form contracts, the presence of abusive clauses, and the recapitulation of the contract and its execution in a single act of stipulation. a) The reduction in negotiations is the result first of all of the costs that this activity requires and of the costs required to manage personalised contracts; secondly, this reduction is the consequence of the greater advantage of mass-produced goods compared to personalised goods; ) The affirmation ...


A Call For Action: An Analysis Of The Impending Regulatory Crisis In The Municipal Securities Market, Philip Grommet Nov 2012

A Call For Action: An Analysis Of The Impending Regulatory Crisis In The Municipal Securities Market, Philip Grommet

Philip Grommet

This Article warns of an impending regulatory crisis in the municipal securities market. The municipal securities market is an integral tool that allows state and local governments to implement important public interest projects by appealing to retail investors seeking tax-exempt income. Its regulation has garnered little attention – aside from the market’s characterization as “sleepy.” However, the market has grown exponentially and today’s market is increasingly populated with complex financial instruments. Quite simply, its regulation has not kept pace with developments in the market. Municipal securities issuers are not subject to the general registration requirements of the Securities Act ...


Contracting In The Modern World, Enrico Baffi Nov 2012

Contracting In The Modern World, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

In this paper I try explore some of the basic features of modern mass contracting. In my opinion, there are basically four characteristics of modern mass contracting: a)he reduced negotiations; b) the dissemination of standard form contracts; c) the presence of abusive clauses; d) and the recapitulation of the contract and its execution in a single act of stipulation. All the changes are the consequences in the changes of relative costs of activities: a) The reduction in negotiations is the result first of all of the costs that this activity requires and of the costs required to manage personalized ...


The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronal Coase, Enrico Baffi Nov 2012

The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronal Coase, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This work examines the influence of Coasian thought on the analysis of externalities as used by economists and legal economists. Ronald Coase, a Chicago scholar, advanced a series of criticisms of the Pigovian tax system; the theorem that bears his name is merely the best known. In his 1960 work, he sought to demonstrate that the internationalization of social costs was not always socially useful andd sometimes impossible. In addition, he identified other institutional solutions to which systems can - and often do - resort. One of these solutions is to simply authorize the harmful activity without introducing mechanisms to internalize social ...


The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronald Coase, Enrico Baffi Nov 2012

The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronald Coase, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This work examines the influence of Coasian thought on the analysis of externalities as used by economists and legal economists. Ronald Coase, a Chicago scholar, advanced a series of criticisms of the Pigovian tax system; the theorem that bears his name is merely the best known. In his 1960 work, he sought to demonstrate that the internationalization of social costs was not always socially useful and in many casesimossible. In addition, he identified other institutional solutions to which systems can - and often do - resort. One of these solutions is to simply authorize the harmful activity without introducing mechanisms to internalize ...


The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronald Coase, Enrico Baffi Nov 2012

The Problem Of Internalization Of Social Costs And The Ideas Of Ronald Coase, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This work examines the influence of Coasian thought on the analysis of externalities as used by economists and legal economists. Ronald Coase, a Chicago scholar, advanced a series of criticisms of the Pigovian tax system; the theorem that bears his name is merely the best known. In his 1960 work, he sought to demonstrate that the internationalization of social costs was not always socially useful and also difficult if not impossible to realize. In addition, he identified other institutional solutions to which systems can - and often do - resort. One of these solutions is to simply authorize the harmful activity without ...


Unconstitutional Animus, Susannah W. Pollvogt Nov 2012

Unconstitutional Animus, Susannah W. Pollvogt

Susannah W Pollvogt

It is well established that animus can never constitute a legitimate state interest for purposes of equal protection analysis. But neither precedent nor scholarship has stated conclusively what exactly animus is, or what counts as evidence of animus in any given case. The United States Supreme Court has explicitly addressed the question of animus only a handful of times, and these cases do not appear to be particularly congruent with one another, at least on the surface. Further, while scholars have discussed animus in terms of moral philosophy, no one has attempted to articulate a unified theory of animus as ...


Altruism Trumping Privacy Hipaa, Privacy, Big Data Set Benefits, Douglas J. Henderson Oct 2012

Altruism Trumping Privacy Hipaa, Privacy, Big Data Set Benefits, Douglas J. Henderson

DOUGLAS J HENDERSON

The United States Government must administer a publicly held cloud networked Big Data Set of Private Health Information (PHI) in order to utilize Big Data Analytics and allow free data mining of such PHI so that the health care industry can operate most cost effectively while also meeting the health care needs of the aging United States populace with the highest quality of care.


Problems Of Perception In The European Court Of Human Rights: A Matter Of Evidence?, Anne Richardson Oakes Oct 2012

Problems Of Perception In The European Court Of Human Rights: A Matter Of Evidence?, Anne Richardson Oakes

Anne Richardson Oakes

The “doctrine of appearances” is now an important element of the jurisprudence of Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The court derives support for its interpretations from the traditional precept of the common law that “justice must be seen to be done.” However, the formulations of the European Court are idiosyncratic and apparently driven by an asserted perception of an increased public sensitivity in this area. This paper examines these formulations and considers the extent to which judicial principles of procedural fairness require an empirical connection.


Judicial Review And Deliberative Politics. A Tension In Need Of Analysis., Donald E. Bello Hutt Oct 2012

Judicial Review And Deliberative Politics. A Tension In Need Of Analysis., Donald E. Bello Hutt

Donald E. Bello Hutt

Champions of judicial review of legislation have defended this institution even before John Marshall decided Marbury v. Madison in 1803. Nevertheless, those defenses have to face with several difficulties, both practical and abstract. The aim of this paper is to analyze those difficulties and the context in which the defenses have been successful. We shall discuss the origins of judicial review in the work of James Iredell, Alexander Hamilton and John Marshall in order to introduce not only the first defenses of judicial review, but to fix the political context and dominant constitutional philosophy at their time: departmentalism and popular ...


Fugitives In Immigration: A Call For Legislative Guidelines On Disentitlement, Kiran H. Griffith Oct 2012

Fugitives In Immigration: A Call For Legislative Guidelines On Disentitlement, Kiran H. Griffith

Seattle University Law Review

In light of Supreme Court jurisprudence regarding the fugitive disentitlement doctrine, the circuit courts of appeal have readily expanded the doctrine’s use to civil matters, as well as immigration. But the Supreme Court’s nuanced treatment of the rationales underlying this doctrine, specifically in Ortega-Rodriguez v. United States and Degen v. United States, has led to inconsistent application across the circuits. Specifically, a split has arisen among the Second, Fifth, Seventh, and Ninth Circuits as to whether these rationales support invocation of the fugitive disentitlement doctrine to find fugitivity and dismiss an alien’s petition for review when an ...


Misappropriating Women’S History In The Law And Politics Of Abortion , Tracy A. Thomas Oct 2012

Misappropriating Women’S History In The Law And Politics Of Abortion , Tracy A. Thomas

Seattle University Law Review

To examine the veracity of the political and legal claims of a feminist history against abortion, this Article focuses on one of the leading icons used in antiabortion advocacy—Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Stanton has, quite literally, been the poster child for FFL’s historical campaign against abortion, appearing on posters, flyers, and commemorative coffee mugs. Advocates claim that Stanton is a particularly fitting spokesperson because she was a “feisty gal who had seven children and was outspokenly pro-life.” They claim that she “condemned abortion in the strongest possible terms” and was “a revolutionary who consistently advocated for the rights of ...


A Paradox In Employment: The Contradiction That Exists Between Immigration Laws And Outsourcing Practices, And Its Impact On The Legal And Illegal Minority Working Classes, Mary O'Sullivan Oct 2012

A Paradox In Employment: The Contradiction That Exists Between Immigration Laws And Outsourcing Practices, And Its Impact On The Legal And Illegal Minority Working Classes, Mary O'Sullivan

Mary T O'Sullivan

The drastic distinctions between the United States’ immigration and outsourcing policies have created a system where American companies are able to send unlimited jobs overseas, yet, have very restricted ability to bring workers to domestic offices and factories. Restrictive immigration policies seek to protect American jobs, while liberal outsourcing regulations permit, and encourage, employers to send jobs outside of the United States. As a result, the United States’ outsourcing policy sabotages the purpose of American immigration laws. The uncertainty of the contradiction between immigration and outsourcing policy may be the cause of unusually high unemployment numbers, particularly in the minority ...


Early Childhood Education: An Ignored Solution To The Achievment Gap In The United States, Mary T. O'Sullivan Oct 2012

Early Childhood Education: An Ignored Solution To The Achievment Gap In The United States, Mary T. O'Sullivan

Mary T O'Sullivan

This paper will attempt to analyze the conundrum of how the United States, with its educational goal of decreasing the achievement gap, fails to implement early childhood education, an undisputed determent factor of academic achievement. Through looking at the undisputed contentions in educational policy and the current state of U.S. public school education, this paper will attempt to highlight the disconnect between educational research and implementation, and will outline possible remedies.


Efficiency Themes In Tort Law From Antiquity, M Stuart Madden Oct 2012

Efficiency Themes In Tort Law From Antiquity, M Stuart Madden

M Stuart Madden

Hellenic philosophers assessed the goals of society as: (1) the protection of persons and property from wrongful harm; (2) protection of the individual’s means of survival and prosperity; (3) discouragement of self-aggrandizement to the detriment of others; and (4) elevation of individual knowledge that would carry forward and perfect such principles. Roman law was replete with proscriptions against forced taking and unjust enrichment, and included rules for ex ante contract-based resolution of potential disagreement. Customary law perpetuated these efficient economic tenets within the Western World and beyond. The common law, in turn, has nurtured many of the same ends ...


Playing The Race Card: White Americans’ Sense Of Victimization In Response To Affirmative Action, Brett Hammon Oct 2012

Playing The Race Card: White Americans’ Sense Of Victimization In Response To Affirmative Action, Brett Hammon

Brett Hammon

“They marched on Washington to reclaim civil rights. They complained of voter intimidation at the polls. They called for ethnic studies programs to promote racial pride. They are, some say, the new face of racial oppression in this nation -- and their faces are White.”a A 2011 poll indicates that Whites have now come to view anti-White bias as a bigger problem than anti-Black bias.b Based on recent Supreme Court opinions, most of the Justices apparently agree that Whites are today’s true victims, as the Court has continued to steadfastly stand up for the rights of White plaintiffs ...


Providing A Foundation For Wealth For Wealth Creation And Development In Africa: The Role Of The Rule Of Law, John Mukum Mbaku Oct 2012

Providing A Foundation For Wealth For Wealth Creation And Development In Africa: The Role Of The Rule Of Law, John Mukum Mbaku

JOHN MUKUM MBAKU

PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR WEALTH CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: THE ROLE OF THE RULE OF LAW JOHN MUKUM MBAKU ABSTRACT This paper examines the struggle in Africa to alleviate and eventually eradicate poverty. It is argued that the most effective way for African countries to deal with poverty is to create wealth. Unfortunately, these countries have not been able to create the wealth that they need to confront poverty. This is due primarily to the fact that since independence, these countries have not been able to undertake democratic institutional reforms to create and adopt institutional arrangements that guarantee and ...


The Role Of Networks, Mentors, And The Law In Overcoming Barriers To Organizational Leadership For Women With Children, Cindy A. Schipani, Terry Morehead Dworkin, Aarti Ramaswami Oct 2012

The Role Of Networks, Mentors, And The Law In Overcoming Barriers To Organizational Leadership For Women With Children, Cindy A. Schipani, Terry Morehead Dworkin, Aarti Ramaswami

Cindy A Schipani

Subtle yet entrenched forms of gender-based discrimination continue to disadvantage women’s career progress. Research on sex differences and the consequences of family status for career development and progress suggests that discrimination is alive and well. Gender differences in the work environment need to be considered in order to understand the causes and consequences of inequality and discrimination in the workplace. There is a rich literature on the benefits of mentoring and networking for career advancement. Yet, few studies have examined the role of mentoring in network related outcomes and consequently our current knowledge and insights about the interaction of ...


Boardroom Diversity: Why It Matters, Lawrence J. Trautman Oct 2012

Boardroom Diversity: Why It Matters, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

What exactly is board diversity and why does it matter? How does diversity fit in an attempt to build the best board for an organization? What attributes and skills are required by law and what mix of experiences and talents provide the best corporate governance? Even though most companies say they are looking for diversity, why has there been such little progress? Are required director attributes, which are a must for all boards, consistent with future diversity gains and aligned with achieving high performance and optimal board composition? How might women and people of color best cultivate the skills necessary ...


Response To Hcch Discussion Paper On The Financial Aspects Of Intercountry Adoption, With Special Application To The Situation Of The United States, David M. Smolin Oct 2012

Response To Hcch Discussion Paper On The Financial Aspects Of Intercountry Adoption, With Special Application To The Situation Of The United States, David M. Smolin

David M. Smolin

The author is an independent expert for the HCCH (Hague Conference on Private International Law) Expert Group on the Financial Aspects of Intercountry Adoption. HCCH created a Discussion Paper and invited the expert group members to write responses. This paper was written in that context; a shorter response paper will be provided to the members of the expert group with a link to this longer paper, which has Special Application to the Situation of the United States. Hence, this paper particularly focuses on the financial aspects of intercountry adoption with particular focus on the situation of the United States.


Enhancing Public Access To Online Rulemaking Information, Cary Coglianese Oct 2012

Enhancing Public Access To Online Rulemaking Information, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

One of the most significant powers exercised by federal agencies is their power to make rules. Given the importance of agency rulemaking, the process by which agencies develop rules has long been subject to procedural requirements aiming to advance democratic values of openness and public participation. With the advent of the digital age, government agencies have engaged in increasing efforts to make rulemaking information available online as well as to elicit public participation via electronic means of communication. How successful are these efforts? How might they be improved? In this article, I investigate agencies’ efforts to make rulemaking information available ...