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Full-Text Articles in Law

Efficient Contracting Between Foreign Investors And Host States: Evidence From Stabilization Clauses, Sam F. Halabi Apr 2011

Efficient Contracting Between Foreign Investors And Host States: Evidence From Stabilization Clauses, Sam F. Halabi

Faculty Publications

Bilateral investment treaties are agreements between sovereign states that give broad protections to investors and investments made within the jurisdiction of the other state. The prevailing view in the academy and practice is that developing countries sign bilateral investment treaties in order to reassure investors from developed states that their investments will be safe from changes in domestic law. Without these “credible commitments,” investors would be deterred from making investments, depriving developing countries of foreign capital. This Article disputes that view by demonstrating that foreign investors and host states effectively contract around the risk of changes in the law. This …


The Sovereign Debtor's Prison: Analysis Of The Argentine Crisis Arbitrations And The Implications For Investment Treaty Law, Robert M. Ziff Jan 2011

The Sovereign Debtor's Prison: Analysis Of The Argentine Crisis Arbitrations And The Implications For Investment Treaty Law, Robert M. Ziff

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

Over the last six years, several arbitration panels have released opinions in a series of disputes raised by investors against Argentina. In each case, foreign investors claim that Argentina's use of price controls and currency devaluation following the 2002 economic crisis constituted a violation of bilateral investment treaty obligations. Despite the fact that most claimants make identical allegations, many of these decisions are highly contradictory. In some cases Argentina is absolved of liability, while in others Argentina is held liable for hundreds of millions in damages. In aggregate, the claimants seek enough money to bankrupt the Argentine Republic.


How Developing Countries Can Adapt Current Bilateral Investment Treaties To Provide Benefits To Their Domestic Economies, Joshua Boone Jan 2011

How Developing Countries Can Adapt Current Bilateral Investment Treaties To Provide Benefits To Their Domestic Economies, Joshua Boone

Global Business Law Review

Bilateral investment treaties (hereinafter "BIT") have been created with the goal of promoting economic prosperity through the facilitation of international investment flows. The idea was to facilitate these investment flows by the opening up of secure channels for foreign direct investment (hereinafter "FDI"), stabilizing the investment climate, granting protective investment guarantees, and providing neutral dispute mechanisms for "injured" investors. Since their inception in 1959, BITs have experienced a "massive and sudden proliferation . . . which has been . . . a 'remarkable' event in international law[,]" and as of the end of 2008, there were over 2,600 BITs in …