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Price And Pretense In The Baby Market, Kimberly D. Krawiec Jan 2009

Price And Pretense In The Baby Market, Kimberly D. Krawiec

Kimberly D. Krawiec

Throughout the world, baby selling is formally prohibited. And throughout the world babies are bought and sold each day. As demonstrated in this Essay, the legal baby trade is a global market in which prospective parents pay, scores of intermediaries profit, and the demand for children is clearly differentiated by age, race, special needs, and other consumer preferences, with prices ranging from zero to over one hundred thousand dollars. Yet legal regimes and policymakers around the world pretend that the baby market does not exist, most notably through prohibitions against “baby selling” – typically defined as a prohibition against the …


Show Me The Money: Making Markets In Forbidden Exchange, Kimberly D. Krawiec Dec 2008

Show Me The Money: Making Markets In Forbidden Exchange, Kimberly D. Krawiec

Kimberly D. Krawiec

As your parents doubtless told you, money can’t buy everything. Nearly all cultures reserve certain items, activities, and entitlements as inalienable for profit. It would be incorrect to assume, however, that the individual mental accounting, social norms, and laws regarding the proper scope of commercial activity are universal, preordained, or inflexible. In fact, researchers across disciplines have demonstrated both the malleability and context-dependency of individual mental accounting, and the socially constructed nature of relational boundaries and the accepted means of exchange within them, which vary across time and cultures. Moreover, technological innovation, social or political change, or other developments may …