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Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2008

University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Science and Technology Law

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Law

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron Dec 2008

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital “scarlet letters” that ruin reputations. Today ...


Technological Due Process, Danielle Keats Citron May 2008

Technological Due Process, Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Distinct and complementary procedures for adjudications and rulemaking lie at the heart of twentieth-century administrative law. Due process required agencies to provide individuals notice and an opportunity to be heard. Agencies could foreclose policy issues that individuals might otherwise raise in adjudications through public rulemaking. One system allowed focused advocacy; the other featured broad participation. Each procedural regime compensated for the normative limits of the other. Both depended on clear statements of reason.

The dichotomy between these procedural regimes has become outmoded. This century’s automated decision-making systems collapse individual adjudications into rulemaking while adhering to the procedural safeguards of ...


Survey Of The Law Of Cyberspace: Electronic Contracting Cases 2007-2008, Juliet M. Moringiello, William L. Reynolds Jan 2008

Survey Of The Law Of Cyberspace: Electronic Contracting Cases 2007-2008, Juliet M. Moringiello, William L. Reynolds

Faculty Scholarship

In this survey, we discuss electronic contracting cases decided between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2008. In addition to cases adding to the literature on the enforceability of online contracts, this survey includes cases discussing modification of online contracts, incorporation by reference, and unconscionability. We conclude that our common law is developing nicely to address the issues presented by internet contracting.


Open Code Governance, Danielle Keats Citron Jan 2008

Open Code Governance, Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Automated information systems offer an opportunity to improve the democratic legitimacy of the administrative state. Today, agencies transfer crucial responsibilities to computer systems. Computers gather and interpret important information. For instance, electronic machines record and calculate votes. Automated systems execute policy and render decisions about important individual rights, such as a person’s eligibility for public benefits. Computer systems store sensitive personal information. These systems’ closed architecture, however, shields vital agency decisions from view. No one can see how a system operates without a software program’s source code. Closed code hides programming errors that disenfranchise voters, under-count communities for ...