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"Go After The Women": Mothers Against Illegal Aliens' Campaign Against Mexican Immigrant Women And Their Children, Mary Romero Oct 2008

"Go After The Women": Mothers Against Illegal Aliens' Campaign Against Mexican Immigrant Women And Their Children, Mary Romero

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Latinos and Latinas at the Epicenter of Contemporary Legal Discourses. Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington, March 2007.


Introductory Note To The Agreement Between The Republic Of Poland And The United States Of America Concerning The Deployment Of Ground-Based Ballistic Missile Defense Interceptors In The Territory Of The Republic Of Poland, David Fidler Aug 2008

Introductory Note To The Agreement Between The Republic Of Poland And The United States Of America Concerning The Deployment Of Ground-Based Ballistic Missile Defense Interceptors In The Territory Of The Republic Of Poland, David Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Introductory Note To The Agreement Between The Republic Of Poland And The United States Of America Concerning The Deployment Of Ground-Based Ballistic Missile Defense Interceptors In The Territory Of The Republic Of Poland, David P. Fidler Aug 2008

Introductory Note To The Agreement Between The Republic Of Poland And The United States Of America Concerning The Deployment Of Ground-Based Ballistic Missile Defense Interceptors In The Territory Of The Republic Of Poland, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Patents And Traditional Medicine: Digital Capture, Creative Legal Interventions And The Dialectics Of Knowledge Transformation, Chidi Oguamanam Jul 2008

Patents And Traditional Medicine: Digital Capture, Creative Legal Interventions And The Dialectics Of Knowledge Transformation, Chidi Oguamanam

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article examines the debate over the exclusion of indigenous or local knowledge forms from the global intellectual property system, and some of the current attempts to solve this problem. Using the lens of cultural cosmopolitanism, the article highlights important trends in the dialectics of developing countries' engagement with intellectual property and other collateral knowledge protection systems. The three sites at which this significant development is unfolding are: (1) the digitization of traditional medicinal knowledge through India's traditional knowledge digital library (TKDL) project; (2) a recent attempt at incorporating innovations in Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) in Taiwanese patent law; and …


Globalization And Housing Rights, Padraic Kenna Jul 2008

Globalization And Housing Rights, Padraic Kenna

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article seeks to explore the relationship between the growing phenomenon of globalization and the field of housing rights. I begin with a general description of globalization, and move on to discuss its effect on homelessness, and on housing systems across the world. I examine the role of global corporations; the globalization of housing finance and real estate investment; the reordering of cities and slums; the idea of the minimalist state; and the effects of privatization. I examine the rise of governance networks and how they have created new patterns of making law; globalization's effect on housing policy; and its …


Kosovo: The Day After, Timothy William Waters Feb 2008

Kosovo: The Day After, Timothy William Waters

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Democracy And The Transnational Private Sector, Christiana Ochoa Jan 2008

Introduction: Democracy And The Transnational Private Sector, Christiana Ochoa

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Democracy and the Transnational Private Sector, Symposium. Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington, April 12-13, 2007


Customary Transnational Law: Attacking The Last Resort Of State Sovereignty, Till Müller Jan 2008

Customary Transnational Law: Attacking The Last Resort Of State Sovereignty, Till Müller

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

In the Westphalian State, Customary International Law (CIL) has traditionally been informed by high-level state action among close neighbors. However, it is no longer a foregone conclusion that CIL is resistant to the influences of greater globalization and transnational government and non-governmental action. As the interaction among and between national governments and non-governmental organizations increases in frequency, breadth, and physical distance, we are asked to reconsider the formation of modern CIL. Ultimately, the ever increasing importance of transnational cooperation, both in traditional governance and non-governmental action, necessarily informs modern CIL. The resultant body of law may appropriately be described as …


Bottom-Up Lawmaking: The Private Origins Of Transnational Law, Janet Koven Levit Jan 2008

Bottom-Up Lawmaking: The Private Origins Of Transnational Law, Janet Koven Levit

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article introduces one way in which the private sector makes law- bottom-up transnational lawmaking. While this article explores one example in depth- the Berne Union's regulation of export credit insurance- it concludes that bottom-up lawmaking peppers our legal landscape in a profound and largely unacknowledged way. More specifically, this article discusses how the private sector engages in international lawmaking and contemplates the normative implications of privatized transnational lawmaking.

Democracy and the Transnational Private Sector, Symposium. Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington, April 12-13, 2007.


Securing The Global City: Crime, Consulting, Risk, And Ratings In The Production Of Urban Space, Katharyne Mitchell, Katherine Beckett Jan 2008

Securing The Global City: Crime, Consulting, Risk, And Ratings In The Production Of Urban Space, Katharyne Mitchell, Katherine Beckett

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The last decade has witnessed the rise of private transnational institutions that increasingly influence the organization and management of urban space. Two institutions are especially powerful in this regard: bond-rating agencies and global security firms. Bolstered by a discourse of risk and the need to securitize cities, these institutions have garnered enormous amounts of power with respect to urban social and spatial control. They are implicated in the imprisonment and displacement of marginalized populations, the intensification of gentrification, and general shifts in municipal funding priorities. The authors illustrate these themes through a case study of New York City, followed by …


The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, Opic, And The Retreat From Transparency, Blake Puckett Jan 2008

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, Opic, And The Retreat From Transparency, Blake Puckett

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article argues that the current intersection of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is turning U.S. investment and aid policy in a direction that neither addresses corruption concerns, nor augments other U.S. foreign policy goals in the Caucasus and Central Asia, and perhaps more globally. The current regulatory system has caused OPIC to structure its investment projects in alternative forms that bypass anti-corruption regulations.W hile these alternatives serve to increase capital in developing economies, the distance they create between OPIC and the end-user fosters a lack of transparency and ultimately corruption. However, …


Global Panopticism: States, Corporations, And The Governance Effects Of Monitoring Regimes, Larry Catá Backer Jan 2008

Global Panopticism: States, Corporations, And The Governance Effects Of Monitoring Regimes, Larry Catá Backer

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Regulatory power has become fractured. Its assertion both by public and private bodies is well known. Less well recognized is that the expression of this regulatory power has been fracturing as well. No longer confined to positive regulation or judicial decision, the techniques for enforcing regulation are substituting for regulation itself. This paper examines surveillance as a mechanism through which power is asserted and regulation effected in a world of shared public/private governance. For this purpose, understanding the nature of surveillance as a technique of governance, and as a substitute for governance itself, is a key element for understanding political …


Democratization: The Contribution Of Fair Trade And Ethical Trading Movements, Janet Dine Jan 2008

Democratization: The Contribution Of Fair Trade And Ethical Trading Movements, Janet Dine

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

De-democratization and institutional corruption threaten equality among the expanding global market community. International treaties have been largely unsuccessful because they are designed to favor the more politically and economically advantaged players. In addition to meeting these challenges, there are many additional benefits to be gained from adopting the principles of the Fair Trade and Ethical Trading movements. Finally, international law has an obligation to integrate the principles of social and ethical trading movements to prevent the autonomous powers and transnational corporations from dominating the traditional, less powerful markets and so that welfare increases for all.

Democracy and the Transnational Private …


From Agitation To Institutionalization: The Student Anti-Sweatshop Movement In The New Millennium, Purnima Bose Jan 2008

From Agitation To Institutionalization: The Student Anti-Sweatshop Movement In The New Millennium, Purnima Bose

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article provides an overview of the student anti-sweatshop movement and argues that the movement has been somewhat successful at changing policies. The primary objectives are twofold: first, to supplement existing literature on the anti-sweatshop movement by offering an account of its emergence and evolution at Indiana University-Bloomington; and second, to describe the Designated Suppliers Program (DSP), a United Students Against Sweatshops (USAS) initiative that proactively seeks to improve conditions for workers producing university-licensed apparel.

Democracy and the Transnational Private Sector, Symposium. Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington, April 12-13, 2007.


Rethinking Ngos: The Economy Of Survival And Global Governance, Marc Abélès Jan 2008

Rethinking Ngos: The Economy Of Survival And Global Governance, Marc Abélès

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article explores the concept of "global politics," an evolving set of systems that undermine our traditional view of government. These underlying systems, including Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), exert great influence on the power and actions of nation-states. Thus, while current global politics are largely dependent on the actions and strategies of nation-states, nation-states are not the only actors at work. The article argues for a view of global politics that takes these other systems, particularly NGOs, into account.

Democracy and the Transnational Private Sector, Symposium. Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington, April 12-13, 2007.


Privatization And Public Law Values: A View From France, Manuel Tirard Jan 2008

Privatization And Public Law Values: A View From France, Manuel Tirard

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article uses a comparative approach to explore privatization and its consequences on public law values. It discusses the French model for protecting these values, which limits the scope of privatization and applies a legal regime within which public law norms play an active role. While it does not suggest that this model can or should be applied in the United States, it does express that the French experience can enrich American debates on the subject.

Democracy and the Transnational Private Sector, Symposium. Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington, April 12-13, 2007.


A Theory Of Open-Source Anarchy, David Fidler Jan 2008

A Theory Of Open-Source Anarchy, David Fidler

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The rise of the importance of non-State actors in global politics challenges existing theories of international relations, and this article presents a new approach to the non- State actor phenomenon by developing a "theory of open-source anarchy." The article reviews the anarchy problem in the study of international relations and how leading theories explain this problem. This analysis questions whether these leading theories can explain the nature of non-State actor participation in contemporary global affairs. The article then develops a theoretical framework that addresses the non-State actor challenge. The framework argues that the nature of anarchy has shifted from a …


Reconstructing Contemporary Democracy, Jan Aart Scholte Jan 2008

Reconstructing Contemporary Democracy, Jan Aart Scholte

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Democratic practice varies historically, and transformations of the societal context require accompanying reconstructions of democracy if "rule by the people" is to remain meaningful. Contemporary society is witnessing particularly profound changes in underlying structures of space, governance, and identity. Fundamental reconsideration of democracy is therefore also needed. This article first develops a generic understanding of democracy; next elaborates on currently unfolding transformations of geography, regime, and community; and then develops a five-faceted reconstruction of democracy to meet these changed circumstances. This prescription entails: (1) reconceptualizing democracy, shifting away from obsolete assumptions of territorialists pace, statist regulation, and nationalist identity; (2) …


"Behind This Mortal Bone": The (In)Effectiveness Of Torture, Jeannine Bell Jan 2008

"Behind This Mortal Bone": The (In)Effectiveness Of Torture, Jeannine Bell

Indiana Law Journal

This Essay addresses the theoretical debate on torture in an empirical way. It urges that as part of our evaluation of the merits of torture, we take a shrewd look at the quality of information brutal interrogations produce. The Essay identifies widespread belief in what the author identifies as the "torture myth "-the idea that torture is the most effective interrogation practice. In reality, in addition to its oft-acknowledged moral and legal problems, the use of torture carries with it a host of practical problems which seriously blunt its effectiveness. This Essay demonstrates that contrary to the myth, torture and …


Patients Without Borders: The Emerging Global Market For Patients And The Evolution Of Modern Health Care, Nathan Cortez Jan 2008

Patients Without Borders: The Emerging Global Market For Patients And The Evolution Of Modern Health Care, Nathan Cortez

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Development And Market Liberalism's Shotgun Wedding: Emissions Trading Under The Kyoto Protocol, David M. Driesen Jan 2008

Sustainable Development And Market Liberalism's Shotgun Wedding: Emissions Trading Under The Kyoto Protocol, David M. Driesen

Indiana Law Journal

This Article analyzes the international emissions trading regime at the heart of the world's effort to address global warming as a means of exploring broader international governance issues. The trading regime seeks to marry two models of global governance, market liberalism, which embraces markets as the model of global governance, and sustainable development, which seeks to change development patterns to protect future generations.

This Article explores a previously unacknowledged tension between market liberalism's goal of maximizing short-term cost effectiveness and sustainable development's goal of catalyzing technological change for the benefit of future generations.T his Article presents new data and theory …


The Hague Convention: The Problems With Accession And Implementation, Annette Schmit Jan 2008

The Hague Convention: The Problems With Accession And Implementation, Annette Schmit

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ("the Hague Convention") was developed to enable adoptions to proceed according to the "the best interests of the child with respect for his or her fundamental rights." This Note discusses the dynamics of the Hague Convention with respect to the implementation process and the relationships between members of the Convention that are abiding by Hague Convention standards, members of the Convention that are not abiding by Hague Convention standards, and non-members of the Convention. The United States' recent ratification of the Hague Convention exemplifies the difficulties …


The Wto And Domestic Political Disquiet: Has Legalization Of The Global Trade Regime Gone Too Far?, James R. Cohee Jan 2008

The Wto And Domestic Political Disquiet: Has Legalization Of The Global Trade Regime Gone Too Far?, James R. Cohee

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The recent "legalization" of the global trade regime (the WTO) has inspired enormous amounts of research and literature. Fewer commentators, however, have examined WTO legalization from the perspective of domestic interest groups. I add to this growing subfield of literature by arguing that the WTO has not exceeded its boundary for domestic political acceptance, nor will it likely do so in the near future. In one respect-" judicial activism"-legalization does, however, present a threat to domestic political support. Still, drawing from historical lessons, I argue that the WTO as an institution will face irrelevance only if both protectionists and multilateralists …


Mandatory Rules In Civil Litigation: Status Of The Doctrine Post-Globalization, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2008

Mandatory Rules In Civil Litigation: Status Of The Doctrine Post-Globalization, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

For all the scholarly attention paid to the role of mandatory rules in civil litigation, the doctrine regarding their use has never been fully developed. Certainly courts considering contracts governed by foreign law will sometimes override that law, applying a mandatory rule of the forum in its place. But in its most expansive articulation, the "mandatory rules" theory would also permit courts in certain circumstances to apply the mandatory law of a third country - a direction in which courts have declined to go. This article examines one of the justifications forwarded by early proponents of this more expansive approach: …


The Blessing Of Departure: Acceptable And Unacceptable State Support For Demographic Transformation: The Lieberman Plan To Exchange Populated Territories In Cisjordan, Timothy W. Waters Jan 2008

The Blessing Of Departure: Acceptable And Unacceptable State Support For Demographic Transformation: The Lieberman Plan To Exchange Populated Territories In Cisjordan, Timothy W. Waters

Articles by Maurer Faculty

What limits ought there be on a state's ability to create a homogeneous society, to increase or perpetuate non-diversity, or to create hierarchies within existing diversity? This paper examines those questions with reference to the Lieberman Plan - which proposes to transfer populated territories from Israel to the Palestine in exchange for Jewish settlements on the West Bank - as an abstract exercise in demographic transformation by the state.

First the article considers if the Lieberman plan would "work": Would it create the alterations it proposes, and would those changes achieve a stable, peaceful, even just settlement? It finds that …


The Relationship Of Participatory Democracy To Participatory Law Formation, Christiana Ochoa Jan 2008

The Relationship Of Participatory Democracy To Participatory Law Formation, Christiana Ochoa

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

While the traditional doctrinal formulation of customary international law (CIL) has focused exclusively on state practice and opinio juris, in the modern age, it is undeniable that individuals and non-state collectives of individuals are increasingly becoming relevant to this process. It is thus useful to analyze individual participation based on the model of participatory democracy, and also in contrast to representative democracy. By doing so, the nuanced relationship between participatory law formation and democratic participation in lawmaking is brought into relief.I n light of larger modern trends within international law, the participation of individuals in law formation requires further examination …


The Effects Test: Extraterritoriality’S Fifth Business, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2008

The Effects Test: Extraterritoriality’S Fifth Business, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

American laws increasingly regulate the conduct of foreigners abroad. The growth in extraterritorial laws, in no small part, can be traced to the effects test - a doctrine that instructs courts to presume that Congress intended to regulate extraterritorially when foreign conduct is found to have a substantial effect within the United States. For many scholars and lawyers, the effects test is the doctrinal lynchpin for determining the geographic reach of domestic laws. Territorial limits on legislative jurisdiction, on the other hand, are seen as anachronistic; a remnant of a pre-modern, pre-globalized world.

This article takes a different, more skeptical …


Influenza Virus Samples, International Law, And Global Health Diplomacy, David P. Fidler Jan 2008

Influenza Virus Samples, International Law, And Global Health Diplomacy, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Indonesia’s decision to withhold samples of avian influenza virus A (H5N1) from the World Health Organization for much of 2007 caused a crisis in global health. The World Health Assembly produced a resolution to try to address the crisis at its May 2007 meeting. I examine how the parties to this controversy used international law in framing and negotiating the dispute. Specifically, I analyze Indonesia’s use of the international legal principle of sovereignty and its appeal to rules on the protection of biological and genetic resources found in the Convention on Biological Diversity. In addition, I consider how the International …


Strategies For Implementing The New International Health Regulations In Federal Countries, David P. Fidler, Kumanan Wilson, Christopher Mcdougall, Harvey Lazar Jan 2008

Strategies For Implementing The New International Health Regulations In Federal Countries, David P. Fidler, Kumanan Wilson, Christopher Mcdougall, Harvey Lazar

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The International Health Regulations (IHR), the principal legal instrument guiding the international management of public health emergencies, have recently undergone an extensive revision process. The revised regulations, referred to as the IHR (2005), were unanimously approved in May 2005 by all Member States of the World Health Assembly (WHA) and came into effect on 15 June 2007. The IHR (2005) reflect a modernization of the international community’s approach to public health and an acknowledgement of the importance of establishing an effective international strategy to manage emergencies that threaten global health security.

The success of the IHR as a new approach …


Global Health Jurisprudence: A Time Of Reckoning, David P. Fidler Jan 2008

Global Health Jurisprudence: A Time Of Reckoning, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.