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2008

Criminal Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 509

Full-Text Articles in Law

Terry V.Ohio, Massiah V. United States, And Zurcher V. Stanford Daily, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Terry V.Ohio, Massiah V. United States, And Zurcher V. Stanford Daily, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Drug Testing In Public Schools, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Drug Testing In Public Schools, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


The Story Of Pottawatomie County V. Lindsay Earls: Drug Testing In The Public Schools, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

The Story Of Pottawatomie County V. Lindsay Earls: Drug Testing In The Public Schools, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Debate On Fourth Amendment Issues In Homeland Security Law, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Debate On Fourth Amendment Issues In Homeland Security Law, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Border Searches, Terrorism, And The Fourth Amendment, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Border Searches, Terrorism, And The Fourth Amendment, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Jury Trial In Japan, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Jury Trial In Japan, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Should The District Of Columbia Have Responsibility For The Prosecution Of Criminal Offenses Arising Under The District Of Columbia Code?, John Payton Dec 2008

Should The District Of Columbia Have Responsibility For The Prosecution Of Criminal Offenses Arising Under The District Of Columbia Code?, John Payton

University of the District of Columbia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Rwanda: No Conspiracy, No Genocide Planning ... No Genocide?, C. Peter Erlinder Dec 2008

Rwanda: No Conspiracy, No Genocide Planning ... No Genocide?, C. Peter Erlinder

C. Peter Erlinder

No abstract provided.


Inherent Powers, Ignoble History Make New Idea Anything But Innocuous, C. Peter Erlinder Dec 2008

Inherent Powers, Ignoble History Make New Idea Anything But Innocuous, C. Peter Erlinder

C. Peter Erlinder

No abstract provided.


A Larger War On Terror?, David Cole Dec 2008

A Larger War On Terror?, David Cole

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Liability Insurance At The Tort-Crime Boundary, Tom Baker Dec 2008

Liability Insurance At The Tort-Crime Boundary, Tom Baker

Health Care Management Papers

This essay explores how liability insurance mediates the boundary between torts and crime. Liability insurance sometimes separates these two legal fields, for example through the application of standard insurance contract provisions that exclude insurance coverage for some crimes that are also torts. Perhaps less obviously, liability insurance also can draw parts of the tort and criminal fields together. For example, professional liability insurance civilizes the criminal law experience for some crimes that are also torts by providing defendants with an insurance-paid criminal defense that provides more than ordinary means to contest the state's accusations. The crime-tort separation in liability ...


Russian Rule-Ette: Using Khodorkovsky’S Criminal Trial To Asses The State Of Russia’S Judiciary , Dina M. Bernardelli Dec 2008

Russian Rule-Ette: Using Khodorkovsky’S Criminal Trial To Asses The State Of Russia’S Judiciary , Dina M. Bernardelli

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

The criminal trial of Russian oligarch and oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky in connection with Yukos Oil has been one of the most publicized and controversial trials in the history of the Russian Federation. Khodorkovsky’s conviction in the Russian courts has raised grounds for appeal to the European Court of Human Rights on both procedural and substantive grounds. This Note discusses the failures of judicial reform in Russia since the founding of the Russian Federation that have been brought to light by Khodorkovsky’s trial, and assesses the causes of these failures and the prospects for judicial reform.


Candor, Zeal, And The Substitution Of Judgment: Ethics And The Mentally Ill Criminal Defendant , John D. King Dec 2008

Candor, Zeal, And The Substitution Of Judgment: Ethics And The Mentally Ill Criminal Defendant , John D. King

American University Law Review

This Article explores the tension between autonomy and paternalism that characterizes the attorney-client relationship when a criminal defense attorney represents a mentally impaired client. Specifically, the Article analyzes the ethical frameworks that constrain the discretion of the attorney in this situation and proposes a new paradigm for ethical decisionmaking when an attorney represents a marginally competent client.

The criminal defense attorney is both a zealous advocate for her client and an officer of the legal system. In representing a marginally competent client, the initial ethical dilemma facing the attorney is whether she has an obligation to alert the court to ...


I'Ll Make You A Deal: How Repeat Informants Are Corrupting The Criminal Justice System And What To Do About It, Emily Jane Dodds Dec 2008

I'Ll Make You A Deal: How Repeat Informants Are Corrupting The Criminal Justice System And What To Do About It, Emily Jane Dodds

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Making The Circle Stronger: An Effort To Buttress Aboriginal Use Of Restorative Justice In Canada Against Recent Criticisms, David Milward Dec 2008

Making The Circle Stronger: An Effort To Buttress Aboriginal Use Of Restorative Justice In Canada Against Recent Criticisms, David Milward

Dr. David Milward

The reliance of the Canadian criminal justice system on adversarial procedures and incarceration is not very effective or productive when dealing with Aboriginal crime. Restorative justice is often presented as a more constructive way of dealing with Aboriginal crime, and as a solution to Aboriginal over-incarceration. There have however been recent criticisms made against restorative justice that call into question its effectiveness as a medium of social control. These criticisms have the potential to enter policy discourses on justice and frustrate Aboriginal aspirations regarding the use of restorative justice. Restorative justice, notwithstanding the criticisms, still has the potential to provide ...


Toward Ethical Plea Bargaining, Erica J. Hashimoto Dec 2008

Toward Ethical Plea Bargaining, Erica J. Hashimoto

Scholarly Works

Defendants in criminal cases are overwhelmingly more likely to plead guilty than to go to trial. Presumably, at least a part of the reason that most of them do so is that it is in their interest to plead guilty, i.e., they will receive a more favorable outcome if they plead guilty than if they go to trial. The extent to which pleas reflect fair or rational compromises in practice, however, depends upon a variety of factors, including the amount of information each of the parties has about the case. Some level of informational symmetry therefore is critical to ...


Judicial Fact-Finding At Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas Dec 2008

Judicial Fact-Finding At Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This encyclopedia entry summarizes the pendulum-swings that led the Supreme Court in Apprendi v. New Jersey, Blakely v. Washington, and United States v. Booker to limit judges' ability to find facts at sentencing. Paradoxically, the much-criticized Federal Sentencing Guidelines have survived; a line of cases that began as an effort to restore juries' role has turned into a guarantor of judicial discretion; and the doctrine has quickly moved far from its Sixth Amendment roots to a policy balancing test. The Court could instead have pursued a different, more fruitful path. The Court did not have to force sentencing factors into ...


Deregulating Guilt: The Information Culture Of The Criminal System, Alexandra Natapoff Nov 2008

Deregulating Guilt: The Information Culture Of The Criminal System, Alexandra Natapoff

Alexandra Natapoff

The criminal system has an uneasy relationship with information. On the one hand, the criminal process is centrally defined by stringent evidentiary and information rules and a commitment to public transparency. On the other, largely due to the dominance of plea bargaining, criminal liability is determined by all sorts of unregulated, non-public information that never pass through the quality control of evidentiary, discovery, or other criminal procedure restrictions. The result is a process that generates determinations of liability that are often unmoored from systemic information constraints. This phenomenon is exemplified, and intensified, by the widespread use of criminal informants, or ...


De La Denuncia A La Sanción: Sistema Penal Peruano Y Procesamiento De Delitos Sexuales, Beatriz Ramirez, Clea Guerra Nov 2008

De La Denuncia A La Sanción: Sistema Penal Peruano Y Procesamiento De Delitos Sexuales, Beatriz Ramirez, Clea Guerra

Beatriz Ramirez

Es una publicación que analiza la tramitación de los delitos contra la libertad sexual en el Perú. Analiza la legislación procesal vigente aún en varias regiones del país: el Codigo de Procedimientos Penales. No se considera el proceso que viene siendo implementado con el nuevo Código Procesal Penal del año 2004.


Summary Of Valdez V. State, 124 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 97, Elham Roohani Nov 2008

Summary Of Valdez V. State, 124 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 97, Elham Roohani

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Cumulative effect of prosecutorial misconduct and the abuse of discretion on the part of the district court through a failure to give the jury a written bifurcation instruction and the resultant effect of juror misconduct warrants reversal warranted reversal of a first-degree murder and attempted murder conviction.


The Right Thing For Juveniles, Tamar R. Birckhead Nov 2008

The Right Thing For Juveniles, Tamar R. Birckhead

Tamar R Birckhead

This op-ed argues that the upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction in North Carolina should be raised from 16 to 18.


United States Of America V. Robert Jared Smith, A/K/A J-Dog, Appeal From The United States District Court For The Southern District Of West Virginia, Margaret M. Lawton Nov 2008

United States Of America V. Robert Jared Smith, A/K/A J-Dog, Appeal From The United States District Court For The Southern District Of West Virginia, Margaret M. Lawton

Margaret M. Lawton

No abstract provided.


Will President Obama Finally Bury King Leopold’S Ghost? Common Dreams, C. Peter Erlinder Nov 2008

Will President Obama Finally Bury King Leopold’S Ghost? Common Dreams, C. Peter Erlinder

C. Peter Erlinder

No abstract provided.


Applying The Rule Of Law To All Heads Of State, C. Peter Erlinder Nov 2008

Applying The Rule Of Law To All Heads Of State, C. Peter Erlinder

C. Peter Erlinder

No abstract provided.


Teaching Tips: Personal Criminal History Analysis Paper, Gordon Crews, Angela Crews Nov 2008

Teaching Tips: Personal Criminal History Analysis Paper, Gordon Crews, Angela Crews

Criminal Justice Faculty Research

Students often have difficulty visualizing the practical application of criminological theory. The following activity assists instructors to develop students‘ abilities in evaluating behaviors and determining the theoretical perspectives that potentially could be used to explain those behaviors. It also is designed to assist students in comprehending how their own experiences impact their views on law-violating behavior and its etiology. This exercise facilitates students‘ awareness of how their beliefs about the causes of law-violating behavior inevitably impact their beliefs about potential solutions or responses to this type of behavior. Eventually, students unfailingly begin to realize the artificial dichotomy between us, as ...


The Chesterfield/Colonial Heights Drug Court: A Partnership Between The Criminal Justice System And The Treatment Community, Hon. Frederick G. Rockwell Iii Nov 2008

The Chesterfield/Colonial Heights Drug Court: A Partnership Between The Criminal Justice System And The Treatment Community, Hon. Frederick G. Rockwell Iii

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Blakely V. Washington On Upward Departures In A Sentencing Guideline State, Brian Iannacchione, Jeremy Ball Nov 2008

The Effect Of Blakely V. Washington On Upward Departures In A Sentencing Guideline State, Brian Iannacchione, Jeremy Ball

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications and Presentations

One of the problems facing the criminal justice system is unwarranted disparity as a result of unbridled discretion. Although disparity, by itself, does not necessarily indicate a problem in the criminal justice system, disparity unwarranted does present a problem. Disparity becomes unwarranted when, controlling for legal factors, extralegal factors such as race/ethnicity, gender, and age influence court processing decisions. The greater the discretion one possesses, the higher the likelihood of unwarranted disparity in one’s decisions (Albonetti, 1991; Meeker, Jesilow, & Aranda, 1992; Bushway & Piehl, 2001). Within the criminal court system, judicial discretion in sentencing has received the most scrutiny.


Responding To The Time-Based Failures Of The Criminal Law Through A Criminal Sunset Amendment, Richard E. Myers Ii Nov 2008

Responding To The Time-Based Failures Of The Criminal Law Through A Criminal Sunset Amendment, Richard E. Myers Ii

Boston College Law Review

The libertarian genius of the drafters of the U.S. Constitution recognized that liberty is defended best when it is difficult to pass a law. They therefore split power vertically and horizontally—between the states and the federal government, and among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches—and barred some laws from being passed at all. The obstructive mechanisms intended to defend liberty, however, also stymie attempts to restore liberty. This Article proposes a constitutional amendment that would redress that oversight by creating a twenty-five-year limit on the effect of all criminal legislation. It would force regular legislative , oversight of ...


The Constitutionality Of Civil Commitment And The Requirement Of Adequate Treatment, Douglas G. Smith Nov 2008

The Constitutionality Of Civil Commitment And The Requirement Of Adequate Treatment, Douglas G. Smith

Boston College Law Review

This Article examines the constitutional concerns raised by, and compares the costs and benefits associated with, the civil commitment of sexually violent predators. Specifically, it focuses on the State of Washington's civil commitment program, the oldest such program in the United States and the only program in the nation to have its constitutional parameters fully litigated. In large measure, the litigation surrounding Washington's civil commitment program has defined the scope of the constitutional rights of civilly committed individuals to constitutionally adequate treatment. At the same time, it has demonstrated many of the problems associated with such programs and ...


Exacerbating Injustice, Stephanos Bibas Nov 2008

Exacerbating Injustice, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This brief essay responds to Josh Bowers' argument that criminal procedure should openly allow innocent defendants to plead guilty as a legal fiction. Though most scholars emphasize the few but salient serious felony cases, Bowers is right to refocus attention on misdemeanors and violations, which are far more numerous. And though the phrase wrongful convictions conjures up images of punishing upstanding citizens, Bowers is also right to emphasize that recidivists are far more likely to suffer wrongful suspicion and conviction. Bowers' mistake is to treat the criminal justice system as simply a means of satisfying defendants' preferences and choices. This ...