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2008

Civil Rights and Discrimination

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Articles 1 - 30 of 343

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Coming Collision: Romer And State Defense Of Marriage Acts, Patrick J. Borchers Dec 2008

The Coming Collision: Romer And State Defense Of Marriage Acts, Patrick J. Borchers

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Justiciability And The Role Of Courts In Adequacy Litigation: Preserving The Constitutional Right To Education, Robynn K. Sturm, Julia A. Simon-Kerr Dec 2008

Justiciability And The Role Of Courts In Adequacy Litigation: Preserving The Constitutional Right To Education, Robynn K. Sturm, Julia A. Simon-Kerr

Student Scholarship Papers

In the first study of opinions handed down in education adequacy litigation between January 2005 and January 2008, this paper shows a marked shift away from outcomes favorable to adequacy plaintiffs. Following two decades in which courts spurred significant reforms in our nation’s neediest schools by interpreting the education clauses of their state constitutions to guarantee an “adequate” education for all students, the years 2005 to 2008 have seen a dramatic change in the judicial response to adequacy litigation. Through an analysis of the latest body of cases, this paper shows that separation of powers concerns have begun to ...


Brown And The Colorblind Constitution, Christopher W. Schmidt Dec 2008

Brown And The Colorblind Constitution, Christopher W. Schmidt

All Faculty Scholarship

This Essay offers the first in-depth examination of the role of colorblind constitutionalism in the history of Brown v. Board of Education. In light of the recent Supreme Court ruling in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist. No. 1 (2007), such an examination is needed today more than ever. In this case, Chief Justice John Roberts drew on the history of Brown to support his conclusion that racial classifications in school assignment policies are unconstitutional. Particularly controversial was the Chief Justice's use of the words of the NAACP lawyers who argued Brown as evidence for his ...


Writings: Syrian American Women’S Club December 4, 2008, Edna Louise Saffy Dec 2008

Writings: Syrian American Women’S Club December 4, 2008, Edna Louise Saffy

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Speeches: Presented to the Syrian American Women’s Club December 4, 2008 by Dr. Edna Saffy.


Torch (December 2008), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project Dec 2008

Torch (December 2008), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project

Torch: The Civil Rights Team Project Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Korean Perception(S) Of Equality And Equal Protection , Ilhyung Lee Dec 2008

Korean Perception(S) Of Equality And Equal Protection , Ilhyung Lee

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Korea has been a constitutional democracy for just twenty years after decades of authoritarian rule. Thus, “equality” is a relatively new concept to average Koreans. Perceptions of equality and equal protection are often shaped by societal culture. Two competing forces affect the Korean situation. First, Korea has deeply embedded Confucian norms that guide contemporary attitudes and practices. Second, Korea has recently undergone a radical social transformation, resulting in changing norms. Toward a more informed understanding of how Koreans perceive equality and equality rights, this Article reports the results of a survey of Korean reactions to a hypothetical suggesting disparate treatment ...


A Summary Of Contradictions: An Outline Of The Eu’S Main Internal And External Approaches To Ethnic Minority Protection , Dimitry Kochenov Dec 2008

A Summary Of Contradictions: An Outline Of The Eu’S Main Internal And External Approaches To Ethnic Minority Protection , Dimitry Kochenov

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

A number of available legal instruments have the potential to contribute to the elaboration of an EU minority protection standard. These instruments, however, are mostly limited to guaranteeing simple nondiscrimination, which is not enough to ensure minority protection stricto sensu. The lack of any viable internal minority protection standard did not prevent the European Union from treating minority protection as one of the key elements of the pre-accession process leading to the Eastern enlargement, reinforcing the internal-external competence divide and reducing the effectiveness of minority protection in the European Union. Although minority protection was one of the Copenhagen political criteria ...


The Supreme Courts: Did September 11th Accelerate Their Sanctioning The Constitutionality Of Criminalizing Suspicion?, Dannye Holley Dec 2008

The Supreme Courts: Did September 11th Accelerate Their Sanctioning The Constitutionality Of Criminalizing Suspicion?, Dannye Holley

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

“This article evaluates whether the nation‘s highest appellate courts have, on balance, been more willing to acquiesce to criminalization based on suspicion since the attacks on the World Trade Center seven years ago. The article seeks to accomplish this evaluation by comparing decisions of the United States and state supreme courts in the six years prior to September 2001 with decisions in the six years following the terrorist attack— have the courts with the greatest authority to sanction the criminalization of suspicion been more willing to do just that? Such a post-September 11th trend would be significant because, despite ...


The Myth And The Reality Of American Constitutional Exceptionalism, Stephen Gardbaum Dec 2008

The Myth And The Reality Of American Constitutional Exceptionalism, Stephen Gardbaum

Michigan Law Review

This Article critically evaluates the widely held view inside and outside the United States that American constitutional rights jurisprudence is exceptional. There are two dimensions to this perceived American exceptionalism: the content and the structure of constitutional rights. On content, the claim focuses mainly on the age, brevity, and terseness of the text and on the unusually high value attributed to free speech. On structure, the claim is primarily threefold. First, the United States has a more categorical conception of constitutional rights than other countries. Second, the United States has an exceptionally sharp public/private division in the scope of ...


How The United States Government Sacrifices Athletes' Constitutional Rights In The Pursuit Of National Prestige, Dionne L. Koller Dec 2008

How The United States Government Sacrifices Athletes' Constitutional Rights In The Pursuit Of National Prestige, Dionne L. Koller

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Shibboleths And Ceballos. Eroding Constitutional Rights Through Pseudocommunication, Susan Stuart Dec 2008

Shibboleths And Ceballos. Eroding Constitutional Rights Through Pseudocommunication, Susan Stuart

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Narrow Path To Diversity: The Constitutionality Of Rezoning Plans And Strategic Site Selection Of Schools After Parents Involved, Steven T. Collis Dec 2008

A Narrow Path To Diversity: The Constitutionality Of Rezoning Plans And Strategic Site Selection Of Schools After Parents Involved, Steven T. Collis

Michigan Law Review

Justice Kennedy's concurrence in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District Number 1 raised an important and timely constitutional issue: whether the Constitution permits K-12 public school districts not under existing desegregation orders to use site selection of new schools or rezoning plans to achieve racial diversity. Numerous scholars and journalists have interpreted Justice Kennedy's concurrence as explicitly answering the question in the affirmative. This Note argues that the opposite is true. Justice Kennedy's past jurisprudence, as well as his language in Parents Involved, favors the use of strict scrutiny. Indeed, in Parents Involved, Justice ...


Addressing Segregation In The Brown Collar Workplace: Toward A Solution For The Inexorable 100%, Leticia M. Saucedo Dec 2008

Addressing Segregation In The Brown Collar Workplace: Toward A Solution For The Inexorable 100%, Leticia M. Saucedo

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Despite public perception to the contrary, segregated workplaces exist in greater number today than ever before, largely because of the influx of newly arrived immigrant workers to low-wage industries throughout the country. Yet existing antidiscrimination frameworks no longer operate adequately to rid workplaces of the segregation that results from targeting immigrant workers. This Article suggests a new anti-discrimination framework to address workplace segregation. The Article reviews how litigants have attempted to rid the workplace of conditions resulting from segregated departments through existing anti-discrimination frameworks. It then suggests a simple, yet powerful, shift in the inferences that can be drawn from ...


Does Heller Protect A Right To Carry Guns Outside The Home?, Michael C. Dorf Dec 2008

Does Heller Protect A Right To Carry Guns Outside The Home?, Michael C. Dorf

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


Cyber Civil Rights (November 2008; Mp3), Danielle Keats Citron Nov 2008

Cyber Civil Rights (November 2008; Mp3), Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital "scarlet letters" that ruin reputations. Today ...


Introducing The New And Improved Americans With Disabilities Act: Assessing The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008, Alex B. Long Nov 2008

Introducing The New And Improved Americans With Disabilities Act: Assessing The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008, Alex B. Long

NULR Online

No abstract provided.


Instead Of Enda, A Course Correction For Title Vii, Jennifer S. Hendricks Nov 2008

Instead Of Enda, A Course Correction For Title Vii, Jennifer S. Hendricks

NULR Online

No abstract provided.


Freedom Comes Only From The Law': The Debate Over Law's Capacity And The Making Of Brown V. Board Of Education, Christopher W. Schmidt Nov 2008

Freedom Comes Only From The Law': The Debate Over Law's Capacity And The Making Of Brown V. Board Of Education, Christopher W. Schmidt

All Faculty Scholarship

From the late nineteenth into the mid-twentieth century, civil rights reformers fought, with little success, against the argument that law was powerless to change prejudicial attitudes and customs. It was widely assumed during the Jim Crow era that forcing the principle of racial equality on resistant southern whites might turn desegregation into yet another failed experiment in social reform by legal fiat - another Reconstruction or Prohibition. In the 1940s and 1950s, these assumptions began to give way because of the efforts of liberal scholars and activists who made the case that legal reform could be particularly effective at combating prejudice ...


Yes We Did, Photograph Nov 2008

Yes We Did, Photograph

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

MoveOn.org print.


Torch (November 2008), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project Nov 2008

Torch (November 2008), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project

Torch: The Civil Rights Team Project Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Continuing Drift Of Federal Sovereign Immunity Jurisprudence, Gregory C. Sisk Nov 2008

The Continuing Drift Of Federal Sovereign Immunity Jurisprudence, Gregory C. Sisk

William & Mary Law Review

With the enduring doctrine of federal sovereign immunity, it is too late in the day to suggest that the United States should be treated as an ordinary party in the federal courts. Yet as the Supreme Court has become more comfortable with the increasingly common encounter with a statutory waiver of immunity, the rigidity of interpretive approach has eased. An early jaundiced judicial attitude has resolved into a greater respect for the legislative promise of relief to those harmed by their government. After sketching the history of statutory waivers over the past century-and-a-half and examining Supreme Court decisions across the ...


How Wide Should The Actual Innocence Gateway Be? An Attempt To Clarify The Miscarriage Of Justice Exception For Federal Habeas Corpus Proceedings, Jennifer Gwynne Case Nov 2008

How Wide Should The Actual Innocence Gateway Be? An Attempt To Clarify The Miscarriage Of Justice Exception For Federal Habeas Corpus Proceedings, Jennifer Gwynne Case

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Balancing Competing Individual Constitutional Rights: Raising Some Questions, Taunya Banks Oct 2008

Balancing Competing Individual Constitutional Rights: Raising Some Questions, Taunya Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

Despite increasing support for global human rights ..., some scholars and constitutional democracies, like the United States, continue to resist constitutionalizing socio-economic rights. Socio-economic rights, unlike political and civil constitutional rights that usually prohibit government actions, are thought to impose positive obligations on government. As a result, constitutionalizing socio-economic rights raises questions about separation of powers and the competence of courts to decide traditionally legislative and executive matters. ... [W]hen transitional democracies, like South Africa, choose to constitutionalize socio-economic rights, courts inevitably must grapple with their role in the realization of those rights.... Two questions immediately come to mind: (1) whether ...


Program: Jacksonville Urban League 35th Anniversary Equal Opportunity Luncheon. Oct 2008

Program: Jacksonville Urban League 35th Anniversary Equal Opportunity Luncheon.

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

An Equal Opportunity Luncheon on Wednesday, October 29, 2008 at the Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront.


Student Speech Rights In The Digital Age, Mary-Rose Papandrea Oct 2008

Student Speech Rights In The Digital Age, Mary-Rose Papandrea

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

For several decades courts have struggled to determine when, if ever, public schools should have the power to restrict student expression that does not occur on school grounds during school hours. In the last several years, courts have struggled with this same question in a new context – the digital media. The dramatic increase in the number of student speech cases involving the Internet, mobile phones, and video cameras begs for a closer examination of the scope of school officials’ authority to censor the expression of minors as well as the scope of juvenile speech rights generally. This Article takes a ...


Is America Finally Ready To Elect A Black President?, F. Michael Higginbotham Oct 2008

Is America Finally Ready To Elect A Black President?, F. Michael Higginbotham

All Faculty Scholarship

In its 220 year history, America has yet to elect a president who is not white. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama, the only black member of the United States Senate, has received the nomination of the Democratic Party, the first minority candidate to ever receive a major party nomination. This article argues that Americans must not let fear or prejudice squander this historic opportunity.


Affirming The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Affirming The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.


Liberating The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Liberating The Thirteenth Amendment, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.


Bifurcation Of Civil Rights Defendants: Undermining Monell In Police Brutality Cases, Douglas L. Colbert Oct 2008

Bifurcation Of Civil Rights Defendants: Undermining Monell In Police Brutality Cases, Douglas L. Colbert

Douglas L. Colbert

No abstract provided.