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Full-Text Articles in Law

It's Really About Sex: Same-Sex Marriage, Lesbigay Parenting, And The Psychology Of Disgust, Richard E. Redding Oct 2007

It's Really About Sex: Same-Sex Marriage, Lesbigay Parenting, And The Psychology Of Disgust, Richard E. Redding

Working Paper Series

The effects of gay and lesbian parenting on children has been the touchstone issue in much of the recent state litigation on same sex marriage, with opponents of same sex marriage arguing that there is a rational basis for denying marriage rights to gays and lesbians because the central purpose of marriage is procreation and childrearing, but that children are harmed or disadvantaged when raised by gay or lesbian parents. To interrogate this claim, I critique the social science research that informs the concerns frequently expressed about the possible negative effects of lesbigay parenting on children's emotional, psychosocial, and sexual …


Statute Of Liberty?, Emily A. Harrell Oct 2007

Statute Of Liberty?, Emily A. Harrell

Emily A Harrell

This essay presents a brief overview of the United States’ immigration policy with respect to sponsorship laws, as well as a brief introduction to the Federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and how it has affected these laws. This essay also illustrates the extent of judicial deference toward Congress in the realm of immigration. Following this introductory material, there is a discussion of the traditional and modern view of homosexuals as pertains to immigration law. Aside from an analysis of the sponsorship laws, this essay also glances at the exigent circumstances that create loopholes for homosexuals in immigration law, such …


Toward Real Workplace Equality: Nonsubordination And Title Vii Sex-Stereotyping Jurisprudence , Erin E. Goodsell Sep 2007

Toward Real Workplace Equality: Nonsubordination And Title Vii Sex-Stereotyping Jurisprudence , Erin E. Goodsell

Erin E. Goodsell

This paper seeks to resolve a problem in federal anti-discrimination jurisprudence. The Supreme Court has held that plaintiffs may have a Title VII employment discrimination claim where they have been discriminated against based on an “impermissible sex stereotype,” but the lower federal courts, lacking a clear definition of what an “impermissible sex stereotype” may be, are inconsistent in their application of the sex-stereotyping doctrine. I argue that applying the feminist principle of nonsubordination, which examines whether legal rules or cultural practices serve to subordinate women to men and seeks to change those rules or practices that do, could help to …


Base Wretches And Black Wenches: A Story Of Sex And Race, Violence And Compassion, During Slavery Times, Jason A. Gillmer Sep 2007

Base Wretches And Black Wenches: A Story Of Sex And Race, Violence And Compassion, During Slavery Times, Jason A. Gillmer

Jason A Gillmer

This Article examines in detail the local and trial records of a nineteenth-century Texas case to tell the story of a white slave master who had a thirty-year relationship with a female slave. This is a story of complexities and contradictions, and it is a story designed to add depth and detail to our current assumptions about the content of sex between the races during slavery times. Indeed, through these local records—a source traditionally underused by legal historians—the Article provides us with a pathway into the consciousness of ordinary people, and suggests a world with much more flexibility and fluidity …


Let's Talk About Sex (Education): A Novel Interpretation Of The Meyer-Pierce Standard Governing Parental Control In Public Schools, Jacqueline Webb Sep 2007

Let's Talk About Sex (Education): A Novel Interpretation Of The Meyer-Pierce Standard Governing Parental Control In Public Schools, Jacqueline Webb

Jacqueline Webb

This Comment addresses the importance of parental control with regard to sex education in public schools and provides a workable middle of the road standard which balances the Constitutionally-granted rights of parents to control the upbringing of their children with the State’s interest in the education of its youngest citizens.

This Comment argues that the Meyer-Pierce standard has been incorrectly interpreted as creating two polar opposite views with regard to parental control in public schools, and a middle of the road standard is a more suitable application which protects both the parents’ Constitutionally-granted rights and the States’ interest. Part II …


Deliberate Indifference, Professional Judgment, And The Constitution: On Liberty Interests In The Child Placement Context, Mark Strasser Sep 2007

Deliberate Indifference, Professional Judgment, And The Constitution: On Liberty Interests In The Child Placement Context, Mark Strasser

Mark Strasser

Courts and commentators often argue that because adoption is created by state law, there can neither be a constitutional right to adopt nor to be adopted. They sometimes suggest that the major Supreme Court case in this area--Smith v. Organization of Foster Families For Equality and Reform (OFFER)—expressly rejects that there can be rights in the adoption context. Yet, the relevant constitutional jurisprudence is much more nuanced than these courts and commentators suggest, because the issue has not been correctly framed. The focus of discussion should be on whether there is a constitutionally protected liberty interest in the state’s not …


When Obscenity Discriminates, Elizabeth M. Glazer Sep 2007

When Obscenity Discriminates, Elizabeth M. Glazer

Elizabeth M Glazer

When public indecency statutes outlaw gender nonconformity, obscenity discriminates; when movie ratings censor representations of sexual minorities, obscenity discriminates, and discriminates on the basis of their status as sexual minorities. This Article addresses obscenity doctrine’s infliction of first generation, or status discrimination against sexual minorities by conflating “sex” – and the prurient representation of sex that constitutes obscenity – and “sexual orientation.” Civil rights lawyers and scholars have turned their attentions away from “first generation” discrimination,” where groups experience discrimination on the basis of their status, and toward “second generation” discrimination, where groups experience discrimination for failing to downplay or …


When Obscenity Discriminates, Elizabeth M. Glazer Sep 2007

When Obscenity Discriminates, Elizabeth M. Glazer

Elizabeth M Glazer

When public indecency statutes outlaw gender nonconformity, obscenity discriminates; when movie ratings censor representations of sexual minorities, obscenity discriminates, and discriminates on the basis of their status as sexual minorities. This Article addresses obscenity doctrine’s infliction of first generation, or status discrimination against sexual minorities by conflating “sex” – and the prurient representation of sex that constitutes obscenity – and “sexual orientation.” Civil rights lawyers and scholars have turned their attentions away from “first generation” discrimination,” where groups experience discrimination on the basis of their status, and toward “second generation” discrimination, where groups experience discrimination for failing to downplay or …


The Cultural Property Claim Within The Same Sex Marriage Controversy, Marc R. Poirier Aug 2007

The Cultural Property Claim Within The Same Sex Marriage Controversy, Marc R. Poirier

Marc R. Poirier

The Cultural Property Claim within the Same Sex Marriage Controversy.

Marc R. Poirier, Seton Hall University School of Law

This article argues that traditionalist opposition to same sex marriage can be understood as a cultural property claim -- the sort of claim that is often made by Native American tribes and other subordinated cultural groups of a right to control the uses of sacred or culturally central rituals, places and objects. Ultimately, it disagrees with the traditionalist position, and argues that traditionalists should not be allowed to maintain a property-like right to exclude same sex couples from marriage. Nevertheless, the …


Childsoldiers,Slavery, And The Trafficking Of Children, Susan W. Tiefenbrun Aug 2007

Childsoldiers,Slavery, And The Trafficking Of Children, Susan W. Tiefenbrun

Susan W Tiefenbrun

Despite a proliferation of international human rights treaties, labor laws, and humanitarian laws that should provide children with special protection from abduction into child soldiering, the trafficking of children and their use as soldiers is increasing. This paper will examine the relationship of human trafficking, slavery, and child soldiering. Part I will examine the root causes of the development and expansion of child soldiers. Part II will examine the international and domestic laws that protect against the use of children as soldiers. Part III will examine two literary representations of the use of child soldiers and the significant insights such …


"Love For Sale"--Sex And The Second American Revolution, Harold P. Southerland Aug 2007

"Love For Sale"--Sex And The Second American Revolution, Harold P. Southerland

Harold P. Southerland

“Love for Sale” is the title of one of Cole Porter’s most beautiful songs. Written in 1930, its lyrics were banned from public performance for many years because they dealt none too subtly with prostitution. But by the 1960s the ban had disappeared, and today the lyrics would hardly raise an eyebrow. If one wonders what happened, the answer is that from the end of World War II in 1945 to the present, this country has undergone a sexual revolution. Why this revolution came when it did, or so rapidly, isn’t easy to say. But in a little over half …


Transforming Teenagers Into Oral Sex Felons: The Persistence Of The "Crime Against Nature" After Lawrence V. Texas, Michael K. Curtis Jul 2007

Transforming Teenagers Into Oral Sex Felons: The Persistence Of The "Crime Against Nature" After Lawrence V. Texas, Michael K. Curtis

Michael K. Curtis

Although Lawrence v. Texas held oral and anal sex between consenting adults in private is generally constitutionally protected, the "crime against nature" continues to be applied to teenagers who would otherwise be guity of no crime or a lesser crime--had they engaged in vagainal intercourse. That is the case, for example, in recent North Carolina and Georgia cases discussed in this article. The distinction between oral and vaginal sex between minors having voluntary sex with each other is irrational and vioaltes equal protection. The argument is not that teenagers have a constitutional right to privacy to have sex with each …


The Perils Of Marriage As Transcendent Ontology: National Pride At Work V. Governor Of Michigan, William B. Turner Jun 2007

The Perils Of Marriage As Transcendent Ontology: National Pride At Work V. Governor Of Michigan, William B. Turner

William B Turner

National Pride at Work v. Governor of Michigan provides a unique opportunity to watch as courts struggle to define “marriage.” This is not a suit seeking recognition of same-sex marriages. It presents the question of whether an amendment to the Michigan state constitution prohibiting recognition of same-sex marriages or any “union” that is “similar” to marriage also prohibits public employers in the state from conferring benefits on the same-sex partners of their employees. The trial and appeals courts came to exactly opposite conclusions, and their respective positions nicely demarcate the options in what promises to be an ongoing debate in …


The Perils Of Marriage As Transcendent Ontology: National Pride At Work V. Governor Of Michigan, William B. Turner Jun 2007

The Perils Of Marriage As Transcendent Ontology: National Pride At Work V. Governor Of Michigan, William B. Turner

William B Turner

National Pride at Work v. Governor of Michigan provides a unique opportunity to watch as courts struggle to define “marriage.” This is not a suit seeking recognition of same-sex marriages. It presents the question of whether an amendment to the Michigan state constitution prohibiting recognition of same-sex marriages or any “union” that is “similar” to marriage also prohibits public employers in the state from conferring benefits on the same-sex partners of their employees. The trial and appeals courts came to exactly opposite conclusions, and their respective positions nicely demarcate the options in what promises to be an ongoing debate in …


Transforming Teenagers Into Oral Sex Felons, Michael K. Curtis, Shannon D. Gilreath Jun 2007

Transforming Teenagers Into Oral Sex Felons, Michael K. Curtis, Shannon D. Gilreath

Michael K. Curtis

The "crime against nature" continues to be applied to punish teenagers who would otherwise be guilty of no crime (for vaginal intercourse) or a lesser crime (for vaginal intercourse.) Though the most recent examples are from North Carolina and Georgia, the issue of treating teenagers as oral sex felons is a potential problem in any state that maintains a "crime against nature" statute on the books, as a number do. The distinction between oral and vaginal sex between minors having voluntary sex with each other is irrational and violates equal protection. The claim is not that minors have a constitutional …


Like A Virgin? Virginity Testing As Hiv/Aids Prevention: Human Rights Universalism And Cultural Relativism Revisited, Erika R. George Apr 2007

Like A Virgin? Virginity Testing As Hiv/Aids Prevention: Human Rights Universalism And Cultural Relativism Revisited, Erika R. George

Erika R. George

I explore the tensions between gender equality, personal autonomy and evolving cultural practices when a traditional practice that arguably violates universal international human rights and domestic constitutional norms also enjoys strong support—as is the case with virginity testing in South Africa. The practice of virginity testing has reemerged, advanced not only as a return to tradition but also as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy. I examine the debates about virginity testing and its recent prohibition by the government in order to more fully consider the limitations of liberalism as the foundation for human rights when operating within a pluralistic cultural context …


Federally Mandated Informed Consent: Has Government Gone Too Far?, Linda P. Mckenzie Mar 2007

Federally Mandated Informed Consent: Has Government Gone Too Far?, Linda P. Mckenzie

Linda P. McKenzie

In 2003, President George W. Bush signed legislation targeted at preventing what lawmakers said was a single, specific abortion procedure. The bill banned a method that is known outside of the medical community as "partial birth abortion." Lower courts, however, struck down the law as a violation of the Supreme Court's requirement that state limits on abortion must include an exception for the life or health of the pregnant woman. The lower courts were upheld by the three circuit courts who reviewed the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003. The U.S. Supreme Court accepted certiorari and recently heard oral …


Of Marriage And Monarchy: Why John Locke Would Support Same-Sex Marriage, William B. Turner Mar 2007

Of Marriage And Monarchy: Why John Locke Would Support Same-Sex Marriage, William B. Turner

William B Turner

Arguments about discrimination based on sexual orientation generally rest on interpretations of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment or about rights to autonomy rooted in modern substantive due process doctrine. Such theories typically presuppose a government that remains neutral among competing moral claims. This Article, by contrast, develops an account of rights against sexual orientation discrimination—including recognition of same-sex marriage—that does not depend on a thin moral conception of the liberal state. Instead, I situate lesbian/gay rights within a Lockean political theory of consent. John Locke’s theory of government, which was highly influential for the Founders of the …


The Military Abortion Ban: How 10 U.S.C. Section 1093 Violates International Standards Of Reproductive Healthcare, Sabrina E. Dunlap Mar 2007

The Military Abortion Ban: How 10 U.S.C. Section 1093 Violates International Standards Of Reproductive Healthcare, Sabrina E. Dunlap

Sabrina E Dunlap

Under 10 U.S.C. Section 1093, women in the military cannot obtain abortion services in military hospitals even if they use their own funds. Women who are stationed abroad are forced to search for services elsewhere in the foreign country in which they are stationed, facing cultural barriers, language barriers, difficult travel arrangements and high costs. In the last ten years, clear standards of reproductive health emerged at an international level, with women’s health being the center of the International Conference on Population and Development, and the Fourth World Conference on Women, among others. The United States is simultaneously encouraging developing …


Gender Matters: Making The Case For Trans Inclusion, Nancy J. Knauer Mar 2007

Gender Matters: Making The Case For Trans Inclusion, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

Gender Matters: Making the Case for Trans Inclusion Nancy J. Knauer, Peter J. Liacouras Professor of Law Beasley School of Law, Temple University ABSTRACT The transgender communities are producing an important and nuanced critique of our gender system. For community members, the project is self-constitutive and, therefore, has an immediacy that also marks the efforts of other marginalized groups who have attempted to make sense of the world through description, interrogation, and, ultimately, a program for transformation. The transgender project also has universalizing elements because, existing within the gender system, each one of us embodies a particular gender articulation. It …


Love V. Virginia: The Constitutionality Of The Marshall/Newman Amendment, Pavitra Mohan Ram Feb 2007

Love V. Virginia: The Constitutionality Of The Marshall/Newman Amendment, Pavitra Mohan Ram

ExpressO

My comment explores the constitutionality of a recent amendment in Virginia, the Marshall/Newman Amendment, which bans gay marriage and civil unions between unmarried people, and precludes Virginia from recognizing such arrangements formed in other states. The analysis is particularly timely, because even though the Democrats have regained a majority in Congress, and a traditionally Republican Virginian constituency just elected a Democratic senator, a majority of Virginians adopted this Amendment, indicating conservative values still reign.

The comment argues that the Amendment is demonstrably inconsistent with the mandates of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Federal Constitution. The first provision seeks to ban …


Fuck, Christopher M. Fairman Feb 2007

Fuck, Christopher M. Fairman

Christopher M Fairman

No abstract provided.


Civil Unions And Choice Of Law: A Second Restatement Analysis Of Miller-Jenkins V Miller-Jenkins, Christina N. Lambe Jan 2007

Civil Unions And Choice Of Law: A Second Restatement Analysis Of Miller-Jenkins V Miller-Jenkins, Christina N. Lambe

ExpressO

At the end of 2000 Lisa and Janet Miller-Jenkins left their home state of Virginia and traveled to Vermont to enter into a civil union. Their union ended a few years later. Although their separation resulted in a bitter legal battle in both the Virginia and Vermont court systems neither state addressed whether the initial union was valid. This paper analyzes the civil union using the Second Restatement’s choice of law principles. This paper concludes that although the courts have continued to haggle over whether full faith and credit must be given to conflicting visitation orders the choice of law …


Gender Matters: Making The Case For Trans Inclusion, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 2007

Gender Matters: Making The Case For Trans Inclusion, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The transgender communities are producing an important and nuanced critique of our gender system. For community members, the project is self-constitutive and, therefore, has an immediacy that also marks the efforts of other marginalized groups who have attempted to make sense of the world through description, interrogation, and, ultimately, a program for transformation. The transgender project also has universalizing elements because, existing within the gender system, each one of us embodies a particular gender articulation. It is through this articulation that we define ourselves in relation to the gender we were assigned at birth, the gender we choose, the gender …


Marriage And The Elephant: The Liberal Democratic State's Regulation Of Intimate Relationships Between Adults, Maxine Eichner Jan 2007

Marriage And The Elephant: The Liberal Democratic State's Regulation Of Intimate Relationships Between Adults, Maxine Eichner

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Toward A Third-Wave Feminist Legal Theory: Young Women, Pornography And The Praxis Of Pleasure, Bridget J. Crawford Jan 2007

Toward A Third-Wave Feminist Legal Theory: Young Women, Pornography And The Praxis Of Pleasure, Bridget J. Crawford

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

This article critically examines a growing body of non-legal writing by women who have proclaimed a third-wave of feminism and suggests the ways that legal theory might be enriched by this work. Scholars typically label the nineteenth-century woman suffrage movement as the first wave of feminism, and view the legal and social activism of the 1970s as the second wave of feminism. The third wave of feminism, with its intellectual origins in the response to the Clarence Thomas Senate confirmation hearings, is a reaction to the popular stereotype that feminists are humorless man-haters. Third-wave feminists proclaim their difference from second-wave …


Queers, Bullying And Schools: Am I Safe Here?, Donn Short Dec 2006

Queers, Bullying And Schools: Am I Safe Here?, Donn Short

Donn Short

This article reports on interviews conducted with students and educators in various Toronto-area high schools in an attempt to gauge how and to what extent so-called "formal" law (laws, policies, regulations) interacts with other, sometimes, competing normative or- ders, such as gender codes, sexuality, race, religion, in the educational setting. This approach is necessary to understand how anti-harassment and anti-homophobia policies are complicated by these other regulating influences.