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2006

Cleveland State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 68

Full-Text Articles in Law

Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: An Assessment Of Progress, Alan C. Weinstein, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke Nov 2006

Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: An Assessment Of Progress, Alan C. Weinstein, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke

Law Faculty Reports and Comments

In August 2006, Cleveland State University was asked to conduct an initial assessment of the Cuyahoga County Commissioners' Report and Recommendations on Foreclosure that would assist the county in planning for future phases of the project. This report presents the findings of this initial assessment of the first 18 months of the initiative. It documents the process undertaken by the county, assesses the progress made toward reaching goals, identifies successes and concerns, and offers some preliminary recommendations about program operations. It also offers suggestions for a more formal evaluation process going forward


The Founders And Slavery, Arthur R. Landever Nov 2006

The Founders And Slavery, Arthur R. Landever

Law Faculty Presentations and Testimony

The point of my talk is that our founders, who our tradition praises profusely of course, as men on Mount Olympus, had moral blinders on. I'm going to talk about key founders. Then I'm going to talk about the key English case, decided in 1772, Somerset v. Stuart. Then I'm going to talk about the Compromises of the 1770s and 1780s. Then I'm going to talk about what we can and can't learn from history. Then I'm going to consider what our generation is doing in the 21st century, considering what might shock our ...


Murphy And The Evolution Of "Basis", Deborah A. Geier Nov 2006

Murphy And The Evolution Of "Basis", Deborah A. Geier

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Marrita Murphy received compensatory damages of $45,000 for emotional distress or mental anguish and $25,000 for injury to professional reputation after bringing a complaint with the Department of Labor under various whistle-blower statutes. A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit unanimously held, in an opinion written by Chief Judge Douglas Ginsburg, that Murphy's damages were not due to physical injury and thus could not be excluded under the authority of section 104(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code but that the government nevertheless could not, under the Constitution ...


Eminent Domain: Judicial And Legislative Responses To Kelo, Alan Weinstein Nov 2006

Eminent Domain: Judicial And Legislative Responses To Kelo, Alan Weinstein

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

It has been almost a year and a half since the Supreme Court ruled in Kelo v. City of New London, 125 S. Ct. 2655 (2005), that the federal Constitution does not bar government from using eminent domain for economic development purposes. That ruling precipitated an unprecedented negative reaction in state legislatures. 1 Now, Ohio has delivered the first post-Kelo state supreme court decision to address the constitutionality of eminent domain. On July 26, in City of Norwood v. Horney, 2006 WL 2096001, a unanimous Ohio Supreme Court rejected the arguments of the majority in Kelo and emphatically stated that ...


2006 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Daniel J. Simon, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library Oct 2006

2006 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Daniel J. Simon, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library

Scholars and Artists Bibliographies

This bibliography was created for the annual Friends of the Michael Schwartz Library Scholars and Artists Reception, recognizing scholarly and creative achievements of Cleveland State University faculty, staff and emeriti. Dr. Dan Simon was the guest speaker.


Commenting On The Views Of Roger Pilon, Arthur R. Landever Oct 2006

Commenting On The Views Of Roger Pilon, Arthur R. Landever

Law Faculty Presentations and Testimony

Professor Landever comments upon the views of Roger Pilon of the Cato Institute on interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.


Environmental Law, Browne C. Lewis Jul 2006

Environmental Law, Browne C. Lewis

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

No abstract provided.


An Essay On Strategies For Facilitating Learning, David Barnhizer Jun 2006

An Essay On Strategies For Facilitating Learning, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

There is a convenient assumption among many American law teachers that the existing model of the American law school works effectively. This includes the belief that the dominant methods and goals are not only appropriate and comprehensive but are being achieved. The reality is quite different. Law teachers tend to be amateurs from the perspective of the quality of our teaching. We are largely unaware of the most effective ways to structure a curriculum, integrate course offerings and design and execute individual courses. This essay focuses on goals, strategies and techniques for the facilitation of student learning. It reflects a ...


Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices: The State Of The Debate, Brian E. Ray, Mark Hermann May 2006

Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices: The State Of The Debate, Brian E. Ray, Mark Hermann

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Reprocessing single-use medical devices is a growing but controversial industry subject to an increasingly complex and fast-developing set of regulations and a wide range of unresolved legal issues.


Testimony Before The House Committee On Veterans' Affairs, Subcommittee On Disability Assistance And Memorial Affairs, In Support Of H.R. 5037, The "Respect For America's Fallen Heroes Act,", David Forte Apr 2006

Testimony Before The House Committee On Veterans' Affairs, Subcommittee On Disability Assistance And Memorial Affairs, In Support Of H.R. 5037, The "Respect For America's Fallen Heroes Act,", David Forte

Law Faculty Presentations and Testimony

H.R. 5037, entitled the ”Respect for America's Fallen Heroes Act,” seeks to limit ”certain demonstrations” in cemeteries under the control of the National Cemetery Administration or on the property of Arlington National Cemetery. The bill defines what constitutes a demonstration disruptive of the memorial services or funerals being held in or within 500 feet of such cemeteries, but allows an exception for demonstrations on cemetery grounds if ” approved by the cemetery superintendent.” There are thus two constitutional issues to be confronted: (1) Does the ban on ”certain” demonstrations meet the requirements of First Amendment law as laid down ...


Interracial Marriage In The Shadows Of Jim Crow: Racial Segregation As A System Of Racial And Gender Subordination, Reginald Oh Mar 2006

Interracial Marriage In The Shadows Of Jim Crow: Racial Segregation As A System Of Racial And Gender Subordination, Reginald Oh

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Essay works through essentialist language to reveal the multidimensional nature of racial segregation as a system of subordination. Specifically, it examines how racial segregation in public schools and laws prohibiting interracial marriage mutually reinforce racial and gender inequality. Part I discusses Brown and the traditional analysis of that decision as a case dealing with race, racial stigma, and equal educational opportunity. Part II reviews laws prohibiting interracial marriage, the reasoning and purpose behind these laws, and the Loving decision that rendered such laws unconstitutional. Part III then examines racial segregation in public schools as more than just a system ...


"Expense" Deductions On "Personal" Gross Income, Deborah A. Geier Jan 2006

"Expense" Deductions On "Personal" Gross Income, Deborah A. Geier

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Prof. Deborah A. Geier responds to Tom Daley's letter on the taxation of contingent attorney fees.


The Framers' Idea Of Marriage And Family, David F. Forte Jan 2006

The Framers' Idea Of Marriage And Family, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Contributions to Books

The founders understood the symbiotic connection between family virtues and civic virtues. They knew it through their study of the classics, through their imbibing of the Scottish enlightenment, through their understanding of the providential nature of the Judeo-Christian God, through their familiarity with self-governing liberty, and through their utter respect of their own human experience of living. They looked upon the family as a model in which man’s selfish impulses would be contained, where the coordination of practical tasks could be effectuated, and where sentiments of affection and mutual respect could bind a people into a nation. It was ...


Information Warfare: The Legal Aspects Of Using Satellites And Jamming Technologies In Propaganda Battles, Mark J. Sundahl Jan 2006

Information Warfare: The Legal Aspects Of Using Satellites And Jamming Technologies In Propaganda Battles, Mark J. Sundahl

Law Faculty Contributions to Books

This paper examines the right of states to broadcast propaganda by satellite in times of war. In exploring this issue, the author addresses the hypothetical question of whether a state may use DBS technology to broadcast a commercial news program, such as CNN, into an enemy state in wartime as part of a larger campaign to win the support of the civilian population. The author begins by establishing that that the consent of a receiving state is required prior to such broadcasts, whether in peacetime or in times of war. This requirement of "prior consent" is the only restriction of ...


Final Report Of The Cuyahoga County Election Review Panel, S. Candice Hoke, Ronald B. Adrine, Tom J. Hayes Jan 2006

Final Report Of The Cuyahoga County Election Review Panel, S. Candice Hoke, Ronald B. Adrine, Tom J. Hayes

Law Faculty Reports and Comments

The Panel was charged with identifying the deficiencies in the May 2, 2006 Cuyahoga County election, ascertain the causes and contributing factors of those deficiencies and provide recommendations to remedy the deficiencies.


Rankings, Reductionism, And Responsibility , Frank Pasquale Jan 2006

Rankings, Reductionism, And Responsibility , Frank Pasquale

Cleveland State Law Review

After discussing how search engines operate in Part I below, and setting forth a normative basis for regulation of their results in Part II, this piece proposes (in Part III) some minor, non-intrusive legal remedies for those who claim that they are harmed by search engine results. Such harms include unwanted high-ranking results relating to them, or exclusion from a page they claim it is their “due” to appear on. In the first case (deemed “inclusion harm”), I propose a right not to suppress the results, but merely to add an asterisk to the hyperlink directing web users to them ...


2006 Vol. 15, Cleveland-Marshall College Of Law Jan 2006

2006 Vol. 15, Cleveland-Marshall College Of Law

Law Notes

No abstract provided.


Testimonial Statements, Excited Utterances And The Confrontation Clause: Formulating A Precise Rule After Crawford And Davis, Gary M. Bishop Jan 2006

Testimonial Statements, Excited Utterances And The Confrontation Clause: Formulating A Precise Rule After Crawford And Davis, Gary M. Bishop

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article will analyze whether the post-Crawford decisions have been consistent in their treatment of statements that qualify as excited utterances in light of the Confrontation Clause principles and various definitions of testimonial in Crawford. Part II of this Article will provide a discussion of the Crawford decision itself and an analysis of Crawford's treatment of earlier cases in this area. Part III of this Article will provide a discussion and analysis of court decisions that have applied Crawford in the context of excited utterances. It will do this by examining the factors that these courts have considered and ...


Assessing Legal Responses To Prenatal Drug Use: Can Therapeutic Responses Produce More Positive Outcomes Than Punitive Responses, Elizabeth E. Coleman, Monica K. Miller Jan 2006

Assessing Legal Responses To Prenatal Drug Use: Can Therapeutic Responses Produce More Positive Outcomes Than Punitive Responses, Elizabeth E. Coleman, Monica K. Miller

Journal of Law and Health

Expressing a growing concern for fetal well being, the 2006 Idaho Senate passed legislation that permits criminal charges to be brought against women who abuse illegal drugs while pregnant. This bill allows for the potential incarceration of violators for up to five years, as well as a possible $50,000 fine. In some locations, women have the option of choosing to go to drug court instead of serving time in jail or prison. These drug courts provide drug treatment, case management, drug testing, and supervision, while requiring women who abuse illegal drugs to regularly report to scheduled status hearings before ...


Theobald V. University Of Cincinnati - Reforming Medical Malpractice In Ohio: A Survey Of State Laws And Policy Impacts , Brian Dunne Jan 2006

Theobald V. University Of Cincinnati - Reforming Medical Malpractice In Ohio: A Survey Of State Laws And Policy Impacts , Brian Dunne

Journal of Law and Health

In its recent decision of Theobald v. University of Cincinnati, Ohio's Tenth District Court of Appeals declared that medical practitioners shall have state employee immunity, based on section 9.86 of the Ohio Revised Code, anytime they treat a patient as long as they act in a dual role to "teach" an "involved" student or resident. This immunity takes away the patient's right to sue the practitioner personally for his medical malpractice. As required by this holding, the doctor must have an employment relationship with state medical college. However, the employment relationship could encompass anything from a faculty ...


The Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act: Changing What Constitutes An Appropriate Education, Andrea Valentino Jan 2006

The Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act: Changing What Constitutes An Appropriate Education, Andrea Valentino

Journal of Law and Health

Christopher, diagnosed at six years old with Asperger's Syndrome, is a child with a disability. Upon his diagnosis, Christopher's public school developed his Individualized Education Program (IEP) to serve Christopher's educational needs; however, his needs went unmet. Throughout Christopher's four years at his public school, his parents repeatedly met with school officials about the appropriateness of services being offered to Christopher as his IEP did not account for the individualized class support Christopher required. Despite consistent and dedicated efforts by his parents, school officials continually informed them there was nothing more the school or teachers could ...


Taking A Bite Out Of The Harmful Effects Of Mercury In Dental Fillings: Advocating For National Legislation For Mercury Amalgams, Kimberly M. Baga Jan 2006

Taking A Bite Out Of The Harmful Effects Of Mercury In Dental Fillings: Advocating For National Legislation For Mercury Amalgams, Kimberly M. Baga

Journal of Law and Health

Mary Stephenson, a fifty-nine-year-old grandmother, visited dozens of counselors and experienced with an array of antidepressants but nothing worked to curb her suicidal feelings. Janie McDowell, a fifty-six-year-old housewife, suffered from hand tremors, leg-muscle spasms, recurring nausea, chronic bladder and kidney infections, severe depression, short-term memory loss, and slurred speech. Freya Koss, a former event planner, experienced dizziness and double vision. Physicians misdiagnosed Koss with lupus, multiple sclerosis, and, finally myasthenia gravis. The common theme among these medical tragedies is that the above victims all returned to being healthy, active adults after the removal of their mercury amalgam dental fillings ...


The Ohio Bureau Of Workers' Compensation: An Analysis Of The Status Quo And A Proposal For Improvement (A Medical Perspective), William H. Seitz Jr. Jan 2006

The Ohio Bureau Of Workers' Compensation: An Analysis Of The Status Quo And A Proposal For Improvement (A Medical Perspective), William H. Seitz Jr.

Journal of Law and Health

A worker's compensation claim is frequently a nightmare for the patient (injured worker), the employer (insurance payor), and the physician (health care provider). Because of the wastefulness inherent in the system, the overall cost of providing workers' compensation care in the State of Ohio has increased dramatically and as a result has seen significant reductions in hospital reimbursement levels and patient benefits, such as prescription drug availability. This article provides two clinical examples to highlight the problems with the worker's compensation system in Ohio. The first case example demonstrates what happens when the patient's initial diagnosis upon ...


Unconscionability Found: A Look At Pre-Dispute Mandatory Arbitration Agreements 10 Years After Doctor's Associates, Inc. V. Casarotto, Sandra F. Gavin Jan 2006

Unconscionability Found: A Look At Pre-Dispute Mandatory Arbitration Agreements 10 Years After Doctor's Associates, Inc. V. Casarotto, Sandra F. Gavin

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article first explores the Supreme Court's initially reluctant application of the FAA's contract approach to enforceability of arbitration agreements which lasted well into the early 1980s. It then examines federal preemption of state law and the evolution of the arbitration contract as we know it today. Finally, it looks at the application of defenses that exist “at law or in equity for the revocation of any contract” as applied over the past ten years following the Court's decision in Doctor's Associates, Inc. v. Casarotto. This author examines a decade of decisional law and finds a ...


Inconsistent Methods For The Adjudication Of Alleged Mentally Retarded Individuals: A Comparison Of Ohio's And Georgia's Post-Atkins Frameworks For Determining Mental Retardation, Scott R. Poe Jan 2006

Inconsistent Methods For The Adjudication Of Alleged Mentally Retarded Individuals: A Comparison Of Ohio's And Georgia's Post-Atkins Frameworks For Determining Mental Retardation, Scott R. Poe

Cleveland State Law Review

This Note compares Ohio's and Georgia's post-Atkins frameworks for determining mental retardation. Ohio's framework offers a fairer application of Atkins and should serve as a guide for a national legal standard for use by state trial courts to determine mental retardation. Specifically, Ohio's use of preponderance of the evidence is a more appropriate standard of proof for determining mental retardation because it better reaches the overall goal in Atkins. Allowing the judge to make the mental retardation determination protects the alleged mentally retarded defendant from potential jury bias. Because Ohio's and Georgia's definitions of ...


Shame And The Meaning Of Punishment, Chad Flanders Jan 2006

Shame And The Meaning Of Punishment, Chad Flanders

Cleveland State Law Review

This Essay critiques the shaming punishments debate, not in the interest of defending one side or the other, but to make more explicit the paradox with which this Essay began. This Essay also advances the proposal that a consistent liberalism, one that demands that all citizens be respected equally, is incompatible with any punishment that requires the infliction of hard treatment (treatment which inflicts pain or suffering) or humiliation on the offender. It is important to bracket the practical consequences of this proposal. Perhaps it was proposals like this one that made Nietzsche worry about the progressive softening of societies ...


Prayer Or Prison: The Unconstitutionality Of Mandatory Faith-Based Substance Abuse Treatment, Christopher M. Meissner Jan 2006

Prayer Or Prison: The Unconstitutionality Of Mandatory Faith-Based Substance Abuse Treatment, Christopher M. Meissner

Cleveland State Law Review

Whether faith-based substance abuse treatments are effective is certainly a valid question in its rightful place, but it is not the inquiry pursued here. Rather, this Note argues that a drug court's act of assigning unwilling offenders to twelve-step or otherwise religiously-based residential treatment centers violates the Establishment Clause guarantee. Specifically, such centers regulate the offenders' beliefs and compel them to affirm whatever tenets are professed at the individual treatment center. Moreover, a court's subsequent act of threatening or actually imposing criminal sanctions upon offenders for refusing to complete such treatment programs constitutes punishment for refusing to be ...


Improvident Extension Of Credit As An Extension Of Unconscionability: Discover Bank V. Owens And A Debtor's Rights Against Credit Card Companies , Terri Rebecca Daniel Jan 2006

Improvident Extension Of Credit As An Extension Of Unconscionability: Discover Bank V. Owens And A Debtor's Rights Against Credit Card Companies , Terri Rebecca Daniel

Cleveland State Law Review

This Note will examine improvident extension of credit as an extension of unconscionability in consumer credit card lending. Part II of this Note will discuss the history and foundation of unconscionability. Part III will discuss the history and foundation of improvident extension of credit, as well as the many failed attempts to create a solution to the problem of improvident extension of credit in the United States. Part IV of this Note will analyze the current role of improvident lending in consumer credit and why no solution was reached in the 1970s. Part V will examine the increased need for ...


On Capital Gains And Marginal Tax Rates, Deborah A. Geier Jan 2006

On Capital Gains And Marginal Tax Rates, Deborah A. Geier

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

The current tax treatment of qualified residence interest is far from perfect. The President's Advisory Panel on Federal Tax Reform's proposal related to the current home mortgage interest deduction does little to advance Congress' clearly-stated policy of encouraging homeowership while, at the same time, it will have an almost-certain negative effect on home prices. The author asserts that those whose home is their most valuable asset have much to fear should the Panel's recommendations come to fruition.


The Demise Of Regulation In Ocean Shipping: A Study In The Evolution Of Competition Policy And The Predictive Power Of Microeconomics, Christopher L. Sagers Jan 2006

The Demise Of Regulation In Ocean Shipping: A Study In The Evolution Of Competition Policy And The Predictive Power Of Microeconomics, Christopher L. Sagers

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Over its 140 year history, ocean liner shipping has almost always enjoyed an antitrust exemption permitting price-fixing cartels of ocean carriers. The exemption was premised on the belief that problems of cost and capacity inherent in the trade can be resolved only by horizontal collusion. Now that that exemption has been whittled away by deregulatory efforts, the pre- and post-deregulation evidence presents one of the world's rare opportunities for natural experiment on the behavior and effectiveness of collusive cartel pricing. Moreover, because normal and effective competition never really existed prior to 1998, the normative foundation of the antitrust exemption ...