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2005

Law Enforcement and Corrections

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Articles 1 - 30 of 80

Full-Text Articles in Law

Detection Avoidance, Chris William Sanchirico Nov 2005

Detection Avoidance, Chris William Sanchirico

ExpressO

In practice, the problem of law enforcement is half a matter of what the government does to catch violators and half a matter of what violators do to avoid getting caught. In the theory of law enforcement, however, although the state’s efforts at "detection" play a decisive role, offenders’ efforts at "detection avoidance" are largely ignored. Always problematic, this imbalance has become critical in recent years as episodes of corporate misconduct spur new interest in punishing process crimes like obstruction of justice and perjury. This article adds detection avoidance to the existing theoretical frame with an eye toward informing ...


Prison Rape Elimination Act (Prea) Summary Of Responses From Juvenile Focus Group On Staff Sexual Misconduct And Youth On Youth Sexual Assault (Focus Group: Juvenile Justice Agencies - Addressing Rape Of Youth In Correctional Custody, Overview Of Current Efforts, Close Out And Reactions (Delivery Strategies, Products)), Brenda V. Smith, Andie Moss Nov 2005

Prison Rape Elimination Act (Prea) Summary Of Responses From Juvenile Focus Group On Staff Sexual Misconduct And Youth On Youth Sexual Assault (Focus Group: Juvenile Justice Agencies - Addressing Rape Of Youth In Correctional Custody, Overview Of Current Efforts, Close Out And Reactions (Delivery Strategies, Products)), Brenda V. Smith, Andie Moss

Presentations

Responses to thirteen questions regarding curriculum related to staff sexual misconduct with youth and youth on youth sexual assault are provided. "The objectives of the focus groups included: (1) to gather data that will inform NIC [National Institute of Corrections] in how to best develop a juvenile oriented curriculum on staff sexual misconduct; (2) to gather data that will guide NIC in identifying the major staff sexual misconduct related issues in juvenile corrections, including what stakeholders should be consulted, and what strategies should be utilized in naming the issues and building knowledge about the PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act]; and ...


Federal Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentences: Weapon In The War On Drugs Or War On Blacks, Crystal S. Byrd Nov 2005

Federal Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentences: Weapon In The War On Drugs Or War On Blacks, Crystal S. Byrd

McCabe Thesis Collection

This study will attempt to determine the direct and indirect consequences of Federal mandatory minimum drug sentences and drug policy to African Americans. It will examine statistics on drug use, arrest, convictions, and incarceration of African Americans. These statistics will be gathered from several government agencies and will be used to determine if American drug policy discriminates against African Americans. The purpose of this study is to inform and educate African Americans about Federal mandatory minimum drug sentences and the impact they are having on Black communities and to provide links to resources that can be used to promote drug ...


Deterrence Versus Brutalization: Capital Punishment's Differing Impacts Among States, Joanna M. Shepherd Nov 2005

Deterrence Versus Brutalization: Capital Punishment's Differing Impacts Among States, Joanna M. Shepherd

Michigan Law Review

Policymakers' false beliefs about capital punishment's universal deterrent effect may have caused many people to die needlessly. If deterrence is capital punishment's purpose then, in the majority of states where executions do not deter crime, executions kill convicts uselessly. Moreover, in the many states where the brutalization effect outweighs the deterrent effect, executions not only kill convicts needlessly but also induce the additional murders of many innocent people. After Part II discusses capital punishment's recent history in the United States, Part III reviews the conflict in recent studies on capital punishment and deterrence. Part IV explores differences ...


First Force, William A. Edmundson Nov 2005

First Force, William A. Edmundson

Faculty Publications By Year

No abstract provided.


Symposium On Sentencing Rhetoric: Competing Narratives In The Post-Booker Era, Roger Williams University School Of Law Oct 2005

Symposium On Sentencing Rhetoric: Competing Narratives In The Post-Booker Era, Roger Williams University School Of Law

School of Law Conferences, Lectures & Events

No abstract provided.


Regulating Local Variations In Federal Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas Oct 2005

Regulating Local Variations In Federal Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Though in theory federal criminal law applies uniformly in all places, in practice federal charging, plea bargaining, and sentencing practices vary widely from place to place. Sentencing disparities are good when they reflect local knowledge about local crime problems and concerns. They are bad when they spring from bias, local lawyers' and judges' hostility to national policy choices or perhaps when they reflect disagreement with federal strategies. This Article critiques fast-track programs, which award huge discounts in immigration and drug cases along the southwest border, as bad variation that undermines the ideal of national uniformity. It then considers the wide ...


Sounds Of Silence, Kenneth Lasson Sep 2005

Sounds Of Silence, Kenneth Lasson

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


How It Works: Sobriety Sentencing, The Constitution And Alcoholics Anonymous. A Perspective From Aa's Founding Community, Max E. Dehn Sep 2005

How It Works: Sobriety Sentencing, The Constitution And Alcoholics Anonymous. A Perspective From Aa's Founding Community, Max E. Dehn

ExpressO

This paper analyzes the public health as well as constitutional issues that arise when persons are required by courts to participate in 12-step recovery programs.


Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor Sep 2005

Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Calling A Truce In The Culture Wars: From Enron To The Cia, Craig S. Lerner Aug 2005

Calling A Truce In The Culture Wars: From Enron To The Cia, Craig S. Lerner

George Mason University School of Law Working Papers Series

This Article compares and evaluates recent Congressional efforts to improve institutional “cultures” in the private and public sectors. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was designed to upgrade corporate culture by patching up the “walls” that separate corporate management from boards of directors, accountants, lawyers, and financial analysts. The Intelligence Reform Act of 2005 took a different tack, hammering away at walls that supposedly segmented the intelligence community. The logic was that the market failed because people did not observe sufficient formalities in their dealings with one another, while the intelligence community failed precisely because people kept their distance from one ...


An Honest Approach To Plea Bargaining, Steven P. Grossman Jul 2005

An Honest Approach To Plea Bargaining, Steven P. Grossman

All Faculty Scholarship

In this Article, the author argues that differential sentencing of criminal defendants who plead guilty and those who go to trial is, primarily, a punishment for the defendant exercising the right to trial. The proposed solution requires an analysis of the differential sentencing motivation in light of the benefit to society and the drawbacks inherent in the plea bargaining system.


Not "Voluntary" But Still Reasonable: A New Paradigm For Understanding The Consent Searches Doctrine, Ric Simmons Jul 2005

Not "Voluntary" But Still Reasonable: A New Paradigm For Understanding The Consent Searches Doctrine, Ric Simmons

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Market For Criminal Justice: Federalism, Crime Control, And Jurisdictional Competition, Doron Teichman Jun 2005

The Market For Criminal Justice: Federalism, Crime Control, And Jurisdictional Competition, Doron Teichman

Michigan Law Review

Part I introduces the concepts of jurisdictional competition and crime displacement and argues that, as a positive matter, a decentralized criminal justice system may create a competitive process among the different units composing it, in which each such unit attempts to divert crime to neighboring communities. Part II then turns to evaluate the normative aspects of jurisdictional competition in the area of criminal justice. In this context I will show that competition can have both advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, the forces of competition might drive jurisdictions to fight crime efficiently, since any jurisdiction that functions inefficiently will suffer ...


Police And Democracy, David Alan Sklansky Jun 2005

Police And Democracy, David Alan Sklansky

Michigan Law Review

Part I of the Article describes the emergence in postwar America of a particular understanding of a democracy, an understanding generally referred to as "democratic pluralism," "analytic pluralism," "pluralist theory," or simply "pluralism." We will spend a fair bit of time unpacking pluralism, because its fine points will prove important when we turn to the task of tracing its reflections in criminal procedure. That task is taken up in Part II, which examines the ways in which the central tenets of democratic pluralism found echoes in criminal procedure - construed broadly to include not only jurisprudence and legal scholarship but also ...


Probation Violators: An Examination Of Felony Male Adult Probation Violators In The State Of Nevada, Stefanie Wilson Palacio May 2005

Probation Violators: An Examination Of Felony Male Adult Probation Violators In The State Of Nevada, Stefanie Wilson Palacio

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Is There A Future For Leniency In The U.S. Criminal Justice System?, Nora V. Demleitner May 2005

Is There A Future For Leniency In The U.S. Criminal Justice System?, Nora V. Demleitner

Michigan Law Review

The spring 2004 release of the gruesome pictures of sexual humiliation and torture at Abu Ghraib prison outside of Baghdad revealed how some U.S. troops, intelligence officers, and private contractors treated Iraqi prisoners taken during and after the war. High-ranking government officials may have condoned, if not encouraged, the abuses. Only reluctantly have they agreed to extend protections customarily accorded civilians and military fighters during a war to individuals detained in Iraq and Afghanistan. As Congressional investigations appear to have stalled, military inquiries have been manifold but resultless. Only a handful of low ranking soldiers have been court-martialed, and ...


Murder, Meth, Mammon & Moral Values: The Political Landscape Of American Sentencing Reform (In Symposium On White Collar Crime), Frank O. Bowman Iii Apr 2005

Murder, Meth, Mammon & Moral Values: The Political Landscape Of American Sentencing Reform (In Symposium On White Collar Crime), Frank O. Bowman Iii

Faculty Publications

This Article examines the ongoing American experiment in mass incarceration and considers the prospects for meaningful sentencing reform.


Winston V. Commonwealth 604 S.E.2d 21 (Va. 2004) Mar 2005

Winston V. Commonwealth 604 S.E.2d 21 (Va. 2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


United States V. Barnette 393 F.3d 775 (4th Cir. 2004) Mar 2005

United States V. Barnette 393 F.3d 775 (4th Cir. 2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Ask And The Commonwealth Shall Receive: The Imbalance Of Virginia's Mental Health Expert Statute, Mark J. Goldsmith Mar 2005

Ask And The Commonwealth Shall Receive: The Imbalance Of Virginia's Mental Health Expert Statute, Mark J. Goldsmith

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Money Talks: An Indigent Defendant's Right To An Ex Parte Hearing For Expert Funding, Justin B. Shane Mar 2005

Money Talks: An Indigent Defendant's Right To An Ex Parte Hearing For Expert Funding, Justin B. Shane

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Mchone V. Polk 392 F.3d 691 (4th Cir. 2004) Mar 2005

Mchone V. Polk 392 F.3d 691 (4th Cir. 2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Bell V. Cone 125 S. Ct. 847 (2005) Mar 2005

Bell V. Cone 125 S. Ct. 847 (2005)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Smith V. Texas 125 S. Ct. 400 (2004) Mar 2005

Smith V. Texas 125 S. Ct. 400 (2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Mapes V. Tate 388 F.3d 187 (6th Cir. 2004) Mar 2005

Mapes V. Tate 388 F.3d 187 (6th Cir. 2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Riner V. Commonwealth 601 S.E.2d 555 (Va. 2004) Mar 2005

Riner V. Commonwealth 601 S.E.2d 555 (Va. 2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Death By Ambush: A Plea For Discovery Of Evidence In Aggravation, Tamara L. Graham Mar 2005

Death By Ambush: A Plea For Discovery Of Evidence In Aggravation, Tamara L. Graham

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


"Continuing Threat" To Whom?: Risk Assessment In Virginia Capital Sentencing Hearings, Jessica M. Tanner Mar 2005

"Continuing Threat" To Whom?: Risk Assessment In Virginia Capital Sentencing Hearings, Jessica M. Tanner

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.


Florida V. Nixon 125 S. Ct. 551 (2004) Mar 2005

Florida V. Nixon 125 S. Ct. 551 (2004)

Capital Defense Journal

No abstract provided.