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2005

Immigration Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 102

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Chinese Dilemma: Practical Solutions To Irresponsible Immigration Reform And The Ensuing Circuit Court Traffic Jam, Zachary Slapsys Dec 2005

The Chinese Dilemma: Practical Solutions To Irresponsible Immigration Reform And The Ensuing Circuit Court Traffic Jam, Zachary Slapsys

City University of New York Law Review

No abstract provided.


Immigrant Entrepreneurs And Neighborhood Revitalization: Studies Of The Allston Village, East Boston And Fields Corner Neighborhoods In Boston, Ramon Borges-Mendez, Michael Liu, Paul Watanabe Dec 2005

Immigrant Entrepreneurs And Neighborhood Revitalization: Studies Of The Allston Village, East Boston And Fields Corner Neighborhoods In Boston, Ramon Borges-Mendez, Michael Liu, Paul Watanabe

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

Although somewhat later than other major urban areas, Boston has been experiencing fundamental demographic changes. The 2000 Census reported that for the first time non-Hispanic whites constitute a minority of the city’s population. Subsequent Census estimates confirm an even stronger trend toward a rapidly diversifying population.

Immigration has been a major factor in this growth and diversification. A recent report shows that over the last 15 years more than 22,000 new immigrants have annually settled in Massachusetts. The foreign-born as a percentage of the population has grown from 9.4 percent in 1980 to 14.3 percent in 2004.


Mara Salvatrucha (Ms-13) And Ley Anti Mara: El Salvador's Struggle To Reclaim Social Order, Juan J. Fogelbach Nov 2005

Mara Salvatrucha (Ms-13) And Ley Anti Mara: El Salvador's Struggle To Reclaim Social Order, Juan J. Fogelbach

San Diego International Law Journal

MS-13 poses a threat to both Salvadorians and Americans. It is a gang that must be cooperatively contained; it will not be controlled by a simplistic burden-shifting policy that leaves El Salvador, a developing country, to unilaterally deal with the problem. This paper will argue that: (1) the deportation of gang members, which results in the arbitrary deaths of thousands of innocent Salvadorians who have no legal recourse amounts to a grave violation of human rights; (2) deportation of gang members to a society where they are likely to be killed by vigilante death squads, or in prison fires and …


The Strategic Use Of Mexico To Restrict South American Access To The Diversity Visa Lottery, Jonathan H. Wardle Nov 2005

The Strategic Use Of Mexico To Restrict South American Access To The Diversity Visa Lottery, Jonathan H. Wardle

Vanderbilt Law Review

In 1990, Congress enacted the Family Unity and Employment Opportunity Act (the "1990 Act"), which created a visa lottery to enhance the diversity of the immigrant stream and to ensure that areas of the world sending relatively few immigrants to the United States could still have access to the immigrant stream. In order to achieve these goals, Congress created a complex formula by which 55,000 "diversity" visas would be distributed annually among six geographically defined regions based on the total number of immigrant admissions from each region. Under this formula, regions with relatively low admission rates are granted more visas …


Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai Nov 2005

Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Practice And Legality Of Rendition, Katherine R. Hawkins Oct 2005

The Practice And Legality Of Rendition, Katherine R. Hawkins

ExpressO

“Rendition” is the United States’ policy of sending terrorism suspects to be interrogated in Middle Eastern countries that practice torture.

This Article introduces the subject by describing a complaint filed in a lawsuit by Canadian citizen Maher Arar. The United States sent Arar from John F. Kennedy airport to Syria, where he was tortured and was held in a grave-sized cell for nearly a year. Arar alleges that his transfer violated the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (“CAT”).

Arar’s lawsuit may be dismissed before the court reaches the substance of his claims. But …


Cutting Undocumented Alien Employment Using The Spine Of A Knife: How The Fourth Circuit Failed To Adequately Use Title Vii To Strengthen Irca In Egbuna V. Time Life Libraries, Inc., Jeffrey B. Widdison Oct 2005

Cutting Undocumented Alien Employment Using The Spine Of A Knife: How The Fourth Circuit Failed To Adequately Use Title Vii To Strengthen Irca In Egbuna V. Time Life Libraries, Inc., Jeffrey B. Widdison

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Why Are So Many People Challenging Board Of Immigration Appeals Decisions In Federal Court? An Empirical Analysis Of The Recent Surge In Petitions For Review, John R.B. Palmer, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr, Elizabeth Cronin Oct 2005

Why Are So Many People Challenging Board Of Immigration Appeals Decisions In Federal Court? An Empirical Analysis Of The Recent Surge In Petitions For Review, John R.B. Palmer, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr, Elizabeth Cronin

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Modern Day Slavery In Our Own Backyard, Ellen L. Buckwalter, Meredith S. Salvaggio, Susan L. Pollet, Maria Perinetti Sep 2005

Modern Day Slavery In Our Own Backyard, Ellen L. Buckwalter, Meredith S. Salvaggio, Susan L. Pollet, Maria Perinetti

ExpressO

Trafficking in persons is one of the fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. Each year an estimated 600,000 – 800,000 human beings are bought, sold or forced across the world’s borders. Approximately 2.5 million men, women and children are victims of trafficking at any point in time throughout the world. Approximately 14,500 – 17,500 individuals are trafficked annually into the United States, making the United States the third largest destination country in the world for victims of human trafficking.

In order to fight trafficking in the United States effectively, legislation at the state level, in addition to the federal …


Broken Borders: Decanas V. Bica, And The Standards That Govern The Validity Of State Measures Designed To Deter Undocumented Immigration, Joshua J. Herndon Sep 2005

Broken Borders: Decanas V. Bica, And The Standards That Govern The Validity Of State Measures Designed To Deter Undocumented Immigration, Joshua J. Herndon

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Right Not To Cooperate? Local Sovereignty And The Federal Immigration Power, Huyen Pham Sep 2005

The Constitutional Right Not To Cooperate? Local Sovereignty And The Federal Immigration Power, Huyen Pham

ExpressO

May the federal government require local governments to cooperate with the enforcement of immigration law or other federal scheme? Or may local governments constitutionally refuse to provide that cooperation?

I use immigration law enforcement as a case study to argue that the current legal framework, which allows the federal government to mandate local cooperation, ignores the significant federalism harms that federal cooperation laws impose. And these federalism harms are not simply limited to the immigration field. In other areas where federal and local governments disagree (e.g., medical marijuana, stem cell research, and physician-assisted suicide), there is similar potential for conflict …


Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor Sep 2005

Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Considering The Circumstances: The Credibility Of Prior Statements Under The Real Id Act, Kathryn Jastram Sep 2005

Considering The Circumstances: The Credibility Of Prior Statements Under The Real Id Act, Kathryn Jastram

Kate Jastram

No abstract provided.


Considering The Circumstances: The Credibility Of Prior Statements Under The Real Id Act, Kate Jastram Aug 2005

Considering The Circumstances: The Credibility Of Prior Statements Under The Real Id Act, Kate Jastram

Kate Jastram

No abstract provided.


Shifts In Policy And Power: Calculating The Consequences Of Increased Prosecutorial Power And Reduced Judicial Authority In Post 9/11 America, Chris Mcneil Aug 2005

Shifts In Policy And Power: Calculating The Consequences Of Increased Prosecutorial Power And Reduced Judicial Authority In Post 9/11 America, Chris Mcneil

ExpressO

Among many responses to the attacks of September 11, 2001, Congress and the states have shifted to the executive branch certain powers once held by the judicial branch. This article considers the impact of transferring judicial powers to prosecutorial officers, and compares the consequent increased powers of the prosecutor with those powers traditionally held by prosecutors in Japanese criminal courts. It considers the impact of removing from public view and judicial oversight many prosecutorial functions, drawing comparisons between the largely opaque Japanese prosecutorial roles and those roles now assumed in immigration and anti-terrorism laws, noting the need for safeguards not …


Preserving The Exceptional Republic: Political Economy, Race, And The Federalization Of American Immigration Law, Matthew Lindsay Jul 2005

Preserving The Exceptional Republic: Political Economy, Race, And The Federalization Of American Immigration Law, Matthew Lindsay

All Faculty Scholarship

Between 1882 and 1891, the U.S. Congress enacted a spate of immigration laws though which the federal government assumed virtually exclusive control over a regulatory sphere that historically had been the province of the states. This Article argues that this federalization of immigration regulation represented an attempt to reconcile the nation’s most cherished ideological commitment - the notion that the U.S. would forever remain an exceptional, “free labor” republic - with the unprecedented social and economic convulsions of the 1870s and 1880s.

The meaning of both immigrants and immigration was fundamentally transformed during the Gilded Age due to two successive …


Reversion Back To A State Of Nature In The United States Southern Borderlands: A Look At Potential Causes Of Action To Curb Vigilante Activity On The United States/Mexico Border, Jessica Conaway Jul 2005

Reversion Back To A State Of Nature In The United States Southern Borderlands: A Look At Potential Causes Of Action To Curb Vigilante Activity On The United States/Mexico Border, Jessica Conaway

Mercer Law Review

Since the late 1980s and early 1990s, groups of concerned citizens have banded together to pick up where the federal government failed and to combat illegal immigration at its source: the unguarded borders. Armed with the concepts of citizen's arrest and property rights, vigilante ranchers in California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas began detaining illegal aliens and turning them over to the authorities. As the vigilante ranchers grew in number, so did the rumors of their violent and abusive tactics. Now, in the national post-9/l1 environment, vigilante ranchers have a renewed sense of purpose, and with the country on alert, …


A Constitutional Oddity Of Almost Byzantine Complexity: Analyzing The Efficiency Of The Political Function Doctrine, Gregory Scopino Jun 2005

A Constitutional Oddity Of Almost Byzantine Complexity: Analyzing The Efficiency Of The Political Function Doctrine, Gregory Scopino

Gregory A Scopino

No abstract provided.


Alien Gang Removal Act Of 2005: Hearing Before The H. Comm. On The Judiciary, 109th Cong., June 28, 2005 (Statement Of David D. Cole, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), David Cole Jun 2005

Alien Gang Removal Act Of 2005: Hearing Before The H. Comm. On The Judiciary, 109th Cong., June 28, 2005 (Statement Of David D. Cole, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), David Cole

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Ireland's New Responsibility: Refugees Buy The Irish Another Round, Shae D. Armstrong Jun 2005

Ireland's New Responsibility: Refugees Buy The Irish Another Round, Shae D. Armstrong

ExpressO

Over the previous decade, Ireland's economic boom has attracted asylum seekers from around the globe to this small island nation. Ireland's economic explosion created growing pains for industrial sectors of the Irish economy. Ireland’s continued willingness to diversify its neighborhoods will promote even greater economic prosperity. Furthermore, refugees will satisfy several of the economic demands of Ireland’s massively growing economy. Asylum seekers granted refugee status in Ireland will satisfy present labor shortages in Ireland. Also, these refugees will allow Ireland to establish an economic partnership with non-EU countries that have a propensity to export asylum seekers.


Oversight Of The Usa Patriot Act: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 109th Cong., Apr. 5, May 10, 2005 (Statement Of David D. Cole, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), David Cole May 2005

Oversight Of The Usa Patriot Act: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 109th Cong., Apr. 5, May 10, 2005 (Statement Of David D. Cole, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), David Cole

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Reforming U.S. Immigration Policy In An Era Of Latin American Immigration: The Logic Inherent In Accommodating The Inevitable, Ryan D. Frei May 2005

Reforming U.S. Immigration Policy In An Era Of Latin American Immigration: The Logic Inherent In Accommodating The Inevitable, Ryan D. Frei

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Abay V. Ashcroft: The Sixth Circuit's Baseless Expansion Of Ina § 101(A)(42)(A) Revealed A Gap In Asylum Law, Wes Henricksen May 2005

Abay V. Ashcroft: The Sixth Circuit's Baseless Expansion Of Ina § 101(A)(42)(A) Revealed A Gap In Asylum Law, Wes Henricksen

Washington Law Review

In Abay v. Ashcroft, the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit held that a noncitizen mother qualified for asylum based on her fear that her daughter, who qualified as a refugee, would undergo female genital mutilation if her daughter were to return to the family's home country. The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) provides derivative asylum for spouses and children, but not parents, of refugees granted asylum. Parents of asylees must therefore independently qualify for asylum under INA § 101(a)(42)(A), which requires that the applicant show a well-founded fear of persecution if returned to the applicant's …


National Identity In A Multicultural Nation: The Challenge Of Immigration Law And Immigrants, Kevin R. Johnson, Bill Ong Hing May 2005

National Identity In A Multicultural Nation: The Challenge Of Immigration Law And Immigrants, Kevin R. Johnson, Bill Ong Hing

Michigan Law Review

Samuel Huntington's provocative new book Who Are We?: The Challenges to National Identity is rich with insights about the negative impacts of globalization and the burgeoning estrangement of people and businesses in the United States from a truly American identity. The daunting question posed by the title of the book is well worth asking. After commencing the new millennium with wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, U.S. military torture of Iraqi prisoners, indefinite detentions of U.S. citizens declared by the President to be "enemy combatants," and a massive domestic "war on terror" that has punished and frightened Arab, Muslim, and other …


Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens And Alien Citizens, Leti Volpp May 2005

Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens And Alien Citizens, Leti Volpp

Michigan Law Review

America is a nation of immigrants, according to our national narrative. This is the America with its gates open to the world, as well as the America of the melting pot. Underpinning this national narrative is a very particular story of immigration that foregrounds the inclusion of immigrants, rather than their exclusion. Highlighted in this story is the period before 1924, of relatively unfettered European immigration, and the period after 1965, post the lifting of national origins quotas. Also underlying this national narrative is a particular story about what happens once immigrants enter. In this story the immigrant traverses smoothly …


Hiv Afflicted Haitians: New Hope When Seeking Asylum, Lynda L. Ford Apr 2005

Hiv Afflicted Haitians: New Hope When Seeking Asylum, Lynda L. Ford

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Wrong Solution: An Examination Of Present Bush's Proposed Temporary Worker Program., Tory A. Cronin Mar 2005

The Wrong Solution: An Examination Of Present Bush's Proposed Temporary Worker Program., Tory A. Cronin

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

In 2004, President George Bush offered a new proposal to provide temporary work permits to undocumented immigrants. His proposal, however, falls short of his goals to create an immigration system which serves the American economy and reflects the American Dream. This temporary worker program would provide labor for positions which Americans are not filling currently. For some reason, Americans seem averse to holding certain jobs even though these jobs are readily available. President Bush’s proposal, which he asked Congress to draft, alleviates pressure on American employers who wish to fill low-demand jobs with foreign laborers. The proposal accomplishes this by …


Immigration And Constitutional Consequences Of Post-9/11 Policies Involving Arabs And Muslims In The United States: Is Alienage A Distinction Without A Difference?, Susan M. Akram, Maritza Karmely Mar 2005

Immigration And Constitutional Consequences Of Post-9/11 Policies Involving Arabs And Muslims In The United States: Is Alienage A Distinction Without A Difference?, Susan M. Akram, Maritza Karmely

Faculty Scholarship

There has been much public and academic discussion on post-9/11 government policies and whether their impact on Arabs and Muslims in the United States is unconstitutional “racial profiling” or legitimate immigration control based on constitutionally permissible nationality distinctions. The main assumption underlying this debate is that the focus of the government's policies in the “war on terror” is noncitizens, even if principally Arabs and Muslims. Thus, the racial profiling issues center on the differences between the constitutional due process analysis applied to noncitizens and that applied to citizens. This Article challenges the above argument and a number of its underlying …


The W Visa: A Legislative Proposal For Female And Child Refugees Trapped In A Post-9/11 World, Marisa S. Cianciarulo Feb 2005

The W Visa: A Legislative Proposal For Female And Child Refugees Trapped In A Post-9/11 World, Marisa S. Cianciarulo

Working Paper Series

This article addresses an urgent humanitarian crisis affecting unaccompanied or abused refugee children and widowed, divorced, abandoned or abused female heads of refugee households. Such women and children suffer the consequences of the post-9/11 U.S. refugee resettlement backlog more severely than the general refugee population. They are far more at risk of life-threatening harm such as trafficking, sexual exploitation and rape. Moreover, they are far less likely to present a threat to U.S. national security than many people who are able to secure visas to the United States quickly and with fewer background checks. Despite their vulnerability and lack of …


Inadmissible In Iberia: The Fate Of Asylum Seekers In Spain And Portugal, Maryellen Fullerton Jan 2005

Inadmissible In Iberia: The Fate Of Asylum Seekers In Spain And Portugal, Maryellen Fullerton

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.