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2003

WTO

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Developing Internationally Uniform Liability Principles For Harms From Genetically Modified Organisms , Ryan C. Hansen Nov 2003

Developing Internationally Uniform Liability Principles For Harms From Genetically Modified Organisms , Ryan C. Hansen

ExpressO

This paper analyzes the current legal principles regarding liabillity for harms from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the U.S. and E.U., as well as the various international policies and mechanisms affecting GMOs


The "Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond Oct 2003

The "Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Intellectual Property Rights And The World Trade Organization: Retrospect And Prospects, Giancarlo Moschini May 2003

Intellectual Property Rights And The World Trade Organization: Retrospect And Prospects, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

This paper analyzes the main economic issues of intellectual property rights (IPRs) protection in the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO). A retrospective view on the establishment of the TRIPS (trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights) Agreement, a still controversial accomplishment of the Uruguay Round of trade liberalization, is provided. The paper reviews the economic rationale for the harmonization of IPRs, drawing both on economic theory considerations as well as emerging empirical evidence. The logic of linking IPR protection and trade in the context of the WTO is also re-examined. Some specific attention is devoted to the implications of ...


Foreigners At The Gate: Foreign Direct Investment Regulations & Dispute Resolution Mechanisms In The People’S Republic Of China, George O. White Iii Jan 2003

Foreigners At The Gate: Foreign Direct Investment Regulations & Dispute Resolution Mechanisms In The People’S Republic Of China, George O. White Iii

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

The elevation of law over politics is very new in China and the extent to which it is to be taken seriously is not always clear to the Chinese involved. The Chinese official and the Chinese citizen are part of a political structure in which the Party’s will and policies have been the most effective law… Laws and regulations have to be understood in this wider context of a society in which the formal legal position is only one consideration and still often not the most important.


Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Mark Mansour Jan 2003

Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Mark Mansour

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

First of all, I want to thank you all for having us here for a wonderful program. To start out, I had intended to address some issues that Jean Halloran has raised. The first point regarding the Committee on Food Labeling, why the United States is opposed to regimes and the considerations of the past couple of years, is very simple. It’s not a matter at looking at trade cases rather because the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, as Dr. Hoover stated before, does not provide a consumer’s right to know.

It’s not to say the consumer ...


Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Tony Van Der Haegen Jan 2003

Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Tony Van Der Haegen

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

Thank you. I certainly don’t want to interfere in the American debate about labeling, since I have already enough problems with European consumers, but what I would like to do today is not only to talk about our legislation a bit, because it’s so detailed and complex, but also to talk about the European/ American trade relations, in particular as it relates to biotechnology. First of all, I would like to say there is a strong trans-Atlantic relationship as far as trade is concerned between the EU and the U.S. We have to realize that we have ...


Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Thomas N. Sleight Jan 2003

Remarks On Genetically Modified Foods And International Regulation, Thomas N. Sleight

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

I’m going to speak on a slightly different perspective here. I guess the first question I have is how many farmers do we have in the audience? Val, I marked you down as an organic farmer here today, as I learned that today. I don’t think we have many, and I’m going to take a fantastic leap of judgment saying that the students that are here at the University of Richmond School of Law are not preparing for careers in agriculture. So, I’m going to come from a farmer’s point of view. I will jump ...


Corporate Governance In The Emerging Markets Of The Global Village: Latin And South America, Rhoda Karpatkin Jan 2003

Corporate Governance In The Emerging Markets Of The Global Village: Latin And South America, Rhoda Karpatkin

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

Corporate governance scandals in America have focused public attention once again on global governance issues. Issues that are not solely corporate or business concerns, they have become public, political, and ethical concerns. They have become economic concerns, particularly due to the erosion of public confidence in the integrity of corporate leadership and the institutions that are charged with their oversight.


Multilateral Environmental Agreements & World Trade, Melanie Nakagawa Jan 2003

Multilateral Environmental Agreements & World Trade, Melanie Nakagawa

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Poverty Reduction, Trade, And Rights, Chantal Thomas Jan 2003

Poverty Reduction, Trade, And Rights, Chantal Thomas

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Multilateral Environmental Agreements & World Trade, Melanie Nakagawa Jan 2003

Multilateral Environmental Agreements & World Trade, Melanie Nakagawa

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


A Deep Structure Connection: Child Labor And The World Trade Organization, Sara Ann Dillion Jan 2003

A Deep Structure Connection: Child Labor And The World Trade Organization, Sara Ann Dillion

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

I would like to begin my remarks by making two utterly contradictory statements with regard to the relationship, as I see it, between the global phenomenon of child labor, and the World Trade Organization (WTO).


The Hidden Cost Of Free Trade: The Impact Of United States World Trade Organization Obligations On United States Environmental Law Sovereignty, George Cavros Jan 2003

The Hidden Cost Of Free Trade: The Impact Of United States World Trade Organization Obligations On United States Environmental Law Sovereignty, George Cavros

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

It is well settled that international trade is an integral part of an ever- growing interdependent world economy.


Legal Services In The Doha Round, Sydney M. Cone Iii. Jan 2003

Legal Services In The Doha Round, Sydney M. Cone Iii.

Articles & Chapters

As a subcategory of professional services and a sub-subcategory of business services, legal services, when supplied transnationally, are the subject of negotiation in the current round of multilateral trade negotiation known as the Doha Round. The negotiations on legal services that take place in the Doha Round have considerable potential for affecting the economics and activities of lawyers and law firms, and for influencing the content of local professional rules governing the practice of law. This article examines that potential.


All Is Not Fair In The Privacy Trade: The Safe Harbor Agreement And The World Trade Organization, Eric Shapiro Jan 2003

All Is Not Fair In The Privacy Trade: The Safe Harbor Agreement And The World Trade Organization, Eric Shapiro

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Enforcement Of Wto Rulings: An Interest Group Analysis, Mark L. Movsesian Jan 2003

Enforcement Of Wto Rulings: An Interest Group Analysis, Mark L. Movsesian

Faculty Publications

The WTO's Dispute Settlement Understanding ("DSU") provides that disputes are to be resolved in adversarial proceedings before impartial panels of experts. These panels have authority to decide whether members' laws conform to WTO requirements; members may appeal rulings to a permanent Appellate Body within the organization, which has the final say on questions of law and legal interpretation. Under the DSU, if a member fails to comply with a final ruling in a dispute, the prevailing party may retaliate by suspending trade concessions that it owes the offending member. This retaliation can continue until the offending member implements the ...


Taiwan And The Wt0, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2003

Taiwan And The Wt0, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This paper is about Taiwan and the World Trade Organization. It discusses the history of Taiwan's involvement in the world trading system and the accession to the WTO. The paper then notes some unique features of Taiwan's membership and discusses the current political tension with China in the WTO. The paper ends with a discussion of the implications of Taiwan's membership in the WTO for potential Taiwanese membership in other international organizations.


A Comment On China's Participation In The World Trade Organization, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2003

A Comment On China's Participation In The World Trade Organization, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This comment discusses two papers presented at the US-China WTO Roundtable sponsored by the Institute of International Law of The Temple University James E. Beasley School of Law. The paper by Zhang Naigen examines treaty interpretation in dispute settlement under the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. Professor Zhang observes that WTO panels will have to interpret the underlying provisions in non-WTO treaties, namely the intellectual property rights treaties overseen by the World Intellectual Property Organization. The paper by Yang Guohua points out the paradox that although the WTO permits governments to utilize import safeguards, in all ...


Professor Hudec's Contribution To World Order, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2003

Professor Hudec's Contribution To World Order, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

For over three decades, Professor Robert E. Hudec shaped the field of international trade law, and inspired students, colleagues, and policy-makers around the world. Professor Hudec was a spirited, witty, unassuming, kind, and honest man. He enjoyed having his ideas contested by others, and was willing to spend time to help colleagues and students think through their ideas. This tribute to Professor Hudec collects a series of stories and acknowledgments from his peers and colleagues.


Against Principled Antitrust, Edward T. Swaine Jan 2003

Against Principled Antitrust, Edward T. Swaine

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

Competition policy is on the WTO agenda for the Doha Round, but it is unlikely that it will result in any substantive international standards; the goal, instead, seems to be to agree on core principles to guide the development of national law, including transparency, non-discrimination, and procedural fairness, perhaps extending to special and differential treatment for developing countries. While there is much to commend these principles, this paper takes a deliberately contrarian view, arguing that core principles are not at all where WTO competition policy should begin. It further disputes the appropriateness of applying an emerging meta-principle of the WTO ...


China's Legal System And The Wto: Prospects For Compliance, Donald C. Clarke Jan 2003

China's Legal System And The Wto: Prospects For Compliance, Donald C. Clarke

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

The impact of WTO membership both on China and its trading partners, both for good and for ill, has been greatly overstated. WTO treaty obligations and Dispute Settlement Body rulings will not become part of Chinese domestic unless specifically incorporated by Chinese legislation. Moreover, the WTO does not require a perfect legal system of its members; instead, it requires a degree of transparency and fairness in certain limited areas. Although some of China's WTO commitments will be difficult for it to fulfill, even non-fulfillment will not result in the predicted flood of WTO dispute settlement proceedings, since such proceedings ...


The World Trade Organization And Law Enforcement, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2003

The World Trade Organization And Law Enforcement, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

Increased threats from transborder criminal activity are leading to stronger governmental and intergovernmental responses in the military, judicial, and regulatory arenas. These efforts, particularly the non-military efforts, raise a new issue in international economic law: the intersection between trade and law enforcement. This paper provides an overview of this “trade and law enforcement” linkage in four areas: (1) security, (2) health, (3) human rights, and (4) environmental protection. To explain the linkage between trade and law enforcement, I present the taxonomy of how trade measures are usable for law enforcement, and I offer a synopsis of the WTO provisions relevant ...


Trade Sanctions And Human Rights–Past, Present, And Future, Carlos Manuel Vázquez Jan 2003

Trade Sanctions And Human Rights–Past, Present, And Future, Carlos Manuel Vázquez

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The relationship between the international law of trade and the international law of human rights has commanded an increasing amount of scholarly attention in the past few years, perhaps spurred by the well-known events at Seattle in 1999. This article offers some reflections on this relationship, focusing on the permissibility under international law of imposing trade sanctions against nations that commit violations of international human rights. Part I begins with some reflections on the historical relationship between these two bodies of law. Part I also considers why the human rights community appears to feel threatened by the international trade system ...


"Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond Jan 2003

"Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond

Faculty Publications

This article will consider four areas of concern. First, the structural changes underway in the Chinese economy are creating both domestic and international imbalances that exacerbate inequalities among Chinese workers and create new inequities in the global labor market. Second, the Chinese regime's approach to labor rights remains rigidly authoritarian and, as a result, it is triggering ever more dramatic confrontations between workers and the Chinese state, despite the regime's nominal commitment to "socialism." Third, these developments are being reinforced by a pathological evolution in the principles that govern key international institutions such as the WTO and the ...


Disciplining Globalization: International Law, Illegal Trade, And The Case Of Narcotics, Chantal Thomas Jan 2003

Disciplining Globalization: International Law, Illegal Trade, And The Case Of Narcotics, Chantal Thomas

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

This Article is the first in a series of studies of the globalization of illicit markets. My theses are as follows: First, the increase in international trade in illicit products and services parallels the growth in international trade more generally that accompanies the phenomenon of globalization. Second, at the same time that most international trade law has moved toward a posture of liberalization, there has been a movement to strengthen the prohibition and punishment of trade in illicit transactions. Third, the mechanisms that have developed to regulate this prohibition constitute a significant development in the international legal order.


The Dynamic Of Institutional Discrepancies And Growing Contradiction Within The International Economic Order, Chantal Thomas Jan 2003

The Dynamic Of Institutional Discrepancies And Growing Contradiction Within The International Economic Order, Chantal Thomas

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Byrd Amendment Is Wto-Illegal: But We Must Kill The Byrd With The Right Stone, Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Petros C. Mavroidis Jan 2003

The Byrd Amendment Is Wto-Illegal: But We Must Kill The Byrd With The Right Stone, Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Petros C. Mavroidis

Faculty Scholarship

On 16 January 2003, the WTO Appellate Body issued its report on United States – Continued Dumping And Subsidy Offset Act Of 2000 (WTO Doc. WT/DS217 and 234/AB/R). In this report, the Appellate Body condemned the so-called US Byrd Amendment by finding that it was inconsistent with the US obligations under the WTO Agreements on Antidumping (AD) and Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM).


The Case For Auctioning Countermeasures In The Wto, Kyle Bagwell, Petros C. Mavroidis, Robert W. Staiger Jan 2003

The Case For Auctioning Countermeasures In The Wto, Kyle Bagwell, Petros C. Mavroidis, Robert W. Staiger

Faculty Scholarship

A prominent problem with the WTO dispute settlement procedures is the practical difficulty faced by small and developing countries in finding the capacity to effectively retaliate against trading partners that are in violation of their WTO commitments. In light of this problem, Mexico has proposed that retaliation rights be made tradeable.' We offer a first formal analysis of the possibility that retaliation rights within the WTO system be allocated through auctions. We show that the auctions exhibit externalities among bidders, and we characterize equilibrium bidder behavior under alternative auction formats. A key feature of auction format is whether the country ...


International Antitrust And The Wto: The Lesson From Intellectual Property, Andrew Guzman Dec 2002

International Antitrust And The Wto: The Lesson From Intellectual Property, Andrew Guzman

Andrew T Guzman

No abstract provided.


Trade, Labor, Legitimacy, Andrew T. Guzman Dec 2002

Trade, Labor, Legitimacy, Andrew T. Guzman

Andrew T Guzman

No abstract provided.