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Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Carrie Menkel-Meadow Jul 2003

Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Carrie Menkel-Meadow

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Does the field of conflict resolution have any broadly applicable theories that "work" across the different domains of international and domestic conflict? Or, are contexts, participants, and resources so "domain" specific and variable that only "thick descriptions" of particular contexts will do? These are important questions which have been plaguing me in this depressing time for conflict resolution professionals, from September 11, 2001 (9/11), to the war against Iraq. Have we learned anything about conflict resolution that really does improve our ability to describe, predict, and act to reduce unnecessary and harmful conflict? These are the questions I want ...


General Theory On Disputes And Conflicts, A, Raymond Shonholtz Jul 2003

General Theory On Disputes And Conflicts, A, Raymond Shonholtz

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In response to Carrie Menkel-Meadow's challenge to articulate and define a general theory of conflict management that is universally applicable regardless of context or domain,' the following General Theory and methodologies are put forth. The relational context that Menkel-Meadow offers between domestic and international is not the applicable construct for the formation of a general theory. Instead, the relevant frame is between non-democratic and democratic political systems and the difference between the concepts of conflict and dispute and their attending institutional mechanisms. Menkel-Meadow's analysis is useful in subdefining the issues in the vast foliage of conflict resolution and ...


Response To Carrie Menkel-Meadow's Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Wallace Warfield Jul 2003

Response To Carrie Menkel-Meadow's Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Wallace Warfield

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this article, I would like to first spend a little time clarifying (or perhaps muddying) what is meant by "domestic" and "international" when people talk about conflicts and how they are resolved. Geographical and content-defining terms tossed about cavalierly say more about competing hierarchies and elitism than functional geopolitical designations. Next, I will suggest that part of the problem is how we locate theory in this debate: What kinds of theories lend themselves to generalization and which ones do not? And does the problem lay with the theory or the theory interpreter?


Evaluation Dispute Resolution Under Uncertainty: An Empirical Look At Bayes' Theorem And The Expected Value Of Perfect Information, Gregory Todd Jones, Douglas H. Yarn Jul 2003

Evaluation Dispute Resolution Under Uncertainty: An Empirical Look At Bayes' Theorem And The Expected Value Of Perfect Information, Gregory Todd Jones, Douglas H. Yarn

Journal of Dispute Resolution

To begin, we review a standard model of litigation decision-making in Section I and propose an extension of this model to include ex post evaluative dispute resolution in Section II. Next, in Section III, we review the analytical concept of the expected value of perfect information as a means of placing a theoretical rational maximum on the value of the information provided by evaluative dispute resolution processes. In Section IV, we review Bayes' theorem and propose this as a rational benchmark for the integration of new information with previously existing subjective probabilities. In Section V, we offer a formal statement ...


Is State Law Looking For Trouble: The Federal Arbitration Act Flexes Its Preemptive Muscle, Robert Hollis, Sarah E. Kerner, Alexa Irene Pearson, Ryan G. Vacca Jul 2003

Is State Law Looking For Trouble: The Federal Arbitration Act Flexes Its Preemptive Muscle, Robert Hollis, Sarah E. Kerner, Alexa Irene Pearson, Ryan G. Vacca

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This article begins with an overview of the preemption concept as it affects the American legal system. The source of preemption power is revealed and the most common forms of preemption are introduced. Next, the article discusses preemption and its interaction with the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA). The discussion begins with a chronological view of the cases that have defined the effects the FAA has on arbitration agreements via its preemption power and ends with a summary of the current state of the law.


Use Of Neutral Fact-Finding To Preserve Exclusive Rights And Uphold The Disclosure Purpose Of The Patent System, Brian Panka Jul 2003

Use Of Neutral Fact-Finding To Preserve Exclusive Rights And Uphold The Disclosure Purpose Of The Patent System, Brian Panka

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This comment proposes the use of neutral fact-finding as a precursor to litigation of patent disputes. Section II begins with a brief introduction to the concept of patents and the system used in the United States for granting and protecting exclusive rights associated with patent grants. Then, Section III discusses traditional ADR processes available to resolve patent disputes and sets forth reasons those processes are not widely used. Finally, Section IV offers neutral factfinding as a solution to both litigation and traditional ADR process concerns with respect to resolving patent disputes


Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes Jul 2003

Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Howsam v. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., the United States Supreme Court reviewed a Tenth Circuit holding that the eligibility rule presented a question of arbitrability, and was thus for the court to decide. Reversing, the Supreme Court held that the arbitrator, not a court, should apply the time limit rule. The Court's decision resolves the split among the circuit courts in addition to allowing arbitration clauses in securities firms' client agreements to serve their purpose of providing an efficient and less costly method of litigating disputes relating to investment accounts, ultimately increasing investor confidence in the securities industry.


Context And Pretext In Conflict Resolution, Kevin Avruch Jul 2003

Context And Pretext In Conflict Resolution, Kevin Avruch

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this essay, I want to reflect on some of the problems raised by context and pretext from a different angle. I want to first consider some aspects of the varied contexts in which conflict resolution and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) developed in the United States, particularly in the academy. Historically, there have been some differences between the two, partly evident in the different meanings of the notion of "dispute" adopted by theorists and practitioners. I then want to examine some of the underlying pretexts for doing this work, and some possible consequences-especially as we more frequently engage in the ...


Context, Yes - And Theory, Yes, Morton Deutsch Jul 2003

Context, Yes - And Theory, Yes, Morton Deutsch

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I admire Carrie Menkel-Meadow's article very much.' It reveals her deep and broad knowledge of the field of conflict resolution. It also represents an important and valid emphasis on the necessity of a rich knowledge of specific contexts for applied work in those contexts. However, the article implicitly constructs a false opposition between contextual knowledge and theoretical knowledge; in reality, both are needed. I understand that "practitioners" and "theorists" commonly misunderstand one another because of their different orientations and social roles. In this article, I will discuss these differences and then briefly consider the integration of theory and practice.


Taking Dispute Resolution Theory Seriously At Home And Abroad: Prospects And Limitations, Bryant G. Garth Jul 2003

Taking Dispute Resolution Theory Seriously At Home And Abroad: Prospects And Limitations, Bryant G. Garth

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Carrie Menkel-Meadow's splendid discussion of dispute resolution theory operates at several levels.' One level involves a questioning of the international applicability of U.S. dispute resolution theory. She shows that our theory is in many respects parochial-not necessarily capable of explaining or even contributing to shaping dispute resolution behavior outside the United States. For the theory to make any claim to universality, she suggests, it must take into account very different settings and perhaps even develop counter models applicable to some places but not others. A more context sensitive theory, she argues, can move us beyond concepts and approaches ...


Problem-Solving Negotiation: Northern Ireland's Experience With The Women's Coalition, Jacqueline Nolan-Haley, Bronagh Hinds Jul 2003

Problem-Solving Negotiation: Northern Ireland's Experience With The Women's Coalition, Jacqueline Nolan-Haley, Bronagh Hinds

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Women's peacemaking skills have long empowered them as voices for reconciliation in divided societies 8 and therefore, the role of women in preventive diplomacy, conflict resolution, and post conflict reconstruction is widely advanced today. Although historically women are credited with being actively involved in peacemaking efforts at the grassroots level during periods of conflict,' ° they are not generally considered to play a significant role in formal peace negotiations.' Northern Ireland proved to be an exception.'


State Legislative Update, Mark G. Boyko Jul 2003

State Legislative Update, Mark G. Boyko

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This bill would have prevented employers from requiring employees to arbitrate disputes arising under the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA). In doing so, it would have changed the established law in California that written agreements to arbitrate disputes are valid and enforceable. Specifically, this bill would have invalidated arbitration agreements between employers and employees if the employer required the employee to sign the agreement as a condition of employment. A.B. 1715 would have applied to employers with five or more employees.


Adr Clause By Any Other Name Might Smell As Sweet: England's High Court Of Justice Queens Bench Attempts And Fails To Define What Is Not An Enforceable Adr Clause - Cable 7 & (And) Wireless Plc V. Ibm United Kingdom Ltd, An, Alyson Carrel Jul 2003

Adr Clause By Any Other Name Might Smell As Sweet: England's High Court Of Justice Queens Bench Attempts And Fails To Define What Is Not An Enforceable Adr Clause - Cable 7 & (And) Wireless Plc V. Ibm United Kingdom Ltd, An, Alyson Carrel

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The High Court of Justice Queens Bench Division in England issued a ruling that provides sweeping support for the use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in private pre-dispute contract clauses.' While this support might seem to aid in developing the growing ADR movement in England, the judge may have put the cart before the horse by enforcing a non-descript and broad ADR contract clause that lacks the specificity needed to ensure a fair outcome. This decision could be detrimental for disputing parties and the future of the ADR movement itself.


Tie That Doesn't Bind: Fifth Circuit Rules That Non-Signatory Agents Can't Compel Arbitration As Individuals - Westmoreland V. Sadoux, The, Keisha I. Patrick Jul 2003

Tie That Doesn't Bind: Fifth Circuit Rules That Non-Signatory Agents Can't Compel Arbitration As Individuals - Westmoreland V. Sadoux, The, Keisha I. Patrick

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Westmoreland v. Sadoux, the Fifth Circuit addresses the issue of whether a signatory party intended to enter an arbitration agreement with a non-signatory agent of the defendant corporation. The non-signatory agent sought to enforce the arbitration agreement between the signatory party and the signatory corporation in a suit brought against the non-signatory agent in his individual capacity. This case differs from most others that courts have addressed concerning non-signatory agents. In most cases, the complaining party seeks to enforce the arbitration agreement against the non-signatory agent. Yet, in Westmoreland, the nonsignatory agent himself seeks to compel arbitration


Sound Of Dust Settling: A Response To Criticisms Of The Uma, The, Richard C. Reuben Jan 2003

Sound Of Dust Settling: A Response To Criticisms Of The Uma, The, Richard C. Reuben

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Continuing UMA "concerns," therefore, have a certain vestigial or residual character, often reflecting views taken in battles that were fought within the drafting sessions - sometimes fiercely - but which were incapable of producing a majority among the UMA drafters. Professor Brian Shannon's criticisms largely echo these discussions, and in this Article I seek to respond to some of them - after first extending my greatest appreciation to Professor Shannon for his willingness to be the "skunk in the parlor" of this symposium edition by generally aggregating those criticisms." In Part I, I give some of the unpublished history of the UMA ...


Table Of Contents - Issue 1 Jan 2003

Table Of Contents - Issue 1

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Introduction, David A. Hoffman Jan 2003

Introduction, David A. Hoffman

Journal of Dispute Resolution

My introduction to the issues that the Uniform Mediation Act seeks to resolve occurred about a dozen years ago when a senior partner at Hill & Barlow, the Boston law firm where I practiced for 17 years, came to me with a question. He wanted to know whether he could recommend mediation as a safe process for discussing some delicate tax issues that had arisen during the breakup of a business partnership. Evidently the partners had taken some aggressive positions on their partnership tax returns, and one of the big issues in the dissolution of the partnership was the allocation of ...


Dancing With The One That Brung Us - Why The Texas Adr Community Has Declined To Embrace The Uma, Brian D. Shannon Jan 2003

Dancing With The One That Brung Us - Why The Texas Adr Community Has Declined To Embrace The Uma, Brian D. Shannon

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I readily acknowledge that the UMA is a bold and noble project, and it is certainly the result of substantial effort and compromise. Indeed, I largely concur with the sentiment of Philip Harter that "[tihe UMA is the product of heroic effort that brought together many interests and perspectives to thrash out a workable framework for mediation." That being said, however, much of the Texas mediation community, of which I am a part, has largely opposed enactment of the UMA's framework for our state. As I have written previously, the Alternative Dispute Resolution Section of the State Bar of ...


Uma And The Uncitral Model Rule: An Emerging Consensus On Mediation And Conciliation, The, Jernej Sekolec, Michael B. Getty Jan 2003

Uma And The Uncitral Model Rule: An Emerging Consensus On Mediation And Conciliation, The, Jernej Sekolec, Michael B. Getty

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this article, we describe how these two efforts have come together to forge an international consensus on mediation and conciliation. In Part I, we look at how some of the different ways that domestic nationals treat the confidentiality of conciliation communications. The disparity of these treatments leads to considerable uncertainty among parties to a conciliation. In Part II, we note the essential features of the UNCITRAL Model Law, and how it addresses this uncertainty through model rules that will harmonize international standards among adopting nations, at least on core issues, while at the same time preserving the flexibility that ...


New Era Of Disclosure: California Judicial Council Enacts Arbitrator Ethics Standards - Ethics Standards For Neutral Arbitrators In Contractual Arbitration, A, Keisha I. Patrick Jan 2003

New Era Of Disclosure: California Judicial Council Enacts Arbitrator Ethics Standards - Ethics Standards For Neutral Arbitrators In Contractual Arbitration, A, Keisha I. Patrick

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Although the current CJC ethics rules consist of seventeen standards and several subsections "intended to guide the conduct of arbitrators, '17 this Note will focus only on the disclosure requirements. The Note will also compare the CJC standards with disclosure rules that provider organizations have previously enacted.


Title Page Jan 2003

Title Page

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Uma: Some Roads Not Taken, The, Joseph B. Stulberg Jan 2003

Uma: Some Roads Not Taken, The, Joseph B. Stulberg

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I do not want to overstate my claim. There is nothing in the UMA that precludes conducting a mediated conversation in a manner consistent with what I frame below as a "robust vision" of the mediator's role. The Act, however, does not provide sustained support for it and, more seriously, appears to license the type of intervener that I believe is inconsistent with basic process goals. Hence, I am conjecturing - though I do not believe it is "idle conjecturing" - as to how parties, representative, and the mediator shall conduct their mediation conference under the vision of mediation embedded in ...


Pre-Dispute Mandatory Arbitration Agreements And Title Vii: Promoting Efficiency While Protecting Employee Rights - Eeoc V. Luce, Forward, Hamilton & (And) Scripps, Steven S. Poindexter Jan 2003

Pre-Dispute Mandatory Arbitration Agreements And Title Vii: Promoting Efficiency While Protecting Employee Rights - Eeoc V. Luce, Forward, Hamilton & (And) Scripps, Steven S. Poindexter

Journal of Dispute Resolution

While the United States Supreme Court has repeatedly held that claims based on statutory rights may be vindicated by arbitration, the Court has yet to determine the validity of a pre-dispute mandatory arbitration agreement ("MAA") that covers Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ("Title VII"). The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, contrary to every other district court of appeals to have considered the matter, has held that Title VII claims may not be subjected to arbitration under an MAA. The instant case once again addresses the question of whether the Ninth Circuit will ...


Uniform Mediation Act And Official Comments Jan 2003

Uniform Mediation Act And Official Comments

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The provisions in this Act reflect the intent of the Drafters to further these public policies. The Drafters intend for the Act to be applied and construed in a way to promote uniformity, as stated in Section, and also in such manner as to: promote candor of parties through confidentiality of the mediation process, subject only to the need for disclosure to accommodate specific and compelling social interests, encourage the policy of fostering prompt, economical, and amicable resolution of disputes in accordance with principles of integrity of the mediation process, active party involvement, and informed self-determination by the parties, and ...


Table Of Contents - Issue 2 Jan 2003

Table Of Contents - Issue 2

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Prohibiting Good Faith Reports Under The Uniform Mediation Act: Keeping The Adjudication Camel Out Of The Mediation Tent, Carol L. Izumi, Homer C. La Rue Jan 2003

Prohibiting Good Faith Reports Under The Uniform Mediation Act: Keeping The Adjudication Camel Out Of The Mediation Tent, Carol L. Izumi, Homer C. La Rue

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This symposium article examines a narrow slice of the Uniform Mediation Act - the prohibition on mediator communication to judges about a party's good faith participation or "problem" behavior in mediation.


Centuries Of Contract Common Law Can't Be All Wrong: Why The Uma's Exception To Mediation Confidentiality In Enforcement Proceedings Should Be Embraced And Broadened, Peter Robinson Jan 2003

Centuries Of Contract Common Law Can't Be All Wrong: Why The Uma's Exception To Mediation Confidentiality In Enforcement Proceedings Should Be Embraced And Broadened, Peter Robinson

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and House of Delegates of the American Bar Association recently approved the Uniform Mediation Act ("UMA") with an eye toward unifying the law of mediation confidentiality in the United States. Soon, numerous states and other organizations will consider modifying statutes, court rules, or professional standards to conform to the UMA. One of the important aspects of mediation confidentiality is how it applies when enforcing a mediated agreement.' In some jurisdictions, mediation confidentiality interferes with the application of contract law when enforcing a mediated agreement to produce absurd results. This article will ...


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Court-Ordered Mediation And Proactive Case Management On The Pace Of Civil Tort Litigation In Lake County, Indiana, An, Jeffrey J. Dywan Jan 2003

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Court-Ordered Mediation And Proactive Case Management On The Pace Of Civil Tort Litigation In Lake County, Indiana, An, Jeffrey J. Dywan

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This author conducted a survey of mediators working with the courts in Lake County, Indiana in 1993-1994. At that time, thirty-four civil mediators were listed with the court administrator's office. The mediators were asked to track mediation cases for six months and to record the number of cases that had been referred to them for mediation, the number of cases actually mediated, the number settled, and the time to settlement after the referral to mediation


Silent Treatment: Removing The Class Action From The Plaintiff's Toolbox Without Ever Saying A Word - Bazzle V. Green Tree Fin. Corp., The, Andrea Lockridge Jan 2003

Silent Treatment: Removing The Class Action From The Plaintiff's Toolbox Without Ever Saying A Word - Bazzle V. Green Tree Fin. Corp., The, Andrea Lockridge

Journal of Dispute Resolution

A motion for class certification is often a pivotal point in a lawsuit, playing a determinative role throughout the course of the litigation. Plaintiffs use the class action as a tool to consolidate common claims against a defendant, bypassing the expensive process of bringing suit individually. 2 Defendants hotly contest certification of the class, seeking to avoid the ramifications of a judgment which reflects the cumulative losses of the multitude. This casenote addresses the effects of allowing an arbitration clause that is silent as to class-wide arbitration to preclude the plaintiffs' option to bring suit as a class, and the ...