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Trademarks Under The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) With References To The New Trademark Law Of Spain, Effective July 31, 2002, And The Current Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas Jul 2003

Trademarks Under The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) With References To The New Trademark Law Of Spain, Effective July 31, 2002, And The Current Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas

Faculty Articles

A trademark is any distinctive sign indicating that certain products or services have been manufactured or rendered by a specific person or company. This concept is currently recognized worldwide; however, the origin of trademarks dates back to antiquity when artisans placed their signatures or “marks” on their products containing an artistic or utilitarian element. Through time, these marks have evolved to such an extent that today, a reliable and efficient system for their registration and protection has been established. Besides protecting owners of trademarks, this system also helps consumers identify and purchase goods or services, which, because of the essence ...


Lawnotes, The St. Mary's University School Of Law Newsletter, St. Mary's University School Of Law Apr 2003

Lawnotes, The St. Mary's University School Of Law Newsletter, St. Mary's University School Of Law

Law Notes

No abstract provided.


2003-2004 School Year (Incomplete), St. Mary's University School Of Law Jan 2003

2003-2004 School Year (Incomplete), St. Mary's University School Of Law

The Witan

No abstract provided.


Lawnotes, The St. Mary's University School Of Law Newsletter, St. Mary's University School Of Law Jan 2003

Lawnotes, The St. Mary's University School Of Law Newsletter, St. Mary's University School Of Law

Law Notes

No abstract provided.


Comparative Study Of The Formation Of Electronic Contracts In American Law With References To International And Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas Jan 2003

Comparative Study Of The Formation Of Electronic Contracts In American Law With References To International And Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas

Faculty Articles

A comparative analysis of electronic contract formation law in the United States, Mexico, and the international arena is necessary to understand the evolution and future of electronic contracting. Using new communication technologies, such as developmental instruments of electronic commerce, has clear benefits, but also brings risks and uncertainties to electronic contracting. Although modern laws tend toward uniformity in modern transactions, certain aspects may still cause controversy. In purely electronic transactions, the most important legal determination concerns the establishment of an offer and an acceptance, memorialized through electronic messages absent written documentation and the human intervention of an automatic exchange. Consequently ...


Law School Branding And The Future Of Legal Education, Michael S. Ariens Jan 2003

Law School Branding And The Future Of Legal Education, Michael S. Ariens

Faculty Articles

It is too early to determine if law school branding will have a positive or a negative effect on legal education. A recent shift in legal education has led law schools to consciously brand themselves, claiming an educational distinctiveness in selling their services to consumers. Branding is an attempt to create a desire in targeted prospective students to join the branded law school. Although a law school may brand itself by claiming it delivers an excellent legal education, branding is about distinctiveness, not quality. Law schools have used a number of approaches to attract students, including aggressive marketing of a ...


Legal Obstacles To Bringing The Twenty-First Century In The Classroom: Stop Being Creative, You May Already Be In Trouble, Andre Hampton Jan 2003

Legal Obstacles To Bringing The Twenty-First Century In The Classroom: Stop Being Creative, You May Already Be In Trouble, Andre Hampton

Faculty Articles

There are unimaginable benefits available if legal educators can bring the law classroom into the twenty-first century through the use of popular media and celebrities in their teaching. With the introduction of “pop culture,” the professor can permanently alter the student's view of the course material. Bringing pop culture into the classroom will make the course material more relevant to our students’ lives outside the classroom. This will enhance both their willingness and their ability to master legal concepts.

There are two major obstacles to bringing pop culture into the classroom. The initial major obstacle is the Copyright Act ...


A Resource Guide To Tax Law Careers, Robert H. Hu Jan 2003

A Resource Guide To Tax Law Careers, Robert H. Hu

Faculty Articles

This Guide is designed to assist law students and attorneys in the pursuit of careers in tax law. It is also intended for librarians and career counselors to readily find tax law career information so that they can assist their clients effectively. It includes resources in both print (for example, books and articles) and electronic formats (for example, Web sites). Each item included has a brief annotation so that the user can quickly decide the relevancy and value of that item.


The Metamorphoses Of Reasonable Doubt: How Changes In The Burden Of Proof May Weaken The Presumption Of Innocence, Stephen M. Sheppard Jan 2003

The Metamorphoses Of Reasonable Doubt: How Changes In The Burden Of Proof May Weaken The Presumption Of Innocence, Stephen M. Sheppard

Faculty Articles

The standard of proof beyond a reasonable doubt is commonly thought to be an important benefit to the accused. The history of the standard is much more complex and demonstrates lesser commitments to the truth and to the defendant. Examining the development of reasonable doubt instruction in the seventeenth and eighteenth century England and in the United States, and its evolution through the nineteenth and twentieth, this history reveals the dual nature of the instruction. It both encapsulated a theory of knowledge and articulated a level of confidence in the evidence. Further, the history describes twentieth-century changes in the meaning ...


Proposal For A New Executive Order On Assassination, Jeffrey F. Addicott Jan 2003

Proposal For A New Executive Order On Assassination, Jeffrey F. Addicott

Faculty Articles

Both clarity and respect for the rule of law demands that a new executive order on assassination be enacted that properly defines the term “assassination” and is couched in the legal parameters of self-defense. In prosecuting the War on Terror, the United States has confronted myriad issues concerning how best to deal with the new threat of al-Qaida-styled terrorism and those rogue nations that support terrorism. The two principle documents associated with these concerns are the National Security Strategy of the United States of America ("National Security Strategy") released by the White House on September 17, 2002 and Executive Order ...


By Any Means Necessary: Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Texas' Dna Testing Law In The Adjudication Of Free-Standing Claims Of Actual Innocence, Daryl E. Harris Jan 2003

By Any Means Necessary: Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Texas' Dna Testing Law In The Adjudication Of Free-Standing Claims Of Actual Innocence, Daryl E. Harris

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

Abstract forthcoming.


The Princess And The Pea: The Assurance Of Voluntary Compliance Between The Texas Attorney General And Aetna's Texas Hmos And Its Impact On Financial Risk Shifting By Managed Care, Brant S. Mittler, Andre Hampton Jan 2003

The Princess And The Pea: The Assurance Of Voluntary Compliance Between The Texas Attorney General And Aetna's Texas Hmos And Its Impact On Financial Risk Shifting By Managed Care, Brant S. Mittler, Andre Hampton

Faculty Articles

The Texas Attorney General attempts to regulate managed care organizations and their shifting of financial risk by utilizing Assurance Voluntary Compliance to make the costs associated with the provisions of health insurance more transparent. A primary technique used to shift financial risk to providers of healthcare services is through the use of downstream entities which are commonly provider-sponsored organizations. It is the relationship between the downstream entity and the individual physicians that ultimately affects patient care, the doctor-patient relationship, and the quality of care. The regulatory community throughout the United States has made the regulation of downstream entities its number ...


Globalization In A Fallen World: Redeeming Dust, Emily A. Hartigan Jan 2003

Globalization In A Fallen World: Redeeming Dust, Emily A. Hartigan

Faculty Articles

The paradigm used in discussions about academic globalization is the “rational” discourse of the late twentieth century. This paradigm is manifested in university and political-cultural commentary in the United States and Great Britain. The term “globalization” immediately evokes a paradox. The paradox of the globe is it risks confusing itself with the universe. One key axis of of the paradox is between “good” globalization and “bad” globalization, another between the “is” and the “ought” of globalization.

A world-wide culture, democracy, or economy is inherently fallen. Attending to the forces that would pull us back together is one key to overcome ...


Passion And Nation: War, Crime, And Guilt In The Individual And The Collective, Stephen M. Sheppard Jan 2003

Passion And Nation: War, Crime, And Guilt In The Individual And The Collective, Stephen M. Sheppard

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Involuntary Treatment Of The Mentally Ill: Autonomy Is Asking The Wrong Question, Dora W. Klein Jan 2003

Involuntary Treatment Of The Mentally Ill: Autonomy Is Asking The Wrong Question, Dora W. Klein

Faculty Articles

When determining if involuntary treatment is appropriate, the proper question for courts to ask is not whether autonomy is preferable to involuntary treatment, but whether no treatment at all is preferable to involuntary treatment. When legislatures develop and courts apply statutes governing civil commitment, the interests at stake should be considered not at the abstract level of "freedom" or "autonomy," but rather at the concrete level of the consequences that are likely to result from providing or not providing involuntary treatment. Only by examining the particular interests that are likely to be affected can informed decisions be made about when ...


Dueling Democracies: Protecting Labor Representation Elections From Governmental Interference, John W. Teeter Jr Jan 2003

Dueling Democracies: Protecting Labor Representation Elections From Governmental Interference, John W. Teeter Jr

Faculty Articles

Public officials should be free to support or oppose unionization, but we must prevent their electioneering from undermining the industrial democracy of labor representative elections. Such elections are designed to be freely held; workers decide whether they wish to be represented by a union for purposes of collective bargaining. This choice of whether to unionize is for the workers alone without any governmental favoritism or coercion.

Government officials however have repeatedly jeopardized laboratory conditions by campaigning in labor representation elections. The Board should reassure workers of their right to cast uncoerced ballots, clarify that the political officials are not declaring ...


Distinguishing The Concept Of Strict Liability In Tort From Strict Products Liability: Medusa Unveiled, Charles E. Cantú Jan 2003

Distinguishing The Concept Of Strict Liability In Tort From Strict Products Liability: Medusa Unveiled, Charles E. Cantú

Faculty Articles

The justifications for strict products liability and other cases of strict liability in torts are different and distinct. The United States judiciary has limited strict liability in tort law to seven distinct scenarios: (1) animals that are trespassing, are domesticated but vicious, or are wild by nature; (2) fact situations involving ultra-hazardous activities; (3) nuisance; (4) misrepresentation; (5) vicarious liability; (6) defamation; or (7) a workman’s compensation statute.

Strict liability is imposed for harm caused by animals capable of inflicting extensive harm. It also justifies liability for ultra-hazardous activities on the basis that an individual undertakes an activity that ...


Erisa: A Co-Fiduciary Has No Right To Contribution And Indemnity, George Lee Flint Jr, Philip W. Moore Jr Jan 2003

Erisa: A Co-Fiduciary Has No Right To Contribution And Indemnity, George Lee Flint Jr, Philip W. Moore Jr

Faculty Articles

Because retirement plans involve large amounts of money, large numbers of people, and fiduciaries with conflicts of interests, Congress designed ERISA to differ from traditional trust law to meet these specific needs and important policy concerns. Before ERISA, fiduciaries and employers often manipulated lack of oversight and conflict of interests to the detriment of the beneficiaries. ERISA raised the standards owed by fiduciaries and established a policing system that required professional fiduciaries to monitor non-professional fiduciaries, thereby forcing non-professional fiduciaries to leave the field or seek expert advice. These provisions created co-fiduciary liability by imputing the liability of the co-fiduciary ...


Secured Transaction History: The Impact Of English Smuggling On The Chattel Mortgage Acts In The Spanish Borderlands, George Lee Flint Jr, Marie Juliet Alfaro Jan 2003

Secured Transaction History: The Impact Of English Smuggling On The Chattel Mortgage Acts In The Spanish Borderlands, George Lee Flint Jr, Marie Juliet Alfaro

Faculty Articles

Spanish colonies, including the territories of Florida, Louisiana, and southwestern America, acknowledged the jurisdiction of Spanish royal decrees. The colonies approached the registration of mortgages in a similar but more tentative fashion, recognizing the distances between the borderlands and the registrar’s offices. The law developed differently in Florida and Louisiana, which were administered by a different governmental body. While the registration process was required for chattel mortgages on slaves, there is no evidence the rules were enforced or applied to other types of mortgages on personalty. However, in 1770, Louisiana adopted a filing requirement for chattel mortgages for all ...


Texas Annual Survey: Securities Regulation, George Lee Flint Jr Jan 2003

Texas Annual Survey: Securities Regulation, George Lee Flint Jr

Faculty Articles

The Texas Legislature passed Sunset Legislation that distinguished between securities dealers and investment advisors that allowed the Texas Securities Act (“TSA”) to comply with national trends in securities regulation. The court struggled with definitions of “control person” and “evidence of indebtedness.” However, the Sunset Legislation allowed the expanded Board to submit emergency cease and desist orders and to conduct surprise inspections of registered dealers and sellers of securities. Violation of a cease and desist order became a criminal offense.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act increased the existing statute of limitations under the federal securities laws for private causes of action involving claims ...


“Absolute And Perfect Candor” To Clients, Vincent R. Johnson Jan 2003

“Absolute And Perfect Candor” To Clients, Vincent R. Johnson

Faculty Articles

The fiduciary duty owed to clients by attorneys is defined by the reasonable-care standard of negligence as opposed to the all-encompassing “absolute and perfect candor” rhetoric frequently used to describe the duty owed. Words have meanings and, though the use of “absolute and perfect candor” serves a beneficial purpose, reminding attorneys of the special duty owed to their clients, the fiduciary duty owed to clients is not so all encompassing and impractical.

Modern case law fails to establish that a broadly applicable duty of “absolute and perfect” candor applies to the attorney-client relationship, except in a limited number of situations ...


Into The Star Chamber: Does The United States Engage In The Use Of Torture Or Similar Illegal Practices In The War On Terror, Jeffrey F. Addicott Jan 2003

Into The Star Chamber: Does The United States Engage In The Use Of Torture Or Similar Illegal Practices In The War On Terror, Jeffrey F. Addicott

Faculty Articles

Because of the dangers presented by al-Qaeda style terrorism, the United States has crafted a variety of robust anti-terrorism responses. One of the more controversial of these is the indefinite detention of suspected enemy combatants, and the associated question as to whether the United States can and does employ torture.

Many prominent voices, such as Professor Alan Dershowitz, have advocated a judicial exception allowing torture as an interrogation tool in special instances, but the United States has struggled to find an appropriate balance between civil liberties and security concerns. To succeed in the War on Terror, the U.S. cannot ...


The Effect Of 8 U. S. C. 1324(D) In Transporting Prosecutions: Does The Confrontation Clause Still Apply To Alien Defendants, Donna F. Coltharp Jan 2003

The Effect Of 8 U. S. C. 1324(D) In Transporting Prosecutions: Does The Confrontation Clause Still Apply To Alien Defendants, Donna F. Coltharp

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Las Marcas En El Tratado De Libre Comercio De America Del Norte, Roberto Rosas Jan 2003

Las Marcas En El Tratado De Libre Comercio De America Del Norte, Roberto Rosas

Faculty Articles

In this essay, the author analyzes the regulation of trademarks in the NAFTA and its influence on Mexico's legislation on that matter. In the first part, the author explains in general terms the content of the NAFTA, and afterwards, he refers to the rules of Chapter XVII on industrial property. Moreover, he explains the protection derived from this agreement in connection with trademarks, and later, he refers to the normative framework of trademarks in Mexico, which is a result both of legislation and international treaties. Finally, he makes a comparison between Spanish Law on Trademarks of 2001, the rules ...