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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 106

Full-Text Articles in Law

American Offshore Business Tax Planning: Can Australian Lawyers Get A Piece Of The Action?, J Clifton Fleming, Jr. Dec 2003

American Offshore Business Tax Planning: Can Australian Lawyers Get A Piece Of The Action?, J Clifton Fleming, Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Determinantes Explícitos E Implícitos De La Deuda Externa Pública Peruana, José Manuel Martin Coronado Dec 2003

Determinantes Explícitos E Implícitos De La Deuda Externa Pública Peruana, José Manuel Martin Coronado

José-Manuel Martin Coronado

This research aims to prove that sound economic policies are nothing more that basic conditions for the foreign public debt problem. In fact, by studying the factors of public debt issues in Peru, Latin America and the emerging economies it’s clear that some implicit economic and non-economic factors have to be considered because of the social complexity and variable characteristics in emerging economies. This causes failures in economic policies assumptions, inefficiencies, distorted causality and nonrational behavior. This paper proposes, first, to perform a deep and comparative analysis of the foreign debt determinants in emerging economies, then, to allocate financial ...


Enabling Work For People With Disabilities: A Post-Integrationist Revision Of Underutilized Tax Incentives, Francine J. Lipman Dec 2003

Enabling Work For People With Disabilities: A Post-Integrationist Revision Of Underutilized Tax Incentives, Francine J. Lipman

American University Law Review

Federal employment strategies for people with disabilities do not seem to be working. Scholars argue that the Americans with Disabilities Act and similar legislation that exemplify the disability theory of integrationism with the goal of integrating people with disabilities into mainstream employment cannot succeed. Society cannot eradicate barriers to employment for people with disabilities simply by the integrationist modest approach of reasonable accommodation. A post-integrationist approach may be required to provide legitimate equal employment opportunities for people with disabilities.

In December 2002, the General Accounting Office released its report on its study of three federal business tax incentives to encourage ...


Legislating Morality: The Duty To The Tax System Reconsidered, Watson Dec 2003

Legislating Morality: The Duty To The Tax System Reconsidered, Watson

Scholarly Works

Four years ago, I presented a paper at a symposium on professionalism jointly sponsored by the University of Kansas Law School and the Kansas Bar Association. That paper espoused the view (contrary to what appears to be the popular view among tax scholars) that tax lawyers owe no special duty to the "tax system" other than to abide by the law and the applicable standards of professional conduct. During the four-year interim since my last visit to Kansas, however, we have witnessed the deleterious effect of the IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (RRA '98) on IRS enforcement and ...


The 1998 Act And The Resources Link Between Tax Compliance And Tax Simplification, Steve R. Johnson Dec 2003

The 1998 Act And The Resources Link Between Tax Compliance And Tax Simplification, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

Tax compliance sometimes is thought of as purely a matter of administration. But there are important connections between substance and procedure.' Both affect compliance. This article explores how simplification of the substantive tax law can improve compliance. The particular emphasis is on how simplification can liberate human and material resources for the IRS without which otherwise well conceived efforts to improve compliance are likely ultimately to fail.


The Doctrine Of Judicial Estoppel, Steve R. Johnson Dec 2003

The Doctrine Of Judicial Estoppel, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

The doctrine of judicial estoppel is not on some lawyers’ radar screens. That’s regrettable. Not anticipating application of the rule, a person may make a claim that can hurt him or her in the long run. Or, unaware of the rule, a party may fail to assert a potentially successful defense. Or, having only a very general awareness of the rule, an attorney may miss subtleties or forum variations that are the difference between winning and losing.

This article has three parts. Part I describes the doctrine of judicial estoppel, emphasizing its purposes. Part II explores the recent judicial ...


U.S. Exemption/Territorial System Vs. Credit-Based System, Hugh Ault Nov 2003

U.S. Exemption/Territorial System Vs. Credit-Based System, Hugh Ault

Hugh J. Ault

No abstract provided.


Using Charitable Contribution Planning Opportunities With Family Business Succession Planning, J. William Gray Jr. Nov 2003

Using Charitable Contribution Planning Opportunities With Family Business Succession Planning, J. William Gray Jr.

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Income, Gift And Estate Tax Smart Ways To Save For College: Section 529 Plans, Esas & More, James W.C. Canup, Diana F. Cantor Nov 2003

Income, Gift And Estate Tax Smart Ways To Save For College: Section 529 Plans, Esas & More, James W.C. Canup, Diana F. Cantor

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


The Like Kind Exchange: A Current Review, Stefan F. Tucker Nov 2003

The Like Kind Exchange: A Current Review, Stefan F. Tucker

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Practical Issues When Appraising Privately Held Business, Robert F. Mizell, Craig G. Bell Nov 2003

Practical Issues When Appraising Privately Held Business, Robert F. Mizell, Craig G. Bell

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments Affecting Real Estate And Pass-Through Entities, Stefan F. Tucker, Jeffrey S. Clark Nov 2003

Recent Developments Affecting Real Estate And Pass-Through Entities, Stefan F. Tucker, Jeffrey S. Clark

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of The 2003 Tax Act On Privately Held Business, Samuel P. Starr Nov 2003

The Impact Of The 2003 Tax Act On Privately Held Business, Samuel P. Starr

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Analyzing The Noncompensatory Partnership Option Proposed Regulations, Dennis A. Diersen Nov 2003

Analyzing The Noncompensatory Partnership Option Proposed Regulations, Dennis A. Diersen

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Use Of Limited Liability Entities In Tax Strategies And Techniques For Business Acquisitions And Dispositions, Thomas P. Rohman Nov 2003

Use Of Limited Liability Entities In Tax Strategies And Techniques For Business Acquisitions And Dispositions, Thomas P. Rohman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Selected Buyer And Seller Issues When Contemplating M&A Transactions In An Uncertain Economy, Thomas R. Frantz Nov 2003

Selected Buyer And Seller Issues When Contemplating M&A Transactions In An Uncertain Economy, Thomas R. Frantz

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Taxation, Craig D. Bell Nov 2003

Taxation, Craig D. Bell

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Level Five Philanthropy: Designing A Plan For Strategic, Effective, Efficient Giving, James Edward Harris Oct 2003

Level Five Philanthropy: Designing A Plan For Strategic, Effective, Efficient Giving, James Edward Harris

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Exculpatory Liabilities And Partnership Nonrecourse Allocations, Karen C. Burke Oct 2003

Exculpatory Liabilities And Partnership Nonrecourse Allocations, Karen C. Burke

UF Law Faculty Publications

The rise of limited liability companies (LLCs) classified as partnerships for federal income tax purposes challenges traditional assumptions concerning the treatment of recourse and nonrecourse liabilities under Subchapter K. The complex rules of sections 704(b) and 752 give little attention to liabilities that are recourse to the entity under section 1001 but for which no member bears the economic risk of loss under section 752. In comparison to traditional general or limited partnerships, however, LLCs are much more likely to incur such "exculpatory" liabilities because of the limited liability shield under state law. Although exculpatory liabilities are functionally quite ...


Factors To Be Considered In Determining A Corporation's Commercial Domicile, A. Bruce Clements Oct 2003

Factors To Be Considered In Determining A Corporation's Commercial Domicile, A. Bruce Clements

Faculty Publications

Laws can vary significantly in taxing multijurisdictional companies depending on a company's degree of corporate presence in the taxing state, the type and source of income earned, and the type of property used or held in the state. Several critical factors can determine a company's tax liability in a state, including the location of the company's commercial domicile. The US Supreme Court's decision in the Wheeling Steel case regarding commercial domicile is overriding in federal, as well as state courts. Accordingly, multistate companies and their tax advisors should consider the location of central management activities when ...


Reconsidering The Mythical Advantages Of Cohabitation: Why Marriage Is More Efficient Than Cohabitation, Eric P. Voigt Oct 2003

Reconsidering The Mythical Advantages Of Cohabitation: Why Marriage Is More Efficient Than Cohabitation, Eric P. Voigt

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A Taxing Blog: The Uneasy Case For Blogging Taxation, Jeffrey H. Kahn, Victor Fleischer Sep 2003

A Taxing Blog: The Uneasy Case For Blogging Taxation, Jeffrey H. Kahn, Victor Fleischer

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Tax Reality Bites, Jeffrey H. Kahn Sep 2003

Tax Reality Bites, Jeffrey H. Kahn

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Jurisdiction To Tax Income And Consumption In The New Economy: A Theoretical And Comparative Perspective, Walter Hellerstein Sep 2003

Jurisdiction To Tax Income And Consumption In The New Economy: A Theoretical And Comparative Perspective, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

The collection of rules that falls under the rubric of "jurisdiction to tax" has aptly been described as "a body of law in search of a theory." Although this Article lays no claim to advancing such a theory, it does seek to provide a broad theoretical perspective on jurisdiction-to-tax issues raised by income and consumption taxation in the new economy. It is designed to suggest ways of thinking about the fundamental questions involved, questions that are often obscured by a preoccupation with the application of specific jurisdiction-to-tax rules to individualized fact patterns in particularized contexts. In short, this Article is ...


Learning To Live With An Imperfect Tax: A Defence Of The Corporate Tax, Kim Brooks Aug 2003

Learning To Live With An Imperfect Tax: A Defence Of The Corporate Tax, Kim Brooks

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Following an introduction, the paper is divided into two parts followed by a conclusion. Part II reviews a number of objectives of the corporate tax, arguing that they should carry more weight as arguments in favour of the corporate tax than they are often attributed. Furthermore, while it is conceded that the corporate tax is a second or even an nth best tax for achieving these objectives, there are simply no administratively feasible or politically acceptable alternatives to it. The arguments reviewed in the paper are as follows. First, by taxing income from capital, the corporate tax increases the comprehensiveness ...


Restricting The Flow Of Funds From U.S. Charities To International Terrorist Organizations - A Proposal, Mindy Herzfeld Jul 2003

Restricting The Flow Of Funds From U.S. Charities To International Terrorist Organizations - A Proposal, Mindy Herzfeld

UF Law Faculty Publications

This paper argues that the Internal Revenue Service should take a more active stance in denying tax exemption to organizations that finance terrorist activities abroad. The paper explores the well-established principle that organizations granted U.S. tax-exemption must act consistently with national public policy, and the application of that principle to charitable organizations that send monies overseas. To foster that policy, the Service should apply special guidelines to charitable organizations that channel contributions abroad, similar to the special guidelines in effect for tax-exempt private schools. In addition, legislative changes should be made to advance such a goal in order to ...


Federal Taxation (2002 Eleventh Circuit Survey), David A. Brennen Jul 2003

Federal Taxation (2002 Eleventh Circuit Survey), David A. Brennen

Scholarly Works

During 2002 federal courts in the United States decided nineteen cases that directly impact federal tax law in the Eleventh Circuit. These cases involve a variety of tax law matters including Federal Insurance Contributions Act ("FICA") payroll tax, estate and gift tax, IRS authority to levy and assess tax, and discharges in bankruptcy. Other tax-related matters addressed by courts in 2002 that impact tax law in the Eleventh Circuit include inventory recapture in an S-corporation conversion, attorney fees for the prevailing party in a tax dispute, and injunctions against tax preparers. By far the most important tax case decided in ...


2002 Eleventh Circuit Survey: Federal Taxation, David A. Brennen Jul 2003

2002 Eleventh Circuit Survey: Federal Taxation, David A. Brennen

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

During 2002 federal courts in the United States decided nineteen cases that directly impact federal tax law in the Eleventh Circuit. These cases involve a variety of tax law matters including Federal Insurance Contributions Act ("FICA") payroll tax, estate and gift tax, IRS authority to levy and assess tax, and discharges in bankruptcy. Other tax-related matters addressed by courts in 2002 that impact tax law in the Eleventh Circuit include inventory recapture in an S-corporation conversion, attorney fees for the prevailing party in a tax dispute, and injunctions against tax preparers. By far the most important tax case decided in ...


Secondary Liability For Federal Trust Fund Taxes, Steve R. Johnson Jul 2003

Secondary Liability For Federal Trust Fund Taxes, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

When collection of unpaid taxes cannot be effected from the person primarily liable for them, the Internal Revenue Code creates for the IRS a number of mechanisms for collection from secondary parties. To satisfy the requirements of fairness and due process, secondary liability is imposed only when the party has some nexus to the liability, that is, when that person's actions helped create the liability or frustrated its collection from the primary taxpayer.

This article discusses l.R.C. § 6672, one of the most widely used and important of the secondary liability mechanisms in tax. There are numerous § 6672 ...


Tax Incentives: A Means Of Encouraging Research And Development For Homeland Security?, Jennifer L. Venghaus May 2003

Tax Incentives: A Means Of Encouraging Research And Development For Homeland Security?, Jennifer L. Venghaus

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.