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2003

International Trade Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 112

Full-Text Articles in Law

Arthritic Flexibilities: Analysis Of Wto Action Regarding Paragraph 6 Of The Doha Declaration On The Trips Agreement And Public Health, Brook K. Baker Dec 2003

Arthritic Flexibilities: Analysis Of Wto Action Regarding Paragraph 6 Of The Doha Declaration On The Trips Agreement And Public Health, Brook K. Baker

ExpressO

This paper explores the tortured history of developing countries’ pursuit of access to affordable generic medicines that they are unable to produce efficiently on their own. Having lost rights to treat medicines as essential commodities and as generalized exceptions to patent protections in the WTO TRIPS Agreement, developing countries and public health activists temporarily reasserted the primacy of health over profits in the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health in November of 2001. However, since most developing countries lack meaningful pharmaceutical capacity to manufacture medicines efficiently on their own, they needed flexibility to import medicines from countries ...


Determinantes Explícitos E Implícitos De La Deuda Externa Pública Peruana, José Manuel Martin Coronado Dec 2003

Determinantes Explícitos E Implícitos De La Deuda Externa Pública Peruana, José Manuel Martin Coronado

José-Manuel Martin Coronado

This research aims to prove that sound economic policies are nothing more that basic conditions for the foreign public debt problem. In fact, by studying the factors of public debt issues in Peru, Latin America and the emerging economies it’s clear that some implicit economic and non-economic factors have to be considered because of the social complexity and variable characteristics in emerging economies. This causes failures in economic policies assumptions, inefficiencies, distorted causality and nonrational behavior. This paper proposes, first, to perform a deep and comparative analysis of the foreign debt determinants in emerging economies, then, to allocate financial ...


The Dogmatic And Practical Implications Of Article 78 Of The United Nations Convention On Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods (Cisg) On Claims For Interest Under International Sales Contracts. , Friso Garbers Dec 2003

The Dogmatic And Practical Implications Of Article 78 Of The United Nations Convention On Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods (Cisg) On Claims For Interest Under International Sales Contracts. , Friso Garbers

ExpressO

The paper deals with the current controversy in regard to the interpretation of article 78 Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG). In particular, the determination of the interest rate is discussed in detail.


U.S. Foreign Direct Investment In Developing Countries: A Case Study Of Malaysia, Mexico And South Africa, Abenaa A. Oti-Prempeh Dec 2003

U.S. Foreign Direct Investment In Developing Countries: A Case Study Of Malaysia, Mexico And South Africa, Abenaa A. Oti-Prempeh

LLM Theses and Essays

There is an upsurge for foreign investment in developing countries. Developing countries that seek foreign investment actually prefer foreign direct investment. The issue of foreign direct investment has become a controversial issue among developing countries. Though this type of investment provides economic growth, employment, and infrastructure development, developing countries may also suffer legal and economic manipulation by the foreign investors at the expense of their countries’ resources. The foreign investment policies of developing countries that seek such foreign direct investment ultimately determine the actions of foreign investors. In many developing countries, foreign investment policies and other investment regulation are catalysts ...


Developing Internationally Uniform Liability Principles For Harms From Genetically Modified Organisms , Ryan C. Hansen Nov 2003

Developing Internationally Uniform Liability Principles For Harms From Genetically Modified Organisms , Ryan C. Hansen

ExpressO

This paper analyzes the current legal principles regarding liabillity for harms from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the U.S. and E.U., as well as the various international policies and mechanisms affecting GMOs


Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner Nov 2003

Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Addresses the issue of standard terms in click-wrap and shrink-wrap licenses generally and in some detail how the laws of Taiwan, Germany, the European Union, the United States and Japan.


Wto Plus: Creating Liberal Investment Through Regulating Tax Incentives, Jeremiah Johnson Nov 2003

Wto Plus: Creating Liberal Investment Through Regulating Tax Incentives, Jeremiah Johnson

ExpressO

The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) narrow reading of the Agreement on Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) should be expanded to prohibit specific and targeted tax incentives aimed at attracting foreign investment. These tax incentives restrict investment and trade liberalization. This paper proposes that trade and investment are intrinsically linked, and as such, the WTO is the proper forum to regulate investment measures. This paper argues the case against specific foreign investment attracting tax incentives. These incentives do little to actually attract investment, and are harmful to development. Individual tax incentives also limit the collective global benefits of investment. This ...


Analyzing U.S. Antitrust Jurisdiction Over Foreign Parties After Empagran S.A. V. F. Hoffinan-Laroche, Ltd., Andrew Stanger Nov 2003

Analyzing U.S. Antitrust Jurisdiction Over Foreign Parties After Empagran S.A. V. F. Hoffinan-Laroche, Ltd., Andrew Stanger

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Gradual Shift In U.S. Privacy Laws Towards A Comprehensive Regime , Kamaal R. Zaidi Oct 2003

A Gradual Shift In U.S. Privacy Laws Towards A Comprehensive Regime , Kamaal R. Zaidi

ExpressO

This paper examines the current trends in a predominantly sectoral U.S. privacy regime that appears to be becoming more comprehensive in nature with respect to data privacy protection. This trend has been greatly attributed to the European Union's comprehensive position on data privacy protection. This paper investigates the growth in U.S. data privacy protection in relation to federal and state legislative history, federal administrative procedures, and private industry efforts. This shift from sectoral to comprehensive regimes is significant in the backdrop of U.S-EU trade relations.


Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White Oct 2003

Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White

All Faculty Scholarship

This essay focuses on hostile business takeovers to illustrate the significance that cultural differences among nations can play in developing a harmonized European Union law. After 12 years of development, the EU Directive regulating hostile takeovers, to everyone’s surprise, was voted down in the EU Parliament in 2001. The EU Parliament consists of the member nations and the movement to defeat the Directive was led by Germany, which had just suffered a brutal hostile takeover of its largest company by British raiders.

The “harmonization” efforts within the EU (i.e., establishing uniform laws among the member nations) mirrors the ...


China And The Wto: Progress, Perils, And Prospects, Peter K. Yu, Gordon G. Chang, Jerome A. Cohen, Elizabeth C. Economy, Sharon K. Hom, Adam Qi Li Oct 2003

China And The Wto: Progress, Perils, And Prospects, Peter K. Yu, Gordon G. Chang, Jerome A. Cohen, Elizabeth C. Economy, Sharon K. Hom, Adam Qi Li

Faculty Scholarship

In November 2001, member states of the World Trade Organization (WTO) approved the proposal to admit China to the international trading body. After fifteen years of exhaustive negotiations, China finally became the 143rd member of the WTO on December 11, 2001. To reflect on this event, this panel brings together six China experts to explore the ramifications of China's accession to the WTO. Among the issues addressed are whether China is making progress in its compliance with the WTO requirements, whether China is suffering setbacks in the socio-economic arena, whether there are any prospects for democratic reforms and stronger ...


The "Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond Oct 2003

The "Race To The Bottom" Returns: China's Challenge To The International Labor Movement, Stephen F. Diamond

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Broader View Of Corporate Inversions: The Interplay Of Tax, Corporate And Economic Implications, Orsolya Kun Sep 2003

A Broader View Of Corporate Inversions: The Interplay Of Tax, Corporate And Economic Implications, Orsolya Kun

ExpressO

Multinational corporations have, in substantial numbers, moved their corporate residence from the U.S. to Bermuda, for the purpuse of minimizing U.S. taxation on their worldwide income. This study reviews the forms of these "corporate inversion transactions," and explores their tax implications, as well as their corporate governance implications and motivations. It is the first scholarly study to examine the corporate governance implications of inversions, and it concludes that previously unexplored aspects of the change of corporate domicile result in substantial reduction of accountability of directors and officers and significant impediments to enforcement of shareholder rights.


Atca, Doe V. Unocal: A Paquete Habana Approach To The Rescue, John Haberstroh Sep 2003

Atca, Doe V. Unocal: A Paquete Habana Approach To The Rescue, John Haberstroh

ExpressO

The article's centerpiece is the Ninth Circuit litigation (Doe v. Unocal) charging Unocal Corp. with complicity in the Burma’s government’s use of forced labor. The article first examines the Alien Tort Claims Act, under which the action is brought, through an exploration of that statute’s original purpose and historical context. The article then looks at the modern revival of ATCA in international human rights claims, and finally closely considers the Unocal litigation, in particular the September 18, 2002 decision favoring the plaintiffs. (The 2002 decision is undergoing review by an en banc panel of the Ninth ...


Institutional And Substantive Reform Of The Anti-Dumping And Subsidy Agreements – Lessons From The Israeli Experience, Arie Reich Aug 2003

Institutional And Substantive Reform Of The Anti-Dumping And Subsidy Agreements – Lessons From The Israeli Experience, Arie Reich

ExpressO

This article proposes several amendments to the Anti-Dumping (AD) Agreement and the chapter on Countervailing Duties (CVD) of the Subsidies Agreement, drawing from the experience of the State of Israel in AD and CVD administration over more than a decade. In particular, the Article argues for the need for international regulation of the institutional settings of such administration within Member States. To this end, provisions should be added to the relevant WTO agreements that relate to the nature and composition of the national administering authorities, with the guiding principle being to ensure independence of the authorities and objectivity, fairness and ...


Punitive Damages: A Comparative Analysis, John Y. Gotanda Aug 2003

Punitive Damages: A Comparative Analysis, John Y. Gotanda

Working Paper Series

In light of expanding international trade, it is increasingly likely that politicians, courts and tribunals will wrestle with whether punitive damages are appropriate in transnational disputes, and whether countries that traditionally do no allow exemplary relief should recognize and enforce foreign awards of such damages. Furthermore, by seeing how different systems address these problems, we can gain a deeper understanding of the role of punitive damages in our own legal system and be better able to deal with punitive damages issues in the international arena. This Article undertakes a thorough comparative study of punitive damages in common law countries. It ...


Imf Conditionality As Investment Regulation - A Theoretical Analysis, Daniel R. Kalderimis Jul 2003

Imf Conditionality As Investment Regulation - A Theoretical Analysis, Daniel R. Kalderimis

ExpressO

This article examines the intersection between the International Monetary Fund (“IMF”) and foreign investment. Although the IMF was not originally designed to regulate foreign investment, IMF policies have famously required capital account liberalization as a condition for access to IMF credit. This article explores the implications of such conditionality and finds it problematic. Investment conditionality is outside the IMF’s mandate, difficult to reconcile with other existing investment regulation instruments, inimical to democracy and potentially destabilizing to the debtor country, and ineffective at ensuring long-term stable change. These conclusions necessitate a reappraisal of the governance and operations of the IMF.


A Lesson From Nafta: Can The Ftaa Function As A Tool For Improvement In The Lives Of Working Women, Hannah L. Meils Jul 2003

A Lesson From Nafta: Can The Ftaa Function As A Tool For Improvement In The Lives Of Working Women, Hannah L. Meils

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Proposed Doha Round Modalities, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Holger Matthey, Murat Isik, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Chad E. Hart, Frank H. Fuller, Seth Meyer Jun 2003

An Analysis Of The Proposed Doha Round Modalities, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Holger Matthey, Murat Isik, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Chad E. Hart, Frank H. Fuller, Seth Meyer

CARD Staff Reports

The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) provided a continuing mandate for progressive reforms to liberalize world agricultural markets. A new round of negotiation was put into motion in early 2000 and later formalized in what is now called the Doha Round. The Doha Round negotiation follows the same principle laid out in the URAA, with the introduction of three reform anchors: market access, export competition, and reduction of domestic support. This paper specifies the new schedule of commitments for each member country under the proposed modalities and assesses the potential market impacts of these changes for world agricultural markets ...


Regulatory Mismatch In The International Market For Legal Services, Carole Silver May 2003

Regulatory Mismatch In The International Market For Legal Services, Carole Silver

Carole Silver

The increasingly international reach of law owes part of its momentum to individual lawyers and law firms that function as carriers of ideas, processes and policies. U.S. lawyers are important participants in this expanding influence of law, as they educate, train and deploy individuals educated and licensed in the U.S. and abroad. This article examines the ways in which law firms internationalize, and considers the regulatory environment governing crucial interactions between U.S. and foreign-educated lawyers. It builds upon prior work that investigated the impact on U.S. law firms of the development of an international market for ...


The Treatment Of Sps Measures Under Nafta Chapter 11: Preliminary Answers To An Open-Ended Question, Todd Weiler May 2003

The Treatment Of Sps Measures Under Nafta Chapter 11: Preliminary Answers To An Open-Ended Question, Todd Weiler

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

NAFTA Chapter 11 permits eligible foreign investors to use binding international arbitration to seek compensation for the harmful economic impacts of most regulatory measures. This mechanism effectiYely provides a second avenue of redress for individuals affected by risk regulation, in addition to any remedies that may be available to their governments acting through the WTO. However, because not all risks are equal, neither are all regulations of equal importance. It follows that the international regimes, which regulate the use of these measures, must be able to differentiate between them. In this regard, there is a need to interpret the more ...


Science And International Trade – Third Generation Scholarship, Jeffery Atik, David A. Wirth May 2003

Science And International Trade – Third Generation Scholarship, Jeffery Atik, David A. Wirth

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Science And “Post-Discriminatory” Wto Law, Robert E. Hudec May 2003

Science And “Post-Discriminatory” Wto Law, Robert E. Hudec

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Science And International Trade–Third Generation Scholarship, David A. Wirth, Jeffery Atik May 2003

Science And International Trade–Third Generation Scholarship, David A. Wirth, Jeffery Atik

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Opening Trade In Financial Services – The Chile And Singapore Examples: Hearing Before The H. Subcomm. On Domestic And International Monetary Policy, Trade And Technology, 108th Cong., Apr. 1, 2003 (Statement Of Daniel K. Tarullo, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Daniel K. Tarullo Apr 2003

Opening Trade In Financial Services – The Chile And Singapore Examples: Hearing Before The H. Subcomm. On Domestic And International Monetary Policy, Trade And Technology, 108th Cong., Apr. 1, 2003 (Statement Of Daniel K. Tarullo, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Daniel K. Tarullo

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Masthead, United States-Mexico Law Journal Mar 2003

Masthead, United States-Mexico Law Journal

United States - Mexico Law Journal (1993-2005)

No abstract provided.


Environmental Options In The Republic Of Mexico, Jaime Palafox Mar 2003

Environmental Options In The Republic Of Mexico, Jaime Palafox

United States - Mexico Law Journal (1993-2005)

No abstract provided.


Mexico's Response To Problems Under The 1944 Treaty, Alberto Szekely Mar 2003

Mexico's Response To Problems Under The 1944 Treaty, Alberto Szekely

United States - Mexico Law Journal (1993-2005)

No abstract provided.


Legal Issues In The Regulation Of Water Supply In Mexico, Carlos Ramos Miranda Mar 2003

Legal Issues In The Regulation Of Water Supply In Mexico, Carlos Ramos Miranda

United States - Mexico Law Journal (1993-2005)

No abstract provided.


Political Change And Abatement Of White Collar Crime In Mexico, Alejandro Posadas Mar 2003

Political Change And Abatement Of White Collar Crime In Mexico, Alejandro Posadas

United States - Mexico Law Journal (1993-2005)

No abstract provided.