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Kaleidoscopic Consent Decrees: School Desegregation And Prison Reform Consent Decrees After The Prison Litigation Reform Act And Freeman-Dowell, Shima Baradaran-Robison Nov 2003

Kaleidoscopic Consent Decrees: School Desegregation And Prison Reform Consent Decrees After The Prison Litigation Reform Act And Freeman-Dowell, Shima Baradaran-Robison

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Appellate Mediation In Pennsylvania: Looking Back At The History And Forward To The Future, Sandra Schultz Newman, Scott E. Friedman Oct 2003

Appellate Mediation In Pennsylvania: Looking Back At The History And Forward To The Future, Sandra Schultz Newman, Scott E. Friedman

The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process

No abstract provided.


Environmental Dispute Resolution: An Anthology Of Practical Solutions, David C. Batson, Dustin P. Ordway Oct 2003

Environmental Dispute Resolution: An Anthology Of Practical Solutions, David C. Batson, Dustin P. Ordway

Buffalo Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Mediating With An 800-Pound Gorilla: Medicare And Adr, Phyllis E. Bernard Sep 2003

Mediating With An 800-Pound Gorilla: Medicare And Adr, Phyllis E. Bernard

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Carrie Menkel-Meadow Jul 2003

Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Carrie Menkel-Meadow

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Does the field of conflict resolution have any broadly applicable theories that "work" across the different domains of international and domestic conflict? Or, are contexts, participants, and resources so "domain" specific and variable that only "thick descriptions" of particular contexts will do? These are important questions which have been plaguing me in this depressing time for conflict resolution professionals, from September 11, 2001 (9/11), to the war against Iraq. Have we learned anything about conflict resolution that really does improve our ability to describe, predict, and act to reduce unnecessary and harmful conflict? These are the questions I want ...


General Theory On Disputes And Conflicts, A, Raymond Shonholtz Jul 2003

General Theory On Disputes And Conflicts, A, Raymond Shonholtz

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In response to Carrie Menkel-Meadow's challenge to articulate and define a general theory of conflict management that is universally applicable regardless of context or domain,' the following General Theory and methodologies are put forth. The relational context that Menkel-Meadow offers between domestic and international is not the applicable construct for the formation of a general theory. Instead, the relevant frame is between non-democratic and democratic political systems and the difference between the concepts of conflict and dispute and their attending institutional mechanisms. Menkel-Meadow's analysis is useful in subdefining the issues in the vast foliage of conflict resolution and ...


Response To Carrie Menkel-Meadow's Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Wallace Warfield Jul 2003

Response To Carrie Menkel-Meadow's Correspondences And Contradictions In International And Domestic Conflict Resolution: Lessons From General Theory And Varied Contexts, Wallace Warfield

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this article, I would like to first spend a little time clarifying (or perhaps muddying) what is meant by "domestic" and "international" when people talk about conflicts and how they are resolved. Geographical and content-defining terms tossed about cavalierly say more about competing hierarchies and elitism than functional geopolitical designations. Next, I will suggest that part of the problem is how we locate theory in this debate: What kinds of theories lend themselves to generalization and which ones do not? And does the problem lay with the theory or the theory interpreter?


Evaluation Dispute Resolution Under Uncertainty: An Empirical Look At Bayes' Theorem And The Expected Value Of Perfect Information, Gregory Todd Jones, Douglas H. Yarn Jul 2003

Evaluation Dispute Resolution Under Uncertainty: An Empirical Look At Bayes' Theorem And The Expected Value Of Perfect Information, Gregory Todd Jones, Douglas H. Yarn

Journal of Dispute Resolution

To begin, we review a standard model of litigation decision-making in Section I and propose an extension of this model to include ex post evaluative dispute resolution in Section II. Next, in Section III, we review the analytical concept of the expected value of perfect information as a means of placing a theoretical rational maximum on the value of the information provided by evaluative dispute resolution processes. In Section IV, we review Bayes' theorem and propose this as a rational benchmark for the integration of new information with previously existing subjective probabilities. In Section V, we offer a formal statement ...


Is State Law Looking For Trouble: The Federal Arbitration Act Flexes Its Preemptive Muscle, Robert Hollis, Sarah E. Kerner, Alexa Irene Pearson, Ryan G. Vacca Jul 2003

Is State Law Looking For Trouble: The Federal Arbitration Act Flexes Its Preemptive Muscle, Robert Hollis, Sarah E. Kerner, Alexa Irene Pearson, Ryan G. Vacca

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This article begins with an overview of the preemption concept as it affects the American legal system. The source of preemption power is revealed and the most common forms of preemption are introduced. Next, the article discusses preemption and its interaction with the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA). The discussion begins with a chronological view of the cases that have defined the effects the FAA has on arbitration agreements via its preemption power and ends with a summary of the current state of the law.


Use Of Neutral Fact-Finding To Preserve Exclusive Rights And Uphold The Disclosure Purpose Of The Patent System, Brian Panka Jul 2003

Use Of Neutral Fact-Finding To Preserve Exclusive Rights And Uphold The Disclosure Purpose Of The Patent System, Brian Panka

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This comment proposes the use of neutral fact-finding as a precursor to litigation of patent disputes. Section II begins with a brief introduction to the concept of patents and the system used in the United States for granting and protecting exclusive rights associated with patent grants. Then, Section III discusses traditional ADR processes available to resolve patent disputes and sets forth reasons those processes are not widely used. Finally, Section IV offers neutral factfinding as a solution to both litigation and traditional ADR process concerns with respect to resolving patent disputes


Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes Jul 2003

Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Howsam v. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., the United States Supreme Court reviewed a Tenth Circuit holding that the eligibility rule presented a question of arbitrability, and was thus for the court to decide. Reversing, the Supreme Court held that the arbitrator, not a court, should apply the time limit rule. The Court's decision resolves the split among the circuit courts in addition to allowing arbitration clauses in securities firms' client agreements to serve their purpose of providing an efficient and less costly method of litigating disputes relating to investment accounts, ultimately increasing investor confidence in the securities industry.


Context And Pretext In Conflict Resolution, Kevin Avruch Jul 2003

Context And Pretext In Conflict Resolution, Kevin Avruch

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this essay, I want to reflect on some of the problems raised by context and pretext from a different angle. I want to first consider some aspects of the varied contexts in which conflict resolution and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) developed in the United States, particularly in the academy. Historically, there have been some differences between the two, partly evident in the different meanings of the notion of "dispute" adopted by theorists and practitioners. I then want to examine some of the underlying pretexts for doing this work, and some possible consequences-especially as we more frequently engage in the ...


Context, Yes - And Theory, Yes, Morton Deutsch Jul 2003

Context, Yes - And Theory, Yes, Morton Deutsch

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I admire Carrie Menkel-Meadow's article very much.' It reveals her deep and broad knowledge of the field of conflict resolution. It also represents an important and valid emphasis on the necessity of a rich knowledge of specific contexts for applied work in those contexts. However, the article implicitly constructs a false opposition between contextual knowledge and theoretical knowledge; in reality, both are needed. I understand that "practitioners" and "theorists" commonly misunderstand one another because of their different orientations and social roles. In this article, I will discuss these differences and then briefly consider the integration of theory and practice.


Taking Dispute Resolution Theory Seriously At Home And Abroad: Prospects And Limitations, Bryant G. Garth Jul 2003

Taking Dispute Resolution Theory Seriously At Home And Abroad: Prospects And Limitations, Bryant G. Garth

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Carrie Menkel-Meadow's splendid discussion of dispute resolution theory operates at several levels.' One level involves a questioning of the international applicability of U.S. dispute resolution theory. She shows that our theory is in many respects parochial-not necessarily capable of explaining or even contributing to shaping dispute resolution behavior outside the United States. For the theory to make any claim to universality, she suggests, it must take into account very different settings and perhaps even develop counter models applicable to some places but not others. A more context sensitive theory, she argues, can move us beyond concepts and approaches ...


Problem-Solving Negotiation: Northern Ireland's Experience With The Women's Coalition, Jacqueline Nolan-Haley, Bronagh Hinds Jul 2003

Problem-Solving Negotiation: Northern Ireland's Experience With The Women's Coalition, Jacqueline Nolan-Haley, Bronagh Hinds

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Women's peacemaking skills have long empowered them as voices for reconciliation in divided societies 8 and therefore, the role of women in preventive diplomacy, conflict resolution, and post conflict reconstruction is widely advanced today. Although historically women are credited with being actively involved in peacemaking efforts at the grassroots level during periods of conflict,' ° they are not generally considered to play a significant role in formal peace negotiations.' Northern Ireland proved to be an exception.'


State Legislative Update, Mark G. Boyko Jul 2003

State Legislative Update, Mark G. Boyko

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This bill would have prevented employers from requiring employees to arbitrate disputes arising under the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA). In doing so, it would have changed the established law in California that written agreements to arbitrate disputes are valid and enforceable. Specifically, this bill would have invalidated arbitration agreements between employers and employees if the employer required the employee to sign the agreement as a condition of employment. A.B. 1715 would have applied to employers with five or more employees.


Adr Clause By Any Other Name Might Smell As Sweet: England's High Court Of Justice Queens Bench Attempts And Fails To Define What Is Not An Enforceable Adr Clause - Cable 7 & (And) Wireless Plc V. Ibm United Kingdom Ltd, An, Alyson Carrel Jul 2003

Adr Clause By Any Other Name Might Smell As Sweet: England's High Court Of Justice Queens Bench Attempts And Fails To Define What Is Not An Enforceable Adr Clause - Cable 7 & (And) Wireless Plc V. Ibm United Kingdom Ltd, An, Alyson Carrel

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The High Court of Justice Queens Bench Division in England issued a ruling that provides sweeping support for the use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in private pre-dispute contract clauses.' While this support might seem to aid in developing the growing ADR movement in England, the judge may have put the cart before the horse by enforcing a non-descript and broad ADR contract clause that lacks the specificity needed to ensure a fair outcome. This decision could be detrimental for disputing parties and the future of the ADR movement itself.


Tie That Doesn't Bind: Fifth Circuit Rules That Non-Signatory Agents Can't Compel Arbitration As Individuals - Westmoreland V. Sadoux, The, Keisha I. Patrick Jul 2003

Tie That Doesn't Bind: Fifth Circuit Rules That Non-Signatory Agents Can't Compel Arbitration As Individuals - Westmoreland V. Sadoux, The, Keisha I. Patrick

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Westmoreland v. Sadoux, the Fifth Circuit addresses the issue of whether a signatory party intended to enter an arbitration agreement with a non-signatory agent of the defendant corporation. The non-signatory agent sought to enforce the arbitration agreement between the signatory party and the signatory corporation in a suit brought against the non-signatory agent in his individual capacity. This case differs from most others that courts have addressed concerning non-signatory agents. In most cases, the complaining party seeks to enforce the arbitration agreement against the non-signatory agent. Yet, in Westmoreland, the nonsignatory agent himself seeks to compel arbitration


International Arbitration And Project Finance In Developing Countries: Blurring The Public/Private Distinction, Dinesh D. Banani May 2003

International Arbitration And Project Finance In Developing Countries: Blurring The Public/Private Distinction, Dinesh D. Banani

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Project Finance has become an increasingly attractive technique for financing infrastructure projects in developing countries over the last twenty years. Furthermore, the use of project financing raises difficult legal issues with respect to the ability of developing countries' governments to control the provision of public services that are intimately connected to these infrastructure projects. Sponsors of project finance transactions have been relatively successful in dealing with these legal issues by negotiating for international arbitration as the primary forum for resolving potential disputes with the host government. However, as the Himpurna and Patuha power projects in Indonesia reveal, a disciplinary bias ...


Alternative Dispute Resolution As A Means Of Access To Justice In The Russian Federation, Elena Nosyreva, Douglas Carman, Dana Tumenova May 2003

Alternative Dispute Resolution As A Means Of Access To Justice In The Russian Federation, Elena Nosyreva, Douglas Carman, Dana Tumenova

Washington International Law Journal

This Article represents recent scholarship in Russian jurisprudence concerning the use of alternative dispute resolution procedures. It was written by a professor who is an active participant in law reform projects addressing the problems of elaborating legislation to articulate the rights and duties of parties involved in economic and other disputes. This Article covers three forms of dispute resolution—negotiations, claims-based dispute resolution, and mediation—and identifies characteristics of these procedures that are peculiar to the Russian context. By reviewing the forms of conflict resolution employed in Soviet-era command economy and exploring the contours of contemporary Russian "legal culture," the ...


Back To Prima Paint Corp. V. Flood & Conklin Manufacturing Co.: To Challenge An Arbitration Agreement You Must Challenge The Arbitration Agreement, Andre V. Egle Feb 2003

Back To Prima Paint Corp. V. Flood & Conklin Manufacturing Co.: To Challenge An Arbitration Agreement You Must Challenge The Arbitration Agreement, Andre V. Egle

Washington Law Review

The Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) requires courts to order parties in a dispute arising out of a commercial contract containing an arbitration provision to proceed to arbitration unless the formation or performance of the arbitration agreement itself is at issue. In 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Prima Paint Corp. v. Flood & Conklin Manufacturing Co. that under the FAA, courts, instead of arbitrators, should resolve claims for fraudulent inducement of arbitration agreements. However, courts were not permitted to resolve claims for fraud in the inducement of the underlying commercial contracts. The Court also held that when deciding whether ...


Sound Of Dust Settling: A Response To Criticisms Of The Uma, The, Richard C. Reuben Jan 2003

Sound Of Dust Settling: A Response To Criticisms Of The Uma, The, Richard C. Reuben

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Continuing UMA "concerns," therefore, have a certain vestigial or residual character, often reflecting views taken in battles that were fought within the drafting sessions - sometimes fiercely - but which were incapable of producing a majority among the UMA drafters. Professor Brian Shannon's criticisms largely echo these discussions, and in this Article I seek to respond to some of them - after first extending my greatest appreciation to Professor Shannon for his willingness to be the "skunk in the parlor" of this symposium edition by generally aggregating those criticisms." In Part I, I give some of the unpublished history of the UMA ...


Adr Is Here: Preliminary Reflections On Where It Fits In A System Of Justice, Jean R. Sternlight Jan 2003

Adr Is Here: Preliminary Reflections On Where It Fits In A System Of Justice, Jean R. Sternlight

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents - Issue 1 Jan 2003

Table Of Contents - Issue 1

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Introduction, David A. Hoffman Jan 2003

Introduction, David A. Hoffman

Journal of Dispute Resolution

My introduction to the issues that the Uniform Mediation Act seeks to resolve occurred about a dozen years ago when a senior partner at Hill & Barlow, the Boston law firm where I practiced for 17 years, came to me with a question. He wanted to know whether he could recommend mediation as a safe process for discussing some delicate tax issues that had arisen during the breakup of a business partnership. Evidently the partners had taken some aggressive positions on their partnership tax returns, and one of the big issues in the dissolution of the partnership was the allocation of ...


Dancing With The One That Brung Us - Why The Texas Adr Community Has Declined To Embrace The Uma, Brian D. Shannon Jan 2003

Dancing With The One That Brung Us - Why The Texas Adr Community Has Declined To Embrace The Uma, Brian D. Shannon

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I readily acknowledge that the UMA is a bold and noble project, and it is certainly the result of substantial effort and compromise. Indeed, I largely concur with the sentiment of Philip Harter that "[tihe UMA is the product of heroic effort that brought together many interests and perspectives to thrash out a workable framework for mediation." That being said, however, much of the Texas mediation community, of which I am a part, has largely opposed enactment of the UMA's framework for our state. As I have written previously, the Alternative Dispute Resolution Section of the State Bar of ...


Uma And The Uncitral Model Rule: An Emerging Consensus On Mediation And Conciliation, The, Jernej Sekolec, Michael B. Getty Jan 2003

Uma And The Uncitral Model Rule: An Emerging Consensus On Mediation And Conciliation, The, Jernej Sekolec, Michael B. Getty

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In this article, we describe how these two efforts have come together to forge an international consensus on mediation and conciliation. In Part I, we look at how some of the different ways that domestic nationals treat the confidentiality of conciliation communications. The disparity of these treatments leads to considerable uncertainty among parties to a conciliation. In Part II, we note the essential features of the UNCITRAL Model Law, and how it addresses this uncertainty through model rules that will harmonize international standards among adopting nations, at least on core issues, while at the same time preserving the flexibility that ...


New Era Of Disclosure: California Judicial Council Enacts Arbitrator Ethics Standards - Ethics Standards For Neutral Arbitrators In Contractual Arbitration, A, Keisha I. Patrick Jan 2003

New Era Of Disclosure: California Judicial Council Enacts Arbitrator Ethics Standards - Ethics Standards For Neutral Arbitrators In Contractual Arbitration, A, Keisha I. Patrick

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Although the current CJC ethics rules consist of seventeen standards and several subsections "intended to guide the conduct of arbitrators, '17 this Note will focus only on the disclosure requirements. The Note will also compare the CJC standards with disclosure rules that provider organizations have previously enacted.


Title Page Jan 2003

Title Page

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Uma: Some Roads Not Taken, The, Joseph B. Stulberg Jan 2003

Uma: Some Roads Not Taken, The, Joseph B. Stulberg

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I do not want to overstate my claim. There is nothing in the UMA that precludes conducting a mediated conversation in a manner consistent with what I frame below as a "robust vision" of the mediator's role. The Act, however, does not provide sustained support for it and, more seriously, appears to license the type of intervener that I believe is inconsistent with basic process goals. Hence, I am conjecturing - though I do not believe it is "idle conjecturing" - as to how parties, representative, and the mediator shall conduct their mediation conference under the vision of mediation embedded in ...