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2002

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Small Business, Economic Growth, And The Huffman Conjecture, George L. Priest Dec 2002

Small Business, Economic Growth, And The Huffman Conjecture, George L. Priest

Faculty Scholarship Series

This Essay examines the role of small business in the process of economic growth and the effects of increasing regulation and civil liability. First, the Essay explores the basic mechanisms of economic growth in society and explains how small business, as opposed to large business, contributes to economic growth. Next, the Essay analyzes to what extent increased regulation and civil liability disproportionately impacts small business operations and the effectiveness of various Congressional benefits and preferences toward small business in relieving these perceived burdens. Finally, Priest applies this analysis to various issues attending the role of small business in economic growth ...


Network Effects And Legal Citation: How Antitrust Theory Predicts Who Will Build A Better Bluebook Mousetrap In The Age Of Electronic Mice, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2002

Network Effects And Legal Citation: How Antitrust Theory Predicts Who Will Build A Better Bluebook Mousetrap In The Age Of Electronic Mice, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Computer Attacks On Critical National Infrastructure: A Use Of Force Invoking The Right Of Self-Defense, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2002

Computer Attacks On Critical National Infrastructure: A Use Of Force Invoking The Right Of Self-Defense, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

Computer networks create tremendously increased capabilities but also represent equally increased vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilites are especially acute in relation to potential attacks on critical national infrasturucture. This Article proposes that international law must evolve to recognize that attacks against a nation's critical national infrastructure from any source constitute a use of force. Such attacks, therefore, give the victim state the right to proportional self-defense - including anticipatory self-defense - even if the computer network attack is not an armed attack under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. Due to the instantaneous nature of computer network attacks, the right to respond ...


Domestic Terror (The Sniper Suspect's Divorce Records Show Patterns Of Power And Control And Missed Opportunities By The System To Intervene.), Jane C. Murphy Dec 2002

Domestic Terror (The Sniper Suspect's Divorce Records Show Patterns Of Power And Control And Missed Opportunities By The System To Intervene.), Jane C. Murphy

All Faculty Scholarship

Over the past few months, we have learned much about the violent, troubled life of sniper suspect John Allen Muhammad. Whether or not he pulled the trigger - some recent reports have pointed to his 17-year-old companion Lee Boyd Malvo as the main shooter - there is no doubt in the minds of domestic-violence experts that this adult is responsible for these deaths.

While many pundits conclude that we will never know what motivated the sniper suspect, to domestic violence experts his is an all-too-familiar story of a man whose relationships with the women and children - possibly including Malvo - in his life ...


Appeal No. 0709: Valley Enterprises V. Division Of Mineral Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Dec 2002

Appeal No. 0709: Valley Enterprises V. Division Of Mineral Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Chief's Order 2002-11


Back To The 1930s? The Shaky Case For Exempting Dividends, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Dec 2002

Back To The 1930s? The Shaky Case For Exempting Dividends, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

This article is based in part on the author’s U.S. Branch Report for Subject I of the 2003 Annual Congress of the International Fiscal Association, to be held next year in Sydney, Australia (forthcoming in Cahiers de droit fiscal international, 2003). He would like to thank Emil Sunley for his helpful comments on that earlier version, and Steve Bank, Michael Barr, David Bradford, Michael Graetz, and David Hasen for comments on this version. Special thanks are due to Yoram Keinan for his meticulous work on the EU regimes (see Appendix). All errors are the author’s. In this ...


The Role Of Ministers And Church Groups In The Hartford Civil Rights Movement, Ryan Lerner Dec 2002

The Role Of Ministers And Church Groups In The Hartford Civil Rights Movement, Ryan Lerner

Hartford Studies Collection: Papers by Students and Faculty

No abstract provided.


Smart Growth: Intermunicipal Innovation In Orange County, John R. Nolon Dec 2002

Smart Growth: Intermunicipal Innovation In Orange County, John R. Nolon

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

This article tells the story of the town of Warwick, a rapidly developing town in Orange County, New York, made up of three separate villages. Warwick’s proactive measures to prevent the sprawl development phenomenon through the use of an intermunicipal compact was met with much opposition by the three individual village governments, as well as individual citizens. Through the use of mediation, a popular alternative resolution dispute method, representatives from the villages negotiated an intermunicpal plan that satisfied the needs all three villages, while still meeting the original objectives of preserving open space, scenic views, and agricultural lands.


After Intersectionality, Robert S. Chang, Jerome Mccristal Culp Jr. Dec 2002

After Intersectionality, Robert S. Chang, Jerome Mccristal Culp Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


2002 Academic Hooding Ceremony For Juris Doctor Graduates, Nova Southeastern University Dec 2002

2002 Academic Hooding Ceremony For Juris Doctor Graduates, Nova Southeastern University

NSU Commencement Programs

No abstract provided.


The Logic Of Reciprocity: Trust, Collective Action, And Law, Dan M. Kahan Dec 2002

The Logic Of Reciprocity: Trust, Collective Action, And Law, Dan M. Kahan

John M. Olin Center for Studies in Law, Economics, and Public Policy Working Papers

The Logic of Collective Action has for decades supplied the logic of public policy analysis. In this pioneering application of public choice theory, Mancur Olson ele gantly punctured the premise -- shared by a diverse variety of political theories -- that individuals can be expected to act consistently with the interest of the groups to which they belong. Absent externally imposed incentives, wealth-maximizing individuals, he argued, will rarely find it in their interest to contribute to goods that benefit the group as a whole, but rather will "free ride" on the contributions that other group members make. As a result, too few ...


Vol. 23, No. 15 (December 9, 2002) Dec 2002

Vol. 23, No. 15 (December 9, 2002)

Indiana Law Annotated

No abstract provided.


Oral Argument In Meyer V. Holley (No. 01-1120), Robert G. Schwemm, Douglas G. Benedon, Malcolm L. Stewart Dec 2002

Oral Argument In Meyer V. Holley (No. 01-1120), Robert G. Schwemm, Douglas G. Benedon, Malcolm L. Stewart

Law Faculty Advocacy

The matter of Meyer v. Holley, 537 U.S. 280 (2003) was argued before the United States Supreme Court on Tuesday, December 3, 2002. Professor Robert G. Schwemm argued on behalf of the Respondents. This document is a transcript of the oral argument.


Vol. 53, No. 6, December 3, 2002, University Of Michigan Law School Dec 2002

Vol. 53, No. 6, December 3, 2002, University Of Michigan Law School

Res Gestae

•Clothing Drive Succeeds Again •Faculty Profile: Andy Buchsbaum •Asst. AG, Former Prof. Returns to Speak at UMLS •Law School to Build Big •CrimLaw Society Career Panel •Veteran Defender Gives Talk on Post-9/11 Detainees •Affirmative Action Insider Speaks •Crossword


The Weekly December 2, 2002, North Carolina Central School Of Law Dec 2002

The Weekly December 2, 2002, North Carolina Central School Of Law

NCCU Law School Weekly

No abstract provided.


Vol. 23, No. 14 (December 2, 2002) Dec 2002

Vol. 23, No. 14 (December 2, 2002)

Indiana Law Annotated

No abstract provided.


Sentencing Policies And Practices In International Criminal Tribunals, Mark A. Drumbl, Kenneth S. Gallant Dec 2002

Sentencing Policies And Practices In International Criminal Tribunals, Mark A. Drumbl, Kenneth S. Gallant

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


The U.S. Supreme Court Hears The Mickey Mouse Case, L. Ray Patterson Dec 2002

The U.S. Supreme Court Hears The Mickey Mouse Case, L. Ray Patterson

Popular Media

The case of Eldred v. Ashcroft, argued before the U. S. Supreme Court on October 9, 2002, is the most important copyright case since 1834, when the court decided its first, Wheaton v. Peters. In Wheaton, the court ruled that under the Copyright Clause of the U.S. Constitution only Congress can grant copyright for published works. In Eldred, the court will decide the scope of Congress’ copyright power. May Congress grant, in the words of the Copyright Clause, copyright only for a "limited time" or may Congress extend the time already granted for existing copyrights? This is what Congress ...


Copyright And Fair Use In Law Office Libraries, James S. Heller Dec 2002

Copyright And Fair Use In Law Office Libraries, James S. Heller

Library Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Employee Interests In Bankrupcy: Lessons From Enron, Lorie Johnson Dec 2002

Employee Interests In Bankrupcy: Lessons From Enron, Lorie Johnson

Popular Media

Enron employees lost over $1 billion in retirement savings when the company failed and filed for bankruptcy protection. Many of these employees also lost their jobs. Enron employees were both visible and vocal about their losses, quickly obtaining the support of both the AFL-CIO and Jesse Jackson’s Rainbow/Push Coalition in their fight to get some redress for their losses. Since Enron was current on its payroll at the time of the bankruptcy filing, employees’ losses consisted of severance payments totaling $145 million and the losses associated with investments in Enron stock through their 401(k) accounts.


Vol. 1, No. 01 (December 2002) Dec 2002

Vol. 1, No. 01 (December 2002)

Indiana Law Update

No abstract provided.


Research To Practice: Collaboration Between Medicaid And Other State Agencies- Findings From The National Survey Of State Systems And Employment For People With Disabilities, Jennifer Sullivan Sulewski, Dana Scott Gilmore, Susan Foley Dec 2002

Research To Practice: Collaboration Between Medicaid And Other State Agencies- Findings From The National Survey Of State Systems And Employment For People With Disabilities, Jennifer Sullivan Sulewski, Dana Scott Gilmore, Susan Foley

Research to Practice Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

Many state Medicaid agencies are playing a greater role in multi-agency efforts to promote employment for people with disabilities. This brief uses data from the National Survey of State Systems and Employment for People with Disabilities to explore the varieties of collaboration Medicaid agencies are using and the agencies they are collaborating with.


Societas Europaea: Harmonization Or Proliferation Of Corporations Law In The European Union?, J. M. Marychurch Dec 2002

Societas Europaea: Harmonization Or Proliferation Of Corporations Law In The European Union?, J. M. Marychurch

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

A significant development was made recently to the range of corporate forms available to businesses operating in the European Union (EU). A company's incorporation, regulation and dissolution had hitherto been the sole domain of the EU's member states. On 8 October 2001, this changed when Council Regulation (EC) No 2157/ 2001 on the Statute for a European Company (the Regulation) was adopted, making the form of a European company or Societas Europaea (SE) open to some businesses in the EU after the Regulation enters into effect. This article will examine the form and analyse the likely impact the ...


Justice And Reasonable Care In Negligence Law, Richard W. Wright Dec 2002

Justice And Reasonable Care In Negligence Law, Richard W. Wright

All Faculty Scholarship

The academic literature generally assumes that an aggregate-risk-utility test is employed to determine whether conduct was reasonable or negligent. This aggregate-risk-utility test is a transparent implementation of the basic impartiality and aggregation principles of utilitarianism and the most popular (Kaldor-Hicks) interpretation of economic efficiency. Thus, the test's assumed prevalence as the criterion of reasonableness in negligence law has been highlighted by legal economists as confirmation of the utilitarian efficiency foundations of tort law, while those, including Ronald Dworkin, who think that the law, including tort law, is or should be grounded on principles of justice have sought to demonstrate ...


Negligence In The Courts: Introduction And Commentary, In Symposium, Negligence In The Courts: The Actual Practice, Richard W. Wright Dec 2002

Negligence In The Courts: Introduction And Commentary, In Symposium, Negligence In The Courts: The Actual Practice, Richard W. Wright

All Faculty Scholarship

This article is an introduction to and commentary on the contributions to a "Symposium on Negligence in the Courts: the Actual Practice." The contributors all conclude that the tests of negligence that are actually employed by the courts differ from the aggregate-risk-utility test that is generally assumed in the academic literature, including the Restatement of Torts. Patrick Kelley and Laurel Wendt's survey of all the standard jury instructions on negligence in the United States finds only one instruction, in Louisiana, that mentions a risk-utility or cost-benefit test of negligence, and that instruction merely suggests, as a discretionary option, the ...


Regulation Of The Global Marketplace For The Sake Of Health, Marion Danis, Amy J. Sepinwall Dec 2002

Regulation Of The Global Marketplace For The Sake Of Health, Marion Danis, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

Mounting evidence suggests that socioeconomic status is a determinant of health. As nations around the globe increasingly rely on market-based economies, the corporate sector has come to have a powerful influence on the socioeconomic gradient in most nations and hence upon the health status of their populations. At the same time, it has become more difficult for any one nation to influence corporate activities, given the increasing ease with which corporations relocate their operations from country to country. As a result of all of these factors, nations wishing to assure the health of their populations will need to both involve ...


Rolling Contracts, Robert A. Hillman Dec 2002

Rolling Contracts, Robert A. Hillman

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

"Rolling contracts" are one method of presenting standard forms to contracting parties, including consumers, who are the focus of this paper. In a rolling contract, a purchaser orders goods and pays for them before seeing most of the terms, which come later in or on the packaging of the goods. The purchaser can return the goods for a limited time period.

This paper addresses the controversy over whether the new terms are part of the contract and enforceable against the purchaser. Although most analysts focus on when the contract is formed, this paper urges that this analysis yields little fruit ...


From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth Dec 2002

From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth

All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications

Over the past decade there has been an increasing national emphasis on the participation of individuals with disabilities in the labor force. This concern was recognized through Executive Order No. 13078 signed by President Bill Clinton in March 1998, establishing the Presidential Task Force on Employment of Adults with Disabilities. The Task Force was charged with a mission "to create a coordinated and aggressive policy to bring adults with disabilities into gainful employment at a rate that is as close as possible to that of the general adult population" (Section 1 (c)). Legislation and policy changes have also been directed ...


International Corporate Governance Practices And Their Implications On Investors, Namwandi Hamanyanga Dec 2002

International Corporate Governance Practices And Their Implications On Investors, Namwandi Hamanyanga

LLM Theses and Essays

Corporate governance has become a bonafide subset of company’s law that is concerned with who directs the company and for whose benefit. Its application varies in countries found in the main legal jurisdictions of common and civil law. This thesis identifies these differences by highlighting national corporate governance systems existing in Germany, Japan, United Kingdom and United States. Together, these countries represent systems adopted by several countries located on all continents. Increased cross border investment in this era of globalization has been significantly affected by these governance systems. The thesis shows the reasons why investors, multinational corporations and nations ...


Conflict Of Laws In The Enforcement Of Foreign Awards And Foreign Judgments: The Public Policy Defense And Practice In U.S. Courts, Anupama Parameshwaran Dec 2002

Conflict Of Laws In The Enforcement Of Foreign Awards And Foreign Judgments: The Public Policy Defense And Practice In U.S. Courts, Anupama Parameshwaran

LLM Theses and Essays

Public policy is one of the defenses that a court or a party may invoke in order to resist enforcement of an unjust foreign award or judgment. The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of the public policy as a defense to enforcement in the U.S and to examine its success rate. The thesis will contain suggestions to make public policy a more meaningful defense with respect to the enforcement of foreign judgments and its role in bringing about uniformity in the field of foreign judgments will be analyzed.