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2001

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Breaking The Mold Of Citizenship: The "Natural" Person As Citizen In Nineteenth-Century America (A Fragment), Elizabeth B. Clark Dec 2001

Breaking The Mold Of Citizenship: The "Natural" Person As Citizen In Nineteenth-Century America (A Fragment), Elizabeth B. Clark

Publications

Mary Wollstronecraft once said, probably with a sigh, "I do earnestly wish to see the distinction of sex confounded in society, unless where love animates the behavior." Two centuries later, many groups in American political life are still caught in the same dilemma: hoping that a just society will take account of an essential characteristic -- race and sex spring to mind -- in ways that will benefit the group, while eschewing the potentially harmful characterizations that lie just on the flip side of the coin.


Communis Opinio And The Method Of Statutory Interpretation: Interpreting Law Or Changing Law, Michael P. Healy Dec 2001

Communis Opinio And The Method Of Statutory Interpretation: Interpreting Law Or Changing Law, Michael P. Healy

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Law As Craft, Brett G. Scharffs Nov 2001

Law As Craft, Brett G. Scharffs

Vanderbilt Law Review

This Article explores the similarities between the law and other craft traditions, such as carpentry, pottery, and quilting. Its thesis is that law--and in particular adjudiction---combine elements of what Aristotle described as practical wisdom, or phronesis, and craft, or techne. Craft knowledge is learned practically through experience and demonstrated through practice, and is contrasted with other concepts, including art, science, mass production, craftiness, and hobby. Crafts are characterized by four simutaneous identities. First, crafts are made by hand-one at a time-and require not only talent and skill, but also experience and what Karl Llewellyn called "situation sense." Second, crafts are ...


Public Access To Legal Resources On The Internet, Alice M. Mccanless Oct 2001

Public Access To Legal Resources On The Internet, Alice M. Mccanless

The Southeastern Librarian

In the not so distant past, before the Internet, doing legal research necessitated access to either a substantial law collection or one of the expensive legal databases, Lexis-Nexis or Westlaw. That limited legal reference to law librarians, some special librarians and reference librarians at large university or public libraries. The Internet has changed all of that, giving any library with an Internet connection access to a wealth of current law, especially at the state and federal level.

Based on a presentation at the Joint Conference of the Georgia Council of Media Organizations and Southeastern Library Association on October 12, 2000.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2001 Oct 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Legal & Cultural Approaches To Sexual Matters In Africa: The Cry Of The Adolescent Girl, Oluyemisi Bamgbose Oct 2001

Legal & Cultural Approaches To Sexual Matters In Africa: The Cry Of The Adolescent Girl, Oluyemisi Bamgbose

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Scientific Ignorance And Reliable Patterns Of Evidence In Toxic Tort Causation: Is There A Need For Liability Reform?, Carl F. Cranor, David A. Eastmond Oct 2001

Scientific Ignorance And Reliable Patterns Of Evidence In Toxic Tort Causation: Is There A Need For Liability Reform?, Carl F. Cranor, David A. Eastmond

Law and Contemporary Problems

As a first step to preserving the central aims of tort law, courts will need to recognize the wide variety of respectable, reliable patterns of evidence on which scientists themselves rely for drawing inferences about the toxicity of substances. Courts may also need to take further steps to address the woeful ignorance about the chemical universe. This may necessitate changes in the liability rules.


Scientific Models Of Human Health Risk Analysis In Legal And Policy Decisions, Douglas Crawford-Brown Oct 2001

Scientific Models Of Human Health Risk Analysis In Legal And Policy Decisions, Douglas Crawford-Brown

Law and Contemporary Problems

The quality of scientific predictions of risk in the courtroom and policy arena rests in large measure on how the two differences between normal practice and the legal/policy practice of science are reconciled. This article considers a variety of issues that arise in reconciling these differences, and the problems that remain with scientific estimates of risk when these are used in decisions.


Causation And The Law: Preemption, Lawful Sufficiency, And Causal Sufficiency, Richard Fumerton, Ken Kress Oct 2001

Causation And The Law: Preemption, Lawful Sufficiency, And Causal Sufficiency, Richard Fumerton, Ken Kress

Law and Contemporary Problems

This article briefly describes the normative/nonnormative distinction, and how one might invoke this distinction to locate a nonnormative dimension of actual causation. After briefly introducing Richard Wright's concept of a necessary element in a set of conditions for an effect, the article notes ambiguities in the critical concepts of necessity and sufficiency that he deploys. The article suggests the most plausible interpretation of Wright's use of different modal concepts.


The Admissibility Of Differential Diagnosis Testimony To Prove Causation In Toxic Tort Cases: The Interplay Of Adjective And Substantive Law, Joseph Sanders, Julie Machal-Fulks Oct 2001

The Admissibility Of Differential Diagnosis Testimony To Prove Causation In Toxic Tort Cases: The Interplay Of Adjective And Substantive Law, Joseph Sanders, Julie Machal-Fulks

Law and Contemporary Problems

This article uses the differential diagnosis opinions to explore a pair of interrelationships. The basic causal framework employed by most courts in toxic tort cases is presented. A key to understanding the developing case law in this area is to appreciate the degree to which the courts have adopted the interpretive conventions of science in assessing admissibility.


Too Many Probabilities: Statistical Evidence Of Tort Causation, David W. Barnes Oct 2001

Too Many Probabilities: Statistical Evidence Of Tort Causation, David W. Barnes

Law and Contemporary Problems

Medical scientific testimony is often expressed in terms of two different probabilities: 1. The increased probability of harm if a person is exposed, for example, to a toxin. 2. The observed relationship is an artifact of the experimental method. This article demonstrates that neither probability, taken alone or together, measures whether the "preponderance of the evidence" test is met.


Causation, Contribution, And Legal Liability: An Empirical Study, Lawrence M. Solan, John M. Darley Oct 2001

Causation, Contribution, And Legal Liability: An Empirical Study, Lawrence M. Solan, John M. Darley

Law and Contemporary Problems

This article presents empirical evidence of the ways people compare judgments of liability with judgments of causation and contribution. Specifically, the article reports the results of experiments designed to show whether people regard causation and enablement as necessary elements of liability.


The Swine Flu Vaccine And Guillain-Barré Syndrome: A Case Study In Relative Risk And Specific Causation, David A. Freedman, Philip B. Stark Oct 2001

The Swine Flu Vaccine And Guillain-Barré Syndrome: A Case Study In Relative Risk And Specific Causation, David A. Freedman, Philip B. Stark

Law and Contemporary Problems

This article discusses the role of epidemiologic evidence in toxic tort cases, focusing on relative risk. Whether specific causation can be inferred if a relative risk is above 2.0 is discussed. The object is to explore the scientific logic behind intuitions of relative risk.


Attorney Fact-Finding, Ethical Decision-Making And The Methodology Of Law, Robert Rubinson Sep 2001

Attorney Fact-Finding, Ethical Decision-Making And The Methodology Of Law, Robert Rubinson

Saint Louis University Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Mediation In Black And White: Unequal Distribution Of Empowerment By Police, Christopher C. Cooper Sep 2001

Mediation In Black And White: Unequal Distribution Of Empowerment By Police, Christopher C. Cooper

Christopher C. Cooper Dr.

Mediation in Black & White: Unequal Distribution of Empowerment by Police. On calls-for-service involving an interpersonal disputes, patrol Police officers either arbitrate the matter (e.g., authoritarian directives or arrest) or empower disputing parties to reach a collective resolutiuon; however whether the latter is availabe to disputing parties depends on their race.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2001 Jul 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


When Lochner Met Dolan: The Attempted Transformation Of American Land Use Law By Constitutional Interpretation, Ronald H. Rosenberg, Nancy Stroud Jul 2001

When Lochner Met Dolan: The Attempted Transformation Of American Land Use Law By Constitutional Interpretation, Ronald H. Rosenberg, Nancy Stroud

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Law Of Torts, Joseph W. Little May 2001

Introduction To The Law Of Torts, Joseph W. Little

Saint Louis University Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Agenda: A Cartography Of Governance: Exploring The Province Of Environmental Ngos, University Of Colorado Boulder. School Of Law, University Of Colorado Boulder. Environmental Program, University Of Tulsa. National Energy-Environment Law & Policy Institute, University Of Colorado Boulder. United Government Of Graduate Students Apr 2001

Agenda: A Cartography Of Governance: Exploring The Province Of Environmental Ngos, University Of Colorado Boulder. School Of Law, University Of Colorado Boulder. Environmental Program, University Of Tulsa. National Energy-Environment Law & Policy Institute, University Of Colorado Boulder. United Government Of Graduate Students

A Cartography of Governance: Exploring the Province of Environmental NGOs (April 7-8)

Presented by: the Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy on April 7 & 8, 2001. Symposium director: Lakshman D. Guruswamy.

Co-sponsored by: University of Colorado School of Law, University of Colorado Environmental Program, University of Tulsa National Energy-Environment Law and Policy Institute, University of Colorado United Government of Graduate Students.

The papers and edited proceedings of the conference will be published in a special symposium issue of the Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law & Policy (CJIELP).

"The first objective of the Symposium was to understand and explore the growing importance of nongovernmental actors, and delineate the manner in which they have changed the cartography of national and international governance. The importance of this objective was demonstrated by the carnage of September 11, 2001. The recent terrorist attacks also demonstrated the extent to which we are inhabitants of a global village. This Symposium attempted to understand the manner in which two nonterrorist, nongovernmental entities have become increasingly important actors in this global village. It reviewed the manner in which corporations and NGOs are changing the geo-political and socio-economic boundaries of national and international governance.

The second objective brings special focus to bear on environmental NGOs. The second objective seeks answers to the questions: Have not-for-profits or NGOs, gone too far in diminishing the role of the public sector and the nation-state? Is the prevailing faith in the increasingly important role played by NGOs misplaced?

After establishing the importance of nongovernmental actors in national and international governance, the Symposium sought to ascertain whether not-for-profits or NGOs have gone too far in diminishing the role of the public sector and the nation-state. It also addressed the corollary issue of whether the prevailing faith in the increasingly important roles played by NGOs is misplaced.

The Symposium identified four case studies in an attempt to shed light on these questions and to acknowledge the functions that each sector is best suited to perform. Specifically, the Symposium employed the prism of environmental policy, science, and law to examine the roles played by NGOs in addressing: (1) GMOs; (2) dams; (3) wildlife and species; and (4) indigenous peoples." -- Lakshman D. Guruswamy, Cartography of Governance: An Introduction, 13 Colo. J. Int'l Envtl. L. & Pol'y 1-3 (2002).


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Spring 2001 Apr 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Spring 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Foreword, Michael F. Harrington Apr 2001

Foreword, Michael F. Harrington

Dalhousie Law Journal

As the Chair of the Organizing Committee for the inaugural East Coast Seminar of the Canadian Petroleum Law Foundation, I am pleased to mark the publication of the papers presented at that Seminar in this special publication of the Dalhousie Law Journal.


Thick And Thin: Interdisciplinary Conversations On Populism, Law, Political Science, And Constitutional Change, Mark A. Graber Jan 2001

Thick And Thin: Interdisciplinary Conversations On Populism, Law, Political Science, And Constitutional Change, Mark A. Graber

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Women At War: An Evolutionary Perspective, Kingsley R. Browne Jan 2001

Women At War: An Evolutionary Perspective, Kingsley R. Browne

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Isla Journal Of International And Comparative Law, Ilsa Journal Of International & Comparative Law Jan 2001

Isla Journal Of International And Comparative Law, Ilsa Journal Of International & Comparative Law

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

This virtual haiku of war comes from a fellow named Josep Sonah, whom a Boston Globe report described as a nineteen-year-old veteran of the Sierra Leone civil war.


The World Court And The Bomb: Nuremberg And Babel At The Hague, Gaillard T. Hunt Jan 2001

The World Court And The Bomb: Nuremberg And Babel At The Hague, Gaillard T. Hunt

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

On July 8, 1996, the World Court, the International Court of Justice at the Hague, banned the bomb.


The Helms-Burton Act: The Final Piece To Bring Down The Tyrant's Regime, Franchesco Soto Jan 2001

The Helms-Burton Act: The Final Piece To Bring Down The Tyrant's Regime, Franchesco Soto

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

In 1960, President Dwight D. Eisenhower began what has become one of the longest standing economic embargoes this country has ever had against another country


Isla Journal Of International And Comparative Law, Ilsa Journal Of International & Comparative Law Jan 2001

Isla Journal Of International And Comparative Law, Ilsa Journal Of International & Comparative Law

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

Upon the inception of the new civilian administration on May 29' 2000, after almost twenty years of military rule, President Olusegun Obasanjo set up, inter alia, an eight-member Human Rights violation Investigation Commission.


What Is Sports Law?, Timothy Davis Jan 2001

What Is Sports Law?, Timothy Davis

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fraser V. Mls, L.L.C.: Is There A Sham Exception To The Copperweld Single Entity Immunity?, Michael P. Waxman Jan 2001

Fraser V. Mls, L.L.C.: Is There A Sham Exception To The Copperweld Single Entity Immunity?, Michael P. Waxman

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Creativity And The Law, Alfred C. Aman Jr. Jan 2001

Creativity And The Law, Alfred C. Aman Jr.

Alfred Aman Jr. (1991-2002)

No abstract provided.