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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Persistence Of The Dirigiste Model: Wireless Spectrum Allocation In Europe, À La Francaise., Russell Carlberg Dec 2001

The Persistence Of The Dirigiste Model: Wireless Spectrum Allocation In Europe, À La Francaise., Russell Carlberg

Federal Communications Law Journal

This Note examines spectrum allocation for 3G mobile wireless networks in Europe in light of larger EC telecommunications and competition policies. The European Commission has allowed each member state to allocate spectrum to firms in two ways: (1) by the free market auction; and (2) by the "beauty pageant" method by which firms submit detailed proposals to the government, and government bureaucrats make the final selections. This Note focuses on France as the prime example of the beauty pageant method, and argues that, despite the "excesses" of the prices of spectrum on the free market auctions, the beauty pageant method …


The Effectiveness Of European Community Law With Specific Regard To Directives: The Critical Step Not Taken By The European Court Of Justice, Carla A. Varner Jan 2001

The Effectiveness Of European Community Law With Specific Regard To Directives: The Critical Step Not Taken By The European Court Of Justice, Carla A. Varner

Michigan Journal of International Law

The purpose of this Note is to investigate the European Court of Justice's less expansive treatment of directives as compared to other forms of EC law through its failure to apply horizontal direct effect to directives. More specifically, this Note attempts to answer two questions which arise from the current status of ECJ jurisprudence: First, why has the Court been reluctant to implement horizontal direct effect for directives, especially in light of other actions it has taken to increase the potency of EC law? Second, given the alternative steps taken by the ECJ, is it still necessary to establish horizontal …


A Case Of Unconstitutional Immigration: The Importation Of England's National Curriculum To The United States, Jaime S. Boutwell Jan 2001

A Case Of Unconstitutional Immigration: The Importation Of England's National Curriculum To The United States, Jaime S. Boutwell

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

The decline in the quality of the American educational system continues to spawn debate and criticism across the nation. Despite many suggestions and arguments on how to improve American schools, such as voucher systems, smaller class size, and higher teacher qualifications, the concern, while deeply felt, appears to be empty rhetoric. Teachers' low salaries, the disparity in funding among schools, and the lack of parent and community involvement demonstrate America's apathy towards education reform. To effectuate meaningful changes in education, American communities must reach consensus on education's purpose and importance.

The failure of schools requires America to take action. State …


Lawyer Ethics In The Twenty-First Century, Dr. Julian Lonbay Jan 2001

Lawyer Ethics In The Twenty-First Century, Dr. Julian Lonbay

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

This Article surveys multijurisdictional legal practice in the European Community. It details some of the types of lawyers and law practices that can be found across Europe and describes the variety of activities in which these lawyers engage. The Article then examines the regulatory regime that controls the legal industry. Specifically, it considers Article 49, Article 43, Directive 89/48/EEC, and Directive 98/5/EC. The Article concludes with a discussion of how conflicts in the regulation of lawyers may be resolved.


Innocents Abroad: Opportunities And Challenges For The International Legal Adviser, Wayne J. Carroll Jan 2001

Innocents Abroad: Opportunities And Challenges For The International Legal Adviser, Wayne J. Carroll

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

This Article argues that some regulatory authorities have not successfully adapted to the internationalization of the practice of law. First, the Author attempts to define the terms "international legal adviser" and "international legal advice." Next, the Author compares the existing barriers to practice in the United States and the European Union. The Author goes on to outline recent challenges and changes to these barriers to practice, including international efforts such as the WTO and the IBA and local rules in the United States and the European Union. The Author then analyzes the adequacy of existing regulatory regimes with regard to …


Cyprus In Europe: Seizing The Momentum Of Nice, Patrick R. Hugg Jan 2001

Cyprus In Europe: Seizing The Momentum Of Nice, Patrick R. Hugg

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

In December 2000 the European Council Summit in Nice fulfilled the promise for European Union enlargement made at the Helsinki Summit the year before. The leaders of the EU Member States reaffirmed their commitment to the accession of the applicant countries, making possible the broad re-unification of the continent under democratic rule of law and free market economies. This Article focuses specifically on the accession of the island of Cyprus, Europe's remaining divided state, poised strategically between East and West. The island's armed stand-off presents the clearest example of legal conflict between two ethnic communities in a discrete geographical territory, …


The World After Terrorism, 35 J. Marshall L. Rev. 91 (2001), Petr Pithart Jan 2001

The World After Terrorism, 35 J. Marshall L. Rev. 91 (2001), Petr Pithart

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.